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the Emperor's visit to the Mint, June 16, The same head, still more reduced, I'. 1814.
apprehend for a broach for Messrs. RunThe Corporation of Cork having deter- dle and Co. mined to celebrate the Anniversary of the Messrs. Rundle and Co's Jubilee Me. Centenary of the accession of the House of dal ou the Peace of 1814. Obverse, the Brunswick to the throne of these Realms, bust of the Prince Regent, from a draw. by three days public rejoicing, I suggested ing taken for the purpose by Sir Thomasto Sir David Perrier, who then filled the Lawrence, exquisitely engraved with great Civic chair, that it would be advisable to spirit and animation, the hair and laurel have a medal struck, to record the event, particularly admirable. Reverse, Britai). and to wear on the occasion. Sir David nia seated between Peace and Victory, immediately acceded to the plan,, and and crowning herself with a wreath of authorized me to direct Mr. Wyon to en- flowers, and producing a very rich, bold, grave one with his Majesty's bust, from and masterly effect. Marchant's, with suitable inscriptions. I Minimi medal of the Prince Regent, wished for, and had designed a figure re- weight 7 grs.
។ verse, but this was overruled by the higher A Twenty Franc of Louis XVIIIth, powers. It has therefore only his Ma. coined at our Mint for that. Sovereign jesty's bust, with the neck bare. The while at Ghent, in which Mr. Wyon has workmanship I consider very inasterly, produced an almost fac-simile of tbut particularly the mild quiescent expression coined at Paris. It inay be distinguished about the eye. It was presented on the from the French by the Miot marks of a 1st Aug. at Carleton-house to the Prince fleur de lis, and the letter R. on the reRegent, and at Dublin-castle to the Lord verse, and not having the engraver's name Lieutenant, by the directions, and in the under the King's bust, as is usual in the name of Sir David Perrier, and gave great French and most other Mipts, except the satisfaction. I recommended Mr. Wyon to English, and as I think, with great proengrave a Figure reverse for this head, priety : for as there is always more than to commemorate the English Ceptenary, one engraver in the Mint, if the artists' which he did by simplifying and improv- names were on the coins they severally ing my design for the Cork medal. He executed, the publick would be enabled to has placed Britannia on a rock in the sea, judge of their respective merits, and a spia her right hand grasps the trident, and in rit of emulation would be excited to ob. her left she holds Victory on a globe; the tain the approbation of the publick. lion on one side of her, and the royal The Right Hon. W. Wellesley Pole hav. shield and crown on the other; Britannia ing been made Master, great alterations has a commanding appearance, and the took place at the Mint; and, if I may judge rock and trident are very elaborately by those respeciing the engravers, I should finished.
presume they were great improvements. Reverse of a medal of the Prince Re, Mr. Pingo and Mr.Marchapt, the Chief and gent, published by Messrs. Rundle and Second Engravers, were superannuated; Co. : Britannia raising Europe, herself Mr. Wyon was made Chiet Engràver ; the crowned by victory. This.noble subject number of Engravers limited to two, and is engraved in the flat style of the an. the salaries rendered certain, instead of tique bas reliefs, with a decided outline, depending on fees. This appointment of It is very fine throughout, but the right Mr. Wyon's took place in October 1815, arm of Europe is peculiarly beautiful. when he was only in the 23d year of his
Minimi medal of the Duke of Welling- age, a singular instaoce of eminence for ton, weighing 7 grains, quite a little gem. so young an artist. Reverse, a sword and shield.
Two Stiver, One Stiver, and Half Stiver, 1815. Liverpool Pitt Club. Obverse, Copper coins for Ceyloo. Obverse, the the bust of Mr. Pitt, admirably reduced bust of the King. Reverse, an Elephant, from Mr. Nollekins. I think this the finest and the value of the coin; they are of the head that has been engraved of Mr. Pitt. size of our Penpy, Half, and Farthing.Reverse, Britannia protecting Europe, 1816. Honorary medal for the Heroes and Commerce, with Tyranny overthrown of Waterloo. Obverse, the bust of the at her feet, and Victory and Peace dea Prince Regent, from Sir Thomas Lawscending to crown and bless Britawnia, rence, admirably engraved, and with an two most beautiful figures, whose appear- uocommon softness, particularly in the ance is perfectly aerial. Some person of hair. Reverse, a Victory, the wings of Birmingham has since published this head which are very highly finished, seated, with an inscription on the reverse: and with a palm-branch in one hand, and an the Figure reverse, with a most miserable olive in the other. head of the Prince Regent, indented ap- A larger medal on the same subject, I parentiy by a button-mould manufacturer. believe unpublished. It has a fine mar
Head of the Prince Regent. I believe tial head of the Prince Regent, in similar this is unpublished.
