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court, which would undoubtedly ap- strong leaning of the editor's own pear to have been a private one, since mind against Captain Brown. One Captain Brown himself-who had the instance he gives of this seems not strongest of interests, and, as I should unworthy of Mr Allan's attention. It have thought, the strongest of claims appears that one of the charges made to be present-was never admitted to against the Captain was, that he had know any thing of its deliberations been implicated in a gross fraud, and until he read the accounts of them that of a particularly mean characterthus complained of in the Caledonian a fraud by which a poor widow had Mercury.

suffered a pecuniary loss.

It appears Now, I have no hesitation in saying, farther, that this charge was inthat, so far as this goes, I conceive vestigated by a committee, of which every impartial person must complete- Mr Allan was a member, and that the ly agree with Captain Brown in disap- report of that committee contained a proving, and that most strongly, of most distinct and honourable acquittal the conduct of Mr Thomas Allan. If of Captain Brown. Finally, it appears, the court was a public court, then the that the same charge was in fact public had a right to be there-and, brought forward again by a Mr above all, Captain Brown. If it was Stenhouse, a rhetorical baker, in a a private court, no one could have speech of his, reported by Mr Allan the smallest right to make public any in the Caledonian Mercury. part of its proceedings, unless with the gentleman,” says Captain Brown in approbation, and under the control, his letter, (p. 116.) “ in substance of the court itself. Most certainly, asserted, that a report by one of Mr Thomas Allan, when he-being the committees would have estabone of a court, consisting, I shall sup- lished my privity, in some way and pose, of thirty persons--presumed to to some extent or other, to a fraud. publish, in his newspaper, accounts It certainly was the duty of the editor of what passed in this court, unau

of the Caledonian Mercury to report thenticated by any reference to minutes, Mr Stenhouse's speech as it fell from or any other formal record-he was in- his own lips: it happened, however, stituting, in his own person, a most une that the assertion I have just noticed warrantable monopoly, and exemplify- was utterly disproved by the report ing, most egregiously, not the liberty, itself, which report was signed and subbut the tyranny and despotism of the scribed by Mr Allan. It is a very repress. He availed himself of his vo markable circumstance, that Mr Allan cation as the editor of a newspaper, to did not avail himself of the facilities he inflame the public mind against an un- possessed, by stuting in a separate pas protected individual ; and the impar- ragruph how the fact truly stood ; but tial part of the community may be in- that, with the means of contradiction in clined to doubt, whether the person, his power, he permitted the error of Mr who had prepared and published such Stenhouse's statement to go to the public reports as have lately filled the columns uncontradicted." Such are Captain of his paper, might not have done well Brown's own words : I doubt not you to decline continuing to act in the capa- will agree with me in thinking, that, city of a judge with regard to any inves- if they be founded in truth, Mr Allan tigation in which Captain Brown is con is not the man who ought to have made cerned, I shall take liberty to believe, himself particularly conspicuous, by that such things are more worthy of casting the first stone against any one the Scotsman than of Mr Thomas Al- accused of negligence. lan; and that he, on reflection, must As for the statements contained in be inclined to repent of having, by his the Scotsman, it would be doing them example, given any countenance to a great deal too much honour to notice one of the most dangerous practices to them at so much length. It is only which that basest of all the seditious necessary to read Captain Brown's prints has ever had recourse.

own letter in order to be convinced But, 4thly, Captain Brown goes on that the editor of that paper has all to state, that these paragraphs in the through this business been exercising Caledonian Mercury were not only himself in his old vocation-which published in an irregular and culpable may be described as that of drawing manner by Mr Allan--but that, in illogical inferences, from false facts, for various instances, they betray the wicked purposes. :

II.-But I would request the only brought against the honesty and set of citizens to whom I am ambitious good faith of his behaviour. He has of addressing myself, to consider be- confessed, indeed, some instances of fore they go any farther in this matter, carelessness or imprudence in his the dangerous nature of the precedent conduct,-but the reproof of his stawhich, if they do so, may be, through tutory superiors, might surely have their means, established--of appealing, been considered as a sufficient punishin questions of a strictly judicial na ment for this; even although to that, ture, from the sentence of legal judges had not been added, the pain and deto the opinion of popular meetings on gradation of standing for so many the one hand, and the statements of months the perpetual object of every party newspapers on the other. With- art and instrument of seditious' ranout the influence of these last, indeed, cour and vulgar abuse. The high it is sufficiently manifest that no ap- character he has always borne as a peal to any popular meetings whatever, man of perfect integrity and honour, could ever have been dreamt of on the among those personally acquainted with present occasion.

