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Oh! what are thousand living loves
To one, that cannot quit the deado -BYRON. Well-though the clouds of sorrow haste,
With dark’ning gloom, and threat'ning roll, To blight existence to a waste,
And shut out sunshine from my soul, Departed Ida! rather far
My musing thought would dwell on thee, Than join the mirthful, and the jar
Of voices loud, and spirits free.
Where we so oft together sate,
Had link'd us to one mutual fate,
Whose glance was sunshine to the spot ? These roses bloomed, as they bloom now,
But thou art-where I see thee not! Oh! nevermore-oh! nevermore
This earth again shall smile for me! I'll listen to the tempest's roar,
Or gaze along the stormy sea,And from the sunshine I will hide,
But, as the moon in silver gleams, I'll lean me o'er the vessel's side,
And see thee in my waking dreams. Then welcome be the doom that calls
To foreign climes my wandering way; These echoing walks, and empty halls,
The blosmy lilac on its spray,The lily in its innocence,
The fleur-de-lis with purple vest, Pine for thee, vanished far from hence,
Removed from earth, and laid to rest. Oh! do not breathe on Ida's lute
'Twould make her vanish'd form appear, Since Ida's breathing now is mute
Since Ida's voice I cannot hear. All music, and all melody,
The azure stream, and leafy tree, The glories of the earth and sky
Are stripp'd of half their charms for me! Then welcome be the flapping sail;
And welcome be the stormy main, And never may the breezes fail,
But when they bring us back again! And I will wander o'er the deep,
And brave the tempest's threat’ning harms,
To me can proffer Ida's arms!
Soon come the day, and come it must, too vai When I shall seek thy happier sphere, inqu2.995.-,.
And leave this perishable dust.
And gloom forsake my drooping heart, bx
LORD LAUDERDALE'S PROPOSED ADDRESS TO THE KING. This small pamphlet is in pretty with his known party feelings. With general circulation, although, in å him the Sinking Fund has been wrong technical sense, it is not, perhaps, à —the Bank has been wrong—the syspublished work,
But the matters tem of taxation has been wrong-the which it embraces are so profoundly measures adopted, whether for the ininteresting at the present period, and crease or diminution of the public debt, the name of the author stands so high have all been deeply and destructively for acuteness and subtlety at least, if impolític. The rapid payment of the not for depth and wisdom, that if we debt he told us distinctly, in his Incommit a slight trespass, by making quiry into National Wealth, would be the pamphlet the subject of a few re utter ruin and subversion,-probably marks, we feel assured, that our mo- because Mr Pitt was the author and adtives will plead our excuse. No man, vocate of the Sinking Fund,—the vast indeed, who prints the sketch of an unrepressed increase of the same debt, address, “submitted to the considera- --creating property unconnected with tion of all who wish to call the atten- popular influence,-hie now tells us, in tion of their Sovereign and of Parlia- this Sketch, is the chief operating cause ment, to the real grievance under of all the evils that menace the state which the nation is now suffering,” of all the discontent which lurks in can object to the attention we are now its bosom-of all the calamities that about to give to his call-as we are are yet in store for us, unless by a certainly of the number of those who change of Ministers we drive from the are anxious to detect and disencumber helm of affairs the foolish men, who ourselves of this “ real grievance." dare to “glory' in the present state of
The noble author of this address has things, which, in the opinion of the been long known to the public in va- author, so far from being a subject of rious and rather opposite characters. triumph, is one of just shame and reWe shall not attempt to revive the re- proach. membrances connected with his youth We are not aware, indeed, that the ful enthusiasm, because we think he man who attempted by one single blow has, in a great measure, atoned for to destroy, not merely the system of - these juvenile indiscretions by a whole- Adam Smith, but the whole received some application to more severe studies. system of political economy,—who waIt is impossible, however, to deny, that ged war with the very axioms of crime, even in his more dry and abstruse spe- and tried to rear a system upon mere culations, the original bias of his poli- sophisms, -and who produced a volutical prejudices makes a frequent and minous work, with these rare and not very seasonable appearance; and wholesome views, which has fallen by that in his case, more than in that of the universal consent of all thinking any writer professedly speculative, it persons, into the most profound obliwould seldom be difficult to detect vion,-is exactly the person to be trustthe bearing of his more practical creed.ed for an opinion upon any subject conThat Lord Lauderdale is, in his works nected with the national economy. on political economy, very ingenious, But so it is, that the adventurous aúabstract, and metaphysical, is true; thor has now come forward to guide but still we think, that behind the his fellow-citizens, and counsel his cloudy region of his metaphysics, it is sovereign in the most arduous crisis not difficult to recognize the embodied of public affairs,-and, as might have substantial figure of whiggism. Al- been expected from the abstract undisthough he has favoured the world with tinguishing cast of his intellect,-has a series of transitory lucubrations up- at once referred all the evils we enon almost every political question that dure, and all the danger to which we has occurred for the last fifteen years, are exposed, to a neglect of the princiconnected with political economy, he ples of that science of political econohas generally contrived, if not to ren- my in which, despising the scepticism der his science subservient, at least of the world, he ardently imagines to make it opportunely coincident, himself to be an undoubted master.
