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VI. As for those wickéd and ungodly men, whom God as à righteous judge, for former sins, doth blind and harden w, from them he not only wisholdeth his grace, whereby they might have been enlightned in their understandings, and wrought upon in their hearts x; but sometimes also withdraweth the gifts which they hady, and exposeth them to such objects as their corruption makes occasion of sinz; and with, al, gives them over to their own luft, the temptations of the world, and the power of Satan a: whereby it comes to pass,

that the second time, Simon, son of Jo- * Deut. xxix. 4. Yet the Lord nas, lovelt thou me? He faith unto hath not given you an heart to perhim, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that ceive, and eyes to see, and ears to I love thee. He faith unto him, Feed hear, unto this day. my sheep. v. 17. He faith unto him y Matth, xiii. 12. For whosoever

third time, Simon, son of Jonas, hath, to him thall be given, and he lovelt thou me? Peter was grieved, shall have more abundance: but. because he said unto him the third whosoever hath not, from him shall time, Lovest thou me? And he said be taken away, even that he hath. unto him, Lord, thou knowest all Matt. xxv. 29. For unto every one things; thou knowest that I love that hath shall be given, and he thee. Jesus faith unto him, Feed shall have abundance : but from him my sheep.

that hath not shall be taken away VI. w Rom. i. 24. Wherefore even that which he hath. God also gave them up to unclean- z Deut. ii. 30. But Sihon king of ness, through the lusts of their own Heshbon would not let us pass by hearts, to dishonour their own bo- him: for the Lord thy God harddies between themselves: v.26. For ned his fpirit, and made his heart this cause God gave them up unto obstinate, that he might deliver him vile affections: For even their wo- into thy hand, as appeareth this men did change the natural use in- day. 2 Kings viii. 12. And Hazael to that which is against nature: v. faid, Why weepeth my lord? And 28. And even as they did not like he answered, Because I know the to retain God in their knowledge, evil that thou wilt do unto the chilGod gave them over to a reprobate dren of Israel : their strong holds mind, to do those things which are wilt thou set on fire, and their young not convenient. Rom. xi. 7. What men wilt thou flay with the sword, chen? Ifrael hath not obtained that and wilt dash their children, andrip which he feeketh for; but the elec- up their women with child. v. 13. tion hath obtained it, and the rest And Hazael said, But what, is thy were blinded. v. 3. According as it servant a dog, that he should do is written, God hath given them this great thing? And Elisha anthe spirit of flumber, eyes that they fwered, the Lord hath fhewed me should not fee, and ears that they that thou shalt be king over Syria. Mould not hear uinto this day. a Pfal. lxxxi. 11. But my people


that they harden themselves, even under those means which God useth for the softening of others b.

VII. As the providence of God doch, in general, reach to all creatures; so, after a most special manner, it taketh care of his church, and disposeth all things to the good thereof c.


rould not hearken to my voice: be disobedient, the Stone which the and Israel would none of me, v. 12. builders disallowed, the fame is So I gave them up unto their own made the head of the corner, v.8. hearts luft: and they walked in their and a stone of stumbling, and a rock own counsels. 2 Thess. ii. 10. And of offence, even to them which stumwith all deceiveablenets of unrigh- ble at the word, being disobedient, teousness in them that perish; be- whereunto also they were appointcause they received not the love of ed. Ifa. vi. 9. And he said, Go and the truth; that they might be fa- tell this people, Hear ye indeed, but ved, v.11. And for this cause God understand not; and see ye indeed, shall send them strong delusion, that but perceive not. v. 10. Make the they should believe a lie. v. 12. That heart of this people fat, and make they all might be damned, who be- their ears heavy, and shut their lieved not the truth, but had plea- eyes : left they fee with their eyes, fure in unrighteousness.

