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The Farmer's Choice. A little house well fill'd-a little wite well

will'd-a little land well till'd. Our ancestors lived on bread and broth, And woo'd their healthy wives in home spun

cloth : Our mothers, nurtured at the nodding reel, Gave all their daughters lessons on the wheel, Though spinning did not much reduce the

waist, It made the food much sweeter to the taste; They plied with honest zeal the mop and

broom, And drove the shunile through the noisy loom. They never once complained, as we do now, • We have no girls to cook and milk the cow.' Each mother taught her red-cheek'd son and

daughter To bake, to brew, and draw a pail of water; No damsel shund the wash-tub, broom or

puil, To keep unsoil'd a long grown finger pail. They sought no gaudy dress, no wasp-like

form, But ate to live, and work'd to keep them

warm. No idle youth-no tight-laced, mincing fair, Became a livid corpse for want of air No fidgels, faintings, fits or frightful blues; No painful corns from wearing Chinese shoes.

ENIGMA-No. 45 I am composed of 13 letters. My 1, 4, 9, 19, 12, is a cape on the coast of New foundland.

My 6, 7, 14, is a mountain in the United States.

My 3, 12, 17, is a sea in Asia.

My 4, 1, 5, 10, is a grand division of the globe.

My 5, 3, 18, 19, 16, 17, is a division of Europe.

My 6, 3, 5, 12, 12, 18, is a town in Austria.

My 7, 3, 13, 12, 4, 6, 1, is a town in France.

My 8, 3, 5, 7, is a cape on the coast of S. America.

My 9, 12, 16, 5, 16, is a province in Asia.

My 14, 16, 6, 3, 4, 14, is a town in New Hampshire.

My 9, 7, 16, 7, 16, is a capital in the United States.

. My 12, 17, 12, 16, 6, 17, 16, is a town in North Carolina.

My 19, 7, 16, 17, 7, 16, is a city in Europe.

My 14, 4, 13, 2, 4, is an island in the Me. diterranean.

My 4, 2, 13, 4, 1, is a range of Mountains in Africa.

My 16, 5, 13, 12, is a river in Africa.

My 17, 4, 3, 5, 12, 16, is a town in Georgia.

My 18, 4, 1, 6, 7, 16, is a town in Maryland.

My 19, 5, 11, 18, 3, 5, 10, is a colony in Africa. My whole is the name of a strait in Africa.

Translalion of French lines on Health, page 528.Formerly I have seen my days advance to

wards their end : An art, often injurious, and always uncertain, Was destroying in me enfeebled nature : The return of spring restored me to life ; I felt myself recovering; and soon, without

effort, Raised on this bed, from which death now

withdrew, I embraced these friends, whose cares, full of

charms, Suspended my pains, and dissipated my fears; } Again I saw my vine-dressers, these brooks

and these forests, Which I had so long feared to lose forever.

Be Kind.
“ Be kind to each other!
The night's coming on,
When friend and when brother
Perchance may be gone !"
Oh! be kind to each other!
For little ye know,
How soon ye may weep

The sad tears of wo,
For a brother, or sister, or friend loved and

dear Reposing in stillness, on Death's sable bier.

Be kind to each other !
Fre in sorrow you roam
Through the tenantless rooms

Of a desolate home,
Or yearn for the forms that have passed

To dwell in the light of a happier day.

Be kind to each other!
And strive day by day,
To render some kindness

To sofien life's way; { And iemember that friends the last ones

should be
To point out the faults in each other they see.

Be kind to each other!
For shore is life's span,
We must crowd in its compass

All the good that we can;
Each hour should recall as it passes away,
Some being made glad by love's kindly sway.



With numerous Engravings,

Edited by Theodore Dwight, Is published weekly, at the office of the New York Express, No. 112 Broadway, at 4 cents a number, or, to subscribers paying in advance, $2 a year. 7 sets for $10. Monthly, in covered pamphlets, at same price.

Postmasters are authorized to remit money, and are requested to act as agents. 6 copies for $10.

Enclose a Two Dollar Bill, without payment of postage, and the work will be sent for the year.

Vols. I. and II., half-bound, or in muslin, $2.50 each.








Express Office, 112 Broadway.


No. 35.


