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re&tionsr; fidelity tos, defencet, and maintenance of their persons and authority, according to their several ranks and

the powers. For there is no power but be in subjection unto the Father of of God; the powers that be, are or- fpirits, and live? 1 Pet. ii. 18. Serdained of God. v. 2. Whosoever vants, be subject to your masters with therefore resisteth the power, refift- all fear, not only to the good and eth the ordinance of God: and they gentle, but also to the froward, y. that resist, shall receive to them- 19. For this is thank-worthy, if a selves damnation. v. 3. For rulers man for conscience toward God enare not a terror to good works, but dure grief, fuffering wrongfully. v. to the evil. Wilt thou then not be 20. For what glory is it, if when ye afraid of the power? do that which be buffeted for your faults, ye shall is good, and thou shalt have praise take it patiently? but if when ye do of the same: v. 4. For he is the mi- well, and suffer for it, ye take it panister of God to thee for good. But tiently; this is acceptable with God. if thou do that which is evil, be a- , Tit. ii. 9. Exhort fervants to fraid; for he beareth not the sword be obedient unto their own masters, in vain: for he is the minister of God, and to please them well in all things; a revenger to execute wrath upon not answering again. v. 10. Not him that doth evil. v. 5. Wherefore purloining, but Thewing all good ye must needs be subject, not only fidelity; that they may adorn the for wrath, but also for conscience doctrine of God our Saviour in all fake. Heb. xiii. 17. Obey them that things. have the rule over you, and submit i i Sam. xxvi. 15. And David yourselves: for they watch for your faid to Abner, Art not thou a valifouls, as they that must give ac- ant man? and who is like to thee count; that they may do it with joy, in Ifrael? wherefore then haft thou and not with grief:

for that is un- not kept thy lord the king for there profitable for you. Prov. iv. 3. For came one of the people in to destroy I was my father's fon, tender and the king thy lord. v. 16. This thing only beloved in the fight of my mo- is not good that thou hast done: 25 ther.' v. 4. He taught me also, and the Lord liveth, ye are worthy to faid unto me, Let thy heart retain die, because ye have not kept your my words, keep my commandments master the Lord's anointed. 2 Sam. and live. Prov. xxiii. 22. Hearken xviii. 3: But the people answered, unto thy father that begat thee, and Thou shalt not go forth: for if we despise not thy mother when she is flee away, they will not care for us; old. Exod. xviii, 19. Hearken now neither if half of us die, will they unto my voice, I will give thee coun- care for us: but now thou art worth fel, and God shall be with thee. v. ten thousand of us: therefore now 24. So Moses hearkened to the voice it is better that thou suceour us out of his father-in-law, and did all that of the city. Efth. vi. 2. And it was he had faid.

found written, that Mordecai had , Heb. xii. 9. Furthermore, we told of Bigthana and Teresh, two have had fathers of our felh, who of the king's chamberlains, the corrected us,


gave them re- keepers of the door, who fought to verence: Thall we pot much rather lay hard on the king Ahasuerus.


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the nature of their places v; bearing with their infirmities, and covering them in love u, that so they may be an honour to them and to their government x.

Q. 128. What are the sins of inferiors against their fuperiors?

A. The fins of inferiors against their superiors are, all neglect of the duties required toward themy; envying atz, con

tempt v Mat, xxii. 21. They say unto ther when she is old, Gen, ix. 23. him Cesar's. Then said he unto And Shem and Japheth took a garthem, Render unto Cesar the things ment and laid it upon both their which are Cesar's: and unto God shoulders, and went backward, and the things that are God's. Rom. covered the nakedness of their faxiii. 6. For, for this cause pay you ther; and their faces were backtribute also: for they are God's mi- ward, and they saw not their fanisters attending continually upon ther's nakedness. this very thing. v.7. Render there- * Psal. cxxvii. 3. Lo, children are fore to all their dues : tribute to an heritage of the Lord: and the wbom tribute is due, custom to fruit of the womb is his reward. v. whom custom, fear to whom fear, 4. As arrows are in the hand of a honour to whom honour, i Tim. mighty man: so are children of the v. 17. Let the elders that rule well, youth. v.5. Happy is the man that be counted worthy of double ho- hath his quiver full of them: they nour, especially they who labour in shall not be ashamed, but they shall the word and doctrine. v. 18. For speak with the enemies in the gate. the scripture faith, Thou shalt not Prov.xxxi.23. Her husband is known muzzle the ox that treadeth out the in the gates, when he sitieth among corn: and, The labourer is worthy the elders of the land. of his reward, Gal. vi. 6. Let him 128. y Mat. xv. 4. For God comthat is taught in the word, commu- manded, saying, Honour thy father nicate unto him that teacheth in all and mother, and, He that curseth good things. Gen. xlv. 11. And father or mother, let him die the there will I nourish thee (for yet death. v.5. But ye fay, Whosoever there are five years of famine) left shall say to his father or his mother, chou, and thy houshold, and all that it is a gift by whatsoever thou mightthou hast come to poverty. Gen. est be profited by me. v. 6. And hoxlvü. 12.

