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IRELAND.

in the East. The Russians are moving south- | The impression seems to be that it is a hoax east from the Caspian, and the English are on the part of some funereal humorist. moving northwest from their recent conquests A great dinner was lately given in London in Peshawur and Cachemere. The country by the American, Mr. George Peabody, to of the wild Affghans is between them as yet'; those gentlemen, Americans and others, who but a few marches may bring the Don Oos- distinguished themselves in the business of the saques and the Indian cavalry of England to Exposition. Mr. Abbott Lawrence, the Earl cross their lances in the Khorassan. At this of Granville, Sir Henry Bulwer, and several moment, the succession of Herat, vacant by other notables were present, and the affair the death of the late Khan, threatens to bring passed off with the pleasantest interchange of these great powers into collision. The Per- national feeling. sians asked the assistance of the Russians The Cunard steamer Africa, on her way to before, and may do so again. If England and America, struck on a reef of rocks in Belfast Russia go to war, not alone eastern Europe, Lough, by night, and was obliged to return but the whole world, will be shaken by their for repairs, the Canada taking her place. armaments. With one word, England could The English papers state that Alexander put the continent of Europe into insurrection. Von Humboldt publishes in the Spener Gazette War is probably destined to rage in a very an account of his discevery of the very old terrible form over the old world before these room in which the Boulè, or Athenian Council commotions and rumors will have rest. of Four Hundred, used to hold their delibera

tions. At the depth of a foot below the sur

face, he came upon a large number of inscripITALY.

tions, statues, columns, &c. Humboldt is cer

tain that he is not mistaken in the locality. It is reported that Pope Pius is unwell, and that fears were entertained for his life. It is stated that the British and French ministers at the Court of Tuscany have orders to express the dissatisfaction of their respective Govern- In Ireland, the people are laboring in the ments with the prospect of close alliance only revolution which can benefit their conbetween Tuscany and Austria. A Maltese dition—that produced by emigration and by was lately searched and ill-treated by the education-running away and going to school. Roman police at Civita Vecchia. The British The emigration continues with accelerated Consul has insisted that this man shall receive force; the most stationary people in Europe prompt redress. The authorities of Rome are being pulled up by the roots and transhave levied a tax upon all foreign sojourners planted. Sir Joseph Yorke once said that, to at Rome except children. Every resident improve Ireland, she should be put under the must have a license.

Atlantic for a little time. If he had said over The Pope, finding that the English were the Atlantic, he would have been more proagitating the project of a Protestant church at phetically near the mark. The statistics of Rome, has put down the American chapel in Irish emigration, on both sides of the Atlantic, that city, lest it should form an evil precedent, show tendencies which lead us to think the and favor the general introduction of heresy census of that island will be soon diminished under the nose of the Pontificate.

one half. In this, and in the system of education growing up in it, lies the hope of Ire

land's regeneration. In spite of the efforts of ENGLAND.

the Papal party, the Queen's Colleges are well

attended, while, at the same time, the Catholic The great.Exposition of the Crystal Palace schools, that are multiplied in defense, tend closed on the 15th of October. The prizes also to the great end of building up a mind in have been declared and distributed, and over the country. At the same time, a more indea million of dollars have remained in the hands pendent class of persons is becoming possessed of the Royal Commissioners as the profits of of the soil, and Englishmen and Scotchmen the speculation, after the payment of all ex- are moving in to take the places of the poor penses.

fellows that we have got here, on our seaSome noise was made in England by the boards and in the interior. The results in discovery, near Gloucester, of a small balloon, Ireland from all these things will be, that in attached to which was a card, intimating that, less than ten years a people will live in the on the 3d of September in this year, the island who will make the English Govern“Erebus," one of Sir John Franklin's ships, ment respect them. They will make more was blocked in, in 1120 W. long, and 71° N. lat. formidable rebels than the Irish Catholics, The Secretary of the Admiralty denies that it who never possessed the unity and force to do could be a government balloon, such as Sir any thing to help themselves. The late Irish John took out with him in his expedition. rebellions were essentially Protestant affairs,

as every one who knows Irish history is aware. The Des Moines River Grant has been finally The next movement of Ireland will be an confirmed to the State of Iowa. educated and largely Protestant business, and It is stated that the Austrian ambassador, it will be successful. It is progressing now, Hulsemann, will demand his passports when in fact; and the Irish Committee of this city the traitor Kossuth shall have received welcannot do better than send their money to come from the Government and people of help the Irish schools—the foyers of the true America. It is also stated that unless the and safe revolution of the country.

