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wounded by the venom of those attacks which extended to his domestic connections: Xump you q


This was a cruelty hardly to be forgiven; to say that such malicious attacks, and caricatures, did not discompose me, would be untrue; for to be held up to public ridicule would discompose any man; but I must at the same time add, that they did not much distress me. I knew that those who venture to oppose received opi nions, must in return have public abuse; so that feeling I had no right to exemption from the common tribute, and conscious that my book had been generally well received, I consoled myself with the trite observation, that every success or advantage in this world must be attended by some sort of a reverse; and that though the worst writers, and worst painters, have traduced me; by the best, I have had more than justice done me. The partiality with which the world have received my works, and the patronage and friendship with which some of the best characters in it have honoured the author, ought to excite my warmest gratitude, and demands my best thanks; it enables me to despise this cloud of insects; for happily, though their buzzing may teaze, their stings are not mortal.'

All the particulars relating to the artist's engagement to paint the picture of Sigismunda are extremely interesting; and they are given with such an air of simplicity and plainness, that little doubt can be entertained of their truth. In the whole transaction, as well as in the censure and ridicule so copiously bestowed on the performance, Hogarth appears to have been ungenerously and unjustly treated. It is well known that this work was begun at the express desire of Sir Richard (now Earl) Grosvenor; and that, when the artist undertook it, he relinquished engagements attended with no hazard, and with considerable emolument. Yet, when the picture was finished, it was suffered to remain on Hogarth's hands, and was not sold till after his and his widow's death.-The con duct of the venerable Earl of Charlemont, (whom the world has just lost,) in similar circumstances, forms a pleasing contrast. (See Mr. I.'s book.)

After some account of the unhappy differences between Wilkes, Churchill, and Hogarth, (which certainly, whoever was the aggressor, or most to blame, embittered the decline of the artist's life,) the latter closes his memoranda' with the fol lowing pathetic observation :


Thus have I gone through the principal circumstances of a life which, till lately, past (passed) pretty much to my own satisfaction, and, I hope, in no respect injurious to any other man. This i can safely assert, I have invariably endeavoured to make those about me tolerably happy, and my greatest enemy cannot say I ever did an in tentional injury though, without ostentation, I could produce many instances of men that have been essentially benefited by me. What may follow, God knows,'

This volume contains forty-four engravings, on very different subjects, and possessing very different degrees of merit. Some of them are in a style so opposite to what we have seen from the hand of Hogarth, that, without the most unequivocal testimony, we should have doubted that they were his productions.-Heidegger in a Rage is a spirited sketch, of which Mr. Ireland gives the following account: tout twat anima i Som de

The very spirited, though slight sketch from which this plate is copied, was presented to me by a person who considered it as Hogarth's, and at the request of several of my subscribers, who are of the same opinion, I have had it engraved, and think it alludes to the 20 202 W Datis following circumstance.



The late Duke of Montagu invited Heidegger to a tavern, where he was made drunk, and fell asleep; in that situation a mould of his face was taken; from which was made a mask; and the Duke provided a man of the same stature to appear in a similar dress, and wear it to personate Heidegger, on the night of the next masquerade, when George II. (who was apprized of the plot) was to be present. On his majesty's entrance, Heidegger, as was usual, "bade the music play God save the King 3 but no sooner was his back turned, than the impostor, assuming his voice and manner, ordered them to play Charley over the water. On this, Heidegger raged, stamped, swore, and commanded God save the King. The instant he retired, the impostor returned, and ordered them to resume Charley. The musi-, cians thought their master drunk, but durst not disobey, The scene now became truly comic ;-shame! shame! resounded from all parts of the theatre. Heidegger offered to discharge his band, when the impostor advanced, and cried out in a plaintiff tone,-"Sire, the whole fault lies with that devil in my likeness." This was too much; poor Heidegger turned round, grew pale, but could not speak. The duke, seeing it take so serious a turn, ordered the fellow to unmask. Heidegger retired in great wrath, seated himself in an arm chair, furiously commanded his attendants to extinguish the lights, and swore he would never again superintend the masquerade, unless the mask was defaced, and the mould broken in his presence. For this purpose, the man on his knee has a mallet stuck in his girdle.'

