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heaven, and of the saints (a mere sub- | imperial tyranny could not extinguish. stitution for that of the heathen deities And to carry on this glorious work, an under other names), prevailed. All that obscure monk, in his solitary cell, ponwas base and abominable amongst the ders over the Scriptures of truth, which Jews in the worst periods of their his- it pleased God, in His providence, to tory, and in heathenism, was renewed | bring before him, and by His Spirit to in this so-called Christian era; and dark- incline his heart to receive. ness again covered the earth, and gross From this time God's word and Spirit darkness the people. The sword of the triumphed overy Popery and Ritualism. Spirit gave place to the sword of the The breach was made; the two stood crusader; whilst the power and wealth distinctly opposed as light and darkof kings and nobles were laid at the ness. The contest between the two feet of the Church, to advance her mag. powers was carried on through the innificence and promote her glory.
strumentality of the poor monk, armed Here we pause again. We have with the Sword of the Spirit—the word arrived at another awful period in the of God—against all the powers of this Church's history: light had come into world. Again, wherever the Divine the world, but men loved darkness word had free course, Christianity was rather than light, and reaped the bitter reduced to its own simple elements; fruit of their perversity. But a time and when this was effected, vital godliof mercy returns, the witnesses are not ness revived and flourished. History destroyed-eternal truth never can be. tells us the dreadful struggle it had to God's word and Spirit, so long un- undergo on the continent of Europe heeded, are again commended to man's with the rulers of the darkness of this acceptance, and (as in all His dealings world; and in too many instances how with His people) by the simplest, and these were, in a way that seems mysapparently the feeblest agency. It is terious to us, permitted to triumph. not to be denied that, through the dark In our own land the struggle, though period of the middle ages, there were
carried on during years of doubtful many instances of real piety, in spite of result, issued in the victory of truth so the deadly doctrinal errors which were far as the word of God was made the commonly received as truth, but no one basis. Ritualism made many attempts had the courage to stand up for the to obtain the victory, but the simplicity truth as it is revealed in God's word, that is in Christ was too strong for it; unadulterated by the Ritualism which and just in proportion as this was had gradually fastened the fetters of maintained, vitality increased. In Popery upon the Christian world. Thi England, however, Ritualism (of which period at length arrived.
the Reformers left too many remnants, In the fourteenth century, Wycliffe hoping thereby to conciliate the Pogave the first shock to the Papal system, pishly inclined) fought hard for the sole by his translation of the Bible into ascendency; and its advocates and proEnglish, and exposure of the leading moters — the reformed hierarchy and errors of Popery: and from this time the court-employed the grossest cruelty we find a succession of witnesses and and injustice to enforce it. The contest martyrs for the truth raised up, amongst was long and arduous, both in England whom Cobham, Huss, Jerome of Prague, and Scotland, with different results. and many other noble spirits—of whom 'In England the ierarchy, from its the world was not worthy-were suf- very nature, inclined to it; whilst in ferers : till the great event of the Re- Scotland, where the Reformation had formation blazed forth with a potency made a thorough sweep of everything which the united efforts of priestly and ritual, nothing could reconcile the people to the slightest return to it; and are being deluded with the most erronealthough they fell, perhaps, into the ous views of what the gospel really is, opposite extreme - even this is of and the better prepared by the diluting a more hopeful tendency than the processes of High Churchism and Tracother, inasmuch as a spirit of inquiry tarianism, to come under the teaching is at the least kept alive, which the which Popery is putting forth all its other serves to deaden and extinguish; efforts to extend throughout the land. and as the tares have sprung up Rationalism, too, is doing its fatal amongst the wheat, in all seasons of the work, by its various shades of false Church's history, so do these two prin- philosophic reasoning upon the deep ciples of evil still show themselves things of God-not confined, as heretoamongst professing Christians even fore, to the open impugner of God's now. Of the Ritualism left to vegetate in word, but by the more specious and the English Established Church, we are destructive method of a profession of now seeing the fatal effects, as a nursery great desire for its vindication, or better for Popery, and the impracticability of comprehension ; whilst its truth is seany attempts to put down the growing cretly undermined, and its spirituality evil, which is increasing in intensity got rid of, and a spiritual discernment and audacity; its perpetrators setting of its precepts ignored, or treated with all control at defiance, and deluding the contempt. people with imitations of the mum- Sir, I think I may, without being meries of Popery. Again, we see the considered an alarmist by any but sumost gorgeous buildings rising up in perficial observers, say, that, in