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to understand them b; with desire to know, believe and obey the will of God revealed in them c; with diligence d, and attention to the matter and scope of theme; with meditation f, applicationg, self-denial h, and prayer i.
Q.158. not in old time by the will of man:- V. 34. And the Eunuch answered bat holy men of God spake as they Philip, and said, I pray thee, of were moved by the Holy Ghost. whom speaketh the prophet this. of
b Luke xxiv. 45. Then opened he himfelf, or ot some other man? Luke their understanding, that they X. 26. He said unto him, What is might underitand the scriptures, 2 written in the law? how readest Cor. iii. 13. And not as Moses, who thou? v. 27. And he answering, put a vail over his face, that the faid, Thou thalt love the Lord thy children of Israel could not stedfalt- God with all thy heart, and with ly look to the end of that which is all thy soul,and with all thy itrength, abolished. v. 14. But their minds and with all thy mind; and thy were blinded; for until this day re- neighbour as thyself. v. 28. And he maineth the samevailuntaken away, faid unto him, Thou hait answered in the reading of the old testament:' right: this do and thou shalt live. which vail is done away in Christ. s Psal. i. 2. But his delight is in v. 15. But even unto this day, when the law of the Lord, and in his law Moses is read, the vail is upon their doth he meditate day and night. keart. v. 16. Nevertheless, when Pfal. cxix. 97.. O how love I thy it shall turn to the Lord the vail law! it is my meditation all the day. fall be taken away.
8 2 Chron. xxxiv. 21. Go enquire Deut. xvii. 19. And it shall be of the Lord for me, and for them with him, and he shall read therein that are left in Israel, and in Judah, all the days of his life; that he may concerning the words of the book learn to fear the Lord his God, to that is found: for great is the wraih keep all the words of this law, and of the Lord that is poured out upthele statutes, to do them: v. 20. on us, because our fathers have not That his heart he not lifted up a- kept the word of the Lord, to do bove his brethren, and that he turn after all that is wriitcn in this book. not aside from the commandment, b Prov. iii. 5. Trust in the Lord to the right hand or to the left: to' with all thine heart, and lean not the end that he may prolong his unto thine own understanding. days,
Deut. xxxvi. 3. Yea, he loved the d Acts xvii, 11. These (Bereans) people; all his faints arein thy hand; were morenoble than thosein Thef- and they sat down at thy feet, every salonica; in that they received the one Thall receive of thy words. word with all readineis of mind, and i Prov. ii. 1. My Son, ifthou wilt searched the scriptures daily, whe; receive my words, and hide my ther these things were so.
commandinents with thee; v. 2. So c Acts viii. 30. And Philip ran thi- that thou incline thine ear to wisther to him, and heard him read dom, and apply thine heart to unthe prophet Efaias; and said, Un- derstanding: v. 3. Yea, if thou criderstandelt thou what thou readest? cft after knowledge, and liftest up
Q. 158. By whom is the word of God to be preached?
A. The word of God is to be preached only by such as are sufficiently gifted k, and also duly approved and called to that oflice l.
Q. 159. How is the word of God to be preached by those that are called thereunto? A. They that are called to labour in the ministry of the
word, thy voice for understanding: v. 4. prophets: and fome, evangelists: If thou feekeit her as silver, and and fome, pastors and teachers. searches for her, as for hid trea- Hof. iv. 6. My people are destroy, sures; v. 5. Then shalt thou under.ed for lack of knowledge : because Itand the fear of the
Lord, and find thou hast rejected knowledge, I will the knowledge of God. v. 6. For also reject thee, that thou thalt be the Lord giveth wisdom: out of his no prieit to me: seeing thou haft mouth cometh knowledge and un- forgotten the law of thy God, I derstanding. Pfal. cxix. 18. Open will also forget thy children. Mal.' thou mine eyes, that I may behold ii.7. For the priests lips should keep wondrous things out of thy law, knowledge, and they should feek Neh. viii. 6. And Ezra bleiled the, the law at his mouth: for he is the Lord the great God; and all the messenger of the Lord of hosts. people answered Amen, amen, with 2 Cor. ii. 6. Who also hath made lifting up their hands: and they us able ministers of the new teltabowed their heads, and worship- ment, not of tlfe letter, but of the ped the Lord with their faces to spirit: for the letter killeth, but the the ground. v. 8. So they read in fpirit giveth life. the book, in the law of God distincta i Jer. xiv. 15. Thereforethus faith ly,—
