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them are now engaged in teaching in well written and very interesting various capacities. Only two of the

paper, containing an account of a eleven were born in Beirut."

visit to the scene of the great awakenAt Sidon the attendance on re- ing in North China, by the “Wife ligious services has been considerably of a Missionary.” The fair writer in advance of that of former years. resides, it appears, at Tien-tsin, Five persons, we are informed, have and from statements contained in been added to the Church. The the narrative, we infer that she is zeal for education, though not so the wife of one of the London great as in Beirut, is increasing year Society's agents. Of our Mr. Hall by year, and the success of colpor- and Mr. Hodge, who were visiting tage has been "unexpected and our stations at the same time, and cheering." One colporteur was em- also of Mr. and Mrs. Hu, frequent ployed by the American Bible So- and affectionate mention is made. ciety, and three were sent out at the On several occasions, Mr. Hall and expense of a gentleman in England. Mr. W. (the lady's husband, we The report states :—“They visited presume) addressed the same conmost of the villages in which nominal gregations; and the lady herself and Christians dwell between this place Mrs. Hu acted much in concert. and Jerusalem, and opened their It is very pleasant for such harmony packages and sold the Word of God and kindly feeling to exist among within the Church of the IIoly those who belong to different sections Sepulchre. Not a few Mohamme- of the Church of Christ. This is dans manifested an interest in hear- the true spirit of the Gospel, and it ing the Gospel. In one Moslem was beautifully exemplified on the village, the men called the women occasion referred to.

The people and children together to listen with gathered in large numbers, and them, for a long time, to the tidings listened to the truth from the lips of of salvation through a crucified Re- Christ's servants with eager attendeemer. In another place, a Moham- tion. Meetings exclusively for medan kept the colporteur two days, women were also held, and were adnot allowing him to depart, and dressed by Mrs. Hu and her lady hardly to rest, while he read and ex- friend, the “ wife of a missionary." pounded the Gospel. He asked to The scenes were very exciting, and be taught to pray, and declared that the services deeply interesting. They henceforth his trust for salvation will not soon be forgotten. May a should be in Christ alone." Oh, glorious harvest of good be the result that instances of a similar nature of the seed then sown! At one of might be of very frequent occurrence, the services, Mr. Hall took notice of not only in Syria, but everywhere, a touching incident which had ocuntil darkness and error, superstition curred a short time previously. A and idolatry, sin and misery, shall

poor woman, one of the first condisappear from the carth, and the verts in connection with the awakenlight, and truth, and power of the ing, was seriously ill, while Mr. InGospel shall be universally diffused nocent was there last October. Mr. and experienced!

Innocent visited her several times, THE AWAKENIXG IN THE North and gave her medicine. She lingered OF CHINA.-A VISIT TO SHANG- some time, and died in December. Tung. In the current number of She left a firm and clear testimony to Evangelical Christendom, there is a the power of Divine grace on a dying bed, and exhorted her husband, trial. May not only Ceylon, but children, and friends, to trust in the the world soon be converted! same Saviour in whom she had be- July 8, 1867.

L. S. lieved, and to follow her to the better Jand. It was decided to give her THE CELESTIAL SCENERY Christian burial; so, instead of ob

OF THE MONTHS. serving their heathenish rites, a band

VIII.-AUGUST. of Christians followed her remains

At this season of the year the durato the grave, where prayer and ex

tion of twilight prevents the long hortation were offered. A deep and

continuance of celestial observations. lively interest in the truth was ex- Nevertheless, the objects now visible cited in the mind of the husband, well repay our gaze. In the article who appeared as a candidate for

for June the course of the Milky baptism; and he, with a number of

Way, in the neighbourhood of

Cygnus and Lyra, was shown in others, received the ordinance during

page 386. These constellations are Mr. Hall's stay. Several other very now more favourably situated for pleasing instances of what the observation, and at midnight the grace of God had wrought are course of this luminous zone may be noticed in the narrative. May the plainly perceived. blessed work continue and extend,

fast progressing towards the north

west, and with it have advanced the until it has spread through the whole

neighbouring constellations. Lyra of China !

is now over our heads, and another PROGRESS IN INDIA.—The Rev. fine group of stars, to which some J. Duthie, of the Nagercoil (Tra

reference must be made, is near at vancore) London Mission, reports

hand. Before we point out the place several baptisms; and from the

of this group, let the observer look

towards the south-east soon after Kottaram district, the Rev. W. dusk, and in the constellation AquaLee reports that several more of his rius he will see a star of superior best men have been ordained to the brilliancy, far exceeding in lustre work of the ministry, and that the

the other gems of the celestial consubscriptions of the people towards

This is the planet Jupiter, the support of their own pastors

and nearly over it, towards the left,

may be traced four stars in the form are increasing. Sixty years ago

of a square, commonly called "the there were no Protestant Chris- square of Pegasus,” or the Flying tians in Travancore; now there

