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[JUNE, 1793.] [Founded on a fact reported in the Scottish newspapers, and copied into the Buckinghamshire Herald for June 1, 1793, where Cowper read it as follows: Glasgow, May 3.- In a block or pulley, near the head of the mast of a gabart, now lying at the Broomielaw, there is a chaffinch's nest and four eggs. The nest was built while the vessel lay at Greenock, and was followed hither by both birds. Though the block is occasionally lowered for the inspection of the curious, the birds have not forsaken the

The cock, however, visits the nest but seldom, while the hen never leaves it but when she descends to the hull for food.”]

In Scotland's realm, where trees are few,

Nor even shrubs abound;
But where, however bleak the view,

Some better things are found:


For husband there and wife may boast

Their union undefiled,
And false ones are as rare almost

As hedge-rows in the wild,

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In Scotland's realm, forlorn and bare,

The history chanced of late -
This history of a wedded pair,

A chaffinch and his mate.

The spring drew near, each felt a breast

With genial instinct fillid ;
They pair'd, and would have built a nest,

But found not where to build.

The heaths uncover'd, and the moors,

Except with snow and sleet,
Sea-beaten roc and naked shores,

Could yield them no retreat.

Long time a breeding-place they sought,

Till both grew vex'd and tired ;
At length a ship arriving, brought

The good so long desired.

A ship!--could such a restless thing

Afford a place of rest? Or was the merchant charged to bring

The homeless birds a nest ?

Hush-silent hearers profit most

This racer of the sea Proved kinder to them than the coast,

It served them with a tree.

But such a tree! 'twas shaven deal,

The tree they call a mast, And had a hollow with a wheel,

Through which the tackle pass'd.

Within that cavity aloft

Their roofless home they fix’d, Form'd with materials neat and soft,

Bents, wool, and feathers mix'd.

Four ivory eggs soon pave its floor,

With russet specks bedightThe vessel weighs, forsakes the shore,

And lessens to the sight.

The mother-bird is gone to sea,

As she had changed her kind; But goes

the male ? Far wiser he Is doubtless left behind ?

No-soon as from ashore he saw

The winged mansion move, He flew to reach it, by a law

Of never-failing love.

Then perching at his consort's side,

Was briskly borne along,
The billows and the blast defied,
And cheer'd her with a song.

The seaman with sincere delight

His feather'd shipmates eyes Scarce less exulting in the sight

Than when he tows a prize.

For seamen much believe in signs,

And from a chance so new, Each some approaching good divines, And

may his hopes be true!

Hail, honour'd land ! a desert where

Not even birds can hide, Yet parent of this loving pair

Whom nothing could divide.

And ye who, rather than resign

Your matrimonial plan, Were not afraid to plough the brine

In company with man;

For whose lean country much disdain

We English often show,
Yet from a richer nothing gain

But wantonness and wo :

Be it your fortune, year by year,

The same resource to prove, And may ye, sometimes landing here,

Instruct us how to love!



[JUNE 29, 1793.]

[This was addressed to Hayley, on his proposing to Cowper that they should write in literary partnership” a poem, to be called “ The Four Ages.”]


DEAR architect of fine chateaux in air, Worthier to stand for ever, if they could, Than any built of stone, or yet of wood,

For back of royal elephant to bear!

Oh, for permission from the skies to share,
Much to my own, though little to thy good,
With thee (not subject to the jealous mood !)

A partnership of literary ware !
But I am bankrupt now, and doom'd henceforth

To drudge, in descant dry, on others' lays, -
Bards, I acknowledge, of unequallid worth;

But what is commentator's happiest praise ?
That he has furnish'd lights for other eyes,
Which they who need them use, and then despise.




[July 15, 1793.]
A SPANIEL, Beau, that fares like you,

Well fed, and at his ease,
Should wiser be than to pursue

Each trifle that he sees.


you have kill'd a tiny bird, Which flew not till to-day, Against my orders, whom you heard

Forbidding you the prey.

Nor did you kill that you might eat

And ease a doggish pain, For him, though chased with furious heat,

You left where he was slain.

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Sir, when I few to seize the bird

In spite of your command,
A louder voice than yours I heard,

And harder to withstand.

You cried Forbear-but in my breast

A mightier cried, Proceed : 'Twas Nature, sir, whose strong behest

Impelld me to the deed.

Yet much as Nature I respect,

I ventured once to break (As you, perhaps, may recollect)

Her precept for your


And when your linnet on a day,

Passing his prison door,
Had flutter'd all his strength away,

And panting press'd the floor,

Well knowing him a sacred thing,

Not destined to my tooth, I only kiss'd his ruffled wing,

And lick'd the feathers smooth.

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