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visitationis nostræ authoritate præcipere ac statuere de his ad hunc modum.

Singuli Doct. et Bacchalaurei theologiæ et singuli præterea artium doctores solenniter et publice ante creationem suam hoc jurejurando sequenti se astringant et in commentarios Achademiæ ad id designatos suâ ipsorum manu referant quod ni fecerint gradus sui capiendi repulsam patiantur.

Ego N. N. deo teste promitto ac spondeo primum me veram Xti religionem omni animo complexurum scripturæ authoritatem hominum judiciis prepositurum regulam vitæ et summam fidei ex verbo Dei petiturum cetera quæ ex verbo Dei non probantur pro humanis et non necessariis habiturum. Authoritatem regiam in hominibus summam et externorum episcoporum jurisdictioni minime subjectam estimaturum et contrarias verbo Dei opiniones oi voluntate ac mente refutaturum vera consuetis scripta non scriptis in Religionis causâ ante habiturum. Deinde me articulos de quibus in synodo Londoniensi ao. dni. 1553 ad tollendam opinionum dissentionem et consensum veræ religionis firmandum inter episcopos et alios eruditos viros convenerat et Regia auctoritate in lucem editos pro veris et certis habiturum et omni in loco tanquam consentientes cum verbo Dei defensurum et contrarios articulos in scholis et pulpitis vel respondendo vel concionando oppugnaturum hæc omnia in me recipio deoque teste me sedulo facturum promitto ac spondeo*.

Tho. Elye Canc.
JOANNES CHEEK.
GULIELMUS MEYE.
Tho. WENDYE.

• This was the first attempt to introduce a religious test into the University upon taking degrees. King Edward died on the 6th of July, 1553; and, as only a month intervened between this event and the date of the letter from the Visitors, their order was probably never carried into effect. —ED.

MARIA REGINA.

MARY The QUENE.'

To the right Reverend father in God our ryght trustie and right

well beloved councellor the bishopp of Winchester Chauncellor of our unirersity of Cambridge and to all procosts, Deans, Masters and other heads or governours of Colleges halles or other houses of scholers and students ther and to every of them.

Right reverend father in God right trustie and wellbeloved we grete yow well and where amonges diverse others inconveniences and misordres browght in and set furth in that our universitie of Cambridge one of the greatest and chiefest occasion of many of the said misordres is that withowt sufficient authority only upon the sensuall mindes and rashe determinations of a few men thauncient statutes fundacions and ordinaunces of the hole universitie the colledges and other places of students have been muche altered broken and almost utterly subverted: Wherebye not only the laste wylles of many good men have been broken and many wise politique and godly ordinaunces confirmed by parliamentes and by sundrye our progenitours fondly and irreverently contemned but the conscience of many honest men which by ther othes were bound to thobservation of the said statutes and fundations have been much encombred and youthe losely and insolently browght up, to the great discredit of the university and no small hynderance of the common welth of all our realme: We therfor knowing it our bounden dutie to almighty God by whose only goodnes we acknowledge our selfes called and placed in the royall estate of this realme, to travayll by all the wayes we maye that his glorie and holy wyll beinge truly declared to all our subjects he may of all sortes in ther severall vocations be reverently feared served and obeyed, have thought good for a beginning to wishe that thexamples hereof may first begynne in our universities wher yongmen and all sortes of students ioyninge godly conversations with their studies in lerning may after as well by ther doinges as by ther prechinges instructe and confirme the rest of our subiectes both in the knowledge and fear of almighty God in the due obedience toward us our lawes and all others ther superiours and in their charitable demeanoures towards all men: And bycause we knowe that where ordre is not kept all thynges growe to confusion we therefore have thought good to wyll and requyre yow our chauncellor and all others the heddes and governours of the colledges and other howses that bothe yourselves for your owne partes do exercise your offices and lyve and cause all scholers students servantes ministers and others lyving under you of what sort state or condition soever thei be to lyve and frame themselves ther studies conversations and manner of lyvinge in suche forme and ordre as by thauncient statutes fundacions and ordinaunces of that our university and of the colledges and others is to yow severally appointed : Whych statutes and fundacions we wyll to be inviolably kept and observed according to the auncient fundacions and ordinaunces of the fundars and grauntes of our progenitors: And therfore do eftsones requyre and charge yow our chauncellor whom we do authorize by these presentes for that purpose to see the same well and truly observed as yow wyll aunswer for the contrarye notwithstanding any injunctions or newe ordinaunces made set forth or delyvered by any visitors or others sythens the death of our Father of most worthy memory Kinge Henrye the eight (whom God assoyle) or any other new devise to the contrarye hereof.

Geven under our sygnett at our Manour

of Richmond the xxti of August the first yere of our reign.

