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LITERARY IMPOSITions.- The Count Mariano perfect indifference for his own works : they Alberti sold to a bookseller at Ancona several were continually reprinting, without his being unedited manuscripts of Tasso, some of which he ever acquainted with it. If an edition of the interpolated, and others forged. In 1827, he de Henriade,' or his tragedies, or his bistorical or clared himself in possession of two till then un- fugitive pieces, was nearly sold off, another was known poems in Tasso's handwriting; aster- instantly produced. He requested them not to wards he produced four other autographs; and print so many. They persisted, and reprinted then a volume containing thirty-seven poems, them in a hurry without consulting him; and, which he offered for sale to the Duke of 'Tuscany, what is almost incredible, yet true, they printed whose agents, however, declared them to be a magnificent quarto edition at Geneva without spurious and modern. He then produced a file, his seeing a single page; in which they inserted of Tasso's letters, which were regarded as gen- a number of pieces not written by birn, the real aine; till, in 1841, when, on his property being authors of which were well known. His remark sequestered, the whole affair proved a tissue of upon this occasion is very striking- I look upon almost unexampled forgery.
myself as a dead man, whose effects are upon The literary world is now very generally of sale.' The mayor of Lausanne having established the belief that that very beautiful poem, John a press, published in that town an edition called Chalkhill's Thealma and Clearchus, first pub- complete, with the word London on the title. lished by Isaac Walton (1633), was actually the page, containing a great number of dull and conproduction of that honest angler.
temptible lit:le pieces in prose and verse, transThe copies of the English Mercurie' (regar- planted from the works of Madame Oudot, the ded as the earliest English newspaper) in the Almanacs of the Muses,'the • Portfolio RecoverBritish Museum, have been discovered to be for- ed,' and other literary trash, of which the twentygeries, and Chatterton is supposed to have been third volume contains the greatest abundance. concerned in their fabrication.
Yet the editors had the effrontery to proclaim on At least a hundred volumes or pamphlets, be- the title-page that the book was wholly revised sides innumerable essays and letters in magazines and corrected by the author, who had not seen a or newspapers, have been written with a view to single page of it. In Holland some forgeries were dispel the mystery in which for eighty years the printed as the · Private Letters' of Voltaire, which authorship of Junius's Letters has been involved. induced him to parody an old epigram :These political letters, so remarkable for the combination of keen severity with a polishd
Lo! then exposed to public sight, and brilliant style, were contributed to the • Pub
My private letters see the light;
So private, that none ever read 'em, lic Advertis. ri' during three years, under the signature of Junius, the actual name of the writer
Save they who printed, and who made 'em. being a secret even to the publisher of that paper. Steevens says, that not the smallest part of the They have been fathered upon Earl Temple, work called Cibber's " Lives of the Poets” was Lord Sackville, Sir Philip Francis, and fifty other the composition of Cibber, being entirely written distinguished characters,' At present, an attempt by Mr. Shiells, amunuensis to Dr. Johnson, when is again being made to prove them the productions his dictionary was preparing for the press. T, of Mr. Lauchan Maclean ; but we need scarcely Cibber was in the King's Bench, and accepted of wish for anything like a positive or convincing ten guineas from the booksellers for leave to preresult.
fix his name to the work : and it was purposely Some time before his death, Voltaire showed a so prefixed, as to leave the reader in doubt
whether himself or his father was the person de- , a young man at Wurzburg, of the name of signed.
Rodrick, to practise a more serious deception William Henry Ireland having exercised his upon Professor Berenger, at the commencemevt ingenuity with some success in the imitation of of the last century. Rodrick cut a great number ancient writing, passed off some forged papirs as of stones into the shape of different kinds of anithe genuine manuscripts of Shakspeare. Some mals, and monstrous forms, such as bats with the of the many persons who were deceived by the beads and wings of butterflies, flying frogs and imposition, subscribed sums of money to defray crubs, with Hebrew characters here and there the publication of these spurious documents, discernible about the surface. These fabrications which were accordingly issued in a andsome were gladly purchased by the professor, who en. folio volume. But when Ireland's play of · Vor- couraged the search for more. A new supply tigern' was performed at Drury Lane as the work was accordingly prepared, and boys were of Shakspeare, the audience quickly discerned ployed to take them io the professor, pretending the cheat; and soon afterwards the clever impos- that they had just found them near the village of tor published his 'Confessions,' acknowledging Eibelstadt, and charging him dearly for the time himself to be the sole author and writer of these which they alleged they had employed in collectancient-looking manuscripts.