Horse. This group (usually repreare 27,000, with a staff of 500

sented on globes by the head and agents, and eleven ordained native

fore-paws of a charger at full speed)

enables the observer readily to reministers.

cognise the neighbouring constellaCEYLON.— The Wesleyan mission tions, and is delineated in fig. 1. in Ceylon is doing well. “By The star at the lower right-hand means of the labours of our

corner of the square is Markab; above brethren," writes the Chairman of

it is Scheat; at the lower left-hand the Ceylon district, “there were 45

corner is Algedib; while the star

at the upper left-hand corner beknown conversions from Buddhism, longs to the neighbouring constellaand five from Popery during 1866, tion Andromeda, of which it is the and without doubt the influence of the brightest star. Immediately under Gospel has extended far beyond our

Markab and Scheat, and below power to trace it." The Wesleyan

Jupiter, but at a very low elevation, converts in Ceylon now number

is the bright star Fomalhaut, in the

Southern Fish, which never rises to 1,220 full members, and 365 on a high altitude in Europe. At mid



night during this month the magni- Admiral Smyth, an excellent obficence of the Milky Way exceeds server, likens it to "a double-headed all description. Below Cygnus the shot." This object may be detected naked eye can plainly see two branches by a small telescope as a hazy cloud, which here diverge till they are lost but Lord Rosse's giant reflector, in the southern horizon. The con- 54 feet long and 6 feet diameter, exstellation Aquila, or the Eagle, on hibits it as a most astonishing object, the edge of the Milky Way-con- “myriads on myriads of suns besisting of three stars, of which the wildering the mind and dazzling the eentral star is the brightest—may eye with insufferable splendour." be seen under Cygnus. Over our What must be the distance and diheads the Milky Way may be traced mensions of this wondrous congretill it becomes invisible in the gation of gems, if the largest telenorth-east. This magnificent girdle scope in the world can only barely will form a striking object during resolve its brightest parts into indithe ensuing autumn. To admire the vidual stars? splendour of this section of the

“And these are suns!-vast, central, living

fires, Lords of dependent systems, kings of

worlds, That wait as satellites upon their power, And flourish in their smile. Awake, my

soul, And meditate the wonder! Countless


Blaze round thee, leading forth their

countless worlds ! Fig. 1.—The Square of Pegasus. Worlds-in whose bosoms living things

rejoice, heavens we do not require the

And drink the bliss of being from the

fount largest telescopes, as a small cbject

Of all-pervading love. What mind can glass, 24 inches diameter, with a know, low magnifying power, will bring to What tongue can utter, all their multi. light a large number of minute tudes,

Thus numberless in numberless abodes? shining points, and lead the en

Known but to thee, blest Father ! thine raptured observer ardently to covet

they are, the possession of a larger instru- Thy children, and thy care, and none ment to penetrate still farther into o'erlooked of thee !" the depths of infinite space. How true are the words of Milton !

During this month, and for the

rest of the year, the most conspicu"A broad and ample road, whose dust is

ous celestial object worthy of notice gold, And pavement stars, as stars to us

is the brilliant planet Jupiter. This appear;

is one of the primary or superior Seen in the galaxy that Milky Way planets, so called because their orbits Like to a circling zone powdered with euclose that of the earth, and therein stars."

differing from the two inferior With reference to the map given planets, Mercury and Venus, which in page 386, a few remarks are are nearer to the sun than the earth. Decessary.

The five stars in the From the earliest ages of astronomy upper left-hand corner belong to the Jupiter has been known as a planet, constellation Dolphio. At the ex- and doubtless his superior lustre treme lower edge is the star Vega, caused the name of the leading myin Lyra. The central stars belong thological deity to be applied to him. to Cygnus, or the Swan. Between There is an observation of Jupiter Lyra and the Dolphin, in the con- reported by Ptolemy, dating as far stellation Vulpecula, is a magnificent back as the 83rd year after the death nebula, called the “Dumb Bell," and of Alexander the Great, when the its appearance, as seen in Lord planet eclipsed a star in Cancer. At Rosse's telescope, is shown in fig. 2. certain periods Venus attains to a


greater degree of brilliancy than ş Ceres, the goddess of harvests, a Japiter, but is never seen far from star and a sickle. the west when the sun has set, or in

& Pallas, represented by a star sur

mounted by Minerva's spear. the east before sunrise. Like Mars,

Š Juno, represented by a star, as Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and the queen of the gods. family of small planets, Jupiter may Vesta, or Cybele, goddess of the be seen in all parts of the heavens,

earth. and is not, like Mercury and Venus, The remaining eighty-six asteinseparably connected with the sun.roids (as they are sometimes called) In almanacks, the planets are usually are distinguished by female mythodistinguished by certain signs, and it logical naines or numbers. These mar be useful to give here the pro

small planets have only been disballe explanation of these signs - covered since 1815. For a list of Vous, represented by an

them the reader will do well to twicet Caducean rod, supposed to be consult page 44 of Hannay’s Alcarried by that dirinity.

manack for 1867. 9 Pans, represented by the mirror of the goridess of beauty.

