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hin for nothing; and in consequence, deprived his family of the means of living; left his children to cry for bread; and himself exposed to the torment of duns, writs, executions and the horrors of a prison? Let employers answer these queries to their own consciences, and then decide whether it be more just, honorable, humane and benevolent, to say 'I have paid you what I agreed to' or to be able to say with certainty, 'I have paid you to the full amount, the actual worth of your labor.' The latter line of conduct would prevent much misery, that now results from the opposite course.
THE WORLD CHANGES.
To-day is ours, yesterday is past and to-morrow may never I wonder people can so much as forget death, when all we see before us is but succession; summer dies as winter comes; the dial marks the change of hours, every night brings death-like sleep, and morning seems a resurrection; yet while all changes and decays, we expect no alteration, unapt to live, unready to die; we lose the present and seek the future, ask much for what we have not, thank Providence but little for what we have; our youth has no joy, our middle age no quiet, our old age no ease, no indulgence; ceremony is the tyrant of this day, fashion of the other, business of the next. Little is allowed to freedom, happiness and contentplation; the adoration of our Creator, the admiration of his works, and the inspection of ourselves-Mrs. Elizabeth Montague.
Messrs. Editors,-You have labored long, and hard, to bruise the serpent rum, and I, who have long been a reader of your paper, can think of but one expedient you have left untried. You have assailed the world on all sides, and sometimes the church. Now turn about a little.
Recommend to the friends of temperance throughout the country, to use their united infiuence to place rum-selling, exclusively in the hands of the church. For these plain reasons:—
Christians are the "light of the world."-From them we expect counsels, reproof, and warning. Now give them the whole disposal of this traffic, and what a vast revenue might accrue. When they "put the cup to their neighbor's lip," they might give the timely caution, "at the last it will bite like a serpent, and sting like an adder;" it will make you a vagabond-your wife broken hearted, and your children beggars! They might tell him, as he swallows his dram, and swears his oath, that no drunkard, or
swearer, can inherit the kingdom of heaven! In short, they might muster a host of scripture which the worldling has not at his command. Another prominent reason is, that selling rum is attended with much profit, and who can make a better use of the "mammon of unrighteousness," than the children of God? They can build churches, support ministers, and send the gospel to the destitute;"casting their bread upon the waters,"-giving a portion to seven and also to eight." A third reason: they tell us assuredly, they do not sell to drunkards. They only take the sober man and make him tipsy, a little, by degrees, giving him time for reflection, while they can constantly warn him to shun even the "appearance of evil." A fourth, and last reason: the sabbath would not be so often violated, as christians, especially deacons, and elders, nust be in the sanctuary on that holy day, consequently shops must be closed, unless the "except for medicine" customers should make a call, and these cases of necessity and mercy, must be regarded!
You may think, sir, I am speaking ironically, but let facts answer One good Elder has said that he felt he had done much good by his exhortations, when dealing out this good creature of God, and in one instance, a tipler left his glass and did not swallow the poison. And further, a consciencious deacon who keeps a rum-tavern, up country, certified, not long since, that he would be willing to go on his knees, to prevent his neighbor,s taking strong drink!
Now, gentlemen, just blow your ram's horns against these walls and if you do not see such a tumbling down of drunkards, as has never been, then I am no PROGNOSTICATOR.-Gen. of Temp.
GEORGIA AND THE CHEROKEES.
Extract from the Address of the late National Republican Convention at Baltimore, to the people of the United States.
The last point which we shall notice in the conduct of the administration, as relates to the internal policy of the country, and it it is, perhaps the most important of all, as far as concerns the principles involved, is that of our relations with the Indian tribes, and particularly that portion of the Cherokees situated within the territorial limits of Georgia. A series of solemn treaties concluded successively by all the administrations of the general government since the period of its establishment, guaranteed to these Indians the possession of their lands without interference or intrusion from any quarter, their right of governing themselves according to their own laws within those limits, and their character of sovereign states. An act of Congress passed in the year 1802, authorised and required the president to protect the Indians in the rights guaranteed to them by those treaties, if necessary, by the employment of the military force. In open violation to all these
solemn engagements the State of Georgia has extended her jurisdiction, over the territory and persons of the Cherokees situated within her limits, interrupted them in the possession of their dwêllings and plantations, and attempted to deprive them of the character of distinct communities; while the president, instead of protecting the Indians against these acts of wholly unauthorised violence, has openly countenanced the pretensions of Georgia, and, instead of employing the armed force of the United States, in their defence, has actually withdrawn that force at the instance of the offending party, from the scene of action, and left the unoffending natives entirely at the mercy of their enemies.
The recent inhuman and unconstitutional outrages committed under the authority of Georgia upon the persons of several unoffending citizens heretofore residing as missionaries within the territory of the Cherokees, constitutes, perhaps, the most unjustifia- . ble portion of these proceedings. They have received, like the rest, the countenance and approbation of the general executive. Few examples can be found, even in the history of barbarous communities, in which the sacred character of a minister of religion has furnished so slight a protection against disrespect and violence. to the persons invested with it. We rejoice to learn that this subject will shortly be presented to Congress and to the people, in full detail, and in a form fitted to excite the attention which it so well deserves.