* Sketch of an Address to his Majesty ; submitted to the consideration of all who wish to call the attention of their Sovereign, and of Parliament, to the real grievance under which the nation is now suffering. By the Earl of Lauderdale. 1821. VOL. VIII.
The scope of his proposed address peculiar circumstances of the late war, may be explained in a few senten- and suddenly arrested by its terminaces. Mankind, in Lord Lauderdale's tion, — have, in the opinion of the opinion, are necessarily governed by noble author, so entirely dislocated those who can administer to their mere society, and produced such a mass of physical wants and desires, and the human beings, no longer united by influence of property must, of course, any of the accustomed ties, that we predominate in one shape or other over cannot wonder to see constituted auevery less urgent consideration. Rulers thority despised, since it is no longer we must indeed have, and a system of maintained by its wonted dependenlegislation, and of distributive justice, ces. Formerly, the great mass of our and of general and local police,--but population was territorially connected it is the influence of property that truly with one or other branch of the legisimparts to the entire system its force lature-with one or other of the conand efficacy,—that secures for it free flicting parties in the state and the and willing obedience, and prevents consequence was, that opposition to murmur and discontent. All the constituted power never trespassed beforms of authority which pretend to yond the example set in the great govern man, must emanate from, and council of the nation. There might be in close sympathy with that local be whigs and tories, but there were no and territorial influence, which, by gra- radicals,-none who imagined an equal tifying the physical wants of the go- contempt of both parties, and comverned, ensures their homage and con- passed in their own wild fancies the tentment.
subversion of the state. This vast and Such are the general principles—and unmanageable change in the state of now for their application to the present property, the proposed addresser imdistracted state of our internal affairs. putes to the system which the present It is the opinion of Lord Lauderdale, Ministers adopted from their great that before the accession of his late predecessor, and had the felicity, or, Majesty to the throne, the relations as Lord Lauderdale thinks, the mis betwixt the governing power and those fortune, of perfecting; and the fact, that who were subject to it, were, general- they still continue to boast of this ly speaking, sustained by that territo- system, is, in his opinion, a sufficient rial influence to which we have allu- reason for their removal from office,ded. In support of his opinion as to if the object be to propitiate the revoltthe supremacy of this influence over ed interests of the country.-It is rethe claims of allegiance and the power markable, however, that this is the of government itself, he refers to the only remedy on which the noble auScottish rebellions, where a depend- thor even professes. to be explicit, for dent tenantry risked their fortunes as to the scheme of reaction, by which and their lives in obedience to their the former state of mutual dependence territorial chiefs, and in open defiance is to be in whole or in part restored, of the supreme power of the state. he prudently leaves that, without sugHe does not, of course, mean to say, gestion or comment, to the wisdom of that the direct despotism of property the legislature. was equally strong over the whole of There is one passage in this singuthe island, as it was in the mountain- lar pamphlet in which we cordially ous parts of Scotland,--but he main- concur, and as it gives a very distinct tains that such as it existed, even in view of the subject of which it treats, England, about the middle of the last and puts to flight the stupid commoncentury, it has been since manifestly places as to the increase of corruption, .and dangerously relaxed. The enor- and the tendency to its further growth mous increase of our public debt in our own times and those which creates a vast property unconnected have immediately preceded them, we with local or individual influence ; shall quote it at length, for the edificathe difficulties to which taxation has tion of all radical declaimers. exposed the old proprietors—their con “During that eventful period, (viz. since sequent expulsion—the more sordid the accession of the present family to the transactions driven with the tenants throne,) we must then humbly submit to by the speculators, who purchase and your Majesty, that it is in vain we have sell land as ordinary merchandise- of constituted authority which can account
tried to discover any alteration in the frame the unparalleled increase of our manufacturing population, produced by the and disunion that now prevail.