and hear with their ears, and under. 3 Exod. vi. 3. And I will harden stand with their heart, and convert Pharaoh's heart, and multiply my and be healed. With Acts xxviii. 26. signs and my wonders in the land Saying, Go unto this people, and of Egypt. With Exod. viii. 15. But say, Hearing ye shall hear, and thall when Pharaoh saw that there was not understand; and seeing ye shall respite, he hardned his heart, and fee, and not perceive. V.27. For the hearkned not unto them; as the heart of this people is waxed gross, Lord had said. v. 32. And Pharaoh and their ears are dull of hearing, hardned his heart at this time also, and their eyes have they closed; lest Tieither would he let the people go. they should see with their eyes, and 2 Cor. ii. 15. For we are unto God hear with their ears, and understand a fweet favour of Christ, in them with their heart, and should be conthat are saved, and in them that verted, and I should heal them. perilh. v. 16. To the one we are the VII. c 1 Tim. iv, 10. For there, lavour of death unto death; and to fore we both labour, and suffer rethe other, the favour of life unto proach, because we trust in the liv. life: and who is sufficient for these ing God, who is the Saviour of all things? Isa. 8. 14. And he shall be men, specially of those that believe. for a sanctuary; but for a stone of Amos ix. 8. Behold, the eyes of the Itumbling, and for a rock of offence Lord God are upon the finful kingto both the houses of Israel, forra' dom, and I will destroy it from off gin, and for a snare to the inhabi- the face of the earth; saving that I tants of Jerusalem. 1 Pet. ii. 7. Un- will not utterly destroy the house of to you therefore which believe, he Jacob, faith the Lord. v.9. For lo, is precious: but unto them which I will command, and I will fift the


CHAP. VI. Of the Fall of Man, of Sin, and of the

Punishment thereof.
UR first parents, being seduced by the fubtilty and temp-

tation of Satan, finned in eating the forbidden fruit a. This their fin, God was pleased, according to' his wise and holy counsel, to permit, having purposed to order it to his own glory b.

II. By this fin they fell from their original righteousness and communion with Godc, and so became dead in find, and


for thee. v. 4:

house of Israel among all nations, rupted from the fimplicity that is in like as corn is lifted in a five, yet Christ. Thall not the least grain fall upon the b Rom. xi. 32. For God hath conearth. Rom. viii. 28. And we know cluded them all in unbelief, that he that all things work together for might have mercy upon all. good, to them that love God, to II. c Gen. iii. 6. And when the them who are the called according woman faw that the tree was good to his purpose. Ifa. xliii. 3. For I am for food, and that it was pleasant to the Lord thy God, the holy One of the eyes, and a tree to be desired to Ifrael, thy Saviour: I gave Egypt make one wise; she took of the fruit for thy ransom, Ethiopia and Sheba thereof, and did eat, and gave also

Since thou waft pre- unto her husband with her, and he cious in my sight, thou hast been did eat. v.7. And the eyes

of them honourable, and I have loved thee: both were opened, and they knew therefore will I give men for thee, that they were naked : and they lewand people for thy life. v. 5. Feared fig-leaves together, and made not, for I am with thee: I will bring themselves aprons. v. 8. And they thy feed from the east, and gather heard the voice of the Lord God, thee from the weit. v. 14. Thus walking in the garden, in the cool faith the Lord, your Redeemer, the of the day: and Adam and his wife holy One of Ifrael, for your fake I hid themselves from the presence of have sent to Babylon, and have the Lord God, amongst the trees of brought down all their nobles, and the garden. Eccl, vii. 29. Lo, this the Chaldeans, whose cry is in the only have I found, that God hath ships.

made man upright; but they have 1. a Gen. iii. 13. And the Lord fought out many inventions. Rom. God said unto the woman, What is iii. 23. For all have sinned and come this that thou hast done? And the short of the glory of God. woman said, The serpent beguiled d Gen. ii. 17. But of the tree of me, and I did eat. 2 Cor. xi. 3. But the knowledge of good and evil, I fear lelt by any means, as the fer- thou shalt not eat of it: for in the pent beguiled Eve through his fub- day that thou eatest thercof, thou tilty, fo your minds thould be cor- fhalt furely die. Eph. ii. 1. And you


wholly defiled in all the faculties and parts of soul and body e.

III. They being the root of all mankind, the guilt of this fin was imputed f, and the same death in sin and corrupted


hath he quickned, who were dead ii. 16. And the Lord God commandin trespasses and fins.

ed the man, faying, Of every tree of . Tit. i. 15. Unto the pure all the garden thou mayst freely eat. v. things are pure, but unto them that 17. But of the tree of the knowledge are defiled, and unbelieving, is no- of good and evil, thou shalt not eat thing pure, but even their mind and of it: for in the day that thou eatest conscience is defiled. Gen. vi. 5. And thereof, thou shalt surely die. And God saw that the wickedness of man Acts xvii. 26. And hath made of was great in the earth, and that eve- one blood, all nations of men, for to ry imagination of the thoughts of dwell on all the face of the earth, his heart, was only evil continually. and hath determined the times beJer, xvii. 9. The heart is deceitful fore appointed, and the bounds of above all things, and desperately their habitation. With Rom. v.12. wicked, who can know it? Rom. iii. Wherefore, as by one man sin enter10. As it is written, there is none ed into the world, and death by fin; righteous, no not one. v. 11. There and so death passed upon all