United States shall salute the Spanish flag, reinstate the Spanish Consul at New Orleans with all tokens of the amende honorable, and

compensate hinn for any loss he may have CALIFORNIA.

suffered at the hands of the citizens, the LATEST accounts from California are peace- demand his passports. All this is, of course,

Spanish Minister at Washington will also ful and gratifying. A rich vein of auriferous

absurd. quartz had been struck upon in the city of San Francisco itself, by some men employed in

Governor Ramsay, of Minnesota, has made digging a well.' The Committee of Vigilance Pembina. The valley of the Red River of the

a favorable treaty with the Chippeways at has closed its labors, leaving a Special Com- North—a territory as large as Ireland—is mittee to remain on the watch a little longer: acquired for ten thousand dollars a-year, payIn all probability, no further displays of "wild ment of which shall cease at the end of twenty justice” will be needed in the city, which is stated to be almost free from crime, the crimi- years. The Indians received thirty thousand nals having been scattered in all 'directions. dollars in hand, and then turned their vanishThe city is putting on a solid brick aspect, and ing faces still farther to the setting sun. society is undergoing very satisfactory changes. the State of New-Mexico, in which two

Some tumults took place at Santa Fé, in Every steamer brings ladies and children, and Americans were killed by the Mexicans, the graces and amenities of life are beginning during an election. A great excitement was to flourish in the community. The people of the result, and the conduct of Governor CalSouth California wish for a division of the houn, who was supposed to have leant to the State, and have taken measures to obtain it. side of the Mexicans, was condemned in a The capital has been removed from Vallejo to San José. and a line of railway between that meeting of the American citizens. city and San Francisco, fifty-one miles long, France and England will overhaul any Ameri

It is stated, on authority, that the ships of is projected, and will be commenced immediately. The accounts from the mines are only

can vessels that they may in future suspect of one better and more cheering than another an intention to carry invaders to Cuba. If Quartz is worked in all directions with

aston: they do, it will be only what Uncle Sam himishing profits. A new vein of golden quartz it is understood that Mr. Webster will not hear

self would do, under existing treaties. But has been discovered in Yuba county. Every of this right of search.". where, the rocky surface of the country is being shattered, and yielding rich returns to in putting the Texan frontiers in a state of

General Persifer Smith is actively engaged the gold-seekers. Mining has now become a effective defense against Indian incursions. steady, settled business. Supplies of every He has received orders from Washington to thing seem to be cheap and plenty in San Francisco—about three times as dear as in the use every means in his power to prevent Atlantic cities. California potatoes are each Rio Grande to aid the revolutionists in

armed Texan expeditions from crossing the as big as a man's head, and the finest in the Northern Mexico. Of course, the chivalrous world. All vegetables grow to a great size ; riflemen will not go in the General's way; and agriculture is nearly as profitable, in the and certainly, between them and the red men, neighborhoods of towns, as digging for gold. that officer will have much hot and hasty A Grand Division of the Sons of Temperance work on his hands. has been established at San Francisco. In all respects, that wonderful new State seems to

Latest accounts say that the Snake Indians

were troublesome at the Dalles States, in be casting the slough of her first hasty condition, and emerging into civilization under Oregon. They attack the immigrants wherthe fairest auspices.

ever they can, and have killed several of them. The Indians say they will drive the white men out of the country. Rich quartz diggings had been discovered between Shasta

and Scott's River. The various officers of the The total arrivals of foreign immigrants Coast Survey were busy at Cape Disappointinto New-York since the beginning of this ment. year, amount to about 252,000, contributed A convention was held in the county of by almost every country in the world. Lewis, to memorialize Congress to divide the

HOME ITEMS.

