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LONDON, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 28, 1867. bright as silver." (Southey, ii. 397.) This would

seem to refer to his own hair, and not that of a CONTENTS.-N° 313.

wig. I fancy that Wesley had as great an antiNOTES:- Did John Wesley wear a Wig? 519–Different pathy to wigs as he had to tea; and, while he

State of Proof Engravings, 520 " Our own Correspond considered that he injured his health by drinking ent,” 521 – Centenarianism: Mr. William Plank, 1:.-Rod tea, his mother thought that his constitution was or Slit Iron - Dean Swift : Brob-din-grag tralia - "The Pricke of Conscience" -" Hymns for In- impaired by his wearing his hair to so great a fant Minds," 622.

length. So, here was an instance of tea versus QUERIES:- Attainders of 1715 and 1745 — "Auch ich in hair. The tea he readily gave up and heartily Arcadien!” – Author's Favourite Works - Charles I. at

denounced; Oxford – The Countesses of Hereford-Mortlake-Nurem

but he was a very Absalom for his berg Polkinghorne - Joan. Posselius --Sheriffs”. Fire long locks, and refused to part with them. When Buckets-St. Simon Smith (the Poker Artist) -" The

an Oxford undergraduate, he permitted them to Snow" - Translations Walkley's Catalogue of Peers, Baronets, and Knights - Wolwarde, 522.

flow over his shoulders in an unkempt state; and QUERIES WITH ANSWERS : Thomas Frye Battle at

when remonstrated with for the singularity they Wigan - Waltham-on-the-Wolds - Pishiobury, 524. caused in his appearance, he replied that the REPLIES :-The Palace of Holyrood House, 525-Episcopal money employed in the vile fashion of powdering

Wigs, 526 – Emendation of Shelley, 527 — Sir Andrew
Mercer, 528 — “N. & Q.” from a Sick Room, 529 - Original

and dressing the hair would be much better MS. of'"Eikon Basilike” -Quotations Found - Secrets

bestowed upon the poor.

"As to my hair," he of Angling, by J. D. - Dennis or Dennys - American

said, “I am much more sure that what this en“Notes and Qu es” - The Rule of the oad,- Anonymous Irish Books Proverbs - The Mother of Gratian

ables me to do is according to the Scripture, than Blaeu's Atlas - "Via perficiendorum”- Quakerism I am that the length of it is contrary to it." Keats and“ Hyperion" - A Highwayman's Ride from London to York Homeric Traditions - Introduction of Eventually he condescended to adopt the middle Cabbages into England by Sir A. Ashley - Bibliographical course proposed by his brother Samuel, and to cut Nuts: Ward and Alexis of Piemont -- Linlithgow Palace

it somewhat shorter, “by which means the sin- James Telfer – Lady Nairn- Linkumdoddie Willie Wastle - Novel Views of Creation - Misericordia - The gularity of his appearance would be lessened withWord "All to" “Yemanrie" - “Perish Commerce! out entrenching upon his meritorious economy." let the Constitution live” – Shelley's “Tall Flower" - Literary Pseudonyms “ History of" Haddington,"

(Southey, i. 63.) &c., 530.

That exceedingly careful writer, Mrs. Charles, Notes on Books, &c.

has, I think, made a little slip in her description

of John Wesley: "a small man, rather thin, with Aotes.

the neatest wig,&c. (Diary of Mrs. Kitty Tre DID JOHN WESLEY WEAR A WIG ?

vylyan, p. 41.). But, elsewhere, she quotes John

Nelson's description of Wesley preaching at MoorMuch has lately been written in “N. & Q." on fields: “ As soon as he got upon the stand, he the episcopal wig. I would venture now to ask, stroked back his hair.” (See also Southey’s Life Did John Wesley wear a wig? the answer to for this.) In 1743, when Wesley was so brutally which question I imagine to be in the negative. attacked by the mob at Walsall, they caught him There is an anecdote of an old lady who went to by the hair” and dragged him from the door of hear a popular out-door preacher of the past cen the house. Afterwards, cowed by his boldness tury; and, on being asked as to the sermon, re and words, one of the ringleaders said, "Follow plied, that the crowd prevented her from getting me, and not one soul here shall touch' a hair of sufficiently near for hearing, but that she was your head." (Southey, i. 393.) All this is adamply gratified, for she “ saw his blessed wig.” | verse to his wearing a wig. Wesley also, in I forget the preacher's name whose head was preaching on dress, inveighed against men wearcovered by this anecdotal wig: perhaps it was ing gay, fashionable, or expensive perukes"; and George Whitefield, whose portraits represent him although he did not, in precise words, condemn as wearing a small'“ bob " wig.

