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sitting, proclaimed the total separation of Hungary | the matter, by the mediation of Sir Stratford Canfrom the Empire, outlawed the sacred dynasty, ning. The making of the road will go on whether chose a Ministry in his character of Governor, took the Sultan permits it or not. the oath of independence on the 14th of May, and On the 7th of September the Hungarian prison June 27, 1849, preached a crusade against the oners, fifty-five in number, arrived in the Darallied forces of Austria and Russia, and ruled danelles in a Turkish ship; whereupon the captain Hungary with the power of dictator, till at last of the Mississippi went on board, and going up to he was compelled by the events of the war to re- Kossuth, saluted him in the name of the Republic, sign, (August 11, at Arad,) and soon afterwards said the ship of war was at his disposal, and quite filed into Turkey."
in Oriental fashion, which, however, was not at all Then followed Richard Guyon, born at Bath, in disgraceful to the West, presented bim a purse of England. On the same day, thirty-eight others money-$15,000. It was a great scene when were summoned to come and be hanged within a Kossuth found himself on the quarter-deck of the specified time. Of course they'll be hanged if Mississippi ; seeing he was now as much out of the they do. On this fatal occasion, the bodies having power of Padisha or Kaiser as if he was sitting on hung the usual time were cut down, and then New-York Battery! He was quite overcome, and buried, doubtless, in unconsecrated ground. spoke of his liberators and friends with tears roll
The Elector of Hesse has got a great number ing down his face. Capt. Long, too, caught the of political prisoners in his fortress of Spanzen- contagion, and, stammering at the commencement berg-counsellors, burgomasters, directors, gen- of a regular address, could only come out witherals, and colonels. The editor of a paper at “You are welcome to this ship, sir! Three Mayence was imprisoned for quoting from the cheers for Governor Kossuth!” Which mode of Berlin Gazette a report of one of Gavazzi's Lon- salutation, seeing he could bring out nothing better don lectures which was rather bard on the Catholic under the circumstances, he repeated: “Three Church. The son of privy councillor Welcher, of cheers more for Governor Kossuth!” And if there Baden, who had given medical advice to some was little oratory, there was a great deal of shoutwounded rebels, was let out of prison, on condition ing and genuine emotion. that he should emigrate to America.
We see it stated that Sir Stratford Canning and Every thing, in fact, seems to show the design Mr. Lavalette proceeded to the Dardanelles to of the German rulers-a design which, as we have congratulate Kossuth on his departure. On her already said, has given rise to a very general con- way up the Mediterranean, the Mississippi touched spiracy, the head quarters of which is in London, at Genoa, Spezzia, and Marseilles. The Sardinian and the object of which is a German revolution. authorities, though friendly to the patriot, were Professor Kinkel has come to this country to raise reluctant to give him permission to land; and funds for that object among the German popula- though he desired to touch the soil of Piedmont, tion here, and the lovers of revolution in general. he acquiesced, and remained on board. It has His purpose has been announced, and he has col- been stated that he will make a stay in England, lected, it is said, over $40,000 in these States. on his way to the States; but at this moment it is The peoples of Europe now perceive that no sud- uncertain whether he will turn aside from the den outbreak and victory of the masses can suc- direct course to New York. ceed in beating down the despotisms of Europe, with all the influences of custom and the formidable strength of armies on their side; and that SPAIN AND CUBA.—The Spaniards, who were at the people must first agree to act every where in first terribly indignant at the invasion of Cuba, concert, and take care to have every where the have subsided into a state of calm satisfaction, proper sinews, weapons, and munitions of war, on hearing that General Lopez was garotted. when the time of rebellion shall come
They are also satisfied, it is said, with the intentions of England towards them; and they have
