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comforts, we fall behind them in some of those | mation of a Southern Confederacy, would be the moral qualities which are essential to form a truly consequence. Our duties, then, are plain and paland permanently great nation.

pable; listen to them from the lips of WASHINGTON "And now, let me ask, my friends, if we are pre- himself, who speaks to us as a father in his ever pared to tear to pieces thatConstitution which was memorable Farewell Address : ‘It is of infinite formed with so much labor and with such a patri- moment that you should properly estimate the imotic surrender of prejudices and sectional feelings, mense value of your national union to your collecunder whose protection the American people have tive and individual happiness; that you should run so splendid a career of national prosperity! cherish a cordial, habitual, and immovable attachAre we prepared to rend that UNION asunder, and ment to it, accustoming yourselves to think and speak scatter its fragments to the winds of heaven, which of it as the palladium of your political safety and our fathers made such efforts to establish! Are prosperity-watching for its preservation with jeawe prepared to condemn that noble work which | lous anxiety-discountenancing whatever may sug. they looked upon with so much pride and exulta- gest a suspicion that it can, in any event, be abantion, and pronounced good? Are we ready to doned, and indignantly frowning upon the first destroy that which has caused the forests of the dawning of every attempt to alienate any portion West to disappear like the mist before the morn- of our country from the rest, or enfeeble the sacred ing sun, and the tide of population to flow on, like ties which now link together the various parts.' the irresistible sweep of the ocean, driving before These are the words of wisdom; they are words it the wilderness, the buffalo and the red man, and uttered from the tomb; let us take heed that we carrying with it industry, agriculture and the arts, obey their solemn injunctions. And, my friends, intelligence, education and religion 1—that which while we cherish a cordial, habitual, and immovhas whitened every ocean and sea and river with able attachment to the Union,' we must also cherour commerce, and brought the products of the ish and cultivate a cordial respect, and kindly frawhols world to our doors ?-that which has made ternal feeling for our brother Americans,to whatever us a great, a prosperous, a brave and powerful section of the Union they may belong. We must people? Look around you: what do you now see, indulge in no jealousies, no prejudices, no heartstanding where you are, or upon the beautiful burnings towards any one, and especially of a secheights of our own city! Every ship and steamer tional character. The name of American which of the thousands in view,-every warehouse and belongs to you in your national capacity,' says the dock of our own and the adjoining city,-every same warning voice of WASHINGTON, “must always spire of the hundreds that point like so many exalt the just pride of patriotism, more than any

gers up to heaven,—all, indeed, that goes to appellation derived from local discriminations make up the great emporium of commerce,' is a Without this respect and kindly feeling mutually monument to the wisdom of those who formed the maintained and cherished by Americans, there CONSTITUTION and established the Union, and a may be a union of the States, but there cannot be cogent argument in favor of their faithful mainte-a cordial sympathy and brotherly union among the nance. Palsied be the hand that would touch the people; and they will be like man and wife, when first stone of that noble edifice to remove it from all love is fled, bound together by the bonds-no its place, and nerveless the arm that is outstretch- longer silken bonds of matrimony, but becoming ed to do it harm! Let him who would destroy more and more averse to each other, and more and our reverence and attachment for the Union, and more restive under the restraints which those bonds persuade us to do aught that should weaken its impose.” foundations, be anathema maranatha; let him walk an object of scorn and detestation in our In looking around for a suitable person to midst, and be shunned by every good citizen as fill the important office of Naval Officer of one infected with moral leprosy, a loathed lump the port of New-York, vacant by the death of living corruption, whose touch is pollution, and whose breath is pestilence!"

of the late and lamented Philip Hone, Esq.,

Mr. Fillmore fixed upon David A. BOKEE, a And in conclusion of our extracts, we com- selection creditable to the discrimination and mend the succeeding to the earnest attention judgment of the President, and an honor well of our countrymen :

deserved by the recipient thereof, and an ap“ And now, what is the remedy for the evils which pointment which cannot fail to give general threaten the integrity of the Union, and what are

satisfaction. our duties as good citizens and Americans! The Mr. Bokee is under the middle stature, remedy is in faithfully adhering to and carrying a man of nervous, sanguine temperament, out every requirement

of the Constitution, and the quick perceptions, clear, sound judgment, execution of all and every law enacted by Congress

, fine reasoning faculties, untiring industry, all, entitled the adjustment measures," – for if and indomitable perseverance; his disposition these are not faithfully observed and executed, no is open, frank, and generous. In the prime one having seen what it has been my lot to see of life, with many warmly-attached friends, within the last two years, and who is not utterly in and a rising reputation, it is not hazarding capable of judging of coming events by the shadows they cast before, can for a moment doubt too much to say that his career as a public that the secession of the entire South, and the for- | man is destined to be both useful and brilliant. THE APPROACHING PRESIDENTIAL CANVASS.

