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him that Morland had sat up two nights together, and Queries with answers.

was now certainly fast asleep." (Welwood's Memoirs,

edit. 1700, p. 11, edit. 1820, p. 98.) Consult also for other CROMWELL AND MORLAND. — Can any corre narratives of this plot, Eachard's History of England, spondent of “N. & Q.,” who is well read in the edit. 1720, p. 728; Birch's Life of John Thurloe, Esq. literature and history of the Commonwealth, in- prefixed to Thurloe's State Papers, p. xv.; Biographia form me who is M. Guizot's authority for the Britannica, ed. 1763-6, Supplement, p. 237; and Chalfollowing charge which he brings against Crom- mers's Biographical Dictionary, xxii 416.] well in his life of the Protector, and which I for the present take the liberty of regarding as an

SIR WILLIAM HAMILTON.-Sir William wrote atrocious libel ? At p. 433 of the English trans a biography, or a criticism or comment on some lation of M. Guizot's book (ed. 1860), I find the biography of Luther. The question to which an following passage :

answer is desired is, in what form does Sir William's

work exist ? that is, as a separate book, or as an “Cromwell was ever ready to form sudden suspicions, and article in some periodical publication ? and if the to take extreme precautions : one night he went to confer secretly with Thurloe on a matter of great importance, and former, by whom published and at what date ? and all at once he perceived Thurloe's clerk, Samuel Morland, if the latter, in what publication, and in what sleeping on a desk in a corner of the room ; fearing that number thereof? he inight have overheard them, Cromwell drew a dagger, and was about to despatch him, if Thurloe had not,

with pamphlet on the Free Kirk question. Of this the

Sir William also published (I think) a bulky great entreaties, prevailed on him to desist, assuring him Morland had sat up two nights together, and was cer

date of the publication, and the name of the pubtainly fast asleep."

lisher are desired to be known.

I. H.C. As I have for long been accustomed to regard

[Sir William Hamilton's remarks on the heterodox Oliver Cromwell as one of the greatest of rulers opinions of Luther appeared in an article on “The Adand best of men, I have been considerably startled mission

of Dissenters to the English Universities," printed by this terrible accusation. One is of course

in the Edinburgh Review of Oct. 1834 (vol. lx. pp. 202-230). tolerably accustomed to the charges of "hypo- This article is reprinted, with additions, in Sir William crisy," ," is cruelties in Ireland," " regicide,” “self

Ha milton's Discussions of Philosophy and Literature, seeking ambition,” &c. &c., under which the Education and University Reform, second edition, Lond: memory of the great Protector lay buried, until 1853, 8vo, pp. 479-559. Sir William's remarks on the the light of Mr. Carlyle's genius put to flight the Free Kirk question may be found in his pamphlet en whole flock of Royalist night-birds for ever.

titled “ Be not Schismatics, Be not Martyrs by Mistake. These tales are still, I believe, popular in the nur

A Demonstration that the Principle of Non-Intrusion, so sery, where children are taught to weep over the far from being Fundamental in the Church of Scotland, fate of the “ martyr-king,” but it is a new idea to is subversive of the Fundamental Principles of that and me that Cromwell ever figured as a midnight every other Presbyterian Church Establishment.” Edinb. stabber of sleeping men! JONATHAN BOUCHIER.

Maclachlan & Co. 1843, 8vo.] [M. Guizot's authority for his statement is no other Aggas's MAP OF LONDON, 1560.-In Mr. Bohn's than James Welwood, M.D., who was no “royalist night excellent edition of Lowndes, it is stated that there bird,” but “an author," says the Earl of Chatham, is a copy of this very rare map in the Sloane Col“ strongly attached to republican principles.” It was in lection in the British Museum. I have a reduced the beginning of the year 1657, that Thurloe, Cromwell, copy of it, “done from a print engraven on wood and Sir Richard Willis, formed a design of ruining King in Sr Hans Sloane's Collection, and copyed in Charles II. at one blow, by sending over messengers with small, 1738.” Did Sir Hans Sloane's collection plausible letters, to invite him to come over in a single of prints and maps form part of the original colship, with only his brother and a few more, to a certain

lection of the British Museum, and can you give port in Sussex upon an appointed day, where they were

me a reference to the old woodcut map? promised to be received and supported by 500 foot at