complimented Lord Palmerston for his desire TURKEY.–Turkey has let Kossuth go, after a that Cuba shall not be taken by the flibustiers. detention of two years. This act may involve the But the shrewdest speculators are of opinion that Porte in serious difficulties. Austria has already this Spanish gratitude is rather premature, for it begun to concentrate her troops on the frontiers of is believed that England will only agree to guarBosnia, Servia, and Wallachia Turkey is just antee the possession of Cuba to Spain on condition now full of difficulties, present and prospective. that some sort of reform shall be introduced into Her finances are at a very low ebb; so much so, the island ; this guarantee to be against foreign that the Government lately took the extreme and invaders alone, not against the efforts of the Cusomewhat disgraceful course of demanding back bans themselves. It is further reported that a again the diamonds which had been for some time rich and influential merchant of Cuba has gone to past given with orders of honor. The various London to induce the English Government to interprovinces of the empire are in a state of great fere for the suppression of the slave-trade, a fixed confusion; and not the least of her troubles is her yearly payment by Cuba to Spain, and the partidifference with the Pasha of Egypt, who is about cipation of native Cubans in the government of the building a long railway from Cairo to Suez, and island. The present temper of the English nathat without any recognition of the Turkish su- tion and ministry seems to show that England will premacy. The English Government, which, of not guarantee the possession of Cuba to Spain in course, would benefit by the railway more than the present condition of the island. The organs of any other in the world, is trying to make peace in the Government at Madrid were at first inclined to advise war with the United States, and the seizure of the island kingdom. An ordinance granting of American vessels to compensate for the loss of certain privileges of inter-island navigation has Cuba, but that mood is over. And the results to been granted by the King, empowering Mr. Howard Cuba will probably be that some alterations will to establish steam navigation between all the ports be made in the government of the island, to meet of the kingdom. The first steamer is at work by the wishes, not of the islanders, but England. this time. The anniversary of the restoration of
A letter written to the London Morning Post the Sandwich Islands by the English Rear-Admiral by a Spanish officer, offers an explanation of the Thomas in 1843 was celebrated on the 31st July, enmity of Lopez against the Spanish Government. in great state. Admiral Moresby in the Portland, In August, 1836, Lopez, then a Brigailier-General, and H. M. brig Swift, were contributing to the at the head of 2,000 men, was sent from Madrid splendor of the jubilee. On the report of the disto join the army operating against Cabrera in Ar-covery of gold in Australia, a great excitement ragon. About 60 miles from Madrid, lae allowed rose at Honolulu, and five vessels were at once himself (being at breakfast at the time) to be sur- advertised for Sydney, and four or five thousand prised by the Carlist General Gomez, who cap. bags of flour changed hands in a day. tured his entire column with the exception of a few cavalry fugitives. Lopez was confined by Cabrera for several months in the citadel of Canta PLAGUE AT THE CANARY ISLANDS.- A terrific Vieja, till liberated by the Christino General San plague has been lately raging at the Canary Miguel
. From that time to the last hour of bis Isla to which, it is said, it was brought by some existence Lopez was never reëmployed by the fishermen, who caught it on the coast of Africa. Spanish Government. His friend Valdez gave A letter from the islands says that “ History does him an appointment in Havana, some years since, not record any thing so sad as the spectacle which when he was Captain-General; but the Goveru: the island of Grand Canary has presented and ment at Madrid did not recognize it, and Lopez still presents. The best directed pen attempts in was dismissed when the successor of Valdez ar vain to relate such misfortunes and horrors, and rived. The high spirit of Lopez brooded bitterly words would not be sufficient to depict their inover this, and his resentment against the Spanish tensity.” Government incited all his future attempts on Cuba.
VOLCANO IN MARTINIQUE.- About the first week
in August last, the Montagne Pelée, in Martinique, ITALY.—It is stated on authority that, in the re
an to vomit sulphurous vapor with a terrible cent consistory held at Rome, the chief question noise, like the trampling of cavalry. The top of under debate was, not the regulation of cardinals the mountain was hitherto regarded as an extinct or bishops, but the probability of some general crater, and the recent explosion threw up its old outbreak in 1852. A letter received from Vienna, coatings of soil, burnt and impregnated with sulin answer to one sent to the Austrian Ministry by phur. Montagne Pelée continues to exhale poisonthe Pope, was also discussed. It is described as
ous sulphuretted gases. giving His Holiness every assurance of assistance against the people, who, he now sees with fear, regard his priestly government with abhorrence, RebelLION IN MEXICO.-Mexico has been lateand are ready to defy it on the first favorable op- ly—and perhaps is still —in a perilous predicaportunity. Should a Roman Republic be pro- ment between bankruptcy and rebellion.