BLUFFS ON THE MISSISSIPPI. Although the greater part of the course s several falls, which occur at different of the Mississippi lies between low and poiots along the upper parts of the ri. uniform banks, bordered by extensive ver's course, rocks are exposed to view, lands, with little elevation and an unva. some of considerable elevation, but most rying surface, there are some places of them noi rising much above the surwhere the margin is varied by hills of face. different siz s, and several where rocks At the point represented in our print, rise precipitously almost from the water's however, ihree tall, perpendicular rocky edge. Our print represents a spot of the bluffs rise abruptly from the low and lelatter description, which also strongly vel bank, and, standing at nearly equal

contrasts with that shown in the frontis distances, and much resembling each 3 piece of our last number, where the banks other in form and size, they form strik

of the Mississippi appear scarcely high ing objects to travellers. Their sides enough to prevent the overflowing of the present uncommon regularity of surface, water, even at its common level.

and seem too smooth and regular for Some of the most conspicuous and best works of nature; while the long and nar{ known of these rocky places are at the row cavities observable here and there,

falls, and the celebrated “Pictured are different heights, also have some reRocks," so often noticed by writers, semblance to the loop-holes and embrawhose faces have been marked, from time sures of a fortress, and increase the illuimmemorial, with rude figures drawn by sion, which might lead us to imagine that the Indians, with ochre and some adhe. they were constructions raised by the sive and protecting substance. At the į hand of man. The level at which all

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their summits terminate, being the same, ? Even the Oby, which has 2,150 miles,

is another remarkable feature ; and this diains a surface of 1,290,000 square s seems to intimate their origin, affording miles.

evidence that they all once formed parts Yet, on the other hand, the valley of of one large eminence, the more yielding the Mississippi greatly exceeds in extent portions of which have been worn away, some of the other principal ones of the leaving these only reliques, to excite the } Old World. Thus, the basin of the Ganattention of later ages.

ges and Burrumpoota united, 1,500 miles This scene is copied from Mr. Ban long, is only 380 miles wide, and has a vard's panoramic paintings of the Missis surface of 589,000 square miles; the Insippi, which were exhibited in New Or dus, 1,200 by 180, has 216,000 sq. miles; leans, a few months sirice, with much ap the Euphrates and Tigris together, 1,150 probation. A tradition is told by the In

by 140, has 161,000; the Nile, 1,680 by dians, of a mournful event said to have 250, has 420,000 sq. miles; and the Nioccurred at this spot. The Kanzas In ger, 2,000 by 200, has 400,000 sq. miles. dians, having been reduced to a very small and feeble band, being pursued by

HOW VERY ASTONISHING.-" By simply their powerful enemies, took final refuge striking at one end of the telegraph, a on the summit of the largest of these s set of keys, each of which answers to a rocks. Finding it impossible to elude or letter or mark of punctuation, a commuto resist, they formed the desperate re nication will be printed at the other end solution of starving rather than surrender. of the wires !” This is a sentence from Their foes surrounded and besieged the the notice published in the Trenton State rock, but did not venture to scale the al. Gazette, of the State Prisoner's invenmost inaccessible precipices, and patient tion of House's telegraph, and copied inly awaited the effects of famine. These to a large number of wonder-catching pabecame daily more and more deadly, un pers. How wonderful it is--that touchtil the last of the Kanzas lay down to ing a key at one end of a wire, should rise no more. The tribe became extinct, print a letter, or make a character at the and those rocks are pointed at by the red other end! The idea apears altogether men, as their tomb and monument. They new to many sagacious editors, notwithadd, in their superstitious belief, which standing the various, frequent and repeatconnects every nation, family and indi. ed publication of descriptions of this prinvidual, with some animal of the forest, ciple during the last three years. We that a white doe is sometimes to be seen have on hand at least five different plans at night, standing on the rocky eminence, for telegraphic printing, invented and

for a white doe was supposed to be furnished by as many different persons, the guardian of the Kanzas.