There is at present an unusual calm in may be, it must be obvious to all reflecting the political atmosphere of the country, but minds that the nature of the Constitution by during the coming fall the elements will be which these States are confederated is utterly again in agitation. It will be well, whilst inconsistent with such an idea. If a difference the passions are asleep, to take a survey of arise between these States purely and enthe field of conflict from a distance, and en- tirely sectional in its character, such difference deavor to settle the principles which should must in all cases be adjusted by compromises govern our actions when the day of battle and concessions within all reasonable limits; arrives.

must be settled by discussion and arrangeIt is obvious to the most casual observer ment, and not by arbitrary force. Whatever that there are many who are determined to imperfection in our system this may

discover fight the battle of the coming Presidential to some minds, there are no arguments that campaign upon the ground of sectional dif- can show that it is not essentially the nature ferences, the North against the South. Re- of the case. lying upon that unconquerable faith in the The Constitution adopted by these States, abstract principles of universal freedom and under which they were to be united as which undoubtedly underlie our system of one nation, was nevertheless in one sense a government, pervading as its very political limited one. It was made sovereign over atmosphere the entire mind of the North, certain matters of government, while in certhere are those who are calculating upon the tain other matters of government no soverexcitement always attendant upon political eignty was granted. Nay, so far from any strife, to destroy the influepce of that reason sovereignty being given, it was not even perand those considerations of honor and ex- mitted, as in the power of the English gove pediency which must in all things so gener-ernment over its colonial legislation, to have ally modify our actions, even when they any controlling influence. The States respring from the purest dictates of our served a large field of legislation entirely and highest conscience. Whilst in the South, exclusively to themselves, and made provithose who would make a local institution sion for all new States thereafter to be formed a political power, will endeavor to keep to enter into the bonds of the Union and to alive the animosity of sections to accomplish assume the nationality of the great Republic, their ends, either of real separation, if there possessing, and for ever to possess, the same can be any so mad, or personal notoriety. freedom to regulate their domestic concerns,

We are then to expect that some candi- in all things not affecting the interests of the dates will be pertinaciously insisted upon by whole. This peculiarity, the highest reach no insignificant factions, North and South, of political wisdom, that has now stood the who must be considered the express repre- test of seventy years experiment, and which sentatives of those ideas which are essentially we believe to be the grand discovery of posectional in their character. Now, however litical science, which the world must imitate desirable to either section the enthronement if it is ever to be blest at large with true in the presidency of their own exclusive ideas freedom, is at stake in this controversy, and

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therefore we may be earnest in its defense. principle in the nomination of Mr. Polk is, However wrong to us may appear any thing we admit, a strong temptation for the other in another State than our own, we must never party to follow the bad example. This genbe tempted to encroach upon that freedom, tleman was put forward by his party solely to make or mend it, which guarantees us the to carry their then prominent purpose of the very rights by which we may defend our- “Annexation of Texas.” The “Whole of selves against its encroachments or influence. Oregon” was included; but merely as a This great principle, we say, factions both deception to help the main purpose, as its North and South are about to put at stake, ultimate abandonment proves. But if this in the next Presidential canvass. They are case is a temptation to partyism, it is a seriabout to make nominations which, on the ous warning to patriotism; for through it question of the unfortunate sectional differ- came discord and “all our (present) woes.” ence, will represent the one or the other side Now, if these principles to which we have of the question. Now, that no man, who referred are sound as applicable to any subdoes not maintain a strictly national attitude ject on which serious differences of opinion in rela tion to all questions, is qualified for exist, how much more must they be true the office of President in the present crisis, when those differences are sectional in their will, we think, be evident to the thinking character, and not to be enforced either way men of all parties and sections.

without alienating one part of the nation During the last Presidential canvass, viz., from the other? in the August No. of this Review for 1848, If, then, in any of the local nominations (to which we beg to refer the reader,) we that have yet been made, the parties makstated and enforced the principle which ing them have fondly hoped to create a should govern the Whig or Constitutional dictator of their sectional views, they must party in their choice of a candidate, to wit: abandon them, or the persons they have That a candidate should never be put for-named must distinctly aver that they will

ward as a representative of, or pledged to, be the President, if elected, of the whole | any one idea or measure, but should merely Union, and not the President of one section

be a representative of the general principles and the tyrant of the other; that they cannot on which the government ought to be ad- do otherwise than the Constitution which they ministered, without being a special champion must swear to will allow; and that their pripledged to exert himself, or use any undue vate judgment is not to be the sole interpreter

influence in carrying measures. Otherwise, of what the Constitution is. General Scott or | you violate the very spirit of our Constitu- any other man must do this, or he cannot

tional Republicanism, under which the Presi- receive the nomination of the Constitutional dent is intended to act only in a judicial, party. But in a time like the present, no an executive, and an advisory capacity. The man must receive it, who has on the eve of immediate representatives from the people such nomination to make his declaration of alone in Congress assembled, have the power principles. It must be some one who has and the right to originate and enact those been well tried, and during a long career measures which are to govern. The simple conspicuously the champion of an all-embracstatement of this view we should think suf- ing nationality. There are at least two men ficient to establish it. For in a nation jealous in this position, eminent to the country, and of all power in the hands of governors, it to the world, as the representatives not only must be instantly perceived that the oppo- of this patriotic nationality, but of all the site idea is of the very essence of monarchy. beneficent principles which constitute the The flagrant case of the violation of this creed of the Whig party.