She claimed, Austria will send an army to Rome has an empty exchequer, and has been for a good capable of quelling all rebellion. Attempts at while puzzled how to raise the wind. A sort of assassination continually take place at Rome. States General, (ominous name!) that is, a Junta Letters from Milan state that the attempted re- of the Governors and Representatives of States, joicing to welcome the Emperor Francis Joseph met about the middle of August, to devise some to that city had failed. The majority of the means of recruiting the national finances. But population quitted the town while the Emperor they did nothing decisive. In the mean time, the remained, and left to their servants the compul. people of the Northern States of Tamaulipas and sory duty of illuminating, &c.
New Leon became dissatisfied, chiefly, with the
bring into their States duty-free goods obtained The Sandwich Islands.-The monarchy of by them from the Americans in exchange of comHawaii is favorably progressing under the foster- modities of their own. The Central Government ing care of John Bull. The King is assuming the wished, in fact, to raise taxes, and raised a rebelcustomary state of all the rest of the potentates; lion instead. For lo! a proclamation was issued and the court of Hawaii is a faithful miniature of against it on the 3d September, signed Canalez that of Buckingham Palace. The President of (Governor of Tamaulipas) and Gonzales ; and anPeru has sent to let his "august Majesty ” Kame- other appeared on the 16th, signed by Colonel hameha know that he was President; and the King Carvajal, and ending with, “ Long live Liberty,” tells his "great and good friend” in return, that and “Death to Tyrants." In justification of the he is extremely well pleased to hear it. The Poly movement, these manifestoes dwelt upon the innesian publishes the treaty recently made between efficiency and misconduct of the central power, England and Hawaii. It conforms to the treaty of which permitted the Indians to massacre a great 1819 with these States, and will be ratified in ten many of their people, and which distressed and months. It guarantees the complete independence hindered the trade of the community, by an unjust system of probibitions and duties. They specified American ships, those of Captain Austin and Sir about a dozen demands, and offered them with a John Ross arrived at the same place. belligerent alternative. The alternative came first; On the 8th September, the Advance and Resfor, on 19th September, Carvajal, assisted by two cue proceeded through the ice to Barrow's Inlet, companies of Texans, under the command of Colo- and on the 11th reached Griffith’s Island, beyond nels Tremble and Lewis, attacked the Mexican which they did not go in a westerly direction. troops Camargo, and drove them out after kill. They left this on the 13th, intending to return ing sixty of them. Other advantages followed, home, but were locked in near the mouth of Weland then the insurgents succeeded in taking pos- lington Chanel. They were then drifted by the session of the town of Reynosa, where they found a ice-drist to 75° 25' N. latitude, and thence southfield-piece and a quantity of small arms. In the erly into Lancaster Sound. Here both ships were mean time, the Mexican General, Avalajos, pro- kept for five months. While thus frozen in, the ceeded to put Matamoras in a state of defense and terrible night of the Arctic regions fell upon await the approach of the revolutionists, who by them, and for eighty days they remained in darkthis time had circulated their pronunciamento and ness! The thermometer (Fahrenheit).ranged 40 the account of their successes very generally. degrees below zero. About the 5th of NovemGeneral Canalez, Governor of Tamaulipas, was ber the Rescue was abandoned to economize fuel said to be approaching Matamoras, and Avalajos and let the men come together. For a long time preparing to meet bim, either to fight or negoti- they expected the vessel (the Advance) would ate. The two Texan companies, hearing that have been crushed in the awful commotion of the Canalez was about to take the chief command ofbergs about them, and slept in their clothes with the revolutionists, declined to coöperate any far- their knapsacks on, ready to take to the ice in the ther. It is now confidently reported that negotia- last extremity ! At last, on the 18th of February, tions are pending between Carvajal and the Gov- the sun rose, and it was morning; whereupon the ernment, and that if the latter shall agree to re- crews cheered the luminary as if they were Firedress the grievances of Tamaulipas and Leon, the worshipers! On the 13th of May the Rescue was rebel forces will be disbanded.