residing in different parts of the country. The extraordinary length of the Mis

Most of them are very ingenious, and sissippi has led to false impressions res

calculated to answer ihe purpose : but pecting the extent of its valley. Darby

which will finally excel and take the preremarks, that, on this point, a general

ference, remains to be decided. One of misapprehension has prevailed : for the

these inventions (by Mr. Ellis of Springtract of country drained by it, and its

field,) is arranged to print in regular branches is so narrow in comparison

Jines across a sheet of letter paper; and with its lengih, that its area is far infe

if the invention succesds in its operation, rior to that of the Amazon and even the

whether the operator is five feet or five Plata. The latter, with a course of only

hundred miles from the paper, he can 1,600 milos, has a basin 800 miles in av

print fair lines of Roman characters twice erage breadth, and the Amazon, 300

as fast as a good penman can write them. miles long, drains a surface 980 miles Good mechanics are employed on the wide. The breadth of the Mississippi subject, and important r sults will soon valley, however, including the Ohio and

be ascertained.-Scientific American. its other principal branches, is estimated at a medium breadth of only 550 3 The bee and the butterfly are both bumiles. The areas of these three basins, sy-bodies, but are differently employed. therefore, are as follows: the Plata, 1, 3 True courage is that which is not 280,000 square miles; the Amazon, 2,- afraid of being thought afraid ; the rest 940,000; and the Mississippi, 1,100,000. S is counterfeit.-SEL.


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Combat between a Rat and a s not only in avoiding the deadly embrace

of the ferret, but also in inflicting anoth-
A striking proof of the sagacity, cou- ¿ er severe wound on his neck and head.
rage, and I may say reasoning powers of The rat, a second time, returned to his
these animals, has been recently given ? retreat under the window, and the ferret
me by a medical friend living at Kings- 3 seemed less anxious to renew the con-
ton. Being greatly surprised that the flict. These attacks were resumed at in- 3
ferret, an animal of slow locomotive tervals for nearly two hours, all ending
powers, should be so destructive to the in the failure of the ferret, who was evi-
rat tribe, he determined to bring both dently fighting to a disadvantage from
these animals fairly into the arena, in or the light falling full on his eye whenever
der to judge of their respective powers; he approached the rat, who wisely kept
and having selected a fine, large and full his ground, and never for a moment lost
grown male rat, and also an equally sight of the advantage he had obtained.
strong buck ferret, which had been ac In order to prove whether the choice of
customed to the haunts of rats, my friend, this position depended upon accident, my
accompanied by his son, turned these two friend managed to dislodge the rat, and
animals loose in a room without furni took his own station under the window;
ture, in which there was but one window, but the moment the ferret attempted to
and the two philosophers determined to make his approach, the rat, evidently
watch patiently the whole process of the aware of the advantage he had lost, en-

deavoured to creep between my friend's Immediately upon being liberaled the legs, thus losing his natural fear of man rat ran round the room, as if searching under the danger which awaited him from for an exit. Not finding any means of a more deadly foe. of escape, he uttered a piercing shriek,

The ferret by this time had learned a and with the most prompt decision took

profitable lesson, and prepared to apup his station directly under the light,

proach the rat in a more wily manner, by thus gaining over his adversary (to nse

creeping insidiously along the skirting, the language of other duelists) “ the ad

and thus avoiding the glare of light that vantage of the sun.” The ferret now

hitherto 'had baffled his attempt. The erected his head, sniffed about, and seem

rat still pursued with unabated energy his ed fearlessly to push his way toward the

original mode of aitack, namely, inflictspot where the scent of his game was

ing a wound and avoiding at the same strongest, facing the light in full front,

time a close combat ; while it was equally and preparing himself with avidity to

certain that his foe was intent upon layseize upon his prey. No sooner, how

ing hold of, and griping his intended vicever, had he approached within two feet

tim in his murderous embrace. The chaof his watchful foe, than the rat, again

racter of the fight, which had lasted more uttering a loud cry, rushed at him with

than three hours, was now evidently violence and inflicting a severe wound on

changed, and the rat appeared conscious the head or neck, which was soon shown

} that he had lost the advantage he origiby the blood which flowed from it; the

nally possessed, and, like the Swedish ferret seemed astonished at the attack,

hero, had taught his frequently beaten and retreated with evident discomfiture;

foe lo conquer in his turn. At last, in a while the ral, instead of following up the

lengthened struggle, the ferret succeeded advantage he had gained, instantly with

in accomplishing his originally-intended drew to his former station under the win

grapple ; the rat, as if conscious of his dow. The ferret recovered from the

certain ruin, made a little farther effort shock he had sustained, and erecting his of resistance, but, sending forth a plainhead, once more took the field. This se

tive shriek, surrendered his life to his cond recontre was in all its progress and

persevering foe.--SEL. results an exact repetition of the former, with this exception, that on the rush of the rat to the conflict, the ferret appeared

Broken fortunes are like broken comore collected, and evidently showed an lumns, the lower they sink, the greater inclination to get a firm hold of his ene. S the weight they have to sustain.-- Ovid. S my; the strength of the rat, however,

Men often bring hunger and thirst upwas very great, and he again succeeded s on themselves by custom.-Locke.

