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“ On account of this, Mr. Howe was sum intention, nor can I admit the correctness of moned to appear before the police two days such a conclusion. after, and the question was put to him, whe
4. I have the honour to remain, ther he had uttered such sentiments; to which
4 * Your obedient, humble Servant, he at once replied, he had considered it his duty
(Signed) thus to express himself. He was then told
** WILLIAM Howe.' that he must either make an apology for what “In the evening we were again waited on he had expressed, or submit to a prosecution. by the heads of police, when they informed The law which Mr. Howe was said to have Mr. Howe that the governor was by no means violated is as follows:
satisfied with Mr. Howe's communication, " Ministers of religion (or worship) who and that he must either immediately leave the shall pronounce, in the exercise of their minis island, or submit to a prosecution. As we try, and in a public assembly, a discourse had previously consulted Mr. Miller, the containing a critique or censure upon the British Consul, on the subject, and he had government concerning a law, a royal ordi strongly advised Mr. Howe to withdraw, nance, or any other act of public authority, rather than expose himself to the conse. shall be punished by an imprisonment of quences of a prosecution; and as we were of from three months to two years.'
opinion that no good end would be answered “ His reply on hearing the law read was, by Mr. Howe going to prison, which miglit that he did not feel at liberty to make any not be equally obtained by Mr. Howe subapology, but requested forty-eight hours to be mitting to banishment, we recommended his enabled to consult his brethren on the sub acceding to that alternative. It must be ject. We met together on the evening of added, that if any of our hearers in the that day, and after looking carefully at the native congregations had felt disposed to presubject on all sides, came to the conclusion fer similar charges, we were all equally liable that brother Howe could not in conscience to prosecution, as we had felt it our duty to make an apology, further than express his express ourselves strongly on the subject to regret that offence had been taken where our several congregations; and indeed, our it was not intended; and he accordingly aged brother, Mr. Davies, had preached from addressed to the Head of Police the follow the very same text as that preached from by ing note:
Mr. Howe. After the matter had been so far
arranged, Mr. Howe made a request that he " Papeete, April 30th, 1851.
might be allowed to remain until the return ""SIR,-I have fully thought over the of the John Williams, in order to avoid exaffair for which I was called before you yes pense to the Society. That request, however, terday, and now beg permission to state, that has not been acceded to; but on the contrary as I was addressing a body of my own he has been informed, that if he be found on countrymen, and Americans, in my own Tahiti after the expiration of this month, tongue, and, as a Protestant minister, laboured the case must be proceeded with. So far, to sustain the Protestant doctrine of the therefore, at present, as we can see our way strict observance of the Sabbath-day, in clear, we think it advisable that Mr. Howe dependently of national law, and drew my should retire to the Leeward, and occupy the arguments from the sacred Scriptures only; house vacated by Mr. Krause until we bear and as I fully believe in my conscience that from the Directors on the subject, which we all I said was true; that, as the statements entreat may be by the very earliest opportunity; were made in a Protestant and not in a as, if the Directors think that Mr. Howe bad Catholic country, I should feel it to be my better return and stand his trial, he will be duty to repeat similar sentiments under quite prepared to do so. It ought also to similar circumstances. I can only express have been mentioned, that previous to this my deep regret that the remarks which I con difficulty arising, Mr. Howe had received sidered it my duty to make, should have been official notice to quit his present house and reconstrued into an attempt to bring the move to Papava, according to the requireGovernment into contempt, as I had no such ments of the new law, so that there be but
one Missionary to one district, and that he by them, excited by drink, until eight reside in that district. The consequence will o'clock. The queen's two elder boys were be, that no agent of the Society will hence in the crowd as spectators, and she herself forth be permitted to live in Papeete, so as to was led in by Mr. Orsmond, sen., to the exercise bis Missionary functions among the governor, who after some little compliment natives.