him, and, above all, the acknowledged It will be for those who are above and exemplary usefulness of the Police the influence of such publications to Establishment of Edinburgh, as superconsider of the propriety of combining intended by him,--give him claims on together to prevent the malice now the protection of the respectable pub

at work from succeeding in the in- lic, which I hope are not likely to be i fiction of farther injury on the brought forward in vain. | character, or rather I should say, on I am Sir, the feelings, of Captain Brown. This

Your obedient servant, officer has clearly and triumphantly

J. C. S. answered every individual charge

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LETTER FROM DR OLINTHUS PETRE, TO CHRISTOPHER NORTH. ESQ. SIR-I have this moment read & They indeed are very indignant at

most violent tirade against your work the just castigation you have bestow1 in the last Number of the London ed upon that miserable gang, to whom

Magazine; and a perfect specimen of you have.so aptly given the name of spite, neutralized by stupidity, I must the Cockney School-a censure uniconfess it to be. You are quite above versally allowed to have been most the range of such paper-shot as this. deserved ; and they vapour most heHe must be blind indeed, who does roically about personalities. But, not see, that the virtuous indignation « Quis tulerit Gracchos de seditione queof the writer against the sins, negli

rentes ?” gences, and offences of your Maga- Or, (for it is probable they will not

zine, would have slept in peace, had know the meaning of the words I ü they not been committed by a rival, have quoted) who can do any thing

as it is probable the unfortunate scrib- else but laugh at such a charge, blers about Baldwin's have the vanity coming from a Magazine, which, to consider you to be. You may se- during the short space of its existence, curely despise the drivelry of such has accused Mr Wilberforce, (for people; the public, or that minute whom your hypocritical antagonist portion of the public which will take meanly pretends such a reverence,) of the trouble of wading through their playing " at hawk and buzzard belumbering pages, must instantly ap- tween character and conscience, of preciate the motives of their animosi . making his affectation of principle ty. All will allow, that their wrath

a stalking-horse to his pitiful desire is just as disinterested as the patriot- of distinction,of “ being a inan ism of certain aspirants for parlia- whose reputation costs him nothing," mentary honours, put in to obtain a with much more such slander on that calculable advantage in pounds, shil. eminent person ;-which has called lings, and pence. You may, there- Lord Castlereagh an inanimate aufore, feel very easy under the visita- tomaton ;” and described Mr Cantion.

ning, as " combining the pertness of It really is rather laughable, to read a school-boy with the effrontery of a some of their charges against you. prostitute ; which has sneered at the

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weakness of Mr C. Wynne's voices In.a work of his, treating on ArithLord Holland's stammer, and even metic, that “ celebrated” man thought in the very number, in which one proper to go out of his way to revile, of their hacks has had the insolence in a most dogmatic and insulting to abuse you for laughing at Hunt, manner, the Hebrew Language. I asHazlitt, (the very author, by the serted, that he did not know even a way, of the base personalities just letter of the tongue he had the impuquoted,) and others of that loathsome dence to pretend to criticize, and I knot? They have, (to say nothing proved my assertion. I leave the deof their affronts to some gentlemen cision of the question to any Hebraist, supposed to be connected with you, to any man of common sense in the displayed in the article under my con land. I proved that he was actuated sideration, and in the braying of the by a hostility to the language of reve. ass, who occupies their lion's head,) lation, simply because it was so; and published the impertinencies of a I defy any one to refute me. This Cockney Scribbler, who signs himself unfortunate Cockney, who is lamentElia, full of all kinds of personal, and ing over my hard treatment of the often offensive allusions to every in- Professor, of course cannot be supdividual who had the misfortune of posed to know any thing about the being educated at the same school inatter in dispute ; but what I am with himself. I could point out many saying is not the less true on that acmore such reprehensible passages, even int. As I am on the subject, I may in the three numbers in my posses- remark, that I was, at first, a little sion, particularly in the articles of surprised to find, that in the second Hazlitt and Elia; but I think I have edition of the philosophy of arith. said sufficient, to expose the sincerity metic, which was announced since I of their indignation against you for had pointed out Leslie's mistake, he personal allusions. I shall not stop had not retracted the unlucky note to defend you, as I could on almost which convicted him of ignorance; but every point of their accusation ; but on inspection of the work, my wonder as for them,—why Sir, their hypocrisy ceased, for I perceived that the new in this respect, is too thick and pal- eclition was nothing more than the pable to deceive even the most foggy- old one with a fresh lying title-page, headed native of Cockaigne.

