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M. Egad, father, you have caught me. I see that a man should be Silent at meals: his brains are not worth a farthing while he is filling his belly. I beg your pardon. It must be owned, you have very el. sentially served me, as my late craving, and now fated, appetite can teftify.
s. Learn hence, fon, how readily ingratitude arises from want of reflection ; you may from this instance also learn the vanity of that philosophy which consists only in words. Know that, as Nature hath made nothing in vain, so Providence will not suffer any thing that is innocent to be useless. “. Virtue, say you men of the world, consists in doing good to others, and how can a man do good to others who lives by himself ?" Great, however, is the merit of him that hath courage to withdraw himself from temptation and does no harm. IfI do liale good to my fellow-creatures, I do them less ill. In the world I should do more of both. But, even supposing the love of solitude an errour, let the providential service I have now afforded you, in this de. solate ficuation, teach you, that Heaven will not permit even che blindness and errours of mankind to render them totally useless to each other.
In this dialogue, the Hermit appears to have the advantage of the
oyager ; but in the succeeding, the latter reaps the greater triumph for this night defeat, and prevails on the former to return again to Society, Art. 19. Verhandelinge over de Eigenschappen, &c. 4to. Leyden.
1764. A Differtation on the Attributes which necessarily flow from the
Existence of a necessary Being. By Mr. Witteveen. To which are added three other Dissertations on the same Subject. Written by the other Candidates for the Stolpeian Prize, given by the University of Leyden.
If the discusion of metaphysical questions served to no other end than, as logical exercises, to employ the distinguishing faculties of the mind, we could not deny their usility. It is certain also that this is generally the best use that is made of them ; the ideas applied to the terms, in such disquisitions, being for the most part arbitrary and chimerical : so that though the scholar may not advance in real knowlege, he may acquire an habitude of acuteness and precision in thinking, which he could acquire by no other means.
We think therefore the Legacy, made by the late M. Scolp, for supporting an emulation in the ftudents of Leyden, with regard to metaphysical disquisitions, extremely useful ; and are glad to see that the judges, who dispose of the prize, discountenance the unnecessary introduction of theological subjects. Art. 20. Verhandelingen vitgegeeven door de Hollandsche Maats
chappy der Weetenschappen te Haarlem. Vol. 7. 8vo. Haarlem. 1763. The Transactions of the Philosophical Society of Haarlem.
This volume, which is the seventh, contains twenty memoirs, on different subjects; among which is one, by Profeffor Camper, on the
fenfe of Hearing in Fish; wherein he endeavours to prove, against the opinion of some naturalists, that most fish can hear very well. Ray, Willis, Nollet, and others, pretend that fith, particularly carp, have no auditory nerves, and muit, of course, be totally deaf. Professor Camper is of a different opinion, having diffected the beads of several fish, and particularly codfis ; when by carefully anatomizing them he hath discovered the auditory nerves, and the several parts of the organs of hearing. Of thefe he gives a description, illattrated with proper figures of the natural fize.
We have, in this volume also, a curious mémoir on the propagation of the Kin-yu or Gold fish from China, by Ms. Bafter ; who delcribes it, as growing much larger and coming to greater perfection in Holland and England than in the East-Indies. He observes, after Linnæus, that this fih is of the carp-kind; but that it is much better for the table than the common carp; recommending the propagation of them in our fish-ponds in genera', with a view of profit, as they have hitherto been bred in some few particular ones, by way of ornament. Art. 21. Dissertation sur la Nature, les Especes, et le Degres de
l'Evidence, &c. 4to. Berlin. 1764. A Dissertation on the Nature, Modes, and Degrees of Evidence;
with other Pieces on the Subject.
Verité, de lu Characteriser, &c. Leipzig. 1764.
investigating the Truth, and distinguishing it from Errour
and simple Probability, • The optycúvor of Ariftotle, being grows somewhat rusty by age and dilute, the celebrated Lord Verulam took the trouble to adopt it for his own, and furbish it up anew. The Author of this little tract, whose naine is Lambert, seems to think Bacon's organum, at present, in much the same situation as he found that of Aristotle. He therefore bas endeavoured to oblige the world with a new one. His tract is divided into four parts. The first treating of the rules that constitute the art of thinking: the second, of the truth confidered in itself: the third of the method of disc svering the characters of truth; the fourth of the means of diftinguishing the appearances of things from their reality. It is on the whole an ingenious and fendible performance. Art. 23. Des Corps Politiques, et de leurs Gouverneniens, 2 Tom. 12mo. Lyons. 1764.
