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The preamble to this series con- primary, communal, or electoral assisted of various considerations, semblies of these departments, insuch as “ the constant pursuit of cluding the members of the legisthe plan laid down in the instruc- lative body, should forthwith cease tions of the conspirators, Brothier, their functions; that the directory Duverne des Presles, and the other should be empowered to fill up the agents of the pretender, dissemi- vacancies in the tribunal; that nated throughout the 'republic; those dispositions of the exclusive whereby the primary and electoral law of the third Brumaire, which assemblies had been directed and had been repealed in favour of the seduced in their choice; that, ex- relations of emigrants, should be cepting in a few instances, where revoked, and the law re-established the energy of the republicans had against them till four years after neutralised their attempts, the late the peace; and that, during this elections had not only filled the space, they should not be permitted departmental administrations, but to vote in the primary assemblies, also the late third of the legislature, nor to be named electors. with emigrants, with rebel-leaders, Thus, in the first instance, the and coniirmed royalists; that the representatives of the people were constitution was attacked by a part outraged by an armed force, in of those who were expressly called direct violation of the constitution; to defend it, and against which no and in the second, the people themprecautions had been taken ; that selves were robbed of their rights it was impossible to defend it, with- and privileges by an act of tyout recourse to extraordinary mea- ranny, as gross and as illegal as sures ; and that, to crush the exist- any thing which was exclaimed ing conspiracy, and prevent the against in the former government. general effusion of blood, it was Whatever be the political senti. the duty of the council to examine ments of any man, who reads this the attempts brought against the account, we must pronounce him constitution from the month of Prai- no friend to liberty, who sanctions real preceding, and to take such or approves so direct a violation further measures as should ser'ure of every thing which ought to be the liberty and happiness of the sacred in the eyes of those who propeople from further danger."

fess themselves the rotaries of free. In consequenceofthese considera- dom.' From this moment posterity tions, the council (if such in its pre, will date the decline and fall of the sent state it ought to be called) le- French republic ;-since the men, creed, amongst other articles, that who thus insulted every sound and the operations of the primary as virtutons principle, proved themsemblies, communal and electoral, selves afterwards as incapable in of forty-nine departments *, were the exercise of pou er as they were unlawful and void; that the persons daring in assuming it. named to public einployments by the The 13th article contains the

These departments were l'Aiu, l'Arèche, l'Arrière, ilube, l'Aveyron, Bouches du Rhône, Calvados, Charente, C'her, Côtes d'Or, Cotis du Nord, Dordogne, l'Eure, Eare et Loire, Gironde, Herault, Ille et Vilaine, Indre et Loire, Loire, Haute Loire, Laire Tuférieure, Loiret, Manche, Marne, Mayenne, Mont Blauc, Morbihan, Moselle. les Deux Nethes, Nord, Oise, Orne, Pas de Calais, Puy de Dôme, Bas Rhin, Baut Rhin Rhône, Haute Saone, Saone et Loire, Sarthe, Seine Inférieure, Seine et Marne Seine et Oise, Somme, Tarn, Var, Vaucluse, Yoone.

names * of those who were to be tified, such priests as disturbed the transported, to the number of sixty- public peace; and that the oath five; of whom fifty-three were to be taken in future should be members of the two councils; and that of hatred to royalty and the two directors, Barthelemy and anarchy, and of attachment to the Carnot; the place of their exile republic and the present constituwas to be determined by the direc- tion. Punishments were likewise tory, and their property to be se- decreed against any of the constiquestered till authentic proof was tuted authorities which should not received of their arrival at the place punctually execute the laws in this of banishment. It was further respect. Various new regulations enacted, that the emigrants who were made in the administration of ha-l entered the republic to solicit justice. The remainder of the their erasure from the list, and who family of Bourbon were expelled, were not definitively struck off, and their estates 'confiscated; the should leare the republic in a li- directory being charged to desigmited time; that those who were nate the place of their banishment, detained in prison, and who had and allow them a revenue out of forfeited their lives, should be ba- their estates. To evince the further nished; that the law lately made to regard for liberty in these despicarecall the banished priests was re- ble tyrants, the newspapers and other pealed; that the directory was in- periodical publications were placed Fested with the power of sending under the inspection of the police away, by decrees individually no- for the term of a year. The law

* Du Conseil DES CINQ-CENTS, Aubry Duplantier

Noailles
J.J. Ainé dit Job Aimé Duprat

André (de la Lozere)
Bayard
Gibert Desmolières

Mac-Curtain
Blain (des Bouches du Henry Larivière

Pavie
Rhône)
Imbert Colomés

Pastoret
Boissy d'Anglas

Camille Jordan : Pichegru Borne

Jourdan (André Joseph, Polissart
Bourdon (de l'Oise)