and a few additional leaves ; in short, I should most certainly never have only a collusion between an honest noticed the article, but that I perceive bookseller, and a doubly honest proa very sounding charge has been die fessor, to impose on the public, and rected against you in it, on account get rid of the remaining copies of an of a letter of mine. The disinterest. unsaleable work. ed critic accuses you of attacking, in Here then is the vile offence against every number, “a most respectable pro- decency as committed by me. What fessor of the University of Edin- reason have I to respect Mr Leslie? burgh ;" viz. Professor Leslie. I be- His Essay on Heat ? The matter of lieve the only serious charge against that work is no great affair ; and the

very celebrated” man, as he manner is so bad, that even a brother takes care to call himself in the Edin- reviewer pronounces it to be execrable burgh Review, whenever he has or and drossy His Mathematics? makes occasion to mention his name, There is not an original Mathematicame from me. There might have cal fact of the smallest value in all been some trifling allusions to him his book, and his barbarous style, and in sportive or satirical verses, but vile arrangement, have done a great these could hardly be construed into deal to obscure the merit of what he very gross offences, and were besides has purloined. I do not intend, for it in a great measure bottomed on my would not be the proper place, to go exposure of his ignorance. And as í into any detailed remarks on his geodo not think it fair, that you should metry ; but every mathematician has be censured for a letter written by laughed at his droll proof of the docone of whom you know nothing, and trine of parallel lines, at his doctrine concerning whom they cannot even of ratios, at his failure in proving his have made a guess, I shall just say a very first proposition, the foundation few words with respect to my connec of his system, and a thousand other tion with Professor Leslie.

such betises. Am I to bow to him

that

because he is an Edinburgh Reviewer? of the young men, who go from this I question the inspiration of that country to Edinburgh to pursue their worthy oracle ;-and as to the profes- medical studies, come back with their sor's own part in its lucubrations, why, religious principles perverted, and their his impudent puffings of himself, and reverence for holy things sneered away ignorant sneerings at others, have of- -it would be very unjust to accuse ten made me liken Leslie The Re- any individual, of this weighty charge viewer to some enormous overfed pet-but the fact is undeniable. I reof the parrot species, stuck up at a joice, therefore, whenever it is in my suret-window-and occupied all day power, even in the most trivial degree, with saying,"

pretty, poll--pretty to show that the lights of the fapoll,” to itself; " Foul witch-foul mous Northern sect are not infalliwitch,” to every passer by. Look now, ble; that under affected knowledge I beseech you, at his Article on the gross ignorance may lurk; and that North-West passage !!!

considerable intolerance may sometimes What other claims to respect he be the characteristic feature of philopossesses I know not, except his ha- sophic liberality. I rejoice also, but ving made some neat second-rate che- much more sincerely, to learn, that a mical experiments, and invented some better spirit is arising in your famous handy little instruments; but even university; and, in spite of its levity, if his claims were ten times as its humour, its follies, nay, even its weighty, they should not have deter- trangressions, I think your Magazine i red me from speaking as I thought. A has been instrumental in this good work. | man who could go out of his path, in So much for my share in the tirade

an inquiry on the nature of heat, to against you. The error I exposed was | recommend an impious work, and, in trifling, but it marked a bad spirit, i a treatise on arithmetic, to cast an ig- and therefore I noticed it. If Profesnorant sarcasm on the language of the sor Leslie or his friends be offended, Bible, or to sneer at the * funciesof let them trace the origin of it to him

one of the apostles, must ever be an ob- self. As for my part, I shall never #ject of suspicion to those who hold the repent of having contributed to a work

Scriptures in honour, and impiety in which is even suspected of being supdetestation. We have no assurance ported by such names as any of those

that he may not digress as culpably given in the article to which I am now i hereafter ; and if he does so, it is on- referring. I remain, sir, yours, &c. dly fair to give him warning, that I

OLINTHUS PETRE, D.D. shall take care to point it out.

Trin. Coll. Dublin. With grief I have perceived that many Nov. 10, 1820.

