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attempts to apply it. He tells us, page tion can only be presented by one man 140:

to another through some verbal sign or "The aim of revelation has not been exposition of the facts that give rise to formally to expound a system of doc- it. But this, by the author's own detrine to the understanding, but to edu- finition of the logical consciousness, is cate the mind of man gradually to an a purely logical process. “Their lives, inward appreciation of the truth con- and their intensity in action and suffercerning his own relation to God. Juda ing,” had no significance in themselves, ism was a propædeutic to Christianity; ) except as related to their teachings . but there was no formal definition of Madmen and impostors had exhibited any one spiritual truth in the whole of the same things; and it was only by that economy (!)

The purpose of it verbal exposition that the world could was to school the mind to spiritual understand the difference between the contemplation; to awaken the religious two cases; in other words, the whole consciousness by types and symbols, process by which they acted was an and other perceptive means, to the appeal to the logical understanding.

ation of certain great spiritual Here, then, the theory fails at the very ideas," &c. &c. “ The apostles went point of its application ; for it leads us forth to awaken man's power of spi- irresistibly to the conclusion, that the ritual intuition; to impress upon the revelation made by the inspired teachers world the great conceptions of sin, of of religion was made in the forms of the righteousness, of judgment to come, of logical understanding. salvation, of purity, and of heavenly The fatal error of Mr. Morell's theory love. This they did by their lives, lies in confounding the work of the their teaching, their spiritual intensity Spirit of God with the action of human in action and suffering, their whole agents in the spiritual enlightenment testimony to the word, the person, the of man. It is man's work to present death, and the resurrection of the the great conceptions of religion in Saviour."

those logical forms in which they have Concede for a moment that the sole been placed in the revealed word; it is object of these great agencies was to the Spirit's work to awaken the power awaken spiritual intuitions, how, by of spiritual intuition, by which these Mr. Morell's own account of it, was this embodied conceptions can be grasped done? They could not bring the naked by the higher consciousness of the soul. idea before the blinded world, and thus By confounding the work of God with cause spiritual perception. How, then, that of man, and both with the agency did they proceed? Byteaching !by of the revealed truth, he has involved the use of " types and symbols," and himself in a maze of the most fatal "giving testimony to the word, &c., of error. the Saviour!” And, pray, what was this but addressing themselves to the logical understanding? If they em- [P.S.—The preceding quotation is bodied these great conceptions in teach- from the 2nd No. of The Foreign ing, must not this, as far as it was em Evangelical Review,” one of the healthbodied, be “an exposition of Christian iest books of the day. We shall next doctrine ?” How otherwise could they give the critique of the writer on Mr. have proceeded? A spiritual concep- Morell's views of Inspiration.--EDITOR.]

VOL. XXX.

2 R

OUR PSALMODY.

(To the Editor of the EVANGELICAL MAGAZINE ) Sir,-With your permission, I will, single song of praise during the entire venture to intrude on your pages with service. There has been nothing but a few thoughts on our Congregational prayer (if we except the thanksgiving Psalmody, to which I would respectfully offered by the mouth of the minister), draw the attention of the ministerial por- only changing the mode of it from what tion of your readers, as it has often been appears to me the most appropriate one remarked that this delightful portion of of presenting it by the minister on beour sacred services has not received the half of the congregation, to the singing attention it merits; although the ob- of it by the people. I know not, sir, servation has usually been made in how it may strike

you or your

readers, reference to the style of the singing, but to me the practice seems, to say the rather than to the matter of the song. least, open to considerable objection ;

My first remark is, that, so far as I especially when it is now so common in have had the opportunity of witnessing many of our places of worship to sit our various congregational services, the during the singing,—a rather indefenreal object of our hymnology is too much sible custom, which cannot be chargelost sight of by those who have the se- able on the Church of England. I do lection of our hymns for public worship. not mean to carry my objection so far It is true that the singing of a prayer,

-as to say that it is, under all circumif we as Dissenters think we are con stances, wrong to sing our prayers. I sistent in so doing, ---may be regarded object to it as being unseemly and inas an act of worship; but is it consist appropriate. Neither do I mean to say ent with the real and most obvious in- that our hymns ought never to include tention of singing, which we should a petition to the Divine Being. Some of surely all agree ought to consist chiefly our most rapturous and exalted hymns of praise ? A large proportion of the of praise imply or include such petitions, Dissenting body-probably the great which, I confess, I should be reluctant to majority—object, and I think very pro- leave out. But I conceive there is some perly, though perhaps not so consist. difference between an occasional ardent ently, to the practice, not uncommon in desire expressed in a song of praise, and the Church of England, of chanting or those direct prayers which form the sole intoning the prayers. They believe it object of many of our modern hymns. is not a proper mode of addressing the I am aware that to this it may be reDivine Being, when approaching bim plied, the Psalms of David themselves in the language of fervent supplication consist for the most part of prayers, and Nay, so far do many, perhaps most, these were sung by the people. There carry their objection, that they deem it is some force in this objection; but may improper, or at least out of place, to it not in reply be said, that the circumquote in their public prayers any poetic stances, especially in a spiritual point phraseology, however appropriate to of view, of the Jewish church and of their immediate object, and they dis- the Christian churches, are widely difcourage it in others. And yet how fre. ferent; that some of these sacred compoquently do all our congregations sing sitions, such, for instance, as the 22nd their prayers! I have not unfrequently Psalm, and many others, were never inattended Divine worship in some of our tended to be so used, as they do not seem chapels where there has not been a to be at all adapted for the purpose of