the every part of the kingdom. Church- midst of all that is apparently most building is the great fashion of the day, fair and flourishing, never was there a and the evil attendant upon this state crisis of greater danger to the best in. of things, viz. dependencies upon the terests of the people of this realmunscriptural and soul-deceiving notion, their Protestant, their spiritual, their that those who are bestowing money in eternal interests. It is to be feared this way are thereby honouring God, that the rising generation, those espeand promoting His glory, is again ex- cially of the higher classes, both in tensively at work. We hear of offer- station and in intellectual attainments, ings to the Lord of this character; and are becoming deeply imbued with the it was only a short time since I was frivolities and superstitions of Popery gravely informed of a “thunk-offering” on the one hand, or the speculations of of a splendid clock, given by some a false philosophy on the other; and school-boys to a chapel which they at-tbat, as far as present appearances intended, because they had been pre- dicate, a few years will present a maserved from the cholera ; and this en- turity of inost disastrous issue; and to couraged by a minister calling himself this state of things the two influences evangelical! This is one of numberless which have formed the groundwork instances of the kind ; and as respects of these remarks have mainly conthe utility of church-building, it appears tributed. to be taken for granted, that the build- What, then, is the duty of the people ing of churches in our densely popu- of God of every denomination? There lated localities, abounding in all the is surely no question as to the necessity beauties of ecclesiastical architecture, is of an immeasurable increase of the a sufficient guarantee that religious moral agencies we have at work to cultivation in that neighbourhood must counteract the mischief now in fearful follow; whilst it is painfully obvious progress. The means are now in our to the Christian observer that the people hands, under His blessing, who will
make them available to any extent, if His that which is the essential characterispeople will work them; since the bless-tic of the gospel, --simplicity and spiriting follows the means. As well might uality,—to that which has ever been its we expect our fields to yield their fruit greatest bane,-external show and Rituwithout culture, as to see the truth of alistic observance; appealing to the God extending itself unaccompanied by worldly element to increase their influthe earnest efforts of those whom He ence, at the very moment when it most has called to be labourers in His vine- becomes those who profess to make yard. And are these efforts going on the Scriptures alone their guide, to show in any degree commensurate with the to the world what their principles are extent of the emergency? Surely, when really worth ; and, instead of succumbthe whole kingdom is raising its voice ing to a vitiated, worldly.directed taste, almost universally, and without distinc. and bringing down their principles to tion of denomination, against Popish suit the pride of the “upper strata of aggression, there should follow as uni- society," how much more consistent with versal a system of well-arranged Chris- the mind that was in Christ and His tian effort to counteract it. As it ha apostles to maintain a noble, dignified been well observed, merely preaching simplicity in all their outward arrangeagainst Popery from the pulpit will be ments; thus proving to a vain world of little avail, if people are not visited their unshaken confidence in the power from house to house, both in town and of Divine truth to stand upon its own country. The gospel must go to the intrinsic excellence. And whilst Popery, people; for if we wait till they come to it, and its vile and worthless imitator and the agents of Ritualism and of darkness promoter, Tractarianism, are uniting will be too much for us in their unceas. | their efforts to lead the world back to ing activity. To increase the operations the outward splendour and Ritualism of everywhere of town and city missions, the middle ages, let Christians, of all and of schools for the lowest classes of denominations, set their faces like a society, should be our object; and whilst Aint against practices so opposed to the we know that all which has yet been spirit of the gospel; so contrary to its done for the City Mission alone, is inade- character; so deeply injurious to its quate for more than its maintenance in vital influence upon their own hearts. its present status, and that the means Let them beware of the temptations are wanted on every hand for the disse- which are assailing the people of God mination of sound Scriptural knowledge on all sides, “to deceive, if it were posthroughout every portion of this vast sible, the very elect;" and give in to empire, surely it is a matter deeply to nothing which is not sanctioned by the be regretted, that evangelical Christians spirit of the gospel, and which they do should be found wasting their money, not feel assured is qualified to promote, and occupying their minds, on church unequivocally, the glory of God, the salarchitecture, steeples, and other adorn- vation of perishing souls, and their own ments and baubles, which are not only progress in self-denying huinility and useless in themselves, but positively nearness to Him. adding fuel to the flame; by thus
C. gradually drawing men's hearts from March 17, 1851.
DR. ARNOLD'S VIEWS OF TRACTARIANISM.
LETTER FROM THE LATE DR. ARNOLD.