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TME QUEEN'S TRIAL. The proceedings of the last two months important for our experience ;-they are worth recording, less from their signs of the times.” peculiar circumstances, which are re The dealers in that commodity of volting to all honourable feeling, or vulgar minds-prediction after the from the personages in question, who event-have now discovered that the are only to be looked on as degraded whole proceeding was absuril. But if and despicable, than from the insight it has passed away from popular hawhich they give into the disposition bits to think of the honour of the sitof the English Multitude.

ter on the throne in better times an The facts of the Queen's trial are object of proud solicitude-was there sufficiently notorious; and, at all to be no cognizance of the foulest asevents, the subject is too repulsive for persions on the national honour? Was decency to detail. But the popular the laugh and scorn of all Europe to excitement--the reprobate means, that be passed over as a thing not worth were put in force for its production inquiry? Was the moral name of the gross partizanship to which the England to be insulted by a perpetual heads of Whiggism did not disdain to reference to the free and unquestioned stoop-and the power exemplified of career of its first female, through what forcing back the current of justice in was universally alleged to be the most its highest channel-these things are barefaced and debasing licentiousness?

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Were those things done in a corner ? soluteness must be let out before the Was this royal libertinism contented public eye, that wise and honourable to shut itself up in the privacy that men might well pause on the alternadiminishes the moral danger to the tive of suffering the offence of the inpublic, by concealing the grossness of dividual, or the injury to the public. the offence to decency? The Queen The Queen's declared intention of of England, according to those univer- returning to England, compelled them sal rumours, was not satisfied to lavish to a determination. She palpably viher reputation in the shades of Como, brated, between the hope of obtaining the modern Capreæ. She paraded her her objects here, and the fear of being pleasures through the Continent. Asia visited by the tribunals. and Africa shared with Europe the An offer of great liberality was made, honour of witnessing this travelling on the condition of her withdrawing intrigue; and, whether under canvas from the further disturbance of the in Palestine, or under the roof of the country. It is said, that this offer Haram at Tripoli, or revelling on a was kept in his pocket by one of her a deck in the Mediterranean, it was still counsel, on whose faith in the negocia- : the Queen of England—the first wo- tion, an unwary reliance had been placed man of the most moral nation--the by government. The Queen wavered, presumptive model of female manners her council was alternately transferred to the country—the patroness of fe- from Milan to Geneva, and from Genevas male virtue, and domestic decency, to Milan ; the offer of ministers was and the purest form of religion-it either totally withheld, or but parwas still she that was become the tially transmitted until her arrival in common byeword and contempt of France. Then again she paused, and Taverns and Casinos, the envy of the evil of her coming seemed to have less opulent libertinism, and the passed away, Mr Brougham had tool and plunder of a family of valets waited on the king, and had come and chambermaids. The stories that out from the audience miraculously came crowding to England were of the changed in mind, overwhelmed with, mosť offensive and glaring deformity. as he divulged it to many a sneering At another period, the public spirit circle, the unrivalled captivations of the would have been loud in its demand royal manners, and for the weekfor reparation to the insulted personal smiling charmed convert. But the Queen feelings of the monarch ; but the revo. was already in more tenacious hands. lutionary ' doctrine acknowledges no Revolution had been unfortunate. sensibility, but for the punishment of The Manchester riot had failed of holdriot and blasphemy. To be entitled to ing up its rank with St Bartholomew. consideration with the regenerate mind The wholesale murder of ministers of English patriotism, a man must had failed, and Thistlewood in all his have attempted to uproot the throne bloom of patriotism had perished. The or the faith of his country. But there Scottish insurrection had been inauswas a vast, though unmoving and si- picious ; Major Cartwright was under lent majority, who thought, and still conviction ; Cobbet was a beggar, and think, those acts of the Queen deserv- blasted with the suspicion of being a ing of the most solemn investigation; spy; Hunt lay inglorious in Ilchester if, for no other purpose, than for á jail. Rebellion was hopeless. There public disavowal of their being sanc- was no stoppage in trade, no deficiency tioned by the mind of England. The of the harvest; the bounties of fortune establishment of a commission, to as- and nature have always been hostile to certain how far those reports might be the hopes of rabble patriotism. The the creatures of vulgar exaggeration, great cause of radical subversion was was the natural proceeding of men, crumbling away, and even its wrecks who desired to be convinced before were perishing in remote prisons, or they would decide. If there is a cen- in the inonthly exportations of felony sure to be thrown on his Majesty's to America and New South Wales

. Ministers, it is that they delayed Mr Alderman Wood was, the ultima bringing the offence to trial, after the spes Troj«, and even he-after trying evidences which they thus obtained. all the expedients of a desperate poBut the nature of those proofs was so pularity that were to be found in visits repulsive and disgusting; it was obe to the low recesses of riotous guilt, in vious, that so purulent a tide of dis- receiving the confessions of conspirators

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