congregational worship, either of Jews they are either adapted to the subject or Christians; that the Psalms were a of the sermon, or are in themselves species of Liturgy of the Jewish church, beautiful compositions. Few things, in the services whereof, I apprehend, for example, are perhaps more common free prayer, except perbaps on rare oc- than, when a minister is preaching on casions, was never observed; and that the subject of prayer, for him to choose many of the Psalms were sung in such that exquisite composition of Monta way as few, if any, would approve in gomery's, “Prayer is the soul's sincere our times, viz. in a dramatic style,—the desire,” or the scarcely less favourite king, the priests, and the people taking one of Cowper's, “ What various hinseverally their parts in response to one derances we meet;" yet, beautiful as another? Take as examples the 32nd, these are, they can hardly be regarded 91st, and 115th, with many others. as adapted-possibly were

never inThe objection to wbich I have al- tended to be sung as an act of Divine luded, of whatever importance it may worship, which I regard as the only be deemed, does not seem to have oc- proper object of congregational singing curred to the compilers of many of our in public religious services. modern hymn-books, if we may judge There is yet another kind of metrical by the great number of rhythmical composition, the propriety of using prayers which so many of them com- which in our public worship is, I think, prise. Indeed, the large proportion of yet more questionable; nor can the use hymns of this character in the various of such be considered as worship in selections, appears to me somewhat ex any sense, at least of the Supreme traordinary, especially considered as in- Being. If worship at all, it is the tended for public worship, and coming worship of our fellow-worshippers, or from editors who, I have no doubt, of some grace, virtue, or idea to which would object to the practice of intoning the hymn alludes. As examples of the alluded to above. It may be thought first, I refer to the hymn, "We bid thee fastidious on my part, but I confess to welcome in the Lord” (470th Hy. Cong. a certain degree of conscientious objec- Hy. Bk.); and the following, “ Come in, tion to join-particularly on some oc thou blessed of the Lord;” and of the casions—in the singing of hymns of last, “Songs of praise the angels sang" this description.

(1st Hy. Cong. Hy. Bk.), which is rather Another characteristic alike of the à metrical bistory of songs of praise, selections to which I have alluded, and than a song of praise itself. of our congregational singing, showing In these particulars the compositions how much the real and proper object of of our revered Dr. Watts offer a striking this interesting part of Divine worship contrast to many of the selections is lost sight of, may be mentioned; I which have been published of late mean the number of hymns (so called years. Except in his versions of some by courtesy) of a purely didactic na of the Psalms, many of which are prayture, and which should rather be desig- ers, comparatively few are to be found nated by the more appropriate name of containing any prayer at all, still fewer religious poems. Many of these, 1 sub-consisting entirely of prayer; but howmit, are entirely unsuited for public ever objectionable, and even puerile, worship, however beautiful they may some few passages in his hymns may be, be, and as many of them unquestion they are for the most part direct ascripably are, considered merely as poems. tions of praise to the Divine Being, for Not a few of these are chosen to be his attributes, his works, or his grace; sung, evidently with but little regard to and of these, very many are of the most the object of singing, but merely because elevated and ecstatic kind, such as, it

as

appears to me, few whose hearts are at so for others too often limits his choice all attuned to sing the praises of God to a comparatively small number, when can join in without having their desires there is so great a variety of valuaawakened, their affections enlivened, and ble hymns, admirably adapted for wortheir souls lifted up in sacred and ship, though they may not bear on hallowed devotion. Such as these, the preacher's immediate theme. The wherever they are to be found, are, I minister may, if he chooses, in the venture to think, the most suitable and exercise of the freedom which our appropriate themes for our sacred songs; ecclesiastical polity allows him, make and I must confess to having often had bis prayers to bear more or less on my religious sensibilities sadly be the subject of his discourse, and numbed, when, on a Sabbath morning, usually, I presume, he does so; but the voice of all nature around, the when a hymn appropriate thereto canballowed associations of the season, the not readily be found, how easy would it sacred glow of devotional feeling, and be to select others from the great perhaps, in addition, the magnitude variety of noble compositions we posand cheerfulness of the congregation, sess, the immediate object and aim of seem to call for some elevating strains which is to render suitable and exalted of praise to the God of nature and of praise to the God of nature and of grace, instead of such a psalm or hymn grace. To enumerate or specify these

