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or both. So that he should seme dishabled to inherite the crowne by the duke of Yorke, and the prince by him. To lay bastardy in kynge Edward sowned openly to the

rebuke of the protectours owne mother, which was mother 5 to them both ; for in that point could be none other colour,

but to pretend that his own mother was one aduouteresse which notwithstanding, to farther this purpose, he letted not; but natheles he would that point should be lesse, and

more fauorably, handled, not euen fully plain and directly, 10 but that the matter should be touched aslope craftely, as

though men spared in that point to speke al the trouth for fere of his displeasure. But the other point concerning the bastardy that they deuised to surmise in king Edwards

children, that wold he should be openly declared and 15. inforsed to the vttermost. The coloure and pretext wherof

cannot be wel perceiued, but if we first repete you some thinges longe before done about king Edwardes mariage.

After that king Edward the fourthe had deposed kinge Henry the sixt, and was in peasyble possession of the 20 realme, determining himself to mary, as it was requisite

bothe for himself and for the realme, he sent ouer in embassiate the Erle of Warwike with other noblemen in his company vnto Spaine, to intreate and conclude a

mariage betwene king Edward and the kinges doughter of 25 Spain. In which thing the Erle of Warwik founde the

parties so toward and willing, that he spedely, according to his instruccions, without any difficulty, brought the matter 10 verye good conclusion. Now happed it that in the

meane season, there came to make a sute, by peticion to 30 dame Eliza

the king, dame Elizabeth Gray which was after

his quene, at that tyme a widow borne of noble blood, specyally by her mother, which was Duches of Bedford ere she maried the lord Wodefeld her father. Howbeit

beth Gray.

this dame Elizabeth her self, being in seruice with quene Margaret, wife vnto king Henry the VI., was maried ynto one -Gray a squier whom king Henry made knight vpon the field that he had on-at-against king Edward. And litle while enjoyed he that knighthod, for he was at that same field 5 slaine. After which done, and the Erle of Warwik being in his embassiate about thafore remembred mariage, this pore Lady made humble sute vnto the king, that she might be restored ynto such smal landes as her late husband had giuen her in jointure. Whom when the king beheld, 10 and hard her speke, as she was both faire, of a good fauor, moderate of stature, wel made and very wise: he not only pitied her, but also waxed ennamored on her. And thus taking counsaile of his desyre determined in al possible hast to mary her. And after he was thus appointed, and 15 hadde betwene them twain ensured her; then asked he counsel of his other frendes, and that in suche maner, as thei might ethe perceiue it boted not greatly to say nay. Notwithstanding the Duches of York his mother The kinges was so sore moued therewith, that she diswaded the mariage as much as she possible might, alleging that it was his honor, profite, and surety also, to mary in a noble progeny out of his realm, whereupon depended gret strength to his estate by the affinytie and great possibilitie of encrease of his possessions. And that he could not well otherwise do, 25 standing that the Earle of Warwik had so far moued already. Whiche wer not likely to take it well, if al his viage were in suche wise frustrate, and his appointmentes deluded. And she said also that it was not princely to mary hys owne subject, no gret occasion leading thervnto, no possessions 30 or other commodityes depending thervpon, but onely as it were a rich man that would mary his mayde, onely for a litle wanton dotage vppon her parson. In which mariage



manye moe commend the maidens fortune then the maisters wisdom. And yet therin she said was more honesty, then honor in this mariage. Forasmuch as there is betwene

no merchant and his own maid so gret difference, as 5 betwene the king and this widowe. In whose


albeit ther was nothing to be misliked, yet was there, she saide, nothing so excellent, but that it might be founden in diuers other, that wer more metely (quod she) for your estate,

and maydens also, wher as the only widowhed of Elizabeth 10 Gray, though she wer in al other thinges conuenient for

you, shold yet suffice, as me semeth, to refrain you from her mariage, sith it is an vnfitting thing, and a veri blemish, and highe disparagement, to the sacre magesty of a prince,

that ought as nigh to approche priesthode in clenes as he 15 doth in dignitie, to be defouled with bigamy in his first mariage.