costume to Rundle and Co's Jubilee. The
Victory is also a great improvement on in antient, armour, most spiritedly and the preceding. This medal, I understand, elaborately executed. I trust that his Fawas considered' as being too large to be ther, whose superior abilities are well worn ; but it is much to be wished that it known to be peculiarly distinguished in had been, or might yet be struck, and given Buildings, Shipping, &c. will execute the or sold to the publick in record of the na- reverse, which was to be a view of the tional triumph at Waterloo. The hono- action. rary medal, by the deaths of those to Such, as far as my means of informawhom they were given, are to be procured tion extend, was the progress of Mr. Wyon's with great facility, but they are generally labours, to which, no doubt, cousiderable very much damaged, and unfit for the ca. additions must be made to render it combinet. · In France and Italy medals are plete. To his family and friends, bis health strack and sold at the Mint, by which had been for years an object of great someans a school of able artists is formed. licitude and apprehension; but in the As Sterne says, in the person of Mr. Shan. course of this summer it had visibly and dy, “ was I King of England,” if I did now alarmingly declined; and having removed thing more for the encouragement of me. to the neighbourhood of Hastings for dal- engraving, I would at least offer a change of air, he there closed his short design every year, to record some national but valuable life, on the 22d of September event, which any artist in the three king- 1817, in the twenty-fifth year of his age. doms should be at liberty to engrave; and The private life of Mr. Wýon was as whoever engraved it best, his dies should amiable as his public was splendid: his be bought, with a restriction that the suc- habits were strictly religious and domes. cessful competitor would be incapacitated tic; and as a son and a brother, he was from engraving for the next year, to give, all that a parent or relative could wish encouragement to those who might not be for: his manners were uncommonly mild quite his equals.
and unassuming; though it would not During the remainder of this year, I have been wonderful if abilities, which at should imagine, Mr. Wyon was engaged so early an age placed him at the undis. with the New Coinage, for which he en- puted head of his profession in this coun. graved the Sixpence, Shilling, and Half- try, had rendered him otherwise : he was crown of 1816, and the Maundy Money, also perfectly free from that eavy, and or Penny, Two pence, Three-pence, and jealousy, which, while it exists among all Four-pence, of 1817. As specimens of classes of society, is perbaps more visible; able workmanship, the Half-crown more
No person could be more especially, I think they do Mr. Wyon ready at all times to point out merit very great credit. My friend to the right wherever it existed, and no one more seof the President (T. C. C.) will, I am verely criticised, or had so humble an aware, object, that the busis bear no re- opinion of his own labours as himself. semblance to his Majesty, and I grant Since the adoption of the present mode that I think' so with him, but I am firmly of coining with the press in England, there persuaded that it was no fault of Mr. have been four Chief Engravers worthy Wyon's; he does not notice the subject our notice. Simon, Roettier, Croker, and in his letters, as on Mint affairs he was Wy.01. Simon's great excellence is in his always extremely reserved; but I remem- Coins, which are deservedly considered as ber, in answer to my letter respecting the the boast of England; for they defy all Cork Centenary medal, in which I request competition, either at home or on the Coned that his Majesty's portrait might be tinent, from his time to the present. Sitaken from Marchant's, he stated that he mon appears to have deeply studied Nawas glad we had made that selection, as ture, and in his works he endeavours to it was the head he should always engrave give a characteristic representation of the from when he had a choice of his own. living person-and not a highly finished
Por the opening of the Waterloo Bridge, but stiff and lifeless model, which is, in the 18th June, 1817, Mr. Wyon engraved my opinion, the great error of modern a small medal of the Prince Regent. Re- artists in general. The readiest mode of verse, the Standard of the United King- appreciating Simon's excellencés is by dom. It has the same relief as a coin, comparing his works with those of other and ranking it in that class, I thiuk it is artists; and the superiority speaks for ithis most successful effort.
self. Nor, while he was thus successful Battle of Algiers. This was the last in the higher departments of his art, did medal on which Mr. Wyon was engaged, he neglect those which, though mechahaving just finished the obverse at the pe. nical, are yet esseutial to complete the riod of his lamented decease.