“Great God, attend while Zion would be almost endless, and quite sings” (84th Ps. Watts); “My God, needless. Yet I have observed how my King, thy various praise" (145th very many of them are completely overPs.); “Great God, how infinite art looked by those who have the selection thou !" (67th Hy. 2nd Bk.); “Hosanna of our hymns for public worship. Is it to the Prince of Light" (76th Hy. not the case, that the staple of our 2nd Bk.); or, “Blessed be the Father congregational singing consists

of and his love ” (26th Hy. 3rd Bk.), some hymns such as those on which I have meagre composition, containing neither ventured to animadvert, while many of praise nor prayer, has been chosen to the best and most appropriate ones are commence the sacred services of the either overlooked or disregarded? My day,—a composition, it may be, which, belief is, that so much bas it become had it not been the production of some the fashion, of late years, to introduce one bearing a great name, had never selections of hymns into our congregafound its way into any manual for tions, as Supplements” to Dr. Watts public worship.

(thus justly, in my opinion, giving him Again : Is it not a fact, that the the place of honour), that comparachoice of hymns for Divine worship, - tively few of our modern Dissenters usually, I presume, the department of are at all aware of the beauties to be the minister,-is sometimes regarded found among his sublime compositions, by him rather as a task than a plea- and are especially unacquainted with sure ? Now, if I am correct, from those contained in his version of the what does this arise, but from the fact | Psalms. By the foregoing remark, I of his imposing it upon himself by the wish not to be understood as disconstant endeavour to choose such as approving of the use of other books. may have some reference to the topic Far from it; as there are numbers of of his discourse? This, however de- | other good and suitable hymns which sirable it may be, at least with regard ought to be embraced within the range to the last hymn, and however in many of our Christian Psalmody. Neverinstances practicable, is not necessary theless, I could have wished that these even for that; while the attempt to do selections had been made with greater

judgment than is apparent in most of hymns for public worship than is them; and that the inferior and ob- usually manifested; and that the matter jectionable ones, which all more or less and object of our songs is capable of contain, bad been omitted, rather than some improvement in those particulars inserted to please a vitiated public to which I have alluded; and should I taste, or to do honour to some cele- have succeeded in drawing the attention brated poet or divine.

of those whom it more especially conI know not, sir, how far the remarks cerns, to what I think requires some I have made may commend themselves amendment, my object will so far have to the approval of your readers. In been gained. two things, however, I fancy you at

I remain, dear Sir, least will agree with me; viz. that

Yours respectfully, greater pains and judgment ought to be observed in the selection of our

Q.

Poetry.

BY REV. W. LEASK.

LINES WRITTEN IN DR. DODDRIDGE'S STUDY, | As if an angel whisper'd the response. NORTHAMPTON, SEPTEMBER 7th,. 1852. And angels have been here, the witnesses

Of hallow'd meditation. They beheld This is true reverence. Honour to the heart “ The Rise and Progress" of a stream of That loves the relios of the illustrious dead,

thought, And blessings on the hand that will not touch, Whose living energy hath prostrated Even to “improve," what he onco call’d his Thousands of spirits at the feet of Christ. own!

Here the first dawning of the morning found So let it be. The prophet's table stands The student of the statute-book of heaven, Just where he left it; every thing remains With loving perseverance tracing out In undisturb'd simplicity; there needs The "Harmony” of God's Evangelists. No costly monument: this room, says all:- And here the Lord of angels oft has sent Here Philip DODDRIDGE THOUGHT. "T is Deep draughts of joy, and glorious beams of lasting fame.

hope, These walls are sacred. Often have they felt To him who wrote, whilst love inspired the The holy breath of prayer, and echoed back,

pen, To the devout petitioner, " A nen!” “I live in pleasure when I liye to Thee."

Review of Religious Publications.

A. Fullerton and Co.

THE LANDS OF THE MESSIAH, MAHOMET, we have reason to anticipate that every

AND THE POPE; AS VISITED IN 1851. By future effort to explore the lands of the John Aiton, D.D., Minister of Dolphinton. Bible will render unbelief, in its grosser 8vo. pp. 564.

forms, a thing more palpably opposed to the

common-sense and common observation of We are deeply indebted to modern travel, mankind. for a greatly improved acquaintance with the Dr. Aiton has made a very valuable concountries most frequently referred to in the tribution to our stock of knowledge, and Sacred Records. And, with all the changes certainly to the delight which one feels in which have passed over these lands, it is following enterprising and intelligent striking to observe how every fresh account traveller through countries rendered memotends to confirm the authenticity and truth rable by the scenes which have been transfulness of the inspired narratives. The acted in them. His account of the motives enemies and friends of revealed truth have which induced him to enter upon his arduous contributed, voluntarily or involuntarily, to undertaking, is very natural; and few there this result; and, from the history of the past, I are, perhaps, at least among the intelligent

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