We have little hesitation in giving our opinion that this was not the work of Hogarth, but of Philip Mercier, who was a/ great favourite of the late Prince of Wales, and was taken into his service and household. He, according to Lord Orford, "painted portraits and pictures of familiar life in a genteel style of his own, and with a little of Watteau; in whose manner there is an etching of Mercier and his wife and two of their children; he died in the year 1760, aged seventy-one."-We have indeed been informed by an artist, who was intimately acquainted with Mercier, that he, and not Hogarth, was the des signer of this piece.-It may not be improper here to mention, that the life of Mercier has been omitted in the last edition of Pilk


ington's Dictionary of Painters, in which it ought unquestionably to have been introduced. (See Rev. N. S. vol. xxv. p. 429.)

Mr. Ireland has concluded his volume with an Appendix, containing a catalogue of the artist's productions, with the va riations, &c.-which he has rendered interesting by an account of his object and intentions, prefixed to several of them, from Hogarth's MSS. We apprehend, however, that many performances are here attributed to him, which belong to other artists.

7. };

We shall now take leave of this work, with observing that Mr. Ireland has introduced much interesting matter; and that the friends and admirers of Hogarth must feel themselves indebted to his liberal exertions in favour of our highly ingenious and justly celebrated countryman.


ART. IX. A Compendious View of the Civil Law, being the Substance of a Course of Lectures read in the University of Dublin, by Arthur Browne, Esq. S. F. T. C. D. Professor of Civil Law in that University, and Representative in Parliament for the same. To which will be added, a Sketch of the Practice of the Ecclesiastical Courts, with some Cases determined therein in Ireland, and some useful Directions for the Clergy. Vol. I. 8vo. pp. 420. 3. Boards. Dublin, Mercier. London, Butterworth.

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T HE History of the Roman Law, and of the various degrees of favour with which it has been received in different countries, is a curious and entertaining subject.-In England, its introduction was attempted by the Bishops and the Clergy, and was resisted by the Nobility and Laity, who never relia quished their attachment to the common law. When the Ecclesiastics withdrew themselves from the temporal Courts in this country, in consequence of their aversion to the municipal Jaw, which they were unable to supersede by the civil and canon law, they introduced the laws of antient and modern Kome into the spiritual Courts of all denominations; in which, as well as in the High Court of Chancery, and in the Courts of the two Universities, the proceedings are, even now, conformable to the course of the civil law. Though it does not possess the force of authority in the Courts of Westminster-Hall, it is frequently followed, when an express rule of the common law is wanting; and, when both laws concur, support and explana tion have been received from the words of the civil law.-Similar, in a great measure, are the nature and extent of its incorporation into the Scotch code; as we lately had occasion to remark, in our review of Mr. Hume's Commentaries. Though the study of these institutions, both on account of their intrinsic


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merit, and of peculiar circumstances, may have been voured and encouraged in former periods of our his have been more fain the present day, we cannot observe any appearances to history than justify Professor Browne's remark, that the English Forum sometimes treats the study of the civil law with levity. the inference, if the fact were established, we readily assent, To when he adds may its disciples be permitted never was despised, but d to say, that it those who are ignorant of We are informed by the Author, in his preface, that principal object in publishing these Lectures has certainly been to prove industry, and to shew that he did not office as a sinecure. The sentiment does credit to his feelings. Roger Youth did not wish to hold any and we not only approve the motive, but consider the work in many particulars, as entitled to praise. He attributes the disrepute in which this study has been held, to the nature and quality of the treatises on the subject; and he gives the following short account of them upsi Yang XI TA