the Lord concerning the prophets 158.k 1 Tim.iii. 2. A bishop then that prophesy in my name, and I must be blameless, the husband of fent them not,-Rom. x. 15. And one wite, vigilant, sober, of good how thall they preach, except they behaviour, given to hospitality, apt be fent? — Heb. v. 4. And no man to teach; v. 6. Not a novice, lest be- taketh this honour unto himself, but ing lifted up with pride, he fall in- he that is called of God, as was Aato the condemnation of the devil. ron, i Cor. xii. 28. And God hath Eph. iv. 8. Wherefore he said, fet some in the church, first apostles, When he ascended up on high, he secondarily prophets, thirdly teachled captivity captive, and gave giftsers, after that miracles, then gifts of unto men. v. 9. (Now that he a- healings, helps, governments, diverscended, what is it but that he also sities of tongues. v. 29. Are all aposdescended first into the lower parts tles ? are all prophets? are all teachof the earth? v. 10. He that de- ers? are all workers of miracles? I scended, is the same also that ascend- Tim.iii. 10. And let these also first be ed up far above all heavens, that proved: then let them use the office he might fill all things.) v. u. And of a deacon, being found blameless. he gave fome, apostles: and fome, 1 Tim. iv. 14. Neglect not the gift
word, are to preach found doctrine m, diligentlyn, in season and out of season 0; plainlyp, not in the enticing words of man's wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit, and of powerq; faithfully r, making known the wiole counsel of Gods; wiselyt, applying themselves to the neceslities and capacities of the hearers v; zealousy w, with fervent love to
God that is in thee, which was given thee account of us, as of the ministers of by prophecy, with the laying on of Christ, and stewards of the myiteries the hands of the presbytery. i Tim. of God. v. 2. Moreover it is rev. 22. Lay hands suddenly on no quired in stewards, that a man be man: neither be partaker of other found faithful. mens fins, keep thyself pure.
SAAs xx. 27. For I have not shun159. m Tit. ii. 1. But speak thou ned to declare unto you all the counthe things which become sound doc- fel of Cod. trine. v. 8. Sound speech that can- Col. i 28. Whom we preach, not be condemned; that he that is warning every man, and teaching of the contrary part, may be asham- every man in all wisdom; that we ed, having no evil thing to say of. may present every man perfect in you.
Christ Jelus. 2 Tim. ii. 15. Study n Acts xviii. 25. This man was in- to thew thyself approved unto God, structed in the way of the Lord; and a workman that needeth not to be , being fervent in the spirit, he spake ashamed, rightly dividing the word and taught diligently the things of of truth. the Lord,
v i Cor.iii. 2. I have fed you with 02 Tim. iv. 2. Preach the word, milk, and not with meat: for hitherbe instant in season, out of season; to ye were not able to bear it, neireprove, rebuke, exhort with all ther, yet now are ye able. Heb. v. long-suffering and doctrine. 12. For when for the time ye ought
pi Cor. xiv. 19. Yet in the church to be teachers, ye have nced that I had rather speak five words with one teach you again which be the my understanding, that by my voice first principles of the oracles of God; I might teach others also, than ten - and are become such as have need of thouiand words in an unknown milk, and not of strong meat, v. 13. tongue.
For every one that uleth milk; 91 Cor. ii. 4. And my speech, and unskilful in the word of righteousmy preaching was not with enticing ness: for he is a habe. v. 14. But words of man's wisdom, but in de strong meat belongeth to them that monitration of the Spirit, and of are of full age, even those wbo, by power.
reason of use have their series exer, Jer. xxiii. 28. The prophet that eised to discern both good and evil. hath a dream, let him tell a dream; Luke xii. 42. And the Lord said, . and he that hath my word, let him Who then is that faithful and wise fpeak my word faithfully; what is steward, whom his Lord shall make the chaff to the wheat? faith the ruler over his houshold, to give them Lord. 1 Cor. iv. I, Let a man so their portion of meat in duc feason?
God x and the souls of his people y; fincerely z, aiming af his glory a,
and their converfion), edification c, and salvation d.
Q.160. w Acts xviii. 25. This man was with the gospel, even fo we speak, instructed in the way of the Lord; not as plealing men, but God, who and being fervent in the spirit, he trieth our hearts. v. 5. For neither fpake and taught diligently the at any time used we flattering words, things of the Lord,
as ye know, nor a cloke of covetous* 2 Cor. v. 13. For whether we be ness; God is witness. v. 6. Nor of besides ourselves, it is to God: or men fought weglory, neither of you, . whether we be fober, it is for your nor yet of others, when we might cause. v. 14. For the love of Christ have been burthensom, as the apof. constraineth us; because we thus tles of Christ. John vii. i8. He that judge, that if one died for all, then speaketh of himself, seeketh his own were all dead. Phil. 1. 15. Some glory: but he that seeketh his gloindeed preach Christ even of envy ry that sent him, the fame is true, and strife; and fome also of good and no unrighteousness is in him. will. y. 16. The one preach Christ b i Cor. ix. 19. For though I be of contention, not sincerely, suppof- free from all men, yet I have made ing to add affliction to my bonds: myself servant unto all, that I might 'v. 17. But the other of love, know- gain the more. v. 10. And unto the ing that I am let for the defence of Jews, I became as a Jew, that I the gospel.
