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17. Thy sons have come quickly from thy destroyers,

And thy demolishers shall go forth from thee. 18. Lift


around and see,
All these have assembled, they are come to thee.
As I live, hath Jehovah said:
All these shalt thou put on as ornaments,

And shalt bind them on thee as a bride. 19. For thy waste and thy desolate places,

And thy land laid in ruins ;
Surely now shall it be too strait for its inhabitants,

And thy devourers shall depart far away. 20. Again shall thy children of which thou art bereaved say in

thine ear,

“ This place is too strait for us, give us room to dwell :" 21. And thou shalt say in thine heart:

Who hath brought me forth these?
For I was bereaved and solitary.
• I was’ a captive and an outcast,
Who then hath reared these?
Lo, I was left alone,
These, where were they?

Thus is the desolated city represented as expressing her happy surprise at seeing the great concourse of her returning children. It appears from what follows, that certain nations — for all are not rebellious - obey the signal of Jehovah, and heartily concur in subserviency to the restoration of the Israelites from among them:

22. Thus hath the Lord Jehovah said :

Behold I will lift up my hands for the nations,
And I will set up my signal for the peoples;
And they shall bring thy sons in their bosom,
And thy daughters shall be borne on their shoulders ;

23. And their kings shall be thy foster-fathers,

And their queens thy nursing mothers :
They shall prostrate their faces to the earth before thee,
And shall lick the dust of thy feet;
And thou shalt know that I am Jehovah,
They that wait for me shall not be ashamed.

This seems to be a view of the world as to the operations that are going on among certain nations rendered by God's providence friendly to Israel, at that very period when the last enemy has assembled in their land :-or rather, it anticipates what will be the result of the final vengeance on the oppressor, who is again presented before us in the vision, as having actually at that time seized upon Israel as his prey. 24. Shall the prey be taken from the mighty ?

Or shall the completely captivated be rescued ?'
Verily thus hath Jehovah said:
Even the captive of the mighty shall be taken,
And the prey of the terrible shall be rescued;
And I myself will contend with them that contend with thee,
And I myself will save thy children;

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i Some in this place suppose

a , is supported by the Syriac and Vulgate. Compare especially ver. 25.

“ The word, I think, will bear another reading :“ Shall the booty be taken from

the mighty? Or shall the Just One set the

captives free? Verily, thus saith Jehovah, Even the captives shall seize the

mighty, And the tyrant [himself] shall relinquish the booty."


שבי צריק Bishop Stock renders

"the completely captivated," which is much confirmed by circumstances. pois, complete, as the Latins say, "justus exercitus, justum volumen,' &c.

25. And I will gorge thy oppressors with their own flesh,

And I will drench them with their blood as with new wine;

And all flesh shall know,
That I, Jehovah, am thy Saviour,
And thy Redeemer, the Mighty One of Jacob.

This, then, is the time of the appearing of the Just One, the great Redeemer from heaven. Jerusalem, as before addressed, was only comforted in anticipation of the result of the impending conflict; she was then at her last gasp of hope before the enemy that had surrounded her. She is shown the wonderful preparations that are making, in certain directions, for the return of her lost children. While her last great enemy is ravaging her country, and ready to lay her waste, other nations of the earth are gathering her children, and coming, with the utmost reverence for her high destinies, to present their present to Jehovah in Zion. This passage, therefore, is evidently parallel to the prophecy in the eighteenth chapter, where our attention was directed to a country

extending the shadow of its wings, which is beyond the rivers of Cush, that sendeth ambassadors by sea,” &c.; and it is described, at a "signal” “ given,” as bringing “ a present to Jehovah Sabaoth, of a people scattered and cast away,” &c. We saw reason, in expounding that part of the prophecy, to think the ten tribes dispersed by the Assyrian were particularly intended. “Beyond the rivers of Cush," we were inclined to understand as denoting an eastern direction beyond the Tigris and Euphrates, though the Nile had some pretension to the title of a river of Cush. In the passage before us, the assembled people are described as coming, some from a country afar off, some from the north, some from the west or from the

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sea, and some from the land of Sinim. The position of the land of Sinim it seems difficult to settle : Bishop Stock, after Arias Montanus, has China ; the north he refers to Tartary, and the west or sea to Europe. The Chaldee interpreter, and some of the Jewish expositors, place Sinim in the south ; and by the land afar off would designate the east to its remotest regions : so that it should seem the swift messengers, in their ships, are sent in all directions on this wonderful occasion.


On the Fiftieth Chapter.

We are still to pursue the train of the prophecy :

1. Thus hath Jehovah said,

Where is the bill of divorcement
Of your mother, whom I sent away?
Or who is he among my creditors,
To whom I have sold you?

The church of Israel is here contemplated in her present rejected and banished state. It is asked, Why has this former spouse of God been discarded with her children? Had the God of Israel acted the capricious husband? Or, had the Father of her children been compelled by poverty to sell them? Had the Almighty wanted power, that his chosen people are found in this extraordinary and most wretched situation ? No.

Lo, you have been sold for your iniquities,
And for your transgressions hath your mother been put away.

Their particular crimes, which had brought on this judgment, are next pointed out:

2. Wherefore, when I came, was there no man?

When I called, was there none that answered ?

hand so weakened that it cannot redeem?
And have I indeed no strength to deliver?

The incarnate Eloah speaks —" He came to his own, and his own received him not." The Jews of the first advent despised their meek and lowly Saviour, and regarded him as too weak and contemptible to be “the hope of Israel.” But that arm which they despised would one day show itself mighty to save :

Behold, at my rebuke I will dry up the sea,
I will make the rivers a desert.
Their fish shall become putrid for want of water,

And shall die with thirst.
3. I will clothe the heavens with blackness,

And will make sackcloth their covering.

The same Jesus whom they betrayed and delivered up to be crucified, will prove to be the great Redeemer and Avenger of the last times. He will one day quell the turbulent uproar of the conflicting nations of the earth, the symbolical rivers and floods that have destroyed his land by their overflowings, and will dissipate them for ever. Then the powers of heaven, the political heavens, shall be shaken, and extinguished in eternal darkness.

The vision still continues to set before us the Saviour, as seen at the time of his rejection by the Jews :

4. The Lord Jehovah hath given to me the tongue of the in

structed, That I might know, on occasion, to speak to the fainting.

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