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31. At Montrose, Alexander Lindsay, Esq. se- 12. At Edinburgh, Mrs Margaret Miller, wise of cond son of the late James Fullerton Lindsay Car- Mr William White, merchant, Leith. negie, Esq. of Boysack, to Amy, daughter of - At Nether Barns, William Anderson, Esq. Alexander Cruickshank, Esq. of Stracathro.
late of Jamaica. Nov. 1. At Inverary, John Stewart, Esq. of Ach- 13. At Edinburgh, Mrs Ann Ranken, relict of adashinaig, to Margaret, daughter of John Camp- Mr David Allan, plumber in Edinburgh. bell, Esq. of Craiguure.
11. At London, in the prime of life, after a few days illness, Mary Stewart Mackenzie, youngest
daughter of Mr Mackenzie, banker in Inverness. DEATHS.
At Glasgow, Isabella Duncanson, daughter of
the late Thomas Duncanson, merchant, Falkirk. April 5. At Calcutta, one of the most amiable At Hermitage Brae, Elizabeth Brown, spouse and universally respected ladies of the settlement, of James Wishart, merchant, Leith. Mrs Robert Campbell.
15. At Cheltenham, Mary, the wife of Major May 2. At Madras, Sebastian Holford Greig, Patrick Campbell, late of the 52d regiment. Esq.
- At Edinburgh, Mrs Janet Blair, wife of Ken7. At Samarang, Java, John Polwarth, Esq. neth M'Kenzie, M. D. second daughter of the late
19. On his passage from Bombay to England, William Blair, Esq. W. S. William George Burrell, M. D. surgeon of the 65th 16. Mrs Hagart, sen. of Bantaskine. regiment of foot, son of the late Mr William Bur
- At his house, Clerk-street, Edinburgh, Mr rell, merchant in Edinburgh.
Alexander Phillip, baker; and at the same place, Aug. 11. On board his Majesty's ship_Tartar, on the 20th October, Mrs Janet Inglis, his wife. Howard, third son of Colonel Sir Howard Douglas. - At Bermondsey, London, John Millar, M.D.
17. In Jamaica, Hugh Walker, Esq. of Carron only son of Mr John Millar, Canongate. Hill.
17. At Edinburgh, Miss Janet Buchan, youngSept. 7. At Wickham, in her 19th year, Miss est daughter of the late John Buchan, Esq. of Georgiana Jane M‘Donald, eldest daughter of Dr Letham. M'Donald, royal navy.
18. At Edinburgh, Mr James M.Lachlan, stu9. At Ramham, near Chatham, George, eldest dent in divinity. son of Sir James Malcolm, of the royal marines. - At Sauchland, after a few hours illness, Mr
13. At Bourdeaux, where she had gone for the John Ronaldson, aged 63. recovery of her health, Elizabeth, eldest daughter 19. At Leith, Mrs Ann Beugo, relict of the deof Mr George Lyon, Edinburgh.
ceased Mr Alexander Balfour, cabinet-maker, 22. At Lasswade, Mr William Pedie, late of Kinghorn. Mains of Dollar.
- At her house, in Prince's-street, Edinburgh, At Chapel-street, Grosvenor-place, London, Mrs Grace Ramsay, relict of the late David RamCatherine, daughter of the late Right Honourable
say, Esq. Craigleith. Lady Janet, and Sir Robert Anstruther, Bart, of - At Strathaven, the reverend Dr John Scott, Balcaskie, Fifeshire.
minister of that parish. 29. At her house, Wellington-place, Leith Links, 20. At Rainham, Kent, Jane Oliver, Lady of Ann Armstrong, wife of Mr Alexander Burnett, Sir Jaines Maleolm, royal marines. and only sister of the late reverend John Arm
- At Edinburgh, Mr Robert Findlay, writingstrong, A. M.
master and accountant, South Bridge. 30. At Glenburn-hall, Thomas Ormiston, Esq. - At 4, Graham-street, Edinburgh, Miss Lucy
At the Hirsel, Seigneor Guestenelli, at a very Lister, aged 17. advanced age.
21. At Tweed Green, Peebles, Miss_Stirling, Oct. 1. At Bickton-house, Lady Rolle.
daughter of the late Alexander Stirling, Esq. mer- At Bognor, Sussex, Harriet, youngest daugh- chant in Glasgow. ter of Lord Spencer Chichester, deceased, and 22. At his son's Cottage, Altrive Lake, Yarrow, Lady Harriett Chichester.