It is a
excellences of a coinage. The inscripmost spleodid performance, and his sun tions on the edges of his Crowns and Half may truly be said to have set in meridian Crowns of Oliver Cromwell, I am sorry splendour. From an impression in wax for the honour of the English Mint to be sent me, it has the Prince Regent's bust, obliged to say, remain te this day with
out the remotest approach at competition ; are acquainted. We must remember that and the double line of coscription on his Mr. Wyon was but in his 25th year (an Petition Crown of Charles II. continues a age at which we scarcely expect an art. Unique, of which there has not been an ist to have more than entered on his proattempt at rivalry.
fession) when he died. In our common If we consider the low state of mecha- calculations we always allow for increasnics in Simon's time, compared with the ing excellence till forty. Indeed instances present, we must admit that his own abi. of progressive improvement are common Jities must have been very superior, wher, at much more advanced periods of life, with his scanty means, he has left works, of which the venerable President of the which in 160 years have not even been English Royal Academy is an illustrious equalled. It was the misfortune of the example. Mr. Wyon's mind and leisure Euglish mint, to be deprived of the talents were devo:ed to the honour of his proof this great artist, to make room for a mi. fession. It was his delight as well as nion of Charles II. who came over in bis his employment. In whatever he might train, Roettier, a man undoubtedly of abi. be engaged, his study was, not how he lities, but no more to be compared with could get rid, but how he could make the Simon, than a Jerusalem Artichoke is most of it ; and his anxiety to be correct to our national staff of life, the Potatoe. in his works can be appreciated only by Roettier's excellence appears to me to those who were in familiar intercourse or consist chiefly in the busts on his medals; correspondence with him : an evidence of the figures on his reverses that I have this is supplied by one of the specimens seen are poor, and his coinage is inferior of his works now before s, which he sent to that of Queen Anne's by Croker, which in reluro for some leares of shamrock, takes precedence next to Simon's in the supplied at his request from the garden cabinets of collectors; and as, from the of a young lady (S. L.) at Blackrock, as present rarity of Simon's, the latter are he wished rather to engrave from a plant seldom seen but in the possession of col. itself, than a drawing. I could relate many lectors and connoisseurs, Croker's with similar instances; but one, as effectually the Nation at large are in the highest es- as a thousand, indicates “the ruling pastimation ; and, in family hoards, the first sion." Coins, I should more properly place is usually occupied by “the pretty say Modern Coins --- with their stupid weamoney of Queen Apne:” and this general risome monotony of coats of arms, unlike estimation must have arisen chiefly from the godlike taste and freedom of the anintrinsic excellence; something I willingly tients ! and yet this age calls itself engrant to the traditional veneration of " the lightened ! and adınjres, or pretends to good Queen.” Croker also executed many admire, the classical taste of Greece, and fine medals, particularly a series on the is enraptured with the Elgin marbles ! victories of Aone: the portraits in gene- Would that we could see a little Grecian ral possess high excellence; but when there taste jo the coinage ! A dawn does inare figures on his reverses, he is not much deed seem to be opening; may it brighten more successful than Roettier.
to clear noon-day! But at present we reserved for Wyon to triumph in this most are at a sad long distance from any thing difficult trial uf an artist's abilities. The that can be deemed classical in our coinrequisites which appear necessary to en- age. In what are commonly called the sure success are, not only a liberal and barbarous ages, the coins present variety, classical education, which will thoroughly and sometimes elegance; but from Charles embue the artist with a knowledge of the II. what does the English collection afford subjects he has to represent, but also a us? Silver and Gold with the dull unitaste to exhibit them to most advantage. formity of armorial bearings, and Copper Thus prepared, we yet require professional with a Britannia, alike insignificant and ability to identify what he has happily ar- unmeaning in Peace and War. Glance ranged in his imagination. That Mr. at the coinage of the peuiest state in Wyon came to his profession with these Greece, and we blush at the contrast. I advantages natural and acquired, the do pot mean by these remarks to say that composition of his prize subject, Peace I would banish the Royal Arms from the checking the fury of War, is a full and Coinage. As connected with the history sufficient testimony. Had he never en- of the Empire, it is highly proper that graved another medal, his professional they should appear; and, when executed ahility would have ranked as consider- with ability, and disposed with elegance, able; but, when from this we follow him they are capable of forming a very pleasto the Manchester Pitt reverse, the im- ing reverse. But they should be confined provement in execution is absolutely as. to the larger Coins, Pence, Crowns, and tonishing, and fully warrants the conclu. Five Pounds, where the field of the Coin sion, that, had health and life been grant. allows a sufficient space for all the charges ed, he would have equalled, probably sur- to be distinctly defined, which it is utterly passed, any engraver with whose works we impossible to do when on a small scale, 7