Bouches du Rhôve) Praire Montaud
Cadroi
Gau

Quatremère Quincy
Coucheri
Lacarrière

Saladin
Delahaye (de la Seine In Lemarch and Gomicourt Simeon
Lemerer

Vauvilliers
Mersan

Vienot Vaublanc
Doamere
Madier

Villaret Joyeuse
Dumolard
Maillard

Willot.

fer. Delarue

DU CONSEIL DES ANCIENS. Barbé Marbois

Laumont

Portalis
Damas
Muraire

Rovere
Parant Vaillant
Murinais

Tronson Ducoudray.
Laffon Ladebat

Paradis Carnot, directeur

Miranda, general Bartbelemy, directeur

Morgan, general Brottier, ex-abbé

Suard, journaliste Lavillheurnois, ex-magistrat

Mailne, ex-conventionel Daverne Dupralle, dit Dunan

Ramel, commandant des grenadiers du Gochon, ex-ministre de la police

corps législatif, Dossonville, ex-employé à la police

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against popular societies was re- that the knell of the republic has pealed, as well as those respecting tolled.” This message was immethe organisation of the national diately sent by the five hundred to guard, and the prohibition which the ancients, and the propositions had been laid on the direcory of passed into a law without further suspending the civil authority, or opposition. putting a commune in a state of Supposing the assertions of the siege.

directory to have been (what they These propositions being sent to were not) proved, still, if they had the council of the ancients, a dis- had any regard to that justice which cussion ensued respecting certain was upon their lips, but not in clauses, and chiefly on that article their conduct, surely some greater which contained the list of persons discrimination ought to have been designated by the five hundred to made in the fate of those who were banishment. The directory per- marked out as objects of puceiving this hesitation, sent a mes- nishment. Had the council of sage, or more properly, in the pre- elders not been degraded to the sent state of things, an order to the lowest pitch, more proof would council of five hundred, represent- have been required than the mere ing the danger of delay, and ex- list of names, which the council of horting thein to imitate the con- five hundred sent up, to convince duct which they had observed; to them that Tronçon-Ducoudray, let no metaphysical discussion res Simeon, and Portalis, were implispecting principles interrupt the cated in the same crimes with Brospeedy course of national justice; thier, Duverne des Presles, and that being placed in the most sin- Lavilleheurnois, the avowed agents gular of positions, they could not of Louis; or that Barthelemy the apply the ordinary rules of the con- director, and Cochon the ex-mistitution, unless they wished to de- nister of police, ought to share the liver up the republic to its ene- punishment of Rovere and Mimies. “ If the friends of kings randa; the one the chief actor in find friends amongst you, if slaves the murders of Avignon, and the can meet protectors, if you delay other an indefatigable but impruan instant, despair of the salvation dent instrument in the conspiraof France, shut up the book of the cies of every party. constitution, and tell the patriots

CHAP. XII.

Messages of the Directory on the Mode of raising Supplies, and on the Filling

up the Vacancies in the Directory. Banishment of the Journalists. Nomination to the Directory. Disorders in the South. Recall of the French Negotiators at Lisle. Mission of others. Departure of Lord Malmesiniry. Absurd Account of Lord Malmesbury's Mission published in the Oficial Papers of the French Government. Reflections on the forged Letter. Final Close of the Negotiation between the French Republic and England. Negotiation with the Emperor for definitive Treaty. Supposed Causes of the Delay in the Negotiations during the Summer. Treaty of Peace concluded at Campo-Formio. Principal Conditions of the Treaty. Pacification with the Empire---referred to a Congress. Surrender of Venice to the

Emperor.