ing them. Having expressed a desire to visit the Poor young Chatterton s forgery of the poems place where these wonders had been found, the of Rowley, a priest of the fifteenth century, is boys conducted him to a locality where they had one of the most celebrated literary impositions on previously buried a number of specimens. At record. Horace Walpole, in a letter written in last, when he had formed an ample collection, he 1777, says, ' Change the old words for modern, published a folio volume, containing twenty-eight and the whole construction is of yesterday; but plates, with a Latin text explanatory of them, I bave no objection to anybody believing what dedicating the volume to the Prince-Bishop of he pleases. I think poor Chatterton was au as. Wurzburg. The opinions expressed in this book, tonishing genius.'
and the strange manner in which they are deIn all probability the exact nature of Macpher- fended, render it a curious evidence of the ex. son's connexion with what are called · Ossian's travagant credulity and folly of its author, who Poems' will never be known. Although snatches meant to follow it up with other publications ; of these poems, and of others like them, are prou but being apprised by M. Deckard, a brother proed to have existed from old times in the High fessor, of the hoax that had been practised, the lands, there is no proof that the whole existed. deluded author became most anxious to recall his Macpherson left what he called the original work. It is therefore very rare, being only met Gaelic poems to be published after his death ; with in the libraries of the curious ; and the copies
but,' says Mr. Carruthers, they proved to be an which the publisher sold after the author's death, eract counterpart of those in English, although, have a new title-page in lieu of the absurd allein one of the earlier Ossian publications, he had gorical one which originally belonged to them. acknowledged taking liberties in the translation. Nothing more seems to be necessary to settle that the book must be regarded as to some unknown DETACHED TwouGHTS FROM Jean Paul Richextent a modern production, founded upon, and TER.- We should never mourn for one that dies at imitative of, certain ancient poems; and this fifteen. There die the first dawnings of love seems to be nearly the decision at which the with the spring-flowers in its little heart. I would judgment of the unprejudiced public has arrived.' visit the grave of such an one in the spring,
A species of literary imposition has become merely that I might be glad. common latterly, namely, placing the name of some distinguished man on the title-page as edi. Spring passes away, and so must thou. Is thy tor of a work the author of which is not inention-cheek of roses fairer than the rose which must ed, because obscure. This system, done with a also fade? Thy, song, other than that of the view to allure buyers, is unjust towards the con- nightingale, which is also silenced? Lie down cealed author, if the work really merit the sup- calmly in thy dust, thou human flower. That port of an eminent editor, for it is denying a dust will yet be the pollen of a fairer one; and man the fair fame that he ought to receive ; and earth has no more that it can do to thy blossomif the work be bad, the public is cheated by the ing soul. distinguished name put forth as editor and guar. antee of its merits. Still, however, the tardiness of the people themselves in encouraging new and DRUNKENNESS IN Cork.--What will greatly unknown writers of merit, is the reason why pub- surprise English readers is the following return lishers resort to this trick to insure a sale and from Cork, the home and head-quarters of the profit.
great Apostle of Temperance. According to Several ingenious deceptions have been played the Cork Constitution, the number of drunkards off upon geologists and antiquaries. Some youths committed to the City Bridewell, for twelve desirious of amusing themselves at the expense months, ending the first of April, in each of the of Father Kircher, engraved several fantastic following years, was as follows:figures upon a stone, which they afterwards buried in a place where a house was about to be Year. Drunkards. | Year. Drunkards. built. The workmen having picked up the stone 1841
2452 while digging the foundation, handed it over to 1842
3374 the learned Kircher, who was quite delighted 1843
6622 with it, and bestowed much labor and research in explaining the meaning of the extraordinary Something more potent than Mathewism is refigures upon it. The success of this trick induced quired at Cork.
SELECT LIST OF RECENT PUBLICATIONS.
Female Characters, by the late H. Thornton, Esq., M. P.
Poenis, by Camilla Toulmin.
Autobiography of John Aubrey, (1625)
Germany. by John Britton.
CLASSICAL LITERATURE. The Enchanted Knights; a Romance, Hellenische Alterthumskunde, aus dem from the German of Musaeus.