might gain the Jews; to them that gu Col. iv 12. Epaphras, who is are under the law, as under the law, one of you, a servant of Christ, talut- that I might gain them that are uneth you, always labouring fervenclyder the law; v. 21. To them that for you in prayers, that ye may are without law, as without law stand perfect, and compleatin all the (being riot without law to God, but will of God. 2 Cor. xii. 15. And I under the law to Christ) that I might will very gladly spend and be spent gain them that are without law, for you; cho' the more abundantly y. 22. To the weak, became I as I love you, the less I be loved." weak, that I might gain the weak:
z 2 Cor. ii. 17. For we are not as I am made all things to ‘ali men, many, who corrupt the word of that I might by all means fave fome. God: but as of fincerity, but as of c 2 Cor. xii. 19. Again, think you God, in the sight of God speak we that we excuse ourselves unto you? in Christ. 2 Cor. iv. 2. But have we speak before God in Chrift: but renounced the hidden things of dif- we do all things, dearly beloved, honesty, not walking in craftinefs, for your edifying. Eph. iv. 12. For not handling the word of God de- the perfecting of the saints, for the ceitfully, but by manifestation of work of the ministry, for the edifythe truth, commending ourselves to ing of the body of Christ. every mans conscience in the fight di Tim. iv. 16. Take heed unto God.
thyself, and unto thy doctrine; conini Thess. ii. 4. But as we were tinue in them: for in doing this thou allowed of God to be put in trust shalt both save thyself, and them
0.160. What is required of those that hear the word preached?
A. It is required of those that hear the word preached, that they attend upon it with diligence e, preparation f and prayerg; examine what they hear by the scriptures h; receive the truth with faithi, lovek, meekness I, and readiness of mind m, as the word of Godn; meditate o and confer of
that hear thee. Afts xxvi. 16. But and supplication for all faints; v. rise, and stand upon thy feet: for I 19.
And for me, that utterance may have appeared unto thee for this. be given unto me, that I may open purpose, to make thee a minister, my mouth boldly, to make known and a witness both of these things the mystery of the gospel. which thou hast seen, and of thote b A&s xvii. 11. These were more things in the which I will appear noble than those in Thessalonica, in unto thee; v. 17. Delivering thee that they received the word with all from the people, and from the Gen- readiness of mind, and searched the tiles, unto whom now I send thee, scriptures daily whether those things y. 18. to open their eyes, and to turn were so. them from darkness to light, and i Heb. iv, 2. For unto us was the from the power of Satan unto God, gospel preached, as well as unto that they may receive forgiveness of them: but the word preached did Lins, and inheritance among them not profit them, not being mixed who are sanctified by faith that is in with faith in them that heard it. me.
k 2 Thess.ü. 10. And with all de160. e Prov.viii. 34. Blessed is the ceivableness of unrighteousness, in man, that heareth me, watching them that perish; because they redaily at my gares, waiting at the ceived not the love of the truth, that polis of my doors.
they might be favel. fi Pet. ii. 1. Wherefore laying 1 James i. 21. Wherefore lay aafide all malice and all guile, and part all filthiness, and luperfuity of hypocrisies, and envies, and all evil naughtineis, anu receive with meekspeakings, v. 2. as new born babes ness the ingratied word, which is desire the sincere milk of the word, able to save your souls. that ye may grow thereby. Luke. m Acts xvii. 11. These were more viii. 18. Take heed therefore how noble than those in Thellonica, in ye hear: for whosoever hath, to him that they received the word with shall be given; and whosoever hath all readiness of mind, and searched not, from him shall be taken even the fcriptures daily, whether those that which he seemeth to have. things were io. & Pfa. cxix. 18. Open thou mine ni Theff
. ii. 13. For this cause eyes that I may behold wondrous also thank we God without ceasing, things out of thy law. Eph. vi. 18. becau e when ye received the word Praying always with all prayer and of God which ye heard of us, ye refupplication in the spirit, and watch- ceived it not as the word of men, but ing thereunto with all perseverance (as it is in truth) the word of God,