Mr Robert Hogg, at the advanced age of ninetyAt Edinburgh, after a few days illness, two. James, youngest son of James Irvine, Esq. of Que- - At Home Lacy, Herefordshire, her Grace the bec, Lower Canada.
Duchess of Norfolk. - At his house, Melville-street, Edinburgh, - At his house, Buccleuch Place, Mr Peter AnCharles Macpherson, Esq. late Inspector-General derson, merchant and general agent. of Barracks for North Britain.
- At Aberdeen, Captain Hector M‘Lean, for3. At Gateshead, near Newcastle-upon-Tyne, the merly of the 12d regiment, and late Reay HighHonourable Mrs Smith, sister to the Earl of Do- landers. noughmore and Lord Hutchinson.
23. At 34, Castle-street, Edinburgh, Miss Mar4. At Stockbridge, Miss Margaret Irving, se. garet Muat, of Lasswade Hill. cond daughter of the late Lieutenant-Colonel Ir- At his house, Hill-place, Edinburgh, Mr ving, 70th foot.
Thomas Pyper, linen-draper. 6. At Dundee, at the advanced age of 95, Miss - At his house, Yardheads, Mr John Johnston, Susanna Lyon, daughter of the late William Lyon late baker in Leith. of Carse, Esq. advocate, and grand-daughter of the 25. At Gilmore place, Edinburgh, James Tait, late Lord Carse, one of the senators of the College Esq. late of the Bahamas. of Justice.
27. At Newmanswalls, near Montrose, in the At Whiterig-house, John David, aged ten 24th year of his age, Patrick, second son of the months, son of the reverend David Baxter, minis- late reverend John Webster, minister of Inverariter of the parish of Lilliesleaf.
ty. At Edinburgh, Helen, daughter of Thomas 27. At Leney, Catherine Lesly, daughter of the Bell, Esq. Wharton Place.
late John Hunter Spreull Crawford, Esq. of Cow7. At the Manse of Sanquhar, the reverend W. donhill. Rankine, minister of that parish, in the 69th year - At St Patrick-square, Edinburgh, Isabella of his age, and 35th of his ministry.
Crawford, wife of MrJ. P. Lurchen, R. N. and 18. At his house, 18, Nielson-street, Edinburgh, daughter of Mr William Crawford, landsurvcyor. Mr John Ramsay, of the Customs.
- At Glasgow, Dr Patrick Cumin, professor of - At Duddingston, John Hamilton Dundas of Oriental Languages in the University of Glasgow. Duddingston, Esq.
29. At Edinburgh, in the 820 year of his age, 9. At Currie, Walter Brown, Esq. of Currie. the reverend John Touch, D. D. late minister of 10. At Edinburgh, Mrs Janet Liddell, wife of the Chapel of Ease, St Cuthbert's, to which charge Thomas Bell, Esq. Wharton Place.
he was inducted in 1766. 11. At Capiedrae, Fifeshire, Margaret, third 50. At Hawick, aged 89, Mr James Oliver, mer daughter of the late Mr William Mitchell, account. chant there. ant, Bank of Scotland, Dumiermline.
Nov. 1. At St Ninians, near Wooler, H. H. St At Dalkeith-house, William Cuthill, Esq. Paul, Esq. M. P. one of the representatives of the
At Tweedside Lodge, Peebles, Mrs Grace borough of Berwick. Elizabeth Seton, relict of Mr John Bartram, writer 2. At his house, in Hanover-street, Edinburgh, in Edinburgh.
Mr John Cockburn, late baker there. At his house of Hill Top, Staffordshire, Lately-At Annetto Bay, Kingston, Jamaica, of James Keir, Esq. aged 85.
the yellow fever, Alexander, youngest son of the At Wooll, Charles Scott, Esq. of Wooll. late Mr Alexander Pew, Leith.
Oliver & Boyd, Printers, Edinburgh.
ON THE LITERARY CHARACTERS OF BISHOP WARBURTON AND DR JOHNSON.