for the unfortunate discontent, irritation,
• « To us it appears, that the three seve- perceive any alterations in the constituted El ral branches of the Legislature stand in the authority of the country capable of giving
same relation to each other that they have a new direction to the power vested in it, done ever since your Majesty's family sat such as can account for the melancholy on the throne; that the House of Lords is, state of public sentiment which unfortuwith the exception of the change which has nately now prevails.” taken place in consequence of the union This is all very just and sound. But with Ireland, constituted on the same prin- we must now take leave to make a few ciple; and that the same observation ex- remarks upon the leading principles of tends to the Commons' House of Parlia- his Lordship’s theory, which, indeed, ment; for your Majesty must be aware,
is brought forward in a shape rather that at that time, as at present, Old Sarum
rum abstract and metaphysical.--Should this 13 and Midhurst had a right to send the same
number of representatives to that House address ever be adopted, and presentwhich are delegated from the county of ed to his Majesty, we believe it will be York.
the first instance in which our graci“ We have indeed seen changes of some ous Sovereign has been publicly reimportance take place:
galed with a dish of genuine Scotch We have seen the judges of the land philosophy. rendered independent, by having their offi It is a great objection to any theory, ces conferred on them for life.
that, if it be true, there seems no prac“We have seen attempts to secure the ticable remedy for the evils of which independence of the House of Commons, it professes to develope the cause: We by the abolition of so many offices tenable with a seat in that House, that, though we
are not much obliged to an author find on record, in times of general content
who curiously traces the causes and ment throughout your Majesty's dominions, progress of a distemper in the political the names of upwards of 150 placemen vo- system, and whose very statement of ting in that assembly, we know not, at this them shuts out all hope of cure. The moment of discontent and irritation, how noble author has not, in the present inany man can with truth allege that there stance, even indicated a remedy-andwe exists in that House even one half of that
are sure, that if any feasible scheme number of placemen.
had occurred to him, his intrepidity “We have seen also the independence would not have shrunk from the anof the House of Lords provided for on si nouncement of it. But he comes formilar principles.
“We have seen many of the offices of ward, burdened with his “ real griestate, in which enormous fortunes have vance," and in despair casts it at the been made, by the use of public money,
feet of parliamentary wisdom. This regulated in such a manner that no public looks ill, either for Lord Lauderdale's officer can now enjoy any emolument be- theory, or for the country.--But, if the yond the defined salary annexed to his situ. root of our present evils be in truth a ation.
revolution in the state of property, ge“We have seen contractors with Govern- nerated by the events of the late war, ment excluded from Parliament, and loans we do not well see by what species of contracted in a manner which puts it no counter-revolution the evil is to be relonger in the power of a Minister of the moved. We can contract debts, indeed, Crown to shew favour to his friends.
but without the aid of Mr Heathfield, “And we have seen the purity of election provided for, by the exclusion of all The events of a war, or great commer
it is not so easy to extinguish them. revenue officers from a right of suffrage ; cial successes, may create mercantile as well as by regulations far more numerous than all those contained in the statute book and monied capitalists; but we do not at the commencement of the reign of our
know by what scheme, when they are deceased sovereign.