Popish Hierarchy in the United States.-John England a (Roman Catholic bishop residing in Charleston S. C.) has issued a proclaimation to the people of America, dated 20th of August, 1831, from which we extract the following summary of popery; in the most authentic form demonstrating, that the dragon has set up the beast in this republic, and given him "his power, and his seat, and great authority," and that the American world are wondering after the beast. Rev. xii. 2, 4.—Protestant.
'Fifty years ago, there was not a diocess, a bishop, a seminary, nor a convent of the catholic church in our union. Now there is a perfect province, with its regular, hierarchy, consisting of the archbishop, with seven sufragan bishops, and two co-adjutors, besides two exempt diocesses and their bishops, giving an aggregate of twelve of the Episcopal body with their secular clergy; two universities, and five or six seminaries, a province of Jesuits, with a university and noviciate, and two or three colleges; an establishment of Sulpicians, with a university and college and seminary; a province of Domincian friars, with their professed house and college and noviciate; two or three establishments of Lazarists, with their colleges and seminaries and schools: an establishment of Augus
tian friars; two flourishing Ursuline convents, Visitation nuns, Carmeline nuns, poor Clars, Lorretines, Sisters of Charity, and five or six other descriptions of female religious societies, with their schools and establishments, beside some monasteries of men. Add to this, periodical presses, and continual demand for new churches and more clergymen.'
Liberty of the Press.-The Corporation of Georgetown have passed a law rendering it penal for any free negroe to receive from the Post Office, have in his possession, or circulate any publication or writing, of whatever description, of a seditious character; and particularly the newspaper called the 'Liberator,' published at Boston. The punishment for each offence to be a fine not exceeding twenty dollars, or imprisonment for not more than thirty days. In case of inability to pay the fine and prison fees, the offenders are to be sold as servants for four months.
The Fredericksburg (Va.) Arana, in noticing the 'Liberator,' a paper published in Boston, by Mr. GARRISON, thus speaks of its circulation in the south:
We do not believe the paper alluded to is circulated through the mail. No post master in the southern country would deliver the numbers, should there be found a man hardy enough to avow himself a subscriber. If there be those who privately circulate itwe assure them their calling is a dangerous one. Be they white or black, if detected, we cannot promise them a fair trial, or even the forms of law-they will at once be sacrificed to popular indignation.'
The Cholera in England.-Sunderland Nov. 28.-Remained sick, 32; new cases 14; recovered, 6; died 8. From the commencement of the disease, Oct. 26, there had been 294 cases; deaths 86.-Com. Adv. of 26th ult.
A Noble Act.-On the evening of the 7th inst. Francis Bloodgood Esq Mayor of the city of Albany liberated all the debtors confined in the jail of that place, by paying the amount of the debts for which they were confined.
The Otaheite Phenomenon.-Kotzebue, who visited the island of Otaheite, only a few years ago, was the first to communicate to the world the singular law by which the tides of this island are regulated-namely, that the time of high water is precisely at noon and midnight, all the year round.
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Published at Rehoboth Village, Mass. by Rev. Otis Thompson, Editor and Proprietor.
FEBRUARY 29, 1832.
THE DESIGN OF BAPTISM.
[We have, hitherto, foreborne to discuss the subject of Baptism; viewing the different opinions of christians respecting the mode and subjects of this divine ordinance, as not essential, however important. It has been our leading object, to explain and vindicate those peculiar and fundamental doctrines and duties of the gospel, in which many of our Baptist brethren are as fully confirmed as ourselves.
The following communication from a highly respected correspondent, is not of a controversial character; and, if we mistake not, contains some ideas, which will be new to our readers, of whatever denomination. If any one should think them erroneous, our pages are open to a candid reply, of moderate length.]
If people cannot think alike in every respect, with regard to the application of water; yet why can they not live, and love, and walk as brethren, in the unity of the spirit, and the bond of peace? The reason is apprehended to be, that many have not sufficiently consulted the Holy Scriptures, to understand what the real design of baptism is; and of course, make more of it than the scriptures do; make that essential to baptism, which the scriptures do not; and hence set at naught their brethren, which the scriptures forbid. Or, if they undertake to explain the design of baptism, in many instances, they give it a meaning, which the institution never did; and of course altogether misapply it. It may not be amiss, then, to spend a few pages, in defining the real use, which the ordinance of baptism is designed to answer.
1. It was not designed to serve as a type of the resurrection of the Saviour. This, indeed, is according to the imagination of some; but it is imagination only. Had it been designed as a type, it might have preceded the antitype; whereas Christ rose from the dead, before the ordinance of baptism in the name of the Trinity, was instituted. Beside, the types, whatever we are warranted to denominate thus, appertained to the legal dispensation. The law had a shadow of good things to come. But when Christ," who was the antitype, had fulfilled his ministry upon the earth, the types were withdrawn, the shadows fled, and the hand writing of all these typical ordinances, was blotted out, being nailed to his cross.* *Cor. ii. 14.