The two greatest men of the last cen. of fearless opposition in the latter, tury in our national literature, the continued, without being shaken by greatest in comprehensiveness of mind intestine division, till the former had and variety of talent, were undoubted- lost, in inanity and dotage, his great ly Bishop Warburton and Dr Johnson. mental acuteness and strength,--and For a long period of time, they exer- thus the latter had, by the departure of cised a kind of joint domination over his rival, become the sole literary pothe republic of lettersma dominion tentate of his country. Time, howwhich, in the former, chiefly arose ever, which as frequently consigns to fram the hardy and unshrinking defi- neglect the meritorious productions of ance of public opinion he exhibited, literature, as it showers down an inbacked by extraordinary intellectual crease of fame on the compositions of force and vigour; and, in the latter, deserving genius, has long since quiethad its origin in the universal awe and ed the bustle which the pen of Warveneration his genius and character burton always excited in his lifetime; had excited. In the one, it was a tri- and his name, once numbered amongst bute which fear of an immediate con- the mighty of the earth, has been for sequent castigation compelled all to sometime subjected to a partial if not pay; in the other, it was an homage total neglect. As the Roman Cathomore voluntary, because less enforced, lic church treated the bones of Wickto powers of the highest magnitude, liffe with contumely, whom, living, and virtue of the most unblemished they could not overcome ; so the pubpurity. The one, accounting dissent lic seem determined to revenge upfrom his favourite theories as a crime of on Warburton, when dead, the conthe blackest dye, punished all non- tempt they experienced from his conformists to the idol he had set up haughtiness, and the unwillingly-paid with a most merciless measure of pains devotion which he enforced to his and penalties; while the latter, possess- powers when living: And in the ing, indeed, not less of haughtiness and length of time which has elapsed from irritability, but more of prudence, had the period of his decease to the prethe good sense to leave to public opi- sent day, many a kick has been innion his justification against the at- flicted on the dead lion by animals tacks of ħis enemies. This joint and who could not have dared to approach equal literary supremacy, notwith- him while capable of defending and standing that it was occasionally dis-revenging himself.* Popular hostiliturbed by: frequent murmurings of ty, as well as private, ought, however, jealousy in the former, and growlings to give place to candid examination
Amongst these, see one Watkins, the author of a book called Anecdotes of distino guished Characters; who, in a note to the work, would fain persuade us that Warburton was merely a man of great and extensive reading, without intellect, acuteness, or wit. Vol. VIII.
and allowance; and when exercised he naturally cherished a secret dislike against a deserving subject, will only, to the regular disciplinarians of learnin the end, reflect disgrace upon itself ing; and it was, at once, his delight for an unworthy exercise of power. and his pride to confound the followers The fame of Warburton must, there- of the beaten path in study, by reconfore, at length experience a renewal of dite and variously sparkling erudition its brightness; and though perhaps to oppose himself to whole cohorts shorn of some of its beams, will re- of the standard corps of literature, in ceive its merited due at the hands of the confidence of his own individual posterity. A very different effect has power; to strike out new paths in time had over the fame of his great learning, and open new vistas in knowcompetitor : its only influence has been ledge, with the rapidity of an enchantin showering down additional lustre er; to demolish the old and stationon the name of Samuel Johnson, and ary structures of theology and literagiving to it that fixed and permanent ture, and overturn them from their basis and foundation which it is only foundations, for the purpose of erectfor posterity to bestow. The best ing his own novelties in their stead, proof which can be given of the exten- which supplied what they wanted of sosive circulation of his writings, is the lidity, by speciousness and splendour; visible effect which they have had over and to dazzle and astound the supliterature and criticisin; and the in- porters of established principles and contestible assistance they have afford- maxims, by combating them with a ed to the great march of the human force of reason, and strength of logic, mind : while the works of Warburton which was, perhaps, as unexampled stand uņnumbered amongst the stand- as it was audacious. His learning and ard productions in theology and criti- his mental powers were equally estacism; and his great work, the Divine blished without assistance, and his Legation, remains, to use the words of haughtiness loved to shew how his Gibbon, a monument crumbling in inbred mental vigour had triumphed the dust of the vigour and weakness over difficulties. From the same source of the human mind.” As there is, I arose both the excellencies and defects believe, no writing extant in which of his character. No pruning hand the merits of these extraordinary men had ever been exerted to remove the have been made the subject of compa- excrescencies which had been generarative criticism, though certainly the ted in his mind, and to tame and somost alike in the peculiarities of their ber the wildness and extravagance with mental character of any of the literary which it was so often overshadowed. worthies of their age, the most