the wearing of wigs, yet, when he was asked, in What is the authority for the received portraits the Conference of 1782, if it were well for the of John Wesley? I have three engravings of him preachers to powder their hair and to wear artinow before me-full-face and three-quarter; and ficial curls, he merely said, that to“ abstain from they agree, in every respect, with the profile por- both is the more excellent way.". The portraits of trait of him given, without a painter's name, as him, however, convey the idea that his long and the frontispiece to Southey's Life (the edition of carefully-curled hair is a wig; or, if not a wig, 1846, edited by the Rev. C. C. Southey). In all how were those curls produced ? Wesley would these the long hair falls low upon the shoulders, appear to have thought the employment of a perand its two rows of curls are so regularly arranged ruquier a sinful waste of money. Whence, too, and neatly trimmed, as to suggest the idea of a that portrait? who was the painter ? wig. This was in Wesley's old age, when we read There is a picture by an American artist, Mr. of him that, in the street of a crowded city, he Geo. Washington Brownlow, representing Wesley attracted notice by “his long hair, white and preaching on his father's tomb in Epworth church

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yard, June, 1742. It is a charming picture, in in The Borough, Letter IV., at the close of which the style of Frith, and worthy of that artist; and letter he describes a sermon of Wesley's, of whom it has been photographed on a large scale by Mr. he speaks in the highest terms: C. Thurston Thompson. In this picture we bave

“ Their John the elder was the John dirine." the familiar figure of Wesley, with his aged fea

CUTHBERT BEDE tures and long silvery hair with its two rows of curls. This is clearly an error, as Wesley was only thirty-nine years old at the time. He preached in the evening: but the lighting of this DIFFERENT STATE OF PROOF ENGRAVINGS. picture is certainly not later than the noonday hour (as determined by the position of the church);

In a recent Catalogue of Works of Art (“The and the hearers of Wesley do not answer to his valuable Stock and Collection of Works of Art of own description of the scene, either in numbers or

the late Mr. John Clowes Grundy," Manchester, in the way in which they evinced their feelings- November, 1867), the different appellations of groaning, dropping down as dead, &c. This, how- proof engravings seem to me worthy of being ever, was not very well adapted for a pleasing put together and preserved in “N. & Q.": picture; and probably the painter may have de- proof-proof engraving with all the margin, signedly committed the anachronism of making mounted remark proof — artist's proof-artist's Wesley nearly half a century older than he really proof on India paper -proof before any letter, was, in order that he might present to the public and publication line (this was a most splendid the figure with which they were most familiar. specimen of Desnoyer's “ Vierge aux Poissons," When Mr. Marshall Claxton painted the picture after Raphael, marked in the Catalogue as of "Wesley and his Friends at Oxford”-engraved tremely rare," vide p. 69) — remark proof with by Bellin—he avoided this anachronism, and re

the white jewel (a fine specimen of Biondi's presented a young man. But, I have been told Magdalene," after Carlo Dolce) - India proof, that this very truthfulness injured the sale of the lettered proof — artist's proof before the line engraving, would-be purchasers saying “What! unfinished engraver's proof — proof: first state that John Wesley! why, he had long white hair," brilliant proof — India print - proof before any &c. So that he passed from Scylla to Charybdis

. letters — India proof before letters — proof before How, too, did Mr. Claxton get his portrait of the line or border-proof with the arms (a fine imyouthful Wesley? had he any authentic portrait pression of Garavaglia’s. “Madonna della Sedia," to guide him ? or did he construct it from internal after Raphael) — original artist's proof – enconsciousness, as the German did with the camel? graver's proof with the burr — print with the

One more note on Wesley's hair, and I have number on the plate — India proof: first state – done.

first proof on India paper — remark proof with In the Life of the poet Crabbe, by his son, we

white stick (a splendid specimen of Raphael are told that, one evening, Crabbe went to a dis- Morghen's “Noli me Tangere,” after Baroccio) senting-chapel at Lowestoft –

proof retouched-original impression before the

comma (an excellent specimen of Raphael Mor“to hear the venerable John Wesley on one of the ghen's “Last Supper” after Da Vinci)—lettered infirm, and was attended, and almost supported in the proof-impression before the retouch-engraver's pulpit, by a young minister on each side. The chapel proof with the burr, and before the border-proof, was crowded to suffocation.

before the publication line and date-unfinished he repeated, though with an application of his own, the proof — engraver’s proof with the burr on the lines from Anacreon

margin-India open letter proof -proof in the “Oft am I by women told,

first state, with the burr- presentation proof with Poor Anacreon! thou grow'st old ;

engraver's autograph — autograph proof - first See, thine hairs are falling all,

proof: original print - middle plate - engraver's Poor Anacreon! how they fall! Whether I grow old or no,

proof, touched on by the painter (by Turner) By these signs I do not know;

original subscriber's copy – open letter proofBut this I need not to be told,

artist's proof signed by the painter - artist's 'Tis time to live if I grow old.'

proof signed by the painter and the engtarer "My father was much struck by his reverend appear proof of the second plate-private plate: proof ance and his cheerful air, and the beautiful cadence he (T. Landseer's “Man proposes and God disposes," gave to these lines; and, after the service, introduced after Sir E. Landseer) - signed artist's proof bimself to the patriarch, who received him with bene first proof.

HERMANN KINDZ. volent politeness."

Crabbe was afterwards much annoyed by the preaching of the Wesleyans in his own parish of Muston. He mentions Wesley and his followers

In the course of the sermon

very

“OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.”

ham; but who else in the habitable globe ? Mr. TennyAs the history of the nineteenth century will

son is a great man; but will it be believed I had it from

an eye-witness-that when Southey's “ Thalaba' was pubbe chiefly compounded from newspapers, and The lished a queue of expectant readers waited for hours the Spectator has prophesied a permanent duration to arrival of the coach that was to bring the first impression “N. & Q.,” I write to put future historians on to Edinburgh? But then Southey was laureate, and, pertheir guard against supposing that all newspaper haps, fifty years hence it will be as hard to find believers

in. Maud' as in “Thalaba.' Of course we are wiser. The correspondents are such as they describe them

Tennyson admirers think this nonsense. But have you selves. The penny provincial press delights in read Thalaba'?" smart outlines of the week's work in Parliament,

The first edition of " Thalaba" was published by " an independent member,” or “a silent member,” and when the membership is not directly at Bristol by Biggs and Cottle in 1797. Of its asserted, it is implied by the correspondent saying, success, Southey says in his preface to the edition “ we listened impatiently,".

we divided,” &c. &c. of 1837, p. xii. : Not having a seat in the House, I cannot from my

“I was in Portugal when the first edition of · Thalaba'

was published. own knowledge say that these articles are not

Its first reception was very different

from that with which · Joan of Arc'had been welcomed. written by those who have ; but, as I often sit In proportion as the poem deserved better it was treated in Westminster Hall, I feel warranted in noticing worse.” some strange things which appeared in one of the Southey was not laureate till 1813, when he best country papers on Saturday, Nov. 30, in a succeeded Pye.

AN INNER TEMPLAR, letter headed “Gossip in Westminster Hall, by a Bencher of the Back Benches." After a welldeserved eulogy on a living judge, who, by the CENTENARIANISM: MR. WILLIAM PLANK. way, was appointed during the ministry of Lord The following letter is from The Standard of Palmerston, the barrister says:

November 9, 1867. Perhaps the writer of it, or “ There are Judges and Judges. The public out of some one acquainted with the facts, will furnish doors are very apt to imagine that when a man becomes the readers of “N. & Q." with such further para Judge he casts bis slough like a caterpillar, and be- ticulars as will satisfactorily prove that Mr. Wilcomes a full-blown Judge-wise, judicious, discreet-on the instant. When Judges were chosen for other than liam Plank is now in his 10lst

year : political reasons, this might have been partially true. “A Centenarian - A Schoolfellow of the late Lord But if it ever was true, it is an error now, so gross that

Lyndhurst. no being above twelve years of age should entertain it. Let me concede that Lord Palmerston was a great states

“Sir,- I have thought it worthy of public record that man, wise, and anything else you please; and I will say, that if all his best acts and virtues were massed together

Mr. William Plank, an old inhabitant of this town, has

this day attained the remarkable age of 100 years, having they would not balance the mischief caused by the mode

still the use of all his faculties, with the exception of that of appointing Judges he introduced. It may be nothing of vision, which he lost eleven years ago. He has been to bave political thimble-rigging extolled as a virtue, but when that thimble-rigging is extended to a wholesale

an inhabitant of Harrow, occupying the same house, 56

years. He is the son of James and Hannah Plank, of corruption of justice, by the exaltation of inferior and

Wandsworth, Surrey, where he was born on Saturday, incapable men - poisoning the waters of truth in the well

Nov. 7, 1767, and baptised Nov. 29 of the same year. It -then, if the nation could see it, the country is in as fair a way of declining, as by any process. I can conceive. in 1780) he was a schoolfellow of the late Lord Lynd

may be of further interest to record that for a year (viz. Lord Palnerston cared nothing for justice, or, in his cynicism, believed that any politician sufficed for the bench. Clapham. Mr. Plank left in 1781, leaving young Copley

hurst. They were at the school of Mr. W. Franks, of But we here see the difference.”

still at the school. The three chiefs have generally been active “ Mr. Plank was originally intended for commercial politicians. When a vacancy occurs, it is usually, pursuits, and was bound apprentice at Salters' Hall, City, not invariably, filled by the Attorney or Solicitors on the 22nd March, 1782, to his elder brother, a calico General. The twelve puisne judges are appointed Plank is and has been for many years • father of the

printer and a member of the Salters' Company. Mr. by the Lord Chancellor, and I never heard that Salters' Company. He was admitted to the freedom and any Premier of our time had interfered even to livery of the company and the city on the 20th October, influence the selection. I may say that if there 1789, and therefore may be considered almost to a cerhad been any such gossip, I must have heard it. tainty the father of the City of London. I saw him out

From the same letter I take one more bit of walking, with the assistance of a friend, the day before gossip, which may have been uttered in West- yesterday, and at his house to-day. He is quite

cheerful,

and well able to receive the congratulations of his minster Hall, by some barrister who thought that friends and neighbours.—I am, Sir, your obedient servant, knowledge of law might be inferred from ignorance

“ WM. WINKLEY, F.S.A. of literature :

“Harrow, Nov. 7.

“P.S. Before he came to Harrow he was frequently " But here, before going further, I am tempted to

ailing." moralise. Where are all the poet laureates buried ?

H. FISHWICK. Where are the works of all the poets that even Samuel Jobnson has immortalised ? Who has read Sprat's (This is the best authenticated case of centenarianism poems, or Tickell's? Probably one reader in Birming- ' which has yet been produced in our columns. Mr. Plank

" TO THE EDITOR.

of age.

had been for many years “Father" of the Salters' Com “THE PRICKE OF CONSCIENCE.”—In the prepany, and at the dinner after the Monthly Court held by face to the valuable edition of this specimen of them for the transaction of business on the 7th November old English literature, lately published by Mr. last, the presumed centenary of Mr. Plank's birth, the Company received from him the following telegram :

Morris, no reference is made to several MSS. “Mr. Plank, Harrow, to the Master Warden and

the poem contained in the Douce collection a. Court of Assistants.

MSS. in the Bodleian Library. I am unable to " Mr. Plank has this day completed his 100th year, speak as to the importance of the Douce MSS.. and is in good health and spirits. A party of friends but as it is most likely, from his silence regarding dine with him to-day." To this telegram an answer was returned, announcing existence of the MSS. in question, I venture to

them, that Mr. Morris was unacquainted with th" That the Company were then drinking the health of their centenarian colleague.”

mention them as being probably worthy of notice Mr. Plank died twelve days after, viz. on the 19th by Mr. Morris, in the event of a new edition of November.

his work being required. Several other producWe have ascertained that Mr. William Plank was

tions of Richard Rolle, of Hampole, are enuzeapprenticed to Mr. James Plank to learn the trade of a calico printer, on 28th May, 1782, at which time he must

rated in the Douce Catalogue, and might “ furhave been upwards of fourteen years of age; and the nish material for the study of a most important indenture has this endorsement : “ Took up his freedom English dialect, the published vocabulary of which in the Salters' Company, Oct. 20th, 1789," at which time is confessedly very meagre; and the influence of Mr. Plank must have been upwards of twenty-one years which upon the classical or written language has The Register of Wandsworth shows that William, son

as yet received but little attention.” (See Jr. of James and Hannah Plank, was christened 29th No

Morris's Preface.)

J. MACRAT. vember, 1767. The only evidence which is wanting to Oxford. establish that Mr. Plank was a centenarian is the proof that he was born on the 7tu NovEMBER; but common “HYMNS FOR INFANT MINDs,” FIRST EDITION. repute may surely suffice upon this point; and if so, It may be well to record what appears to be unMr. Plank' had unquestionably attained, at the time of

known to the Rev. J. Taylor, author of The his death, the REMARKABLE age of one hundred years and twelve days!-ED.“ N. & Q.”]

Family Pen, a lately published account of the Taylor family, that the above work was first published in 1810, 18mo, front. (dated June 20), titk-,

preface, and contents, pp. viii.-100. It contains ROD OR SLIT IRON. — In Beecroft's Companion seventy hymns; while the 35th edition, 1844, to the Iron Trade, 1857, p. 219, is contained the the last revised by Mrs. Gilbert (Ann Taylor) has following note :

ninety-three, the additions being Nos. 4, 8, 12, “ The first mill erected in England for slitting iron into

16, 20, 24, 25, 29, 33, 37, 38, 39, 44, 48, 49, 50, nail-rods was erected at Kirkstall Forge, near Leeds, about

54, 58, 64, 70, 77, 84, 91. In this there are many the year 1594."

alterations, but no hymn in the original edition

J. MANUEL. is omitted. A curious illustration of the rarity of Newcastle-on-Tyne.

first editions of children's books is furnished by DEAN SWIFT: BROB-DIN-GRAG.–Old “N. &Q.' the fact, that the earliest in the possession of that should be the repository for the following note,

indefatigable collector of the works of our British which appears in the Daily News of Nov. 30: poetesses, the late Rev. F. J. Stainforth, was the

eighth, dated 1816.

EDWARD RIGGALL. Sir,--Saturday, Nov. 30, 1867, will be the 200th

Bayswater. anniversary of Dean Swift's birth. Let it be marked in your columns by the insertion of the following extract from this month's Fraser, which corrects a long-standing error, and obliterates a juvenile difficulty: It is very strange that the printer's mistake of Brobdingnag (which

Queries. Swift himself pointed out in the letter from Captain Gulliver, prefixed to the edition of 1727) should be per ATTAINDERS OF 1715 AND 1745.- Where can I petaated to this day. Let this unpronounceable and blundering word be universally dropped for the future, that a Scotchman of the name of Bewley was

find an account of these attainders? I am told and the oftmentioned country of giants be known by its true name of BROB-DIN-GRAG.'-I am, &c. “ A. J."

beheaded in 1745, in the cause of the Stuarts. Penge.

Perhaps some of your readers can authenticate the

E. S. fact with Christian name and title ? GOLD IN AUSTRALIA. In the Freemason's AUCH ICH IN ARCADIEN !—This is the motto ai Magazine for June, 1793 (p. 63), there is a para- Goethe's Italian diary. Is it a quotation from graph referring to a reported discovery of gold at some of his other works, or is he quoting it from Port Jackson. This would be from some other some other author ? I am aware that many of publication, and relate to the year 1792.

his pithy sayings may be traced elsewhere. HYDE CLARKE.

C. T. RAXAGE.

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