re-occupied; and on the 10th of June the ships came into the open sea. Captain De Haven then
proceeded to Greenland, where he refitted, and The Polar EXPEDITIONS.—All the ships which then proceeded northward once more. On the 11th went to the Arctic Circle last year, from England of July he had reached Baffin's Island. He conand America, have returned without finding the tinued warping through the ice till the 8th of Auwhereabouts of poor Sir John Franklin or his om- gust, when he became again perilously entangled inously-named vessels, the Terror and Erebus.
in a sea of icebergs. He there found that the The crews of eleven ships have in vain tried to north and west were already closed against him, reach the secret so closely concealed in the terri. and seeing that further effort would be useless, he ble wildernesses that lie around the pole. Cap- returned. The ships of the different expeditions tain Austin's four ships, the Resolute, Assistance, reached their respective homes about the same Intrepid, and Pioneer; Sir John Ross's two, the time—the last week in September. Felix and Mary; Captain Penny's two, the Lady The Arctic explorers, Sir Edward Parry, Sir Franklin and Sophia; the Prince Albert, the Prince James Ross, and Captain Beechey, hearing the acof Wales, Commodore Pullen, (sent by the Hud-counts of the expeditions, were of opinion that Sir son's Bay Company,) and Mr. Grinnell's two, the John Franklin had taken the northwest passage Advance and Rescue, have only succeeded in dis- out of Wellington Channel, which in the opinion of covering that Sir John spent the winter of 1845-6 a great many would lead into a more open expanse on Beechey Island. Detailed accounts of these of sea. The Danish interpreter who went out with expeditions will doubtless be given in time. the Lady Franklin is of opinion that Sir John and
On the 26th of August last year, the Advance his ships are still safe. Captain Penny says thai and Rescue entered Wellington Sound, and there nothing effective can be done among the icebergs found Captain Penny's two ships. Captain Pera of the high latitudes without a screw-steamer. He ny had then made the only discovery the expedi- expressed himself ready to go back again with tions were enabled to make. He had found three such a vessel, and addressed the Admiralty for the graves in a spot on Beechey Island, and knew by
purpose. But they decline to aid any further atthe wooden head-boards—the dates on which were tempts this season. Sir John Ross, differing from so late as April, 1846 — that they were men of Sir the rest, believes that Sir John Franklin did not John Franklin's crew. A direction post found near proceed to the northwest. He credits the report the graves was formed of a boarding pike-staff, of certain Esquimaux that Franklin's ships were seven feet long. The spike end had been broken wrecked in Baffin's Bay, and a portion of the crews off within five inches of the point of the iron, and murdered by the natives. Captain Penny, howthe staff was found lying on the ground. Some ever, with a greater show of correctness, disbelieves canvas wbich was found was proved by several the Esquimaux statements—interprets them difpersons to be part of a trysail of one of the ves- ferently. For, this matter turns upon the meaning sels; the letters N. C., (" naval canvas,”) and a of some words in the savage dialect of those misyellow sort of Government thread in it, 'showed erable polar human beings. Considering every that it did not belong to the mercantile marine of thing, we think it probable that still further efforts England or any other country. Shortly after the I will be made to learn something of Franklin's fate.