equal Thus his intellect rose up in rough in force of intellect and universality of and unshorn mightiness, and with it power,--an examination and inquiry the pullulating seeds of sophistical ininto their respective talents and cha- genuity which grew with its growth, and racters may not be without its parti- strengthened with its strength, till at cular benefit. It will, at least, be of last he became an inveterate and radiuse in displaying how far it is possible cated system-monger, and his mind a for abilities the most splendid to se- repositary, where every subject in theduce their possessor to extravagance ology, criticism, or literature, had an in the search for originality; and how hypothesis ready prepared for it. Nor transient and momentary is the fame less powerful in its influence, on his of paradoxical ingenuity, when com- character, was the first reception he pared with that which rests on the met with in literature,—in the univerimmobility of established truth! sal war, which seemed, at his first rise,
To the peculiar education of War- to be proclaimed against him. That burton, may be ascribed most of the his innovating and paradoxical spirit peculiarities of his character. Him- should procure him many adversaries, self, at first, an obscure provincial at- was hardly to be doubted, but, as if torney, undisciplined in the regular the hypotheses he advanced were matcourse of academical study; and re- ters of established belief, he resented fused, when he had even risen to ce- every departure from them, as a delebrity, a common academical honour; parture from truth itself; and his owing none of the varied exuberance ungovernable haughtiness, and impaof his knowledge to professors or pro- tience of contradiction, flamed out in fessorships, to universities or colleges ; angry defiance against his opposers,
I his gall.
and overwhelmed them with an over- self to answer every trifling and foolpowering torrent of scurrility and ish attack which ignorance and maabuse, which was served by an in- lignity might make upon him, <for be expugnable force of argument, and well knew, that to do so is but to give strengthened by an unequalled promp- duration to objects in themselves intitude of wit. Froin these primary significant; and which, otherwise, circumstances, his mind received an would be speedily forgotten. The indelible impression ; and from his only controversial compositions he has first advance to greatness, to his last left behind, are his letters to Jonas approach to imbecility, he was the Hanway; and in these, there is such same, and unchanged; the same con. a spirit of good-humoured placidity,
structor of systems, the same desperate as completely to prove, that controver$controversialist, the same dogmatical sial rancour formed no part of his dis
decider, the same determined oppugn- position. Possessing, from his long
er of whatever authority had sanc- intercourse with mankind, and deep d! tioned in theology, or common sense insight into manners and men, much 2. established in taste. The resources more practical good sense than his
of his ingenuity were not exhausted great rival, and entertaining a much by time the severity of his pen was greater habitual regard for established not composed by age-and Lowth, on institutions, he was not so desirous whom his last attack was made, was of leading the multitude from the
no less fated than his first antagonist, road they had frequented to newdi Tillard, to receive the overflowings of formed paths of his own. He had too
much reverence for what bore the semThe character of Dr Johnson was, blance of truth, to wish to discredit perhaps, not less influenced by exter, its supporters; or, by making attempts nal circumstances, but they had much to beautify its outward appearance, to less influence on the purely intellec- run the hazard of undermining its tual part of it. If the early difficul- foundation in the end. With an equal ties through which he struggled, in portion of that ingenuity and novelty conjunction with the original irrita- of fancy which gives new colours to
bility of his system, gave a strong every subject, and brings to every en tinge of morosity to his character, that theme new and 'unhacknied accessions E morosity was not communicated entire of mind, he had too much intellectual
and unsoftened to his writings. It solidity to delight in framing hypoand did not form a constituent and essen- theses which could not communicate sitial part of his compositions-a kind to the mind that satisfaction on which
of perpetual and inseparable quality of he loved to repose and without the E the mind-nor was the same itch for power of giving which all theories are Lista controversy so completely engrafted but empty triflings. He had too much Mide into, and connected with it. He had soundness in his taste to split into
not any of that foolish knight-errant- systems and quarter into subtleties
ry which leads forth its votaries to re- the unchanged and unchangeable prini new, in the intellectual arena, the an- ciples of nature, or to convert into
cient feats of personal prowess, and intricate and interwoven propositions and individual strength; and which would the plain and unerring dictates of
sally forth, manfully dealing its blows reason. His devotion to truth was 1,7 to the right hand and to the left, care- too strong to suffer him to deceive post less on whom they fell, and regardless others-his judgment too sound to al
what side they injured, for no certain low him to be deceived himself * purpose, or visible design, save to ma- whether the deceit was introduced by
nifest the mightiness of its own strength. the reveries of a fervid imagination, or He did not vainly and ridiculously the insinuating dexterity of selt-love.