once generated,-be their local or indi“ All these regulations may, indeed, be vidual influences ever so small-they considered as in a degree operating a change and their capital are at once to be de: in the constituted authority of the country; stroyed. They may, indeed, purchase but it would be wasting your Majesty's land, but they cannot be compelled to time, to go into any details to shew that do this, and even if they were to do they are alterations of a nature, which, far it universally, they would only disfrom creating irritation and discontent, ought, according to the opinions of those place the actual proprietors, and who are daily libelling our Government, change situations with them of course. to sooth and render the constitution under Lord Lauderdale's theory can be sa.which we have the happiness of living more
tisfied only by destroying, in some dear to those who are born to enjoy the shape or other, the superfluous uninblessings of it. We must, therefore, hum- fluential wealth, and the rude indeHly submit to your Majesty, that we cannot pendent population, which, in their
different spheres, produce discontent the condition of servitude, and diverand radicalism; and we should, there- sified society by the introduction of fore, advise him to reverse his former other classes besides proprietors, and pursuits, and, instead of
puzzling him their immediate dependents. The self with the needless and baneful “in- theory of Lord Lauderdale is at vas quiry into the means and causes of the riance, in short, with all that is truly increase of wealth,” set himself seria liberal, and finely characteristic of the ously to consider what may be the fit- system of this country. It was ever test mode of its extinction.
the boast of the domestic policy of "If it be true, that constituted autho- England, propitious to arts and comrity cannot well be maintained in this merce, and to the reciprocal indepenland, but in connection with and sub- dence of all classes, that it has shatserviency to territorial interests,-if the tered the simple and savage relations, landholder must invariably be the le- which, while they - maintained even gislator ; and, in his legislative capas constituted authority but imperfeetly, city, is to be obeyed only because of perpetuated the servitude and brutalithe favours which, as a territorial pro- ty of man. The assured independence prietor, he can confer, and the submis- of the middle, and even the labouring sion thereby enforced,--the feudal classes, has hitherto been the prinsystem, if not in its most barbarous ciple and the pride of England's libeforms, yet, in its essential principle, ral system, while respect for the con must be revived to save the state from stitution, obedience to the laws, and destruction. The revival, indeed, is general domestic tranquillity, have impossible, and the subversion is there been secured, upon finer and more fore certain and inevitable. The very generous principles than this noble auessence of the feudal system, is the in- thor imagines can ever exercise any fluence of property over rude and ser- very effective controul over the mind vile dependence; and the influence, of man. It is by excluding, in a great too, of that very species of property-- measure, from his theory, the highland, upon which the noble author er feelings, which are not less premainly relies--every other form of sent in their influence, that they wealth being naturally detached and appear for the present in a state independent, and incapable, of course, of perversion and depravity--that we of giving that specific local influence, conceive the author to have - essenupon which, in the author's opinion, tially and egregiously erred; it is the vigour of constituted authority, by omitting, in his enumeration, the and the stability of order 'must for progress of intellect and knowledge ever depend. This is high aristocracy s omnipotent as it must be, either and renovated feudalism, indeed; and for good or evil,--that we think he this very
noble personage, must excite a well the signs of the times; it is smile in every one who recollects the by wholly neglecting the moral and history of the last thirty years, and the political feelings of man, stimulated very conspicuous part played in some as they have been by education, by the of its scenes by the Earl of Lauderdale facilities for diffused intelligence, by himself.
the events and examples of recent Be this as it may, however, we take history, that we think he has evinleave to maintain, that his theory is ced a remarkable ignorance of what erroneous and absurd. The wisest is passing at this moment in our and ableșt of our English writers have own island, and throughout a great concurred in ascribing the spirit of part of Europe. And we are not surfreedom which has distinguished our prised, that with this evident impeople, -their feeling of personal in- perfection of his theory, as to the dependence, and just passion for pub- causes of our present disorders, it lic liberty, to that very disconnec- should imply a practical conclusion, tion betwixt 'the class of territorial which the entire physical as well as proprietors, and the mass of the po- moral power of the age will combine pulation, which Lord Lauderdale so in repelling. We are aware, indeed, feelingly deplores, --to the rupture of that Lord Lauderdale may disown feudalism, and its multiplied hondage, this conclusion, and can well believe
to the progress of arts, mariufactures, that he never intended to carry his and commerce, which have bestowed principle to that extreme to which it fhe enjoyment of property, without directly and unequivocally points ;