handed her up stairs, and, having put a “ Several of the principal persons specially candle in her hand, instructed her how to let invited to be present on Sunday the 4th, have off the fireworks. After the display of firesent polite notices that they cannot comply works, which lasted an hour, the governor's with the invitation; and the church at ball commenced, and a large muster of the Papeuriri, through one of the deacons, Fare native chiefs were in attendance, and French Ahu, who is also a chief judge, presented a naval and military officers with their families, petition to the governor, that the festivities and some foreign residents. The natives might be postponed until the Monday; their were dressed in their different native costumes request, however, has not been granted; the for dancing, with leaves and flowers, to corresday will no doubt be spent in folly and sin, pond with the heathen dance. Very few Engand many, it is to be feared, will have their lish and American ladies and gentlemen were consciences defiled."
present at the ball, but many native chiefs.' Writing again, under date May 8th, Mr. " Another very respectable English gentleChisholm states:
man who witnessed the scene says, that it On Sabbath last (4th inst.), notwith was most heart-rending to reflect that, after all standing all remonstrance, the amusements that has been done for this people, and the for the day, previously announced, were pro measure of success that had attended the ceeded with.
efforts, with what fearful rapidity they were “The queen stood firm until the evening
thus hurried back towards heathenism. The of the day, when the governor went to her amusements provided for the people, even personally, and abused Mr. Howe as the
had it not been the Sabbath-day, were, in his cause of her obstinacy; and then, sad to re opinion, of a most demoralizing tendency : late, Mr. Orsmond was sent to complete the no fewer than five different parties of dancers, evil work. I subjoin an account of the day, men and girls promiscuously, with great as given by an eye-witness; none of us saw drums beating, plentifully furnished with anything of it. Mr. Howe was at Papaoa, intoxicating drinks, and excited to use the and Mr. J. Barff and I spent a most delightful most obscene gestures and language. An Sabbath with the newly ordained pastor and American lady, who was present at the ball, his people at Fauu, none of whom came near informs us, that poor Pomare seemed very Papeete that day, though within three miles. disconsolate all the evening, and could not be
“ "Sunday (May 4th). Fine weather: a induced to enter into conversation with any grand salute in honour of the French revolu one, but was observed for the most part to be tion, at seven, A.M. Prayers were then said, weeping. The evil effects of this desecraand about noon, prizes were placed in the tion of the Lord's-day are already abundantly roundabouts, and so placed as to be reached manifest. The queen's husband has again on either side by a man sitting astride the made shipwreck of faith. The queen's remachine, and balancing himself on it; these monstrance, when pressed by the governor to prizes consisted of shirts, calicos, fowls, and attend the ball, &c., deserves to be recorded. tobacco. The next amusement was climbing She replied, 'I cannot go; the Word of God a greasy pole with prizes at the top. Madame forbids it.' He remarked, 'The French have Bonard, with the Sisters of Charity, and all set apart this day as a day of rejoicing, and it the children under their care, were spectators. must be kept;' and then charged Mr. Howe About four, P.M., the native dancers from the as being the cause of her obstinacy; to which different districts marched in rows to pay she replied, "You are quite mistaken; it is their respects to the governor, by making a the command of God that keeps me back; formal salute in their dance, according to the but I have no power to resist your perseheathen practice. The dancing was kept up verance."
Extract of a letter from the Rey. William Howe, dated Papeete, May 8th, 1851:
“ The publio letters which will reach you “ Should the action issue in imprisonment, by this mail, will show that both our persons I may be enabled to remain when the term and our tongues are now so restricted that has expired, if not as a preacher, at least as a our power of doing good, except by patient private individual, to sell the Bible, and to waiting and enduring, is at an end in Tahiti. superintend the press, until I hear from you.
“ The confiscation of our property, the con I shall not be allowed to live in this house; I fining of us to one district, and now the act of shall, therefore, be obliged to hire one. Should calling me up for warning my hearers against I be allowed to resume my ministry at Pathe breach of the Lord's-day, are very signifi pava, and can reside there, I will do so. cant signs of the position we now occupy. " I have this morning received the sam.