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Compton House, Liverpool. " The far-famed Compton House is one of those achievements of modern enterprise, which of late years only have been attempted upon the gigantic scale of the establishment under notice. In every sense of the term, it is a truly astonish

ing place, whether it be regarded as a 3 mart for nearly all the textile productions

of the world, or for its architectural pro.' Š portions, attractiveness, arrangement and ? { economy. It occupies the quadrangle Ŝ formed by three streets, one of which in

tersects the others at right angles, having its principal approaches from Church street and Basnett street, and no less than four entrances from the former; but the chief, entrance is from Basnett street, to which it presents a front of unequalled magnificence, and which cannot fail to fix the attention of ihe most ordinary observer.

Of this splendid mass of building, the most striking feature is the stupendous doorway and windows, which stand fully thirty feet high, by fifty in width, composed of huge sheets of the largest plate glass manufactured, set in mahogany and brass, and supported at the sides by four fluted columns of imposing dimensions, surmounted by capitals of rich and elaborate design, sustaining upon their summits a long gallery of balcony, adorned with stone balustrades. These windows furnish light not only to the lower principal department; but to the upper range of departments also, while in the centre a strong flood of light, reflected from a triple range of transverse windows at the

top, is conducted through a hiatus taste} fully formed as a balcony, and conveyed

into the lower department, and then blen. ding with the light emitted from the front windows, delicately illuminates the entire centre of the establishment.

Entering from Basnett street, the spa3 ciousness, harmony, and effect of the

chief department become at once apparent to the visiter, presenting a display of brilliancy, variety, and order, which at first sight appears rather ideal than actual. Disposed in every position of light and shade best calculated to reveal the profusion and richness of the wares, and to aid the exercise of choice, the bewildered spectator perceives spread before him all that is beautiful and superb in the

gorgeous productions of the silk and sas tin looms of England and France, the

showy fabrics of India and China, the well known Poplin manufactures of the Emerald Isle, with their ever-varying tints and enduring texture, the admirable laces of Nottingham and Limerick, of Brussels and Valenciennes, the carpets of Kidderminster, so justly celebrated for mellowness of hue, and stubborn strength, the rich floor coverings of Turkey, the splendid shawls of Paisley, and in fact every product of the needle and the loom, which, in the artistic progress of the day, either taste can invent, or ingenuity execute.

Passing through this glittering apartment, everywhere crowded with elegant. ly dressed purchasers, the spectator finds that he has but entered upon the 'vestibule' of the structure-and turning off at the end upon the left, he is led to the four departinents fronting Church Street, which exhibit to his view fresh scenes of splendor and variety. Crowded likewise to excess, the business of these departments proceeds with astonishing rapidity; and the observer sees sparkling) everywhere around him the unfolded fabrics of Great Britain and the Continent of India and China—while the order, silence and celerity of the attendants, impart to the scene an air more of mechanical order than volition.

Leaving the ground floor, afier inspecting the numerous subsidiary branchesa prominent one of which is occupied to > the right of the chief departments with rare carpeiings. I ascended by a staircase, contrived so as to afford easy access upwards without interrupting the entirencss of the view below, and was introduced to a scene eclip-ing any that I had yet observed, and which by no means I had expected to encounter. Here, as elsewhere, were disliibuted in brilliant > abundance the various merchandises to which the upper de pariments are appropriated, while, not a sound disturbed the serenity of the place, save the dulcet? tones of some fair purchaser, or the almost noiseless step of the active assis. tants as they moved along the carpeted floors.

Having fully sated my curiosity with an inspection of the innumerable apartments above ground, I directed my steps to the underground branches, which are laid out strictly on the plan of the Mancheste Warehouses. The first place to? which I was conducted was the great re

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