J. O, HALLIWELL. their landing, and 2000 horse within one day after. Here [It is doubtful whether Aggas's Map of London, 1560, is Welwood's account of the conspiracy : “ The Protector is in the Sloane Collection at the British Museum. At coming late at night to Thurloe's office, and beginning to any rate it has never been seen either by the Keeper of give him directions about something of great importance the Maps, or by the gentlemen connected with Manuand secresy, he took notice that Mr. Morland was in the script and Print departments. We believe the only copy room, which he had not observed before ; and fearing that of the original map is in the possession of Mr. John Crace, he might have overheard their discourse, though he pre- No. 14, Wigmore Street, London, W., who would do tended to be asleep upon his desk, he drew a poniard, doubt gladly favour our correspondent with a view of it. which he always carried under his coat, and was going Sir Hans Sloane's library was removed to Montague to dispatch Morland upon the spot, if Thurloe had not House during the years 1756–7, together with the Harwith great entreaties prevailed with him to desist, assuring leian and Cottonian Collections. ]

ROCK OF AGES.”—A few years ago was pub- instructive magazine, and especially as the origilished a volume of Latin versions of hymns, among nator and publisher of so many elementary books which was (it was stated in a review of the book) for the young, he ought not to be forgotten. a version of “Rock of Ages," by Mr. Gladstone.

J. H. I should be exceedingly obliged if you could give me the title of this book or the publisher's name, The “Rev. C. C. Clarke” was editor of a work as I have inquired of several booksellers and can dedicated to the Royal Society, under date Sept. get no information respecting it.

T. S. 1828, and consisting entirely of selections from the [The work was published in 1861 by B. Quaritch, 15, Philosophical Transactions, pp. XX.-700. The copy Piccadilly, and entitled Translations by Lord Lyttelton I have is marked “ Second Edition, printed for and the Right Hon. W. E. Gladstone. The hymn will

Whittaker, Treacher, & Co., Ave Maria Lane," be found at p. 143. See “ N. & Q." 2nd S. si. 319.]

but the type shows that it is only a reissue with a

new title-page. The title is The Treasury of Natural LOLLARD AND OTHER MARTYRS. - Where can I and Experimental Philosophy, but it does not follow find anything like a complete list of these martyrs that that was the original title. The preface ends for religion in England ?

A. with the following words, which are pretty strong (We doubt whether any list is extant of these martyrs. evidence of identity between the Rev. C. C. Clarke The Religious Tract Society published three editions of and Sir Richard Phillips : “The Editor has prethe following work : The Lollards ; or, some account pared 500 questions for the use of schools, on its of the Witnesses for the Truth in Great Britain, from contents.” JOB J. BARDWELL WORKARD, M.A. A.D. 1400 to A.D. 1546."]

An account of Sir R. Phillips's discovery of an BUCCLEUCH DUKEDOM.—Does the present Duke early panel portrait of Chaucer, in a lumber-room of Buccleuch claim the title of Duke of Mon- of Cromwell's House, Huntingdon, 1802, will be mouth ?


found in Elmes' Arts and Artists, iii. 70. It is [There has been no regrant of the title of Monmouth there stated that Sir Richard made this picture since the forfeiture of the Duke of Buccleuch’s unfortu- the basis of his gallery of original portraits of nate ancestor. A new grant of the Scotch titles was issued English poets and men of letters. Where is this on November 17, 1687.]

portrait now?


To complete words of this national song ?

me, who well knew the late William Mavor,

H. TIEDEMAN. LL.D., it is not a little amusing to find the name Amsterdam.

of “ Mavor, Wm," mentioned as a possible pseu[The complete words of “La Marseillaise" will be

donym of Sir Richard Phillips. found in Chansons Nationales et Populaires de la France, Scotch descent, having Anglicised his name from

William Mavor was no myth. He was of par Du Mersan, Paris, 1850, pp. 353–356.]