“You will perceive that I had, in the first mons to attend at the office of the Lieutenant instance, accepted the alternative of quietly of the G'endarmie, on the 31st of this month, retiring from the island, rather than to expose to be interrogated on the matter imputed to myself to a certain imprisonment. My mind, me. I have, therefore, three more Sabbaths however, was in no way satisfied with the on which (D.v.) I can preach. arrangement; and when the Sabbath was “I feel most deeply for the students. They over, its awful desecration had been such, that are distressed beyond utterance. Should they, I felt it impossible to leave without again however, be preserved by Divine grace, they testifying my conviction of its fearful iniquity. will be prepared by what they have learned, I named my feelings to the brethren, who at at least, to become intelligent members of the once sympathized with me. The general churches, if not allowed to do more. The feeling of the merchants here was, that I had present government arrangement, we fear, better retire; but there were some of an oppo
will exclude all our students from the office site opinion, especially one gentleman, who is of the ministry, except those who have been passing through from Port Philip to Cali appointed. Should I, however, remain after fornia, a very respectable man, who advised the trial, I will endeavour to continue at us to take the second course named in the Papaon, or here, in hope that this dark clond public letter. We did so; and the result is, will ultimately pass away. I have no doubt that I shall stand the trial. The consul will you will do your utmost to relieve us from not stand by me, as he thinks the law con our present position by an appeal to the demns me; and, assuredly, the letter of it governments. We can only use the menns, does, but the spirit of it cannot. My brethren and commit our cause to Him who judgeth are hearty in it, and I hope the Lord is on righteously." our side.
ORDINATION OF A NATIVE PASTOR IN TAHITI. The following extract of a letter from Mr. Chisholm, dated the 2nd of May, affords gratifying evidence that our devoted brethren, in the midst of their heavy trials, have been favoured by some tokens of the Divine faithfulness and love :
The subjects on which I have lately had district which borders on this, being at liberty, to address you, have been, and still are, ex under the provisions of the ' new law, to se ceedingly disquieting to our minds, and will, parate (ecclesiastically) from this, have done no doubt, be equally so to yours; but as our so; and their request not being acceded to Heavenly Father has graciously given us a by the Government, that Mr. Howe should token for good, it is riglit that you should be their Missionary, they unanimously elected know of it, that you may unite with us in Maheanuu, the senior student under Mr. praising his holy name, 'for his mercy en Howe's care, as their pastor, and presented a dureth for ever.' The people of Fauu, the request to us that he might be regularly set
apart to the work of the ministry amongst of the members replied, that they were unathem. To this we most readily assented; and nimous in the choice of him as their pastor. as no objection could be urged against it on Mr. Howe put the usual questions to the pasthe part of the Government, we met there on tor elect, which he answered in a most clear Wednesday morning last, the 30th of April, and feeling manner, and Mr. Howe then set and I believe the day will be held in ever him apart with prayer. Rowra, of Mahaena, lasting remembrance by many, as certainly gave out another hymn, and I then addressed uo more important work has transpired in the young pastor from 1 Tim. iv, 16: · Take this island since the Duff landed her passen heed unto thyself and unto thy doctrine,' &c. gers on these shores; unless, indeed, it was Another student gave out another hymn, and when the first Tahitian embraced the truth Mr. J. Barff addressed the church on the as it is in Jesus, and yielded himself unto duties to their pastor, from Deut. i. 38: EnGod through him.
It was a deeply interesting " The order of the services was as fol
service, and very few present were unmoved lows :— Arato (John Cuff) opened with when the youug man was stating his expepraise, reading the Scripture, and prayer; Mr. rience. Pomare seemed deeply affected and J. Barff then described a gospel church from pleased, as were also Tamatoa and Tapoa, I Cor. iii. 9: "Ye are God's building.' Mose, the Kings of Raiatea and Borapora, and the another student, gave out another hymn, and Queen of Huahine, all of whom happened to Mr. Howe then asked the church what their
be present on the occasion." wishes were in regard to Maheanuu; and one
KAFFIR WAR. CASE OF THE HOTTENTOTS OF THE KAT RIVER SETTLEMENT. In the hope of enforcing the appeal, on behalf of the innocent sufferers by the Kaffir war, inserted in the MISSIONARY MAGAZINE of last month, the Directors invite the attention of the friends of the Society to some important facts tending to throw light on those disastrous events connected with this once prosperous Settlement, which every friend to Missions, and every loyal subject of the Queen, must unite to deplore.