Jupiter is by far the largest of or 5 The Earth, represented by a

the planets, being at least 1,400 glolie.

times greater in bulk than the earth.



Fig. 2.—The “Dumb Bell" Nebula, as seen in Lord Rosse's Telescope.

Ő Jars, represented by the emblems His diameter is 89,100 miles, while of the god of war-a shield and spear. that of our globe is 7,900 miles. His

4 Jupiter, represented by the Greek Zeta, the initial letter of the word Zeus,

distance from the sun varies from god.

400,000,000 to 590,000,000 miles, h Saturn, represented by a scythe, which causes a considerable differthe emblem of Chronos, or Time, the ence in his apparent magnitude at Greek name of Saturn.

various times. Round his vast orbit u Cranus, formerly called Herschel, represented by the first letter of the name

this huge planet moves at the of that celebrated astronomer, by whom hourly velocity of 29,900 miles. To the planet was discovered in 1781. accomplish a complete revolution

Veplune is represented by a trident. round the sun, Jupiter occupies 11

Besides these there are ninety years 315 days. The axial revolnsmall planets or asteroids revolving tion, which determines the length of round the sun between Mars and a Jovian day, is performed in the Jupiter.

Four of these are thus incredibly short space of 9 hours, represented :

55 minutes, 50 seconds. From this we deduce the striking fact of the of course, preferable. A power of rapid motion of the equatorial por- 20 will very slightly augment the tions of this planet, wbich are carried disc of the planet, and show the round at the rate of 26,000 miles moons like stars of the seventh per hour, about 3,000 times swifter magnitude. Many persons have than the earth's rotation in 24 fancied they could detect these faint hours. The time of axial revolution objects with the naked eye. The was determined, soon after the in- traveller Brydone, from the summit vention of the telescope, by observing of Mount Etna, regretted the abthe change of place of certain spots sence of Jupiter from the clear sky on the planet's disc. It has been esti- of that elevated region, as he felt mated that there are 24,000,000,000 certain he could have seen the satelsquare miles on the surface of Jupiter, lites. The missionary Perkins, at which vast space would afford ample Oroomiah, in Persia, tries to perroom for the accommodation of nearly suade his readers into the same con7,000,000,000 of inhabitants, or clusion. Those who have looked at more than 8,000 times the present Jupiter through an ordinary telepopulation of the earth. A globe so scope, and have noticed how extremely vast, replenished with such a number close these faint objects are to the of intellectual beings, revolving with planet's brilliant disc, will dissent such amazing velocity round its axis, from the opinion of both Perkins moving forward in its annual course and Brydone. There are some in30,000 miles an hour, carrying with teresting remarks on this subject in it four moons, presents to the imagi- Humboldt's work, “Physical Denation an idea at once wonderful and scription of the Heavens,” which our sublime, and displays a scene of readers will do well to peruse. The wisdom and omnipotence worthy of following table exhibits the sizes and the infinite perfections of its Creator. distances of Jupiter's moons :The late Rev. Dr. Dick, to whom we

Diameter. Distance. are indebted for the preceding sentence, remarks, “ In consequence of

No. 1 2,440 miles 278,500 miles,

No. 2,190 Jupiter's rapid motion, the days and

413,000 No. 3 3,580

707,000 nights will be proportionably short. No. 4 3,060 ...1,243,500 The sun will appear to move through the whole celestial hemisphere in less

The first satellite revolves round than five hours, and all the planets Jupiter in 1 day 18 hours; the and constellations will appear to second, in 3 days, 13 hours; the move with the same rapidity; so that third, in 7 days 3 hours ; and the the apparent motions of all these fourth, in 16 days 16 hours. Sir W. bodies will be perceptible to the eye Herschel, from a long course of obwhen contemplating them only for a servations, inferred that the satellites few moments, excepting those near rotate upon their axes in the time the polar regions. The sky of this of one synodical revolution round planet will therefore assume an air Jupiter. These moons are frequently of sublimity, in consequence of all eclipsed, which circumstance renders the bodies its contains appearing to them peculiarly valuable for determisweep so rapidly round, and to ning the longitude at sea. The Nauchange their positions in so short a tical Almanack gives the time when space of time. As Jupiter moves these phenomena are seen at Greenround the sun in 4,332 of our days, wich; and if an observation be made and round its axis in 9 hours 56 at sea, the difference of time when minutes, there will be 10,470 days in the eclipse takes place from that at the year of that planet.”

Greenwich, will give the difference Jupiter is attended by four moons, of longitude, and thus enable the which were unkpown till the time of mariner to determine the position of their discovery by Galileo in 1610. his vessel.

a very small telescope, Römer, a Danish astronomer, with low power, to see these satellites, about the year 1675, by noticing although the higher magnifiers are, the eclipses of the satellites of


It requires

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