territory in two, and organize a territorial It is confidently rumored that Mr. Webster Government for the part north of the Colum- will resign his office of Secretary of State in bia river. Judge Nelson has decided that the a few weeks after the executive departments law prohibiting blacks from going into Ore- shall have left the Congress to enter upon the gon is valid, and has sentenced a negro to be regular business of the season. It is not expelled in thirty days. Immigrants go rapidly improbable that Mr. Webster will become a into the State, and the apparition of a candidate for the Presidency. “Bloomer" or two has caused much talk A treaty has been concluded with the as the incursion of a score of “Snakes." Indians of the southern boundary of the Ore

Mr. Morse, who lately suffered in his inte- gon territory, for the purchase of a tract of rests by a verdict in favor of Mr. House, land containing over two millions and a half against him, has now had one in his favor of acres, all good farming lands, with large against Mr. Bain. Judge Kane has decided timber growths and many fine mill-streams. that Mr. Morse's three patents—the Magnetic The Indians of this tract (which runs along Telegraph, the Local Circuit, and the Chemi- the Pacific coast) seem to have little knowcal Patents—have been infringed by Mr. Bain. ledge of the value of money. They are to

Accounts from Chagres state that some receive $25,000 in annuities, composed of dreadful fighting and loss of life have taken supplies of all kinds. Their first annuities place there, between the black people and the will be nearly paid in comfortable clothing, Americans. The parties were boatmen, and which they need very much, and express the disagreement rose out of their professional themselves glad to get. rivalries. It is stated that the foreign boatmen A peculiar demonstration of welcome awaits were most in fault. The first affray began on Lajos Kossuth, on his arrival amongst us. the 12th of October, when some lives were The ex-editor of the Pesti Hirlop will be lost on both sides, after severe firing. The entertained by the editorial fraternity of NewPanama Star, of the 23d October, says that York, who feel that their order has been made another violent collision had taken place, and illustrious by the glory of the late President that the natives used the cannon of the fort of the Hungarian Republic. The idea is very against the Americans. The former were good, and will doubtless be carried out splencomposed of the people of the place, San didly. Dominicans, Jamaicans, and Carthagenians. P.s. The restoration of universal suffrage Latest accounts say that from twenty to thirty has been defeated in the French Assembly, by Americans were killed, and in all probability a vote of 375 to 348. one hundred blacks. The Americans proposed The death of the poet, James Montgomery, to the Alcalde to attack the fort from which is announced by the last steamer. He was the blacks were firing, with the cannon of the eighty years of age. place. He consented, and preparations were being made for the assault. The United States Consul, Mr. Glesson, had been shot at, but escaped uninjured.

MEXICO AND MORE ANNEXATION. Letters from Belize (Honduras) state that the English have taken possession of several The rebellion in Northern Mexico seems islands along the coast — Ruatan, Barbara, ominous of approaching changes in the conBonnican, Utilla, Ambergies, and other islands dition of the Mexican republic. People are to the north. Every thing indicates that beginning to prophesy its disruption, and the England regards with much jealousy the annexation of more territory to the present progress of the Americans in Central America, area of our federation. The Mexican Governand will do all in her power to maintain an ment is bankrupt, and financial embarrassinfluence in that quarter of the world, over ments are the usual forerunners of revolution and by which the great trade of all nations, in ill-governed States. Several thousand men, between both hemispheres, will be presently chietly of the sharp-shooting, semi-nomade flowing.

population of Texas, have gathered together In the cities of New-York and Boston, the to follow the fortunes of Col. Carvajal. Hle California trade has within the last ten months las hitherto beaten the Mexican troops, and declined by 546 vessels. The great fever fit of latest accounts represent him as having taken commerce is subsiding. The supplies of all the outworks of Matamoras by storm, with the means, appliances and necessaries of life the loss of three killed and fifteen wounded. are very plenty at the Western seaboard, and One hundred and fifty Mexicans are said to henceforward the trade to that part of the have fallen. Gen. Avalos, who was wounded, world will be conducted with more steadiness still held out at the head of the Government and certainty. A fortnight ago, there were troops in a corner of the town. Their suronly eleven vessels loading for California at render was hourly expected. Should it take Boston and New-York; at the same time last place, the capital will be in considerable danyear there were forty.