oppose himself to the world, for he He is once reported to have said, be well knew, that he who takes the “ How great might have been my
world for his opponent, is sure, in the fame, had not my sole object been end, not to win; and that, at last, his truth;" and the fixed foundation on consolation will only be that of Na- which his fame now stands, may be thaniel Lee in the madhouse. “ The considered as some reward for his world thinks me mad, and I think immediate self-denial. them so, but numbers have prevailed. If we proceed to compare their resover right.” He did not concern him- pective intellects, it will, perhaps, be
rather difficult to adjust the balance of reasoning-endowed with that peof superiority. In the first, great cha- netration of discernment, which in a racteristics of genius, unbounded
com. moment pierces through the sophistiprehension of mind, and receptability cations of argumentation, and unravels of images in the power of communi- the mazes of subtlety with intuitive cating, to mental matter, that living quickness and precision-they were energy and alimental nourishment- yet considerably different in the manthat intellectual leaven which gives it ner in which those talents were disthe capacity of being kneaded and played. In Johnson, the science of worked up into an exhaustless diver« reasoning has the appearance of being
41 sity of shapes and figurations in the more a natural faculty; and in Warpower of extracting and drawing forth burton, more an artificial acquirement. all that human reason, when bent to The one delighted in exhibiting it in any given point, can educe in the its naked force and undivided powerpower of conceiving mighty plans in the other was fonder of dividing it ; the mind without destroying, in into distinctions, and reducing it into the grasp of the whole, the beauty and parts. The one delighted to overthe symmetry of the parts--in these whelm and confound the other rafirst and foremost requisites of genius, ther to lead into intricacies, and puzthe endowments of both seem very cle with contradictions.
The one evenly divided, though the balance, if wielded his weapons with such over. at all, preponderates on the side of powering strength, that skill was useJohnson. He had, certainly, more of less, and art unnecessary--the other the vivifying mind of a poet-more of made use of them as an experienced that brightness of imagination which fencing-master, whom great natural clothes all objects in a vesture of strength, joined with much acquired splendour--more of that fervid fulness skill, render irresistible. In the which deepens and swells the current one, the first blow was generally the of thought-but not more of the decider of the combat in the other, boundless expansion and versatility of the contest was often more protracted, mind-not more of the variegated ex- though the success in the end not less uberance of imagery, or expatiating sure. It was the glory of the one, to ubiquity of fancy. He had, perhaps, evince at once his power, and, by a not so much of that wide sweep of in- mighty blow, to destroy the antagotellect, which, like a drag-net, draws nist who assailed him-while it was at all within its reach into its capacious once the delight and pride of the other, reservoir of illustration, and which to deprive his opponent gradually of diminishes and contracts the resources every particle of armour and weapon of ingenuity by its extraordinary pow. of defence; and when he had riven er of exhaustion; nor had he any away every obstacle and protection, part of that fiery fervour, that indomit. exultingly and mercilessly to despatch able vehemence, which blazed forth in him. Warburton ; with which he could In real and true taste, Johnson was burst through every bondage, and unquestionably the superior. Disovercome every obstacle ; which it was carding all those systems of criticism impossible to withstand in its attacks, which had so long fettered and conor delay in its course ; and which, fined the efforts of talent, he first estalike the burning simoom of the Ara- blished criticism on the basis and bian deserts, absolutely devastated and foundation of common sense; and thus laid waste the regions of literature, liberated our future Shakspeares from with the sultriness of its ardour, and those degrading chains and unworthy the unquenchableness of its flame. shackles, which custom had so long al.
In logical strength and acuteness lowed the weak to impose upon the in the faculty of seeing immediately strong. His critical decisions--wherethe weak side of an argument, and ex- ever personal hostility did not interposing its fallacy with clearness and fere, and wherever his want of the force-in those powers which Dr John- finer and more delicate perception of son has called the grappling irons of inanimate or intellectual beauty did the understanding each was superla- not incapacitate him from judging cortively pre-eminent; and it would be rectly—are, and ever will be, incondifficult to decide which is the supe- testible for their truth, and unequalled rior. Both great masters of the science for their talent, and carry with them