men, is none that underítandeth, there is for that all have finned. v. 15. But none that seeketh after God. v. 12. not as the offence, so also is the free They are all gone out of the way, gift. For if through the offence of they are together become unprofi- one many be dead; much more the table, there is none that doth good, grace of God, and the gift by grace, Do not one. v. 13. Their throat is an which is by one man, Jesus Christ, open sepulchre; with their tongues hath abounded unto many. v. 16. they have used deceit; the poison of And not as it was by one that sinasps is under their lips. v. 14.Whose ned, so is the gift: for the judgment mouth is full of cursing and bitter- was by one to condemnation; but nefs. v. 15. Their feet are swift to the free gift is of many offences unfhed blood. v. 16. Destruction and to justification. v. 17. For if by one misery are in their ways. v. 17. And mans offence, death reigned by one; the way of peace have they not much more they which receive akaown. v. 18. There is no fear of bundance of grace, and of the gist God before their eyes.

of righteousness, shall reign in life III. f Gen. i. 27. So God created by one Jesus Christ. v. 18. Thereman in his own image, in the image fore as by the offence of one, judge of God created he him: male and ment came upon all men to confemale created he them. v. 28. And demnation: even so by the righteGod blefled them, and God said un- ousness of one, the free gift came to them, Be fruitful and multiply, upon all men unto justification of and replenish the earth, and subdue life. v. 19. For as by one man's difit: and have dominion over the fish obedience, many were made finners: of the sea, and over the fowl of the so hy the obedience of one, shall maair, and over every living thing that ny be made righteous. And 1 Cor. moveth upon the earth. And Gen. xv.21, For fince by man came death,



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nature conveyed, to all their posterity, descending from them by ordinary generation g.

IV. From this original corruption, whereby we are utterly indisposed, disabled, and made opposite to all good h, and wholly inclined to all evili, do proceed all actual transgressions k. V. This corruption of nature, during this life, doth re

main by man came also the resurrection of the earth, and that every imaginathe dead, v. 22. For as in Adam all tion of the thoughts of his heart, die, even fo in Christ shall all be was only evil continually. Gen. viii. made alive. v. 45. And so it is 21. And the Lord smelled a sweet written, The first man Adam was favour, and the Lord said in his made a living soul, the laít Adam heart, I will not again curse the was made a quickning spirit. I v. ground any more for man's fake; 49. And as we have born the image for the imagination of man's heart of the earthly, we also shall bear is evil from his youth: neither will the image of the heavenl

I again smite any more, every thing g Pfal. li. 5. Behold, I was shapen living, as I have done. Rom. ii. 10. in iniquity: and in sin did my mo- As it is written, There is none righther conceive me. Gen. v. 3. And teous, no not one: v. 11. There is Adam lived an hundred and thirty none that understandeth, there is years, and begat a son in his own none that seeketh after God. v. 12. likeness, after his image; and called They are all gone out of the way, his name Seth. Job xiv. 4. Who can they are together become unprofibring a clean thing out of an un- table, there is none that doth good, clean? not one. Job xv. 14. What is man that he Thould be clean and k James i. 14. But every man is he which is born of a woman, that tempted, when he is drawn away he should be righteous?

of his own lust, and enticed. v. 15. IV. h Rom. v. 6. For when we Then when lust hath conceived, it were yet without strength, in due bringeth forth fin: and fin, when time Christ died for the ungodly. it is finished, bringeth forth death. Rom. viii. 7. Because tlie carnal. Eph. ii. 2. Wherein in time past ye mind is enmity against God: for it walked according to the course of is not subject to the law of God, nei- this world, according to the prince ther indeed can be. Rom. vii. 18. of the power of the air, the spirit For I know, that in me, (that is, in that now worketh in the children my fesh) dwelleth no good thing: of disobedience. v. 3. Among whom for to will is present with me, but also we all had our conversation in how to perform that which is good, times past, in the lust of our flesh, I find not. Col.i. 21. And you that fulfilling the desires of the flesh, and were sometime alienated, and ene- of the mind; and were by nature mies in your mind by wicked works, the children of wrath, even as oyet now hath he reconciled. thers. Matth. xv. 19. For out of

i Gen. vi. 5. And God saw that the heart proceed evil thoughts, the wickedness of man was great in murders, adulteries, fornications,


no not one.

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