And Joseph nourished his nour not his father or his mother he father and his brethren, and all his shall be free. Thus have


made fathers houshold with bread, accor- the commandment of God of none ding to their families.

effect by your tradition. w i Pet. ii. 18. Servants, be sub- z Num. xi. 28. And Joshua the ject to your masters with all fear, son of Nun, the servant of Moses, not only to the good and gentle,' onc of his young men, answered and but also to the froward. Prov. xxiii. said, my lord Mofes, forbid them. 22. Hearken unto thy father that v. 29. And Moses said unto him, Enbegat thee, and despise not thy mo- vielt thou for my fake? Would God


tempt of a, and rebellion b, against their personsc, and places d, in their lawful counsels e, commands, and correctionsf; cursing, mockingg, and all such refractory and scandalous carriage, as proves a shame and dishonour to them and their government h.

Q. 129. What is required of superiors towards their inferiors ?

A. It is required of superiors, according to that power they receive from God, and that relation wherein they stand, to lovei, pray fork, and bless their inferiorsl; to in

struct, that all the Lord's people were pro- or the voice of his mother, and that phets, and that the Lord would put when they have chastned him, will his Spirit upon them.

not hearken unto them: v.19. then a i Sam, viii. 7. And the Lord shall his father and his mother lay said unto Samuel, Hearken unto the hold on him, and bring him out unvoice of the people, in all that they to the elders of the city, and unto say unto thee: for they have not re- the gate of his place: v. 20. and jected thee, but they have rejected they shall say unto the elders of his me, that I should not reign over city, This our son is stubborn and them. Ifa. iii. 5. And the people rebellious, he will not obeyourvoice, Thall be oppressed, every one by an- he is a glutton and a drunkard. v. other, and every one by his neigh- 21. And all the men of his city shall bour: the child shall behave him- stone him with stones, that he die: self proudly against the ancient, and so fhalt thou put evil away from athe base against the honourable. mong you, and all Ifrael shall hear,

b 2 Sam, xv. from v, I. to 12. and fear. And it came to pass after this, that

8 11. There is a geneAbsalom prepared him chariots and ration that curseth their father, and horses, &c.

doth not bless their mother. v. 17. c Exod. xxi. 15. And he that fmit. The eye that mocketh at his father, eth his father or his mother, shall and despiseth to obey his mother, the surely be put to death.

ravens of the valley fhall pick it out, di Sam. x. 27. But the children and the young eagles thall eat it. of Belial said, How shall this man h Prov. xix. 26. He that wasteth fave us? and they despised him, and his father, and chaseth away his brought him no presents; but he mother, is a son that causeth thame, held his peace.

and bringeth reproach. ci Sam.ii.25.-Notwithstanding 129. ; Col. iii. 19. Husbands, love they (viz. the sons of Eli) hearkned your wives, and be not bitter againit not unto the voice of their father, them. Tit. ii. 4. That they muy because the Lord would say them. teach the young women to be io

f Deut, xxi. 18. If a man have a ber, to love their husbands, to love stubborn and rebellious son, who their children. will not obey the voice of his father * i Sam. xii. 23. Moreover, as for


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Aructm, counsel and admonish them n; countenancingo, commendings, and rewarding such as do well q; and discountenancingr, reproving, and chastising, such as do ills; protecting t, and providing for them all things necessary for

foul me, God forbid that I should sin a- to knowledge, giving honour unto gainst the Lord in cealing to pray the wife as unto the weaker veffel, for you: but I will teach you the and as being heirs together of the good and the right way. Job.i. 5. grace of life; that your prayers be And it was so, when the days of not hindered. their feasting were gone about, that pi Pet. . 14. Or unto governors," Job sent and fanctified them, and as unto them that are sent by hima rose up early in the morning, and for the punishment of evil doers, and offered burnt-offerings, according for the praise of them that do well. to the number of them all: for Job Rom. xiii. 3. For rulers are not a said, It may be that my sons have terror to good works, but to the e-, finned, and curfed God in their vil. Wilt thou then not be afraid of hearts. Thus did Job continually. the power? do that which is good,