where certain forms which' are supposed dallion he had modelled a portrait, for to indicate Lions and Horses, ane equally which Sir Joseph honoured him by sitting, applicable to any other quadrupeds; and and which I have heard highly spoken of in engraving heraldic animals, it is much for its faithful resemblance. The patroto be wished that artists would endeavour nage wbich Sir Joseph has always affordto represent them a little according to Na. ed to the Arts and Sciences are too well ture in outline and relief, whereas in ge- known for me to dwell on; and Mr. Wyon, neral they give us merely legs and heads, among others, was honoured with his kind and as flat as though they had suffered the notice and encouragement, for which be fate of poor Marsyas, and their skins only was most desirous to make that return were nailed on the sbield. Redlioger's me- which his professional pursuits best endal on tbe marriage of Christian VI. of abled him.-A medal of Mr. Miles, as a Denmark, 1732, is a fine specimen of the counterpart to that of Snelling, for which style which should be followed for these he had partly modelled the head from subjects. No one will mistake his Eagles memory. One of the Mint, I believe be or Lions, which have the living characte. had begun; but I am doubtful as to a ristics of true Birds and Beasts.—To re. piece which was to have been in rivalry turu, bowever, from this digression, Mo. of Simou's Petition Crown, with an in. dern Coins, ia which Genius is the slave scription on the edge of equal length. of Mechanism, afford so litile scope for The obverse, his Majesty's portrait, the exertion of an artist's abilities, coin- cloathed, from a correct portrait. Re. pared with Medals, that it is in these lat. verse, the Arms surrounded by the Garter that we must look for the highest evi. ter and Collar, as Mr. Wyon subsequently dences of Mr. Wyon's great abilities; and placed them on the Half Crown. It was as I have briefly noticed all with which I proposed by some of the London collec.. am acquainted, I must now refer you tors, and the subscription to this trial of from my inadequate commentary to the the state of the Arts was inmediately originals theinselves. My list, I have 110 filled up. Fifty pieces only were to have doubt, is extremely imperfect ; for, until been struck, at 5 Guineas each, iu silver, he was made Chief Engraver, he engraved and the dies destroyed. It is much to be a great number of Seals, &c. of which I regretted that he did not execute it. Left have po memorandum or information, and to his own leisure, and in direct rivalry the rapidity of his execution was seldom with the great Father of the Eoglish equalled. From the time he became Pro. School, we were authorized to expect a bationer Engraver, all the business of the performance equally honourable to himMint appears to have been executed by self and to his Country. him, at least the only coin I have seen I have now, to the best of my' ability, which is not his work is the Guinea of laid before the Society the information I the year 1813.
possess, and the opinion I entertain of an Besides the works which Mr. Wyon bad Artist, whose works while they exist (and completed, he had many others in coil- of all records of Art the numismatic are templation. The principal of these was the most durable) will do honour to Enga Series of 20 Medals to record the most land, and be always anxiously sought by memorable Naval achievements of this those who possess taste and discernment. reign. I had selected the subjects, and in Nor can I express the lingering unwillinghis last communication he mentioned that ness with which I bring these few pages he had designed several. This was his to a conclusion. While I have been ocfarourite plan; and in the execution it cupied at my leisure intervals in arran. was his intention to avoid all allegory, ging scattered materials, and balancing with the exception of one head of Britan- respective merits, I seemed still to hold nia, and to contine himself strictly to a communion with my friend, and not quite representation of actual occurrences. The to have lost bim: but with the closing battle of Trafalgar would have occupied lines, bis sepulchre also appears to cluse, two medals; besides which, he intended to and hide him from my view. To those hare engraved a medallion on the same who have felt what it is to be bereft of event, to match one which he had begun those who are dear to use and the effore for the victory of Waterloo. — Another which the mind inakes to persuade itself work was a medallion of Sir Joseph Banks, that the separation has pot, cannot base the President of the English Royal Society; taken place --I need not describe ibe de.' and his extreme anxiety that this should lusions to which it willingly surrenders be an absolute specimen of workmanship, itself when oppressed with sorrow: and to and not being able to please hiinself in those who have not, it is as needless, as the design of the reverse, occasioned his useless, to attempt it. delaying it till he should have leisure to