Emperor. Despair of the Venetian Patriots. Portugal. Treaty of Peace, negotiated by Portugal with France during the Summer ---dissolved. Imprisonment of the l'ortuguese Embassador. Ambiguity of the Conduct of the Spanish Court. Disaffection and Inefficacy of the Allies of the French Republic. Affairs of Holland. Treaty of Alliance, offensive and defensive, with the king of Surdiniche Reflections on Clauses in the late Treaties. Proclamations of the Directory against the English Government. Review made by the French Government of the Conduct of the Neutral Powers during the War. Of Switzerland. Dec: ec of the Directory demanding the Expulsion of the English Embassador to the Helvetic Confederacy. Departure of the English Embussador. Object of his lIission at Berne said to be discovered in Pichezru's Correspondence. Deputies from the Senate of Berne to Paris ordered to leave the Republic. Deputies from the United States of America. Refitctions on the Conduct of the American Government. Contemptious Sentiments of the French Government towards the nor President of the United States. Proba'le Failure of the pending Negotiation. Vote of Supplies for the ensuing Year. Report on further restraining Laws respecting the former Nobles. Propositions of the Committee---rejected with Indignation. State of the Church. Meeting of a National Ecclesiastical Council. Retrospect of Ecclesiastical Affairs during the lust Year. Theophilanthropism. Report on the present State of the Catholic Religion in France--- In Corsica--- In the French West-India Islands. Religious State of the freed Negrocs---Negro General, Toussaint l'Ouverture --- In the French Colmies in South America--- In the Mauritius--- In the East Indies--In the Levané --- At Constantinople. Sentiments of the Fathers of the Gallican Church, with respect to the Pupal See. Support of the Papal See by Protestant Establishments. Probable Causes of this Support. The Sects in Germany. Dispositions of some Littherans to enter the Bosom of the Catholic Church. Stute of Popery in other parts of the World. Reflections of the Bishop of Plois on the approaching Regeneration of Mankind. Proceedings of the Council. Plan and Conditions of the religious Pacification. Reflections on the articles enjoined by the Council. Čivil State of the Colonies in the Il est Indies. Views of the French Government on the Colonisation of the Coast of Africa. Meetin e of the Congress at Radstadt. Affairs of the (realpine Republic. Letters of Buonaparte to the Cisalpine and Ligurian Republics. Departure of Buonaparte from Italy. Opening of the Cisalpine Legislature. Reflections on the State of Italy. Provisional Formation of Ancona into a Republic. Journey of Buonaparte through Switzerland and Radstadt in Paris. Sketch of his Victories. Presentation of the Rui, ficution of the Treaty by the Emperor of the Directory.

THE directory, after having with from their own profligacy, prodi

I the aid of the councils, thus gality, and mismanagement. The dispred of its enemies, sent a ines- evil which required the speediest ege to solicit the legislature to re- remedy was the state of finance. gedy the evils which they pre- The specific remedies which the tended had taken place during the directory proposed were the imtime of the ascendency of the po- mediate regulation and provision polar party in the government; for the expences of the ensuing but which, in reality, had resulted year; an augmentation of taxes on

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collateral successions; farming the The vacant places in the direcpost, and suppressing franking; re- tory were filled up by Merlin, the establishing the national lottery ; minister of justice, and Francis de erecting turnpikes; a further duty Neufchateau, the minister for homeon stamps; a duty on paper; but affairs. The former occupied the chiefly the mobilisation of the place of Barthelemy, who was national debt ; reducing the real elected for the space of five years; stock to one-third; payable in the other replaced Carnot, whose money, and the other two-thirds office, according to the constituin bons, to be taken in payment for tion, was to be determined by lot. national lands.

The places of the new directors in Leaving these propositions to the ministry were filled up by two the reflection of the councils, the citizens but little known; one of directory sent another message to whom was Letourneur, ex-commisengage them to fill up the vacancies şary of the directory at Nantes, which existed in their department who was named minister for homeby the exclusion of Carnot and affairs; and the other by LamBarthelemy. During their deli- brechts, the cominissary at Brussels, beration in the choice of indivi- who was appointed minister of jusduals, the councils employed them- tice. The vacancies made in the selves in scrutinising the political councils by banishment, and the morality of a class of citizens, exclusion of the greater number of whose influence in spreading the the newly elected third, were left principles of the counter-revolu- open to the elections whichi, action had been active and extensive. cording to the constitution, were to These were the editors of news- take place in the ensuing month of papers. Sixty-seven of these jour- Germinal, nalists were presented by the com- The southern departinents of the mission, instituted for that purpose, republic partook of the convulsion as worthy of the animadversion of of Paris at the same period, but in the legislature. Of these, two were, an opposite manner. Lyons and on the plea of intention, excused; Montauban had long been marked twenty-three were referred to the for their affection to royalty, or committee for further examina- perhaps for their opposition to tytion ; and the remainder were or- ranny under the name of republidered to be banished from the re- canism. The success of the antipublic to whatever place should be directorial party, in the councils, pointed out by the directory, under had invigorated their hopes; and nearly the same regulations as the it was asserted that serious prelate members of the councils. As parations had been made for the a further measure to secure the restoration of the ancient order of power of the usurpers, the exclu- things: preparations that were prosion of ex-nobles from places of bably directed by individuals of public trust and employment was that party, but with which there proposed; but the measure being is no evidence that the majority of judged more revolutionary than the proscribed members were even the circumstances of the time re- acquainted. quired, the motion was sent to a One of the first operations of the commission, to undergo mature new directory was the recall of the consideration, and to discover if French commissaries, Letourneur, the project were useful.

Maret, and Pelet-Pleville, from

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