M'Ivor. He held the honorary distinction of do

mestic chaplain to the Earl of Moira; had been Replies.

vicar of Harley, Berkshire, and rector of HonesSIR RICHARD PHILLIPS.

field, Oxfordshire, and when I knew him, was

rector of Bladon-cum-Woodstock, Oxfordshire, as (3rd S. xii. 394.)

well as master of the Woodstock Grammar School. I agree with MR. Hamst in thinking that the He was many times mayor, and for seven years career of Sir Richard Phillips might be made the was alderman and magistrate of that borough, as groundwork of a very interesting biography. But well as a county magistrate. who shall write it? One cannot but wish that On retiring from the county bench, he was some account of the life of the enterprising author much pressed to continue his services to the and publisher had been written by himself. In county, but his reply was, “I have been head Holland and Everett's Memoirs of Montgomery, gamekeeper to the Duke of Marlborough long vol. iv. p. 283, occurs a notice of his introduction enough. From that we gather his ideas of what to the Christian Poet" when he visited Sheffield was a chief part of a country justice's work thirty during his “tour” in 1828. On that occasion I years ago, before the presence of reporters in jussaw a good deal of him, and heard him relate tice rooms, and newspaper leaders, had modified many anecdotes illustrative of those “ tricks of the severity of laws still sufficiently severe. trade” which are now so inseparably connected

I have on the table whereon I write a book with his name.

He certainly was a fine specimen entitled of a very able feeder, and of an inordinate snuff “General View of the Agriculture of Berkshire. By taker, having his waistcoat pocket constantly William Mavor, LL.D. London: printed for Richard replenished with the “titillating dust.” As an Phillips, 1809.” entirely self-made man, as the conductor of an So that Phillips was probably Mavor's pub

lisher; and he undoubtedly produced so many but I want, as I have said, precise information, elementary and educational works, that the mural and for that only shall I feel grateful. tablet on the outer wall of Woodstock church in 1. I have heard it asserted that Francis owed forms us truly that by these “ he, being dead, yet his Indian appointment to George III. Is there speaketh.”

any evidence of this ? Mr. Parkes does not seem I have in my possession a scurrilous election to be aware of it. squib of 1816, in which Mavor's talent is said to 2. I have seen it stated in print that Sir Philip consist " in puzzling things naturally plain." Francis, when offered a peerage, declined it because

He was living in 1837, as his name appears in a his eldest son was born out of wedlock. Where printed poll-book of a contested Oxfordshire elec- is this statement to be found ? I cannot find it tion of that date, but he must have died soon in any of the books to which I have reference at after.*

WILLIAM WING. the present moment, and it is entirely at Fariance Steeple Aston, Oxford.

with the account of his early marriage given by Mr. Parkes.

CAUTTS. It may interest Mr. Hamst to know that Mavor's [In return for our correspondent's very sensible advice Spelling-book was really written by the Rev. Wil- which, as a general rule, we shall be quite prepared to ham Mlavor, rector of Woodstock’ in Oxfordshire, probably the one of which he is in search.

act upon, we will furnish him with a reference which is

Sir F. some thirty years ago.

MR. Wing should know that his neighbour Sir Dwarris, in his Some New Facts, &c. (1850), P. 15, Gregory Page Turner, of Ambrosden, near Bices

“Sir Philip Francis might, too, Du Bois said, have ter, in the same county, is the representative of had a peerage from Lord Grenville, but Francis did not Sir Gregory Page, M.P. J. WILKINS, B.C.L. wish it, as his eldest son was born out of wedlock; so Sir

Philip was made a Knight of the Bath." From Du
Bois' long connection with Francis this story has gainei

credence which it appears not to have deserved, for JUNIUS: SIR P. FRANCIS.