Gesichtspuncte des Staats. Von Wilh. Notes on the Wandering Jew; or, the Wachsmuth, Dr. der Phil., &c. 2te, umJesuits and their opponents, by John Fair- gearbeitete und vermehrte Ausgabe. Halle, play.
1844, 46. (A thoroughly revised and enBiographical History of Philosophy, by larged edition of one of the profoundest G. H. Lewis. 4 vols. 18mo.
works which modern research has contriA Selection from the Remains of Then- buted to our knowledge of Greek antiquity.) critus, Bion, and Moschus, by Frederic H. Die Historische Kunst der Griechen in Ringwood.
ihrer Entstehung und Fortbildung. Von Trade and Travel in the Far East; or, Friedrich Creuzer. 2te. Verbesserte und Recollections of Twenty-one Years.passed ver mehrte Ausgabe, besorgt von Jul. Kayat Java, Singapore, Australia, and China, ser, Gymnasiallehur in Darmstadt. (2 by G S. F. Davidson. A very amusing and Thlr. 10 Ngr.) instructive work.
Historia Crítica Tragicorum Gracorum. Bells and Pomegranates, No. 8 and last, Scripsit Wilh. Car. Kayser, Westfalos, Gotby Robert Browning.
tingæ, 1845. pp. 332, gr. 8. (1 Thlr. 15 The Aristocracy of England; a History Ngr.) (“A very useful work, and an imfor the People, by John Hampden, Jr. portant accession to the treasures of Philo
The Church in the Catacombs; a De- logical literature.") scription of the Primitive Church of Rome, Antimachi Colophonei reliquias, premisillustrated by its sepulchral remains, by sa de ejus vita et scriptis disputatione, colCharles Maitland, M. 'D.
lectas explanavit Henr. Guil. Stoll. 1845. A new edition of Sir H. Spelman's cele- pp. 124. gr. 8. (20 Ngr.) (Antimachus brated work, History and Fate of Sacrilege. was by the ancients placed next to Homer.
Political Works of David Ricardo, by J. This edition of his Fragments is the most R. McCulloch.
complete that has appeared, and is distinLectures on Systematic Morality, by Rev. guished by learning, judgment, and philoW. Whewell, D. D.; a kind of Commenta- logical tact and acumen.) ry on the author's “Elements of Morality Aristophanis Comoediæ, Rec. et aunot. and Polity."
instrux. Fred. Henr. Bothe. Ed. Lec. Notes and Recollections of a Professional emendatior. Vol. I. Acharnenses, EquiLife, by the late Wm. Ferguson, M. D. tes, Nubes. Vol. II. Vespa Pax, Ales.
Second volume of Bopp's Comparative Lips. 1845. gr. 8. (Pr. 2 Thlr. 20 Ngr.) Grammar of Sanscrit, Zend, Greek, Latin, (An edition distinguished by accurate and Lithuanian, Gothic, German, and Sclavonic tasteful interpretation.) Languages, translated by Lieut. Eastwick Demosthenis Oratio in Aristocratum, and Prof. Wilson.
Græca emendatiora edidit, apparatu critico, Ecclesiastical Reminiscences, by Rev. proleguomenis, commentario perpetuo, Mr. Waylen;—a work on the U. States. atque indicibus instruxit Ern. Guil. Weber,
The Percy Society are about to issue the Prof. Gymn. Wimar. Jenæ. 1845. pp. 588. Poems of the Earl of Surrey, Wm. Browne, gr. 8. (2 Thlr. 20 Ngr.) (A copious and Dr. Donne, and Taylor, the water poet. learned edition of one of the most perfect
The Camden Society announces a trans- orations of Demosthenes.) lation of Polydore Vergill's History of EngJand; the Autobiography of the Countess
IIISTORY AND BIOGRAPHY. of Pembroke.
Allgemeine Weltgeschichte für alle The Parker Society have announced Stände ; mit Zugrundelegung Seines grösArchbishop Parker's Correspondence, and seren Werkes, von Dr. K V. Rotteck. 5 the Works of Bishops Ridley, Pilkington, Bd. Gesch, der neuesten Zeit, 1815-1840. and Hooper.
Nach Dr. K. V. Rotteck's hinterlassenen A book of Highland Minstrelsy, by Mrs. Vorarbeiten verfasst und herausg, von Dr. D. Ogilvy.
Hın. v. Rotteck. Stuttgart, 1845, gr. 8.