mortally, and the thieves carried off the box of ACCOUNTS from California are always interest- gold, which they expected to contain two millions ing. Those received toward the beginning of last of dollars. Just then Capt. Garrison and some month were of terrible import. The Vigilance others came up and pursued them. The box deCommittees of San Francisco and Sacramento had layed them, whereupon they left it and fled. been hanging several men for robberies. Two Several were taken, and it was thought others men, named Whitaker and Mackenzie, had fallen would be caught. Two colored men, Summers into the hands of the San Francisco Committee, and Cromwell, of New York, were among those who prepared to bring them to punishment; but captured; two others were Dr. Berry, of Newthey were taken away by the regular authorities, Orleans, and Laban Manning, of Illmois. These and the Committee then plotted to get them again and others are in prison. by stratagem. After three days' continement, these The Panama Railroad was progressing favorprisoners were taken, on Sunday, 24th of August, ably. The engineers expected to run a locomotive from their cells, to hear divine service in the jail to Gatoon by the 12th ult. of the city. Just as they had taken their places, A Woman's Rights Convention took place at the outer doors of the prison were burst open, Worcester, Mass., in the middle of last month, and a crowd of citizens, rushing in, seized Whit- Several ladies and gentlemen contended that aker and Mackenzie, and carried them out, in spite women did not occupy their proper position in of all resistance. At the same time, the bell of society; that custom and education conspired to the Monumental Engine Company began ringing, keep their natural powers in a state of nonand the people, who guessed or suspected the development. In the course of the proceedings, a nature of the signal, rushed in the direction of the letter was read from the “ mannish Mævia,” Miss rooms of the Vigilance Committee. In a few Martineau, the ineaning of which was that the minutes a carriage drawn by two gray horses women, instead of theorizing too much, should dashed impetuously into the midst of them, and choose certain avocations and lines of thought and in it sat the pale and terrified prisoners, with pis. life, and follow them ont. “The success of women tols at their heads. They were quickly carried in this way," she said, "would determine the quesinto the Committee chambers, (the first story of tion of their fitness for those strenuous professions a large store,) and the enormous crowd waited in which now belong to men." Miss Martineau thinks a state of agitated suspense for the result. In that a short ante-marital application to any higher twelve minutes, the wooden doors of the store order of business will not have any worthy result; windows were thrown open, and several of the the calling or course of life should be followed on Committee appeared leading out the condemned to the end. She seems to put aside the marriage men. Two ropes were “reeved” to a pair of instincts very unceremoniously. But, indeed, unblocks above the opening, and the ends of these less women agree to do so, they can hardly choose being put round the necks of Whitaker and Mac- for themselves any better avocations and duties kenzie, the miserable men were pushed out and than those that now belong to them. The rearing suspended in the air, in sight of the agitated mul- of a young family is one of the noblest and most titude. After they had hung till life was extinet, sacred callings that a woman or an angel could the coroner was admitted to hold his inqnest. In be engaged in. Nothing so dignified as bringing Sacramento, also, a body of the citizens took the up the young immortals. Calculating eclipses, law into their own bands, and hanged a man whom haranguing from stumps or platforms, or bleeding the Governor had reprieved. At Monterey, Wil patients in a hospital, are certainly not comparable liam Otis Hall, convicted of grand larceny, was to it. But if women generally abjure that bringmurdered in his cell, after the marshal of the ing up of the little immortalities, of course they prison had been gagged by five or six men in dis may turn their hands to any thing they please, guise. The latest accounts say that these execu- though then the question intrudes itself, “ How is tions have ceased, and that crime has materially the world to get along?" "What about our posdiminished. The Illinois steamer lately brought terity?" The female Convention should think of two millions in gold. The auriferons harvest con- this. We hope they are not going to abolish tinues undiminished. The quartz veins continue to maternity. be worked with great success. A disease had broken An immense coal-field has been surveyed in out among the Chinese resembling the cholera. Dr. Iowa. Dr. Owen, the geologist, says that between Wozencraft
, United States' Indian Agent, has been Johnson and Iowa counties an uplift of carbonibusy making treaties with the Indians of the mid- ferous sandstone is encountered. The entire area dle counties of the State, and nearly one hundred of this new coal-field is not less than 20,000 square clans or tribes have agreed to be peaceably miles, an extent nearly as large as the State of disposed towards the whites. The searchers are Indiana. He estimates the beds of coal to be 100 every where turning the rivers out of their beds, feet in thickness, and lying near the surface. The damming the streams and blasting the quartz beautiful river Des Moines runs through this large rocks in all directions. The prophecies of those coal-field. Seeing that we are not to have in any who said the gold of California would be quickly very great hurry the cheap fire which Mr. Paine exhausted seem to be very far removed from their and others have promised to obtain from hydrogens fulfilment.
gas, this coal discovery will bave a highly beneA great robbery took place on the Isthmus ficial effect upon the machinery and manufactures lately. The specie train of the Pacific Company of the West; though it is not improbable that, in was set upon by robbers seven miles from Pa- time, coal will be entirely superseded as a means nama; three of the guards were shot down, two of combustion and heat.