Mr. Parkes shows that Francis was married at St. Mar.

tin's-in-the-Fields on February 27, 1762 ; while bis only (3rd S. xii. 457, 471.)

son Philip (his fourth child) was not born till 1768. ] There seems to be little doubt that the question so warmly discussed fifty years since, when Mason MR. WILKINS's communication, referring as it Good's edition of Junius was published—Who was does to something which I wrote, I believe, more Junius ?—will be reopened by the appearance of than a year ago, comes upon one like a tune from Messrs. Parkes and Merivale's Life of Sir P. the frozen horn in Baron Munchausen. Francis

Like Rip van Winkle, MR. WILKINS descends I for one shall not object to it, for the question among us with his thoughts and feelings of the is a question both of great literary and great his- past fresh upon him, totally unconscious of all torical interest. But if it is to be discussed, at that has been going on during his protracted least in “N. & Q.," I warn you, Mr. Editor, that absence. Even his little vendetta with me about a heavy responsibility will rest upon you if you my “curtness" - quite an hallucination, by the do not keep a sharp eye upon the disputants, and bye --- crops up in his first sentence, as if it were insist upon their quoting edition, page, and volume carried over from only last week. The lapse of of their respective authorities, and not admit time has not removed one, at least, of VR. those random assertions, Junius wrote so and so, WILKINS's failings. He is still, unfortunately, when perhaps the words are only in a letter or too ready to accept inferences and rumours for pamphlet which Good or Parkes has without the facts; and even those he deals with in a very slightest authority attributed to Junius, or that loose way: Surprised at the allegation that George III. knewJunius, as DR. WILKINS asserted, “ Charles Butler, in his Reminiscences, states that who, in reply to your challenge, says Sir David government spies tracked the messenger employed Brewster has stated so in the North British Re- by Junius, and found him to be Isaac Reed, the view. As to what was Sir David's authority he editor of Shakespeare, who then resided in Staples gives not one word. There are two points in re- Inn," I turned to the volume, and found nothing ference to the Francis-Junius theory on which, to support the statement. The only passage in the if any of your readers can give me any such text bearing upon the point is the following: precise information as I am contending for, with “It was also mentioned to us,* from very good authority, chapter and verse, I should be greatly obliged; that Lord North had declared that government had

traced the porterage of the letters to an obscure person [* The Rev. William Mavor, LL.D., died on Dec. 29,

in Staples Inn; but could never trace them further." 1837, in the eightieth year of his age. The inscription To this passage a note is appended in these on his tablet fixed on the west front, near the porch of words: the church at Woodstock, is printed in the Gentleman's Magazine for Sept. 1841, p. 252.-ED.]

• Butler and Wilks.

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person” told


" This expression (sie) has been confirmed to the of Briton kings, from Brute to Uthyr's rayne,” the Reminiscent within these few weeks by a person present lines when it was spoken ; with the additional circumstance

“ Next Huddibras his realm did not encrease, that a gentleman in Staples Inn, to whom it referred, was afterwards said to be the celebrated Isaac Reed, famed

But taught the land from wearie wars to cease; for his literary acquaintance among all ranks of persons."

(B. ii. canto x, st. xxv.)

but this was when I did not know the Welsh Thus it appears that, instead of Nr. Butler language and its old chronicles, and was still unbeing the authority for the alleged fact, he knew acquainted with the veracious details given by nothing about it except what a

Geoffry of Monmouth. In Geoffry's History him. This leaves the matter just where it was.

(ii. $ 9) Hụdibras and his twenty-nine years' Having pen in hand, I may, perhaps, be per- reign are mentioned; but in the Welsh copies mitted to notice Sr. SWITHIN's objection to the (whether taken from Geoffry or vice versa, but pronunciation of sovereign. We have no law for still I believe originating in the same age) his pronunciation but custom; and in this matter, at least, are warranted in saying that “whatever

name is not Hudibras, but in the shorter copy is, is right." If we were always to give the sound paladyr vras” (see Myvyrian Archaiology, reprint,

“Run baladr bras," and in the longer “Run of o to the fourth vowel, English would become pp. 441, 485 *), meaning Run of the powerful an unknown tongue to Englishmen. The next

spear. I do not know how this name was made generation, if their ears were educated to the sound, might be able to understand each other; in the Latin and Welsh copies.