A CONGRATULATORY LETTER FROM THE UNIVERSITY TO GARDINER

Bishop OF WINCHESTER.

Epis. Winton. gratulatoria. . QUAMQUAM tua (Reverende in Christo Præsul) superiora in nos et Academiam hanc collata beneficia tum quum authoritate et honoribus floreres, ut tuam dignitatem plurima benevolentia et perpetua observantia colere debeamus, efficiunt, et præsens perturbatæ nostræ Reipub. et jam prope eversæ discrimen et calamitas nos monet, ut te, cujus ope jam olim sublevati sumus, in tam turbulenta tempestate tanquam prudentem Nauclerum orare velimus, quo puppim hanc literariam adversis procellis et fluctibus jam prope elisam et submersam, tua prudentia gubernare et ex undoso salo in tranquillum portum perducere digneris: tamen non ideo solum hoc tempore ad Tuam reverendam dominationem scribimus sed ut et quod officii nostri esse ducimus jam cum impune et libere liceat lubenter obeamus: nempe ut tibi cancellario nostro summo ex ærumnoso et profundo rerum adversarum gurgite erepto et in pristinam tuam dignitatem restituto gratulemur, et virtuti summæ diuturna afflictione splendidius elucenti nostri testimonii debitum præconium deferamus. Non ut nostra sponte commoti sed alieno impulsu coacti nec libero et constanti mentis ac voluntatis judicio sed ipsa nostræ Reipub. ad extremam prope eversionem redactæ et graviter periclitantis necessitate, te violentis interea vinculis detento, alios in Cancellariatum surrogavimus, ut, quum nobis deesses, qui et soles lubentissime et multum cuperes Academiæ benefacere, quique invictus propugnator nostrorum privilegiorum immunitatum et studiorum fueras, alteri illi, qualicunque nostro obsequio, et indebito honore deliniti, minus in nos servirent et magis erga nostram Academiam placabiles et æqui existerent. Atque id tantisper metu et nimis perterriti tulimus quamdiu injusta vis et Tyrannis valuit, et quoad aliqua nobis libertas emergere cæpit Jam itaque quam primum absque nostro et Academiæ periculo possimus, ad te verum et optatissimum nostrum Cancellarium confugimus, auxilium consiliumque tuum implorantes. Nec dubitamus quin tua prudentia cogitet quantum ferox et truculenta illa vis et crudelitas, quæ passim jampridem quorundam scelere grassata est, cujus etiam tu aculeum et acerbum morsum sensisti, ad juvenum animos vel labefactandos vel evertendos, valuerit: præsertim quum te Rectore carcere incluso Respub. hæc nostra pessumire perspiceretur, et qualemcunque salutis et incolumitatis nostræ defensorem et patronum, quam nullum habere, satius existimaretur: Non ut illi germani et veri nostræ Reipub. magistratus sed ascititiæ et personatæ larvæ, neque nos illum eis honorem libero judicio detulimus quem tuum esse noveramus sed ne graviores tragidiæ excitarentur, et plura detrimenta et incommoda irritati nobis inferrent: consultissimum putavimus, eos ad tempus magnificis titulis (licet injustis) placare et permulcere. Nunc ergo dura et improvisa illorum Tyrannide soluti, quorum feroci crudelitate invite sumus coacti non authoritati sponte obsequuti, ad tuam reverendam dominationem convolamus. Te etiam Mater Academia non solum ut egregium alumnum mirifice amplexatur verum etiam ut ductorem et præpositum suum atque observandissimum Cancellarium veneratur ac colit. Tibi ex ærumnosis tuis casibus et afflictæ fortunæ calam

turbine erepto et liberato congratulatur. Te in suis rebus omnibus præsidem et rectorem se jam esse consequutam, gaudet, quem in incerta et mutabili totius Reipub. varietate per Dei gratiam constantem et immutabilem esse perspexit. Quemadmodum enim qui ardenti febri exestuat medici opem et morbi levationem expedit, et qui procellosa tempestate in mari jactatur in portum pervehi magnopere desiderat : sic Academia hæc multum jam pridem onerosis et injustis decretis afflictata et prope oppressa per te levari et pristinæ libertati restitui, mirifice exposcit atque hoc se tuâ ope impetraturam confidit. Redde igitur præclarissime præsul antiquam scholis nostri libertatem, restaura quod imminutum et violatum est, facessant et per tuam authoritatem profligentur nephariæ leges, quæ conscientias illaqueant, literas nihil promovent. Hoc etenim si Academiæ præstiteris rem nobis gratissimam Reipub. salutarem te ipso dignam facies. Christus Dominus te suæ ecclesiæ diu sospitem et superstitem servet.

Cantabrigiæ Idibus Augusti 1553.

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