Without disparaging the claims of others, it may be safely affirmed, that from the period of their first location on the Kat River, the settlers have been preominently distinguished among the tribes of South Africa for their steady attachment to the cause of social order, for their prompt obedience to the summops of the Colonial Government, whenever their services were required to resist the outbreaks of the Kaffirs, and for their signal bravery in the field of conflict. But superadded to the character they had deservedly acquired as good and loyal subjects, the inhabitants of Kat River had, under the vigilant superintendence of their excellent Missionaries, long enjoyed the advantage of Christian instruction; and its fruits had become manifest, in their exemplary attendance on the services of the sanctuary, in their apparently sincere attachment to the cause of the gospel, in the flourishing schools that were in active operation, and in the habits of welldirected industry by which, notwithstanding many drawbacks and difficulties, they strove to maintain themselves and their families.
Among these people, on oecasion of the late outbreak, some were led, in an evil hour, through the influence of force or flattery, to join the standard of revolt against the Government they had hitherto served with such exemplary fidelity. Their actual numbers have been greatly exaggerated; but, as the mournful result, the innocent, in common with the guilty, have been involved in utter ruin. And while the Missionaries and their families, together with several hundreds of their
people, including females and children, the aged and infirm, have been compelled to abandon their homes, now reduced to a wreck, a portion of the colonial press, notorious for its undisguised hostility alike to Missions and to the coloured races, has not scrupled to convert the disastrous events at the Kat River Settlement into an occasion of malignant triumph, and to insinuate the most unfounded, base, and cruel calumnies against the character and conduct of the Missionaries.
The Rev. James Read, jun., against whom and his venerable father these attacks have been chiefly levelled, with a view to set the colonial public right in relation to some important facts which may be supposed to have influenced this unhappy defection, and to show that the most energetic measures were actually taken by the Missionaries, in the hope of retaining the people in their allegiance, addressed a series of letters to the Editor of the South African Commercial Advertiser, and which appeared in various numbers of that most respectable and influential journal, during the months of May, June, and July, and which embody a connected history of the entire case.
The Directors regret that these valuable communications are much too long and minutely descriptive to be reproduced in detail in the limited space of their periodical; but, for the satisfaction of their friends, they purpose, on the present occasion, to give a brief outline of the most material facts tending to illustrate the case.
It must be premised that the Kat River Settlement included the central station, Philipton, the residence of the Revs. Messrs. Read, father and son; Tidmanton (formerly Blinkwater), over which Mr. Arie Van Rooyen, a native evangelist, was ordained pastor in 1849, and thirteen Out-stations. Until within a recent period, there were on the Settlement twelve day-schools, and several infant-schools in operation, with a daily attendance of from seven hundred to one thousand cbildren.
ATTESTATIONS TO THE FIDELITY OF THE KAT RIVER HOTTENTOTS. Though sedition and rebellion among the Dutch Boers, and wars and blood. shed among the border-tribes, had been of frequent occurrence, the Hottentots of the Kat River, through the influence of the gospel, and attachment to British rule, have been remarkable for their patience and forbearance under ill-usage, while heretofore they have been the most efficient auxiliaries to the regular troops in the repulsion and subjugation of the Kaffir clans.
That such were the sentiments of the authorities with respect to these people, the following documents will serve to attest. On the 17th of December, 1646, Sir P. Maitland, in his reply to an address presented to him by the Field Cornets and inhabitants of the Kat River Settlement, observed :
"I thank the Kat River people for their expression of loyal allegiance to Her Majesty the Queen, and for their welcome to myself. It is a pleasure to me to acknowledge their services in arms, and to thank them in the name of the colony which they have assisted to defend."
Again, in December, 1847, His Excellency Sir H. Smith, in replying to a congratulary address from these people, on his assumption of the government, made use of the following expressions :
“I have received, with great pleasure, the address from Her Majesty's subjects of the Kat River Settlement, in as far as it specifies such attachment and readiness again to serve under me. Well do I remember, and most fully do I appreciate, the gallant, long, and meritorious services of my Kat River comrades