An Essay on the Constitution and Administration of Bodies
Politick. It is surprising, that among such valt numbers of foreign productions on every subject and science, we almost always find something justly deserving of commendation. If there is nothing new in the matter, there is generally some improvement in the manner. But it is notce rious, that men of letters on the continent are greatly superior to most of the Englich in the art of composition ; which is shamefully neglected at present, in this country. Art. 24. Considerations sur le Gouvernment ancien et present de la
France. Par Mr. le Marquis d'Argenson. Amsterdam,
8vo. 1764. Reflections on the ancient and modern Government of France.
Imported by Becket and de Hondt. This is the work, of which Mr. Rousseau makes such frequent mention in the notes to his treatise on the Social Compact ; and, of which manuscript copies have been long in the hands of some few particulars. We have not room, if the work were capable of an abftraci, to oblige our readers so far, we cannot dismiss it, however, withoue taking notice of one reflection, which interests our own country, Lycurgus, says the Marquis d'Argenson, by his legislative wisdom, laid the foundation of the Lacedemonian government, which was compounded of Royalty, Aristocracy and Democracy. Philosophical politicians have represented this compound as the most perfect of all governments; and the Englich nation make their boast that it subsists at present amongit chem in its highest perfection. But it is morally impoflible to prevent one of these three species of adminiftration, from gaining the advantage sooner or later of the other two.
Art. 25. Lettres de Cecile a Julie, ou les Combats de la Nature. Letters from Cecilia to Julia, or the Trials of Nature, 12mo.
1764. Imported by Becket and de Hondt. The Editor of these letters acquaints us they are written by a lady ; that the history contained in thein is not a romance, but a Collection of Facts and Episodes ;--which have no:hing remarkable in them but their want of probability. - This circumstance, however, may not render them the lealt pleasing to the most numerous class of readers : for, being extremely pasionate and excessively improbable, they are the better calculated, as Mr. Bayes says, to elevare and surprize! Art. 26. Histoire Angloise de Milord Feld, arrivé a Fontainebleau. The History of My Lord Feld, an English Nobleman, arrived
at Fontainebleau. 12mo, 1764. The Author of this history tells us, he hath compiled it from original memoiss; that he is an Englishman, and that he and my Lord Duke de But'er were fellow collegians together 20 OkfordFor our parta, we find nothing like English in the book but the terms, my lord and my Lady; and they are gallicised into the barbarisms Milord and Wild.
Out upon these new tuners of accents !”
and a Mathematical Treatise on Happiness.
Art. 28. Memoires de Mathematique et de Physique, &c. Physical and Mathematical Memoirs, occasionally presented, by
the Learned and Ingenious, to the Royal Academy of Sciences. Paris. 1764
This is the fourth volume of this miscellaneous collection, and confiins thirty-four papers on different subjects of Natural Philosoply, Anatomy, Chemiltry, Geometry, &c. Among those of the fift clais, is a curious and useful memoir, by M. Romas, on the manner of making electrical experiments on thunder clouds. It is now some years fince this gentleman published the very fingular experiments he himself made, by means of a paper kite : from all which it sufficiently appeared, that the more a body was detached from, and elevated above the earth, the more powerfully it attracted the electric fire from the clouds. He observes, however, that experiments of this kind should be made with extreme caution, left the Experimentalist Mould have reason 10 repedt of his curiosity.
Among the papers on Anatomy, we have a very remarkable account of a child, who was brought to Paris in 1756, fo tersibly afflicted with the dropfy in the brain, that its head was transparent. Ms. Marcorelle, the correspondent who furnishes this article, was at the opening of this head after the death of the child, and gives a particular and clie cumflantial relation of the diffe&tion and state of the parts.
In the class of Botany, Mr. Bunnet bath a paper containing some new experiments on the generation of grain ; in which he coou averts, and seems effectualiy to disprove, the notion, sometime since received in Sweden and in Holland, concerning the conversion of wheat into Rye.
The multiplicity of Foreign Publications which have lately come to our hands, obliges us to postpone several articles intended for this Appendix, particularly the latt Volumes of the Royal Academy of Sciences, and of the Academy of Infcriptions and Belles Lettres at Paris. These articles, therefore, will be speedily inserted in the ordinary Course of the Review.
N. B. To find any particular Book, or Pamphlet, see the
Table of Contents, prefixed to the Volume.
BARD, weighed against a lord,
sential to matter, 524. 196. Some particulars in Dr.
properties, 290, 293. The uni- lating to the fermentation of,
on wasps, 208.
inutility of, 346. Remarkable an important problem in the
Benson, Dr. his new interpreta-
life, &c. 88.
ancient MSS. 401. Originally
to chapter or verse, ib. When
firit divided into sections, 402,
When into chapters and verses,
with respect to informations, dividing and pointing, 405.
nues in former times, 217.
BODIEs, natural, considered, with
regard to hardness, smoothness,
extension, &c. 6.
in Cornwall, 211.