CRITICAL NOTICES.

American Archæological Researches. No. I. The, She was an exceedingly pleasant and agreeable

Serpent Symbol, and the Worship of the Recip- young lady, full of life, spirits, information, and
rocal Principles of Nature in America. By good humor.
E. G. SQUIER, A.M., &c. &c. New-York : G. P. " This house is very prettily fitted up. It strikes
Putnam.

me as being partly in the English and partly in This contribution of Mr. Squier to the archæol- the French style

, exceedingly comfortable

, and with ogy of the American continent will add to the a number of remarkably pretty drawing-rooms, well-earned fame of the

author in this department opening into one another, which is always a judi of investigation. The work is an exceedingly cu

cious arrangement, I think. It makes a party rious and interesting one. Some of the conclusions agreeable and unformal, I think. There are a vaarrived at by the author we are by no means pre- and some of them are exceedingly good. There

riety of pictures and busts, by American artists, pared to admit, especially the one as to the diver: is a picture

in the chief drawing-room

of Mr. Websity of the human race. The question as yet must ster's gallant son who was killed in the Mexican be considered an open one. As it is our purpose war. The two greatest of America's statesmen to present an extended review, we will reserve each lost a son in that war, Mr. Clay and Mr. further comment on the work at present,

commend, Webster. There is also a fine picture of Mr. W. it as well worth the attention of the scholar and himself, which, though a masterly painting, does thinker,

not do justice to the distinguished original. It was

executed some years ago, but I really think it is Travels in the United States, dc., during 1849 and not so handsome as the great statesman is now,

1850. By the Lady EMMELINE STUART WORTLEY. with his Olympus-like brow, on which are throned New-York : Harper & Brothers.

such divinities of thought, and with that wonder

ful countenance of might and majesty. * This very pleasant book, full of life and amia- The utmost good taste and refinement are percepbility, and the gossip of travel,” will surely be tible in the arrangements of the house; and a among the favorite reading of the season. We must enchanting place of residence it is. All the may heartily commend it, too, as a set-off to the domestics of the house are colored persons, which books of Trollope, Dickens, &c., on this country; is very seldom indeed the case in this part of the as the lady has the good sense to appreciate not United States. Mr. Webster tells me he considers only its grand and beautiful features, but the char- them the best possible servants, much attached, acteristics of our people.

contented, and grateful; and he added, he would The current of English opinion will certainly fearlessly trust them with untold gold' They begin to turn in the other direction, as the weight certainly must be good ones, to judge by the exof evidence in our favor is certainly on the in- quisite neatness of every thing in the establishcrease. The names of those already on our side ment. Mr. Webster's farm here consists of fifteen should far counterbalance those on the other. We hundred acres; he has a hundred head of cattle.” shall be glad, for their own sakes, when they get over their prejudices, and are able to appreciate the remarkable phenomena of this Republic. Any The Heir of Wast-Wayland. By Mary Howitt, book that contributes to that end deserves well of

New-York: Harper & Brothers. them. The following description of Mr. Webster's residence will give a fair specimen of the style and This novel will be read with great interest by manner of the book:

the numerous admirers and friends of Mary Howitt, “We have been much charmed with our visit to and well will it repay an attentive perusał. It is Green Harbor, Marshfield, the beautiful domain of an unexceptionable book, written with true ChrisMr. Webster. It is a charming and particularly tian feeling. Honour Mildmay, the heroine, gains enjoyable place, almost close to the sea. The our love by the simple discharge of her duties; beach here is something marvellous, eight miles in mild, affectionate, and heroic, she overcomes the breadth, and of splendid, hard, floor-like sand; and worldly strong and worldly wise, by being simply when this is covered by the rolling Atlantic, the meek.” Mrs. Dutton is a well-drawn character of waves almost come up to the neighboring green, the unpleasant kind. She is a crusty batch of grassy fields. Very high tides cover them. nature, a core of envy; and we can't help rejoic

" There is a very agreeable party in the house, ing in her final disappointment in not receiving a including Mr. and Miss Everett, &c.; and in addi- portion of the Wast-Wayland estate. The work is tion to the guests here, those staying at Mr. F. enriched by the manly, frank, free, and generous Webster's (Mr. Webster's son) generally assemble William Elworthy and Christie o' Lilygarth,“ on here in the evening. Among them was Miss Sl hospitable thoughts intent.”

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