into Hudibras or vice versá, but so the names stand

From Run but we, now living, could not hope to do so. It (which is the whole name given him in Welsh) is worthy of notice that, in the very commu

is formed, I suppose, the first syllable of Ruidnication in which St. SWITHIN objects to the u sound of the o in one word, he, unconsciously, bury, Geoffry says:

huddibras in Milton. At his founding of Shaftesuses fire words in which the vowel has that

“ Ibi tunc aquila locuta est, dum murus ædificaretur; sound : namely, somewhat, other, word, thoroughly, cujus sermones si veros esse arbitrarer sicut cetera, meand London ; though he actually seems to think moriæ tradere non difugerem.” that, in the last word, the vowel has the sound of

Most would, I suppose, be quite as willing to o in on. Think of any one saying London! believe the eagle as to credit Geoffry: I do not

Apropos of the notion of pronouncing words know if the utterance of the eagle is extant in as they are spelt"-I use the phrase for want of a Latin, but it is so in Welsh; and in the Myvyrian better. "As a relative of mine was passing along Archainlogy (reprint, p. 561) it is given from a Holborn, some years ago, he was accosted by a


in the British Museum. young, Scotsman, who asked him to be good I have sometimes thought whether this piece enough to direct him the way to the “ Tha-mes." of rhodomontade suggested Hudibras as the name The first syllable he pronounced as the same for a vainglorious boaster; but I want further letters are sounded in Thane, and the last syllable information. as the last syllable in Hercules. My relative When or where is the name Rudhuddibras first assured him that there was no place of that name found?

LILIUS. in London. Whereupon the young man produced a map of London, and pointed to the word “Thames

inscribed upon
the sinuous

Spenser, in b. ii. canto x. following Robert of

Gloucester, gives course of our river,

C. Ross.

“A chronicle of Briton Kings

From Brute to Uther's rayne ;'

and at stanza xxv., after mentioning the second THE NAME “HUDIBRAS,”

Brute, called by him and Drayton Greenshield,

continues : (3rd S. xii. 368.)

“ His son King Lud, by father's labour, long The early King of Britain, whom Milton calls Enjoyed an heritage of lasting

peace, “Rudbuddibras or Hudibras," is stated in the And built Cairleill, and built Cairleon strong.

Next Huddibras his realm did not increase, fabulous history to be the father of Bladud, the

But taught the land from wearie wars to cease." inventor of the hot springs at Bath, and the grandfather of the far more famed King Lear. Milton appears to have followed Spenser. But Thus there can be obtained a far better notion of the author of the Faerie Queen has introduced this imaginary monarch in connecting him with another Hudibras, bk. ii. canto ii. st. xvii.: his grandson Lear, than in mentioning that he is said to have built certain cities ; " but this " (says cation in parts), as I have now no access to the original

* I quote the Denbigh reprint (now in course of publiMilton)" by others is contradicted."

edition. The altered arrangement of the text of these I remember in my early days feeling not a chronicles is confusing to those familiar at any time with little surprise at finding in Spenser's "chronicle the form in which they were first printed.

Your number of Nov. 30 contained two distinct "He that made love unto the eldest dame Was hight Sir Huddibras, an bardy man;

anecdotes in which the devil did duty, if ever he Yet not so good of deedes as great of name.

performs a duty in this way. “You are Dr. Blow Stern melancholy did his courage pas,

or the devil” was one; “ You are Vandyke or the

devil” was the other; and we may add Sir Thomas And was, for terrour more, all arm'd in shyning brass.”

More, who overhearing, on coming into the house, Did Butler select this worthy to give a name to

the eloquent voice of a newly arrived stranger, his hero?* Webster's Dictionary, in the “Vocabu

exclaimed “Aut Erasmus, aut Diabolus." To lary of Names of Fiction," says that he (Butler)

increase doubt and not establish faith or certainty is supposed to have borrowed the name from one

seems to be more especially the devil's line of of the Knights of the Round Table.

business in general.