Attempts have been recently made to remove necting Boston with Montreal and Quebec. A the seat of government from Boston, and leave the message can be transmitted from the St. Lawrence beautiful State House in the Common to be appro- to the mouth of the Mississippi in a couple of priated to some other purpose of general utility. bours ! Last February it was ordered, in the House of The remains of a mastodon were lately discovRepresentatives, that a joint special committee be ered in Sussex county, N.J. They comprised a raised to consider the matter. The Senate agreed; tusk ten feet long, teeth ten inches long and weighand the report was in favor of removal. A series ing seven pounds each, and a fore-leg measuring of amendments and discussions followed, which three feet six inches from the fetlock to the knee. resulted in the failure of the resolve to obtain the Indian traditions say that the Delaware was forassent of the Legislature. The discussion will be merly haunted by these lacustrine enormities, and brought on again, and it is not improbable that that, after a time, they went westward. Their the seat of government will be shortly found some- bones are often found in Obio. The old stories of where in the neighborhood of Woreester. dragons, hydras, unicorns, and so forth, may, after
Rejoicings have been lately made for the open- all, have bid their foundation in the traditionary ing of the Hudson River Railroad to Albany, which facts of remote generations. brings that city and New-York within three hours The Council of New Orleans lately petitioned to and a half of each other.
have a navy-yard erected at that port; but the Preparations are made to receive Kossuth with Secretary of the Navy says he thinks the service an enthusiasm second only to that which greeted does not require any additional yards just now. Lafayette in 1823. A subscription to raise Major Tochman, the Polish patriot, has com$100,000 wherewith to present him has been municated to the press at Washington the address spoken of, but as yet it proceeds rather slowly of Louis Kossuth to the United States of America. among the general population. The Germans will This address was written at Broussa, in Asia Minor, doubtless contribute con amore, but the only liber- in March, 1850, and was in the hapds of Major ality of the rest of the community has been, as Tochman since February of this year. It was yet, exhibited by two traders, who naturally de- withheld, very naturally, till the liberation of Kossire to make their very large and handsome gifts suth had been determined on. It is an eloquent serve as a means of advertisement. Mr. Genin, spirit-stirring affair—full of all the most noble and the famous hatter, publicly offers $1,000, and An elevating sentiments of liberty. In it he appeals derson, the Wizard, offers the produce of one of his to Americans as judges in the high court of Human necromantic noctes. These are excellent and Freedom-the highest court of appeal in the world; praiseworthy offers; but they prove how inti- and sets forth all his aspirations and policy in the inately the spirit of trade and commerce inter- attempt to liberate Hungary. He says Hungary penetrates the mass of our wealthy community: is not yet conquered; that he is still Governor of It is a good sign when motives of trade lead that nation; and, in a strain of fervent prophecy, men to the performance of good and generous he looks forward to a rising of the Hungarians actions.
and other nations, wbich will yet break the power Father Mathew has lately been in New-York of the despots in pieces. The style of Kossuth is for a few weeks, preparatory to his setting out for highly impassioned and poetical, such as best Europe. This distinguished philanthropist has appeals to men engaged in lofty and desperate administered the pledge to a vast number of his courses; but it is clear and vigorous, and overcountrymen in these States, and thereby conferred ruled by a sound and steady, judgment. Kossuth a large benefit not alone upon the recipients but intends to leave his wife and children in England. upon society at large. The Hon. Henry Clay has This shows that his heart is in Europe, and that he suggested that a subscription be made to compen- will not stay long in America. His heart is in sáte the Rev. gentleman in some way for his great Hungary; and it is not improbable that he will services, and commenced it himself. Father Ma- soon take up his abode in London, and thence thew is a very poor man and a very good man; watch and excite as much as possible the chances but we are of opinion that if, instead of the virtue of revolution on the continent of Europe. Freeof an apostle, he had but a larynx capable of run. dom's struggles are not yet over there. Indeed, ning up a couple of octaves or more, he would it is probable that the bloodiest are about to begin. have a better charce of putting a small modicum Several French families have gone across to the of dust into his friar's wallet.
English island of Jersey, fearing some outbreak in A telegraph line is at present in operation con- | France.
NOTE TO PORTRAIT OF GENERAL COOMBS.
We hoped to have been able to give, with the portrait of GENERAL LESLIE Coombs, a biographical sketch ; but we have been disappointed, not receiving it in time for the present number. It will be an exceedingly interesting narrative, and we hope to give it in the next issue.