(Page 284, 2nd Vol.) You seemed to think that I was not real honesty of a subscription appears so charitable towards the Newmanites to me to consist in a sympathy with the as I used to be towards the Roman Ca- system to which you subscribe, in a pretholics. I think so too, but with this ference to it, not negatively merely, as grave difference: that they are Roman better than others, but positively, as in Catholics at Oxford instead of at Oscott itself good and true in all its most cha
- Roman Catholics signing the Articles racteristic points. Now the most chaof a Protestant Church, and holding racteristic points of the English Church offices in its ministry. Now, as I know are two: that it maintains what is called you are a fair man, and I think that the Catholic doctrine as opposed to the Oxford has as yet not deprived you of early heresies, and is also decidedly a Reyour wideness of mind, it is a real mat- formed Church, as opposed to the Papal ter of interest to me, to know how the and priestly system. It seems to me fact of these men being Roman Ca- that here is the stumbling-block of the tholics in heart, which I quite allow, Newmanites. They hate the Reformacan be other than the most grave charge tion-they hate the Reformers. It were against them, till they leave Oxford and scarce possible that they could subour Protestant Church. I cannot at all scribe honestly to the opinions of men conceive how you can see this otherwise, whom they hate, even if we had never any more than I can conceive how you seen the process of their subscription in can acquit Tract 90 of very serious mo- detail. ral delinquency. For surely the Feathers Undoubtedly I think worse of Roman Tavern petitioners would have been Catholicism in itself than I did some quite as much justified in retaining their years ago. But my feelings towards a preferments as —- and —- are justi- Roman Catholic are quite different from fied in remaining in our ministry. my feelings towards a Newmanite; beNeither does it seem to me to be a just cause I think the one a fair enemy, the argument respecting the Articles, any other a treacherous one. The one is more than about other things, to insist the Frenchman in his own uniform, and that they shall be everything or nothing. within his own præsidia ; the other is I very gladly signed the petition for the Frenchman disguised in a red coat, alterations, because I agree with you in and holding a post within our præsidia, thinking that subscriptions cannot be for the purpose of betraying it. I should too carefully worded; but, after all, the honour the first, and hang the second.
A CIRCUMSTANCE occurred, not many | where friendship, harmony, and Chrisyears since, which, coming under the tian charity ought to have prevailed, immediate observation of the writer, and more than ordinary enjoyment been may well serve to illustrate the charac- realised, for the want of some useful ter of the class of persons to whom we and pleasing topic being started for would direct the attention of the reader. general discussion—the best mode of
At an evening party at Mrs. —'s, passing away time on such occasions
the company were seen separating and “But where are Mr. and Mrs. - ? forming themselves into detached groups, Of course they are present ?” he reseeking amusement for themselves by marked, looking around the room, as alternately talking over domestic mat- though waiting for them to answer to ters, and animadverting on the real or their names. The colour heightened to alleged failings of their friends and ac- a warmer tint on the cheek of the lady; quaintances.
a dead silence, too, prevailed; and the In one of those temporary and partial question was repeated, with the request abatements of the buzz which a number that, if present, they would come forof voices talking altogether occasions, ward and defend the charges alleged the following remarks were overheard, against them. As no one appeared, the uttered by a lady, from whose manners only alternative remaining to the lady might have been hoped better things :- was to acknowledge her ungenerous
"I do not wonder at anything I hear mention of faults of which she had only about Mrs. --: I can quite believe heard through the intervention of it true; I have been told many things others, who, from malice and disregard of her, worse than what you state; and of truth, had perpetrated an injury on some, too, not very much to the credit their friends, on themselves, and on of her husband. It is a matter of sur society. prise to not a few, how Mr. has Taking advantage of the opportunity amassed such a large fortune so sud- thus afforded, the gentleman expressed denly; for, you know,” it was signifi- his disapprobation of the lady's conduct, cantly added,” not many years since he in terms such as he thought the case was quite on a footing with ourselves. justly warranted.“ What,” said he, “is Though I would not judge them, I must so base, yet, alas! what so common, as confess there is much that looks sus
15. sporting with individual reputation!” picious, to say the least; against which and reproof was further communicated no impartial persons can close their through the few following questions, eyes.”
which served as a tacit condemnation, Just as another series of strange re- and, perhaps, pierced deeper than any ports and singular appearances was more palpable remarks would have about to be detailed, a gentleman who done: -" May I inquire," said he, had heard what passed, to the honour what was the motive that induced the of his Christian principles, as remarks which you made on Mr. and would think, calmly, yet fearlessly, and Mrs. this evening, madam? with an emphasis that could not be re- Have you seen them lately? How did sisted, put to the lady the following you speak to them? I know how you question :-"Allow me to ask, my dear speak of them. Have you told them madam, of whom you might be speak- what is said of them, and heard their ing just now?" “Oh, it was only a side of the question? Mr. – friend, sir," was the somewhat confused rich, is he not? Your husband, if I reply, which was not a little increased remember rightly, has been very unforby the rejoinder: “Indeed, a friend, tunate in business? Mrs. I bewas it? I thought, too, I heard the lieve, is considered a very handsome name of — mentioned; was it so ?” woman, very clever, and very accomThe confusion of the lady, however, did plished, is she not? Can you tell me not deter the gentleman from repeating her age? Several years your junior, I the inquiry, whether Mr. and Mrs. think, madam?"
were not the persons to whom There were signs of increased unallusion was made. On receiving an easiness on the part of the lady, who, answer in the affirmative, he inquired, I though she found it easy enough to