C. A. W. I would close this note with a query: Was

May Fair. Spenser the writer of the verses that head each canto? Are they prefixed to the editions published in his lifetime? That of 1612 has them, phion Anglicus, which was published in 1700, seem

The following lines prefixed to Dr. Blow's Amas I have a copy of that.

J. A. G.

to show that his name was well known on the

Continent previous to that date:-

“ His “Gloria Patri' long ago reached Rome,
(3rd S. xii. 433.)

Sung, and revered too, in St. Peter's dome.“ The story which X. L. D. has heard of Dr.

Probably his fame as an imitator is connected Blow is merely a variation of an oft-repeated tale with the following story :—The king (Charles II.) concerning the famous Dr. John Bull, which is much admired the duet “Dite o cieli,” by Caris related by Antony à Wood (Fasti Oxonienses

, i. simo, and asked Blow if he could imitate it: in 235, edit. Bliss) in these terms:

compliance with which request, be composed in

the same measure and key the song, “Go, per“ Dr. Bull,” says he, “ hearing of a famous musician belonging to a certain cathedral (at St. Omer's, as I have jured man.” He is said to have composed anheard), he applied himself as a novice to him to learn thems when only a chapel boy. R. F. W. S. something of his faculty, and to see and admire his works. This musician, after some discourse had passed between them, conducted Bull to a vestry, or music school joyning The story that X. L. D. refers to Dr. John to the cathedral, and shew'd to him a lesson or song of Blow belongs rather to Dr. John Bull. It is told forty parts, and then made a vaunting challenge to any by Anthony à Wood. Dr. Bull, while travelling person in the world to add one more part to them, sup- abroad, heard of a famous musician at St. Omer, sible for any mortal man to correct or add to it. Bull and applied to him as a novice to see and admire thereupon desiring the use of ink and ruld paper (such his works. The musician showed him a piece of as we call musical paper), prayed the musician to lock music in forty parts, and challenged anyone in him up in the said school for 2 or 3 hours; which being the world to add one more part to it. Dr. Bull that time or less, added forty more parts to the said lesson begged for pen, ink, and paper, and to be locked or song The musician thereupon being called in, he

up for two or three hours; at the end of which viewed it, tried it, and retry'd it. At length he burst out time, he had added forty more parts. The musiinto a great ecstacy, and swore by the great God that he cian thereupon, being called in, " burst out into a that added those 40 parts must either be the Devil or Dr. Bull, &c. Whereupon Bull making himself known, those forty parts must either be the Devil or

great ecstacy,” and declared that “he that added the musician fell down and ador'd him."

Dr. Bull." Sir John Hawkins copies this story Dr. Blow's reputation, like Bull's, appears to from Wood, and remarks upon the exclamation: have extended to the Continent in his lifetime.

Perhaps it was suggested by the recollection of Amongst the commendatory verses prefixed to the that of Sir Thomas More: Aut tu es Erasmus, collection of Blow's songs, &c., published by him aut Diabolus.'”

WM. CHAPPELL. in 1700, under the title of Amphion Anglicus, is “ A Pindaric Ode on Dr. Blow's Excellency in the Art of Music,” by Mr. Herbert, in which we are

WHITE'S “BEAUTIES OF HAGLEY," ETC. (3rd S. told that

xii. 410.) – It appears that the Mr. White here “ His Gloria Patri long ago reach'd Rome,

mentioned published two works; the one enSung, and admir'd too, in St. Peter's Dome;

titled The Beauties of Hagley and the Leasowes, A Canon-shall outlive lIer Jubilees to come.

12mo, 1777; and the other -This Gloria Patri, it may be assumed, is the “ Letters on the Beauties of Hagley, Envil, and the canon which terminates the Jubilate of Blow's Leasowes, with Critical Remarks: and Observations of Service in G, and is engraven on his monument in the Modern l'aste in Gardening.. By Joseph Heely, Esq. Westminster Abbey.

In Two Vols. Lond. 12mo, 1777."
W. H. Husk.


possess a copy of a small book, apparently of [* See “ N. & Q." 3rd S. xii. 368.]

that date (pp. 142), entitled —

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