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contents; and as the theoretical and doctrinal parts, though ingenious, are not, in general, new, we fhall confine ourfelves to an account of the moft important of the practical obser


In a digreffion concerning the fault of giving medicines in trifling and inefficacious dofes, the Author related a very fingular cafe of the catalepfy; which, after the unfuccefsful exhibition of a variety of nervous medicines, and, in particular, of valerian, to the quantity of half a dram of the powder in a dose, was entirely cured by the fame drug, in doses of half an ounce in fubftance twice a day. The medicine was continued till

feven pounds had been taken.

A fimilar fpirited mode of practice cured the Author himfelf, in a hectic, attended with very formidable confumptive fymptoms, on his fubmitting to the application of a large cauftic between his fhoulders; which made an iffue capable of containing between forty and fifty peas.

In fpittings of blood, he fays, he knows by long experience, that there is not a more efficacious remedy, than half a dram of nitre, taken two or three times a day, in a glass of water.

Mr. Mudge, at length, proceeds to a remedy for a catarrhous cough, which is the main fubject of this publication. He says he was led to it, by a perfuafion that this disease took its rife from an inflammatory affection of the pituitary lining of the trachea, and its branches; and was, confequently, to be removed by diminishing the irritability, and difcuffing the inflammation of the affected part. Thefe intentions, he fupposed, would be completely answered by opium and the steams of warm water; and in the invention of a convenient and effectual machine for adminiftering the latter, does the whole of the discovery confift. This machine, termed an inhaler, is fo contrived, that the air drawn through a tube in refpiration, paffes firft through a body of hot water, and thus comes to the lungs loaded with warm vapour. The fame air, when expelled in expiration, paffes back through the tube, and thence through a valve, when by proper management, it may be distributed over the furface of the body, and thus act as a vapour bath. The Author's directions for this procefs are as follows. In the evening, a little before bed-time, the patient, if of adult age, is to take three drachms, or as many tea-fpoonfuls, of elixir paregoricum, in a glafs of water: if the fubject is younger, for inftance, under five years old, one tea-spoonful; or, within that and ten years, two. About three quarters of an hour after, the patient fhould go to bed, and being covered warm, the inhaler, three parts filled with water, nearly boiling, and being wrapped up in a napkin, but fo that the valve in the cover is not obftructed by it, is to be placed at the armpit, and the bed



cloaths being drawn up and over it, close to the throat, the tube is to be applied to the mouth, and the patient should inspire and expire through it, about twenty minutes, or half an hour.

This method, the Author affures us (and we have no reason to doubt his veracity), is an infallible and immediate cure for the cough confequent on catching cold; rarely requiring repetition, and that only of the inhaler, for the fame time in the morning. In a note we are informed, that thefe inhalers are to be purchafed of W. Barnes, pewterer, No. 157, Fleet-ftreet.

The only practical observation of importance in the chapter on the vis vitæ, relates to the treatment of compound fractures; and though not entirely new, is more minutely infisted on here, than we have before seen it, and is confirmed by cafes. It is, That in order to prevent the difagreeable fymptoms generally attending these fractures, the only effectual method is to reduce them as nearly as poffible to the ftate of fimple ones, by totally excluding the accefs of the external air. It is juftly remarked, that fimple fractures muft very often be attended with great internal contufion and laceration; which, however, rarely occafion any troublesome fymptoms, merely because the air, that great promoter of inflammation and putrefaction in wounds, gets no admiffion. In treating a compound fracture, therefore, this circumftance is to be imitated, by fuffering the coagulum of blood, with the dreffings, to remain untouched, till the wounds, caufed by the fplinters, &c. are almost or entirely healed. In a bad cafe here related, the firft dreffings were left on till the feventeenth day, in extremely hot weather, not only without inconvenience, but with the happieft effects; and the fuccefs of this practice is afferted in numerous other inftances, under Mr. Mudge's own care, and that of several other surgeons. In addition to the coagulum formed by the blood and lint, the traumatic balfam was frequently poured on, which would not only add folidity to the mafs, but likewife correct the tendency to putrefaction.