The Congress is in confusion, and Arista, the President, with few troops and continent, and many things countenance such little or no money, can hardly be expected to a conclusion. oppose a very forcible resistance to the crowd This talk of annexation reminds us of of internal malcontents and foreign auxiliaries another annexation reported as not improthat would follow Carvajal in the days of his bable. We mean the annexation of the Sand

ger.

wich Islands, or the placing of them under Altogether, the continuance of the Mexican the protection of the United States, which republic seems to be merely a matter of time. would be about the same thing. It is said It must, sooner or later, fall to pieces. It the matter has been discussed at Washington. seems to be a general belief that the Spanish However this may be, the Union promises to race is, like the Indian, a doomed race on this possess enough without these islands.

success.

CRITICAL NOTICES.

season.

ner.

The Book of Home Beauty. By Mrs. KIRKLAND. gance in book-making “could no farther go." The

Containing 12 Portraits of American Ladies, by essays, it will be perceived by a glance at the Charles Martin, Esq., engraved on Steel by title-page, are by the most eminent of our authors; eminent Artists. New-York: Geo. P. Putnam. and in descriptive writing, we question whether

any other country can at present produce an equal The publication of this beautiful book has cre- array of talent. The pictures selected, too, are ated no little sensation. The idea of it has been from our most eminent landscape painters, and criticised by some with a good deal of severity. are most beautifully executed ; they are, besides, We do not altogether agree with these remarks; highly characteritics of our scenery. In short, it and if we did, the manner in which it has been is truly an American book. No one can show a executed is enough to disarm our criticism. Mr. genuine taste better than by such a present at any Martin in his drawings has exhibited the most exquisite artistic taste and skill; and the engravers have done their part in a manner beyond any thing we thought possible to obtain in this coun- The Evening Book ; or, Fireside Talk on Morals try: Every head is a perfect study of effective

and Manners, with Sketches of Western Life. and truly artistic portraiture. There has been

By Mrs. KirklanD. New-York: Charles Scribnothing heretofore done in this country that can

1852. be compared with them. The letter-press, from the elegant pen of Mrs. Kirkland, has no especial These sketches and essays of Mrs. Kirkland will reference to the portraits, but is a sort of Decame add much to a reputation already very high. Her ron wreath of sketches, in which these beauties style, always rich and sparkling, shines here with appear as gems gleaming among the leaves. We remarkable brilliancy. A shrewd observer of need not further particularize, as the splendor of character and manners, this lady has the rare the book, and the interest it has excited, will make faculty of combining wit and wisdom, and thus, it one of the favorites of the holiday season, whilst amusing, instructing and refining us. She

is, besides, one of the most characteristically pational of our writers. Her first work is unrivaled

in its delineations of Western life and character. The Home Book of the Picturesque ; or, American In this she confesses to “ an ambition to make a

Scenery, Art, and Literature : comprising a
series of Essays, by Washington Irving, w. c. peculiarly American book;" “ not that I think Ame-
Willis, Bayard TaylOR, H. T. TUCKERMAN, E.L. which furnishes most of the reading of our young
Bryant, l'enimore Cooper, Miss Cooper, N. P: rican views of manners and morals should be par-

tial or narrow, but because the foreign literature, Magoon, DR. BETHUNE, A. B. STREET, Miss from Pictures by eminent Artists. New-York: and it becomes, therefore, especially desirable to Field, &c.; with thirteen Engravings on Steel

, people, seems to me likely to inspire them with

un-American ideas of society, and even of duty; Geo. P. Putpam.

refer sometimes to ancient and universal standis a book about which there can be ards—those whose excellence is beyond dispute, no difference of opinion. The most fastidious, if a though portions of the world have departed from truly cultivated taste, will find here its very idenl their influence, led away by the incorrect notions realized. How refreshing, after the insipid annu- of life which prevail in old and corrupt communials with which the holiday seasons have heretofore ties." been glutted, to find instead, gracing our centre- Mr. Scribner bas presented the work in a holitables, a work of such exquisite taste as this. It day dress, illustrated by beautiful plates from the would appear that the perfection of art and ele- burin of Burt, on splendid paper, and in elegant

This, now,

type. It will be a great favorite as a present, the greatest possible judgment and taste. Within and will, as designed, brighten many a fireside in a short compass, Mr. Wheeler has gracefully the coming winter evenings.

sketched off what may be done to reconcile and realize the highest demands of taste, comfort and

elegance, even with moderate means, in that matIconographic Encyclopedia of Science, Literature ter which so peculiarly comes “ home to our busi

and Art, system tically arranged By J. G. ness and bosoms,” the constructing of the family HECK. Translated from the German, with ad. nest. It is a very gratifying evidence of the proditions, by SPENCER F. Baird, A. M., M. D. Il-gress of our country, not only in riches, but in lustrated by 500 Steel Plates ; containing up- refinement and taste, that these works on private wards of 12,000 Engravings. New York: Ru- architecture are demanded. May this taste “grow dolph Carrique, 2 Barclay street.

by what it feeds upon," until the beautiful scenery

of our land, instead of being marred as it so often This valuable work is now complete, by the is, shall be every where enriched by the beauty of publicatiou of the twenty-fifth part, and the addi- the homes nestling among it. The work is beautional volume of text. In the course of the publi- tifully illustrated and printed; and we would cation, we have several times taken occasion to etrongly recommend to every one who contemexpress our opinion of the merits of the work. plates building a house, not to do so without seeing The publication of each number has but increased what this author has to say on the subject. our admiration for it. Beyond all doubt, it is the most complete work of reference that has yet been published within the same compass. There is nothing of the kind, that we are acquainted with, Florence, the Parish Orphan; and a Sketch of that will compare with the plates in accuracy and

the Village in the Last Century. By Eliza beauty of execution. They seem to illustrate the BUCKMINSTER LEE. Boston : Ticknor, Reed & whole domain of human knowledge in science

Fields. and art. " It has been designated as a library in itself

, a purity of sentiment, and for grace, elegance, and

This is an admirable little book, remarkable for embracing fourteen distinct text books of those subjects of human knowledge, a familiarity with at the same time, simplicity of style. It will

charm and instruct the young. which goes far towards constituting an educated

man,

sical

Ruth Churchhill; or, the True Protestant. By A Philosophy of the Mechanics of Nature, and the LADY OF VIRGINIA. New-York : C. Shepherd

Sources and Modes of Action of Natural Mo- & Co.
tive-power. By Z. Allen. New-York: D. Ap-
pleton & Co.

This is one of the books intended to inculcate

dogmatic theology through the medium of fiction This is an elaborate and profound investigation As we object to it on the one side, so we must on into the source, and description of the operation, the other. Our reasons will be found at large in of natural motive-power. The author, in his in- a review of a work of more pretensions, in the vestigations, discovers an inconsistency between present number. the axiom of mechanical science, that “matter at rest cannot put itself in motion,” and the chemical doctrines of “internal forces” and Sir Roger De Coverly. By THE SPECTATOR Bos. “imponderable agents." He discovers, from the ton : Ticknor, Reed & Fields. truth of the mechanical axiom, that matter cannot move itself , “ that all the movements of terres, ful publishers bere give us, made from these clas

A beautiful little volume, with notes, these tastetrial matter must originate from a cause external to the mass of the earth;" and is led to the con

papers. It comes in this delightful shape clusion, that all “ internal forces” and imponder- firesides with its genial rays. This exquisite con

almost as a fresh work of genius, illuminating our able agencies are resolvable into“ the propagation of mechanical action, through the medium of elec- ception of character, immortal in its purity and tric matter.” In illustratior of his principle, the beauty, what can we say about it that every body

? author bas arranged, with great skill and labor, the last results of modern scientific research, che. mical, electrical, and mechanical ; and the result Night Thoughts of Edward Young; with a Memoir is a work which must take its place among the of the Author, a Critical View of his Il’ritings

, standard philosophical treatises of the age.

and Explanatory Notes. By JAMES ROBERT
Boyd, Editor of “ Paradise Lost,” &c. New

York: Charles Scribner.
Rural Homes; or, Sketches of Houses suited to
American Country Life. With original Plans,

“ Young's Night Thoughts” has, we fear, been Designs, &c. By GERVASE WHEELER. New rather a neglected book of late. We are sure it is York: Charles Scribner.

not so generally appreciated now-a-days as it should

be. Those who have only a traditional knowledge This is not only an elegantly written, but an of it will be surprised, on turning to it, to find what a exeedingly sensible book, upon a subject requiring mine of thought and reason they have been neglect

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