1 1 Kings viii. 55. And he stood, and thou shalt have praile of the and bleffed all the congregation of fame, Israel, with a loud voice, saying, v. .. Esth. vi. 3. And the king said, 56. Blessed be the Lord, that hath What honour and dignity hath

been given relt unto his people Ifrael, done to Mordecai for this? Then according to all that he promised: faid the kings servants that minithere hath not failed_Heb. vii. 7. stred unto him, There is nothing And without all contradiction, the done for him. less is blessed of the better. Gen. Rom. xiii. 3. For rulers are not xlix. 28. All these are the twelve a terror to good works, but to the tribes of Israel: and this is it that evil. Wilt thou then not be afraid their father fpake unto them, and of the power do that which is good, blessed them; every one according and thou shalt have praise of the to his blessing he blessed them. same: v. 4. for he is the minister of

m Deut. vi. 6. And these words, God to thee for good. But if thou which I command thee this day, do that which is evil, be afraid; for fhall be in thine heart. y. 7. And he beareth not the sword in vain: thou shalt teach them diligently un- for he is the minister of God, a reto thy children, and shalt talk of venger to execute wrath upon hiin them when thou sittest in thine that doth evil. house, and when thou walkest by s Prov. xxix. 15. The rod and rethe way, and when thou lieft down, proof give wisdom : bụt a child left and when thou riselt up.

to himself, bringeth his mother to , Eph. vi. 4. And ye fathers pro- fhame. 1 Pet. ii. 14. (See above inp) voke not your children to wrath: + Job. xxix. 12. Because I deliver-but bring them up in the nurture ed the poor that cried, and the faand admonition of the Lord. therless, and him that had none to

• 1 Pet. iii. 7. Likewise ye huf-help him. v. 13. The blefling of him barids dwell with them according that was ready to perill, came upon


soul v and body w: and, by grave, wise, holy and exemplary carriage, to procure glory to God x, honour to themselvesy, and so to preserve that authority which God hath put upon them z.

Q. 130. What are the sins of fuperiors?

A. The fins of superiors are, beside the neglect of the duties required of them a, an inordinate seeking of themselves by


me: and I caused the widow's heart bands, to love their children, v.5. to fing for joy. v. 14. I put on righ- To be discreet, chaste, keepers at teousness, and it clothed me; my home, good, obedient to their own judgment was a robe and a diadem. husbands, that the word of God be v. 15. I was eyes to the blind, and not blasphemed. feet was I to che lame. v. 16. I was g i Kings iii. 28. And all Israel a father to the poor; and the cause heard of the judgment which the which I knew not, I searched out. king had judged, and they feared v. 17. And I brake the jaws of the the king: for they saw that the wiswicked, and pluckt the spoil out of dom of God was in him, to do judghis teeth. Ifa. i. 10. Hear the word ment. of the Lord, ye rulers of Sodom; z Tit. ïi. 15. These things {peak give ear unto the law of our God, and exhort, and rebuke with all auye people of Gomorrah. v. 17. Learn thority. Let no man despise thee. to do well, seek judgment, relieve 130. á Ezek. xxxiv. 2. Son of the oppressed, judge the fatherless, man, prophesy against the shepherds plead for the widow.

of Israel, prophesy, and say unto v Eph. vi. 4. And ye fathers, pro- them, Thus faith the Lord God ynvoke not your children to wrath; to the shepherds, Wo be to the shepbut bring them up in the nurture herds of Israel that do feed themand admonition of the Lord. selves: should not the shepherds feed

w 1 Tim. v. 8. But if any pro- the flocks ? v.3. Ye eat the fat, and vide not for his own, and especially ye clothe you with the wool, ye kill for those of his own house, he hath them that are fed: but ye feed not denied the faith, and is worse than the flock, v. 4. The diseased have an infidel.

ye not strengthened, neither have * 1 Tim. iv. 12. Let no man def- ye healed that which was sick, neipise thy youth, but be thou an ex- ther have ye bound up that which ample of the believers, in word, in was broken, neither have ye brought conversation, in charity, in spirit, again that which was driven away, in faith, in purity. Tit. ii. 3. The neither have ye fought thar which aged women likewise, that they be was loft; but with force and with in behaviour as becometh holiness, cruelty have ye ruled them. not false accusers, not given to much b Phil. ii. 21. For all seek their wine; teachers of good things. v.4. own, not the things which are JeThat they may teach the young wo- fus Chrift's, men to be sober, to love their hus

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