The king when his mother had said, made her answer part in ernest, part in play merely, as he that wiste himself out

of her rule. And albeit he would gladly that she The kynges

shold take it wel, yet was at a pointe in his owne

mynde, toke she it wel or otherwise. Howbeit somwhat to satisfy her he saide, that albeit mariage being a spiritual thing, ought rather to be made for the respecte of

God where his grace enclineth the parties to loue together, as 25 he trusted it was in his, then for the regard of any temporal

aduauntage; yet natheles him semed that this mariage euen worldly considred was not vnprofitable. For he reckened the amitye of no earthly nacion so necessari for him, as

the frendship of his own. Which he thought likely to beare 30 him so muche the more herty fauor in that he disdayned not to marye with one of his own land.

And yet yf outeward aliance wer thought so requisite, he wold find the meanes to enter therinto, much better bi other of his kin,

20 answer to his


wher al the parties could be contented, than to mary himself, whom hee shoulde happelye neuer loue, and for the possibility of more possessions lese the fruit and pleasure of this that he had alredy. For smal pleasure taketh a man of al that euer he hath beside, yf he bee wiued 5 against his appetite. And I dout not, quod he, but there be, as ye saye, other that be in euery point comparable with her. And therfore I let not them that like them to wedde them. No more is it reason that it mislike any man, that I mary where it liketh me. And I am sure that io my

cosein of Warwik neither loueth me so litle, to grudge at that I loue, nor is so vnresonable to loke that I shold, in choise of a wife, rather be ruled by hys eye, then by mine own; as though I wer a ward that wer bound to mary by thapointment of a gardain. I wold not be a kyng with 15 that condicion, to forbere mine own lyberty in choise of my own mariage. As for possibilitie of more inheritaunce by new affinity in estraunge landes, [it] is ofte the occasion of more trouble then profite. And we haue alredy title, by that meanes, to so much as suffiseth to get and kepe wel 20 in one mans daies. And as for the bigamy, let the bishop hardely lay it in my wai, when I come to take orders. For I vnderstand it is forbidden a prieste, but I neuer wiste it yet that it was forbidden a prince.

The Duchesse with these wordes nothyng appeased, and 25 seing the king so set thereon that she coulde not pull him backe, so hyghelye she dysdained it, that vnder pretext of her duetye to Godwarde, shee deuised to disturbe this mariage, and rather to help that he shold mary one dame

Elizabeth Lucy. Elizabeth Lucy, whom the king had also not long

30 before gotten with child. Wherefore the kinges mother objected openly against his mariage, as it were in discharge of her conscience, that the kinge was sure to dame Elisabeth

Lucy and her husband before God. By reson of which wordes, such obstacle was made in the mater, that either the Bishoppes durst not, or the king would not, procede to the

solempnisacion of this weding, til these same wer clerely 5 purged, and the trouth wel and openly testified. Wherupon

dame Elysabeth Lucy was sent for. And albeit that she was by the kinges mother and many other put in good comfort, to affirme that she was ensured vnto the king :

yet when she was solempnely sworne to say the trouth, she 10 confessed that they were neuer ensured. Howbeit she

sayed his grace spake so louing wordes vnto her, that she verely hopid he wold haue maried her. This examinacion solempnly taken, when it was clerely perceiued that there

was none impediment: the king, with gret feast and honor15 The Kinges

able solempnite, maried dame Elisabeth Grai mariage.

and her crowned quene that was hys enemies wife, and many time had praied full hartly for his losse. In which God loued her better, then to graunt her her bone.

But when the Erle of Warwick vnderstode of this 20 mariage, he tooke it so highly that his embasiate was

deluded, that for very angre and disdaine, he at his retourne assembled a gret puisaunce against the king, and came so fast vppon him or he could be able to resist, that he The king

was faine to voide the realme and fle into Hol25

laund for succour. Wher he remayned for the space of ii. yeres, leuing hys new wife in Westminster in The prince

sanctuary, wher she was deliuered of Edward

the prince, of whom we before haue spoken. In which mene time the Erle of Warwik toke out of prison 30 King Henry

and set vp againe king. Henry the vi. which

was before by king Edward deposed and that much what by the power of the Erle of Warwike; which was a wise man and a couragiouse wariour, and of such



the vi. set up.

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