J. HUMPHREYS, P. Seç. complete it to his wishes. For this me- Cork, November 9, 1817. Gent. Mag, February, 1818.
antient family, near Bridgnorth, in Shrop1817. AT Broughton, near Preston, sbire, by whom he had seven children: of Dec. 25. aged 101, Mrs. Susan Mayor. these ope son and three daughters still
Dec. 26. At Great Barr, near Birming- survive. He superintended this great ham, after an apparently slight indisposi- commercial seminary with diligence, punction of a few hours, in his 84th year, Isaac tuality, and strictness, till Midsummer Dixon, gent. In the early part of his life 1788, when, from repeated attacks of the he stood in the first rank as a penman gout, his constitution became impaired, and arithmetician, in which he was excel. and he was no longer able to withstand the led by none. He was well informed in sa- confinement of the school, which he then cred history, and that of his native coun- resigned in favour of his worthy and able try, possessing strong natural talents, a successor, the late Mr. John Mayve. In most retentive memory, a mind replete the latter part of his life he suffered much with vivacity, and stored with pleasing and from the stone and gravel, which must interesting anecdote ; and in worldly pur- eventually bave destroyed him, had he not suits most assiduous and persevering. His. been removed by an incidental disease in conduct towards his pupils was attentive, the mean time. most exemplary, and worthy of imitation, Dec. 27. At Brafferton, Rev. Leonard ever bearing in mind those beautiful pro. Sedgwick, vicar of Brafferton, and one of verbial precepts of Holy Writ, which were the magistrates of the North Riding. often rehearsed with such forcible propri. Dec. 31. Louisa Mary, fifth daughter ety, for their improvement and advantage. of Ashton Ashton Shuttleworth, esq. of The warmest testimony to his merits will Hathersage Hall, near Sheffield. never be wanting while he has a pupil left 1818, Jan. 1.
At Doncaster, aged 60, to survive him. He raised himself, by bis Mr. Leadbetter, civil engineer to the Rochown deserts and perseverance, from an dale Canal; he was eminently qualified humble situation, to affluence and inde. for the duties of his office, by his attain. pendence, having left his family in the full ments in the higher branches of the maenjoyment of the comforts and conveniences thematics, and a practical knowledge of of life. He was born at West Bromwich, masonry; and the experience of 51 years co. Stafford, May 4, 1734, 0. S. and went bad furnished him with such a local know. as a waggoner's boy to live with (the hus. ledge of the canal as will render his loss band of his mother's sister) Mr. Waltho irreparable. of Albrighton Hall, near Donpington, co. Jan. 5. In his 10th year, Edward-TaySalop, farmer. Prom over.much pedes- lor, second sou of Robert Webber, esq. trian exercise, he became afflicted with a of Spanish place, Manchester-square. tenderness in the feet, and, through impro- Jan. 21. At St. Stephen's, near St. Ale per advice, was induced to do an act which ban's, Alicia Carolioa, second daughter of brought on a swelling of the right knee, the late Sir Charles Sheffield, bart, and and total stiffness which ever afterwards widow of Chichester Fortescue Garstin, for: attended him. Owing to this circum- merly captain lieutenant of the redueed stance, he was prevented from pursuing 89th regt. and afterwards major of the that line of life bis friends had intended Hampshire militia, who died March 5,1815. for him. He continued a short time in Jan. 22. Anne, wife of Charles Lukin, Mr. Waliho's family, and began the rudi- esq. of Leigh-street, Brunswick-square. ments of penmanship, in which he after- Jan. 23. At Norbiton, Kingston, aged wards so eminently excelled. Mr. Wal- 29, Jane, wife of Rev. Jas, Toll Hutchins. tho was prevailed upon to place him under At Fordham, co. Cambridge, aged 48, the tuition of old Mr. Addison Biomhall, Mrs. Gedge, widow of the late Mr. William of Albrighton, for the short space of 18 Gedge, surgeon,
of Mildenhall, and eldest months, where he obtained every informa. daughter of the late Mr. Thomas Archer, tion that school could afford. He returned formerly of Barton Mills. to his father's house, and sometime after- At Bristol, John Pinney, esq. merchant, wards engaged himself as a tutur in the of that city and of Somerton Erle, co. seminary of the Rev. Mr. Howells, a Dis- Somerset. senting Minister at West Bromwich, and At Fern Tower, Miss Esther Caroline removed with that Divine to Winson Baird, second daughter of the late Major.' Green. After conducting himself with re- gen. Jos. Baird, and piece to Gen. Sir Da. spectability and propriety in that situation, vid B. bart, G.C.B. and of Lord Riversdale. and with great satisfaction to his superior Jan. 24. At Durrington, Wilis, in his and the pupils for 12 years, he in 1770 took 77th year, Jonathan Moore, esq. the house and premises at Great Barr, At Rathmines, of the typhus fever, called Snails Green, uuder Mr. Turner, with the advice and importunity of his Jan. 25. At Lee, Kent, aged 37, Mr. friend, Parrot, M. D. the brother-in- John Maxwell Thornhill, late of the East law of that genileman. lu Sept. 1771, he India Company's service. married a lady of fortune, and of a very At Dubliu, azed 74, Mrs. Ursula Ahmu-'
Jobn Fox, esq.