Domat is calculated for the meridian of France. Ayliffe's work, tho learned, is dull and tedious, and stuffed with superfluous matter, delivered in a most confused manner; the beautiful Iketch of Mr. Gibbon is too short, and, like all his writings, presupposes rather than conveys knowledge: Woods's Institute, tho' an excellent work for the student, pursues a method not familiar to the English lawyer. Taylor's Elements, tho' highly respectable, are filled with heterogeneous matter, amidst which the Civil Law seems to be considered bat collaterally, insomuch that he has acquired from Gibbon, the character of a learned, spirited, but rambling writer, Lastly, Heineccius, an author powerful in erudition, by a German dress and sectional form, disgusts the English eye sdf yd betalasy asw bmw

Surely this is speaking in a disrespectful manner of so valuable a writer as Heineccius, whose works on the Roman law have been implicitly followed by Gibbon, and recommended by him as learned and perspicuous-To the author's censure of Gibbon himself, we do not object; for that portion of his history (vol. 8. pri, to cxi.) we have frequently read, and never without surprise and regret that his view of so important a subject should be so slight and unsatisfactory soorg en estarsvin owt sd

It occurred to me, therefore, (says Prof. B.) that a short work in the method and order adopted by Mr. Justice Blackstone, in his Com mentaries on the Laws of England, as nearly as the spirit of the two laws would possibly allow, might by the familiarity of its order, entice the student of the Common Law, to take at least a cursory and general view of this more ancient code, when the conciseness of the sketch could not possibly encroach on his time. If the text be still uninteresting to him, perhaps some of the notes, as far as they relate to the Statute Law of this kingdom, or contain any new matter, may en gage his attention. have calleddite the Substance of Lectures, be cause the reader must naturally suppose, they were longer when defivered, much having been omitted which was adapted only to aca


demical research, and classical inquiry. I am aware that an objection may be started (the very converse of those above mentioned to the prolixity of Civilians) viz. to the brevity of the work. From those deeply versed in the Civil Law, the objection is fair, nor is it supposed that it can be of use to them, except as an abridgment, in adjumentum memorie. But it would come with a bad grace from the idle theorist who has not industry, or the busy practitioner of Common Law, who has not time, to peruse works of greater length, and for such it was principally intended, that he who runs may read." Prolixity would have given little trouble, conciseness gave much, Quotation and indiscriminate transfusion would have swelled the work, with moderate pains; but compression and selection of points really important were attended with considerable labour."

The present volume contains twenty Lectures, three of which are introductory, and treat on the utility of the study of the Cvil Law; on the comparative merits of the Roman and English Laws; and on the Law of Nations. In these sections we discover nothing that is new, and in point of doctrine nothing that is erroneous: but the style is highly objectionable. With such a prototype as Blackstone, who is so remarkable for genuine simplicity and unaffected elegance of composition, how could Professor Browne, in a didactic work, be betrayed into such expressions as these: Can the etherial form of licavenly virtue be stained by the pollution of man, or its immutable essence change with the fickle villany of the human heart? Forbid it heaven! Such opinions can never enter these walls within this sanctuary, refutation were idle.'-' Let their doctrines boast a little temporary success or individual elevation. Nor are they merely obeisances to the star of virtue!'

The first Book consists of six Lectures, and discusses the Rights of Persons in the different relations of Husband and Wife, Master and Servant, Father and Son, Guardian and Ward, with a Lecture on Corporations. The second Book, containing eleven Lectures, treats on the Rights of Things, as opposed to the Rights of Persons.-These we have read with considerable pleasure, for they shew a correct and intimate acquaintance with the subject; and, by the mode of subjoining the decisions in our English Courts, an useful and entertaining comparison between the two Codes is established. We have often thought that such a node might be adopted with advan tage; and we were strengthened in that opinion by some of Professor Millar's Lectures, in which he contrasted the Laws of Rome with those of other States, in a way that did credit to

* If deeper research be desired, the parts of the Corpus Juris Ci vilis to be read on each subject, “are mentioned in the respective Lectures; so that, while conspignons remarkable portions are selected and abridged, a general course of Civil Law is pointed out 324

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