Art. 15. An Addrefs to the Lords of the Admiralty, on their Conduct towards Admiral Keppel. 8vo. I S. Almon. 1778.


Keen animadverfion on the proceedings of adminiftration in general, as well as of the Admiralty-board, in respect to the unlucky and unfeasonable measure of bringing Mr. Keppel before a court-martial. The Writer is particularly fevere on the Lords Mulgrave and Sandwich. Sir H. Pallifer, too, is not spared. The Addreffer is a warm and fpirited advocate for Admiral K. and we may pronounce him a good writer, in the farcaftic as well as the argumen

Nor lefs the guilty Parent's ire,

Whofe mad'ning zeal boils in th' unnatural feud:

And Savage Bands, untaught like men to feel,

High raife the murd'rous ax; the ruthless tort'ring steel!' Art. 23. Ode to the IVarlike Genius of Great Britain, By the Rev. W. Talker, A. B. The fecond Edition, with confiderable Additions. 4to. 2. Dodley, &c. 1778.

In our Review for July lait, p. 72, we inferted a Catalogue-article of this Ode, which then appeared without the Author's name: a circumftance which gives the prefent edition a customary right to fome potice, as a knowledge of the Writer is new matter of information to our readers.

Mr. Tafker, like Tyrtæus of old, aims, in general, at the great purpose of roufing the martial fpirit of the people; but the more immediate and peculiar occafion of this poem, is the celebration of our last year's encampments, near Maidstone, Salisbury, Winchester, and Brentwood:

On every heath, on every ftrand,
Embattled legions grace the land:
To Arms! to Arms! the hills rebound,
Echo, well pleas'd, repeats the voice around.



Gallia's pale genius ftands aghaft,

(The lillies wither in her hand) Her fleets receive the favouring blaft, "But dare not feek the adverie-land. On England's rough and rocky shore, She hears th' awaken'd Lion roar.

Thefe lines, detached from very diftant parts of the poem (but not, we apprehend, unnaturally connected here), will ferve, in fome meafure, as a fpecimen of this fpirited Ode:-from which no quotation was made in our firft mention of it.

Art. 24. The Hiftory of the Holy Bible, as contained in the fa-
cred Scriptures of the Old and New Teftament. Attempted in
eafy verfe. With occafional Notes. Including a concife Relation
of the facred Hiftory from the Birth of Creation to the Times of
our Lord and Saviour Jefus Chrift and his Apoftles; and compre-
hending all the memorable Tranfactions during the Space of
above 4000 Years. By John Fellows, Author of Grace Trium-
phant; a Poem.
Izma. 4 vols. 8s. Hogg. 1778.

This book may prove agreeable and ufeful to children, and youth, for whom it is, particularly intended, and to fome others who wish to affift the memory, and are not much folicitous about the exactness and beauty of poetry.

DRAMATIC. Art. 25. Buthred; a Tragedy. As it is acted at the TheatreRoyal in Covent-Garden. 8vo. Is. 6d. Newbury. 1779. Two ingenious gentlemen have publickly difclaimed this piece; which feems to be the production of fome fond fchoolboy, who had feen and read tragedies, till he had betrayed himself into the idea of being able to write one. Buthred is beneath all criticism.


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Art. 26. The Panegyric of Voltaire. Written by the King of Pruffia, and read at an Extraordinary meeting of the Academy of Sciences and Belles Lettres of Berlin, November 26, 17,8. 8vo. 1 s. 6d. Murray, &c.

We have before us a performance which is, at once, a monument to the memory of Voltaire, and to the honour of human friendship. The prince who had warmly patronifed the poet when living, afferts and vindicates his fame when dead.-Farther than this, friendship cannot go.

This piece, however, does not feem to be one of those happy eulogiums which have both immortalized themselves, and the subject of their praife. It is, on the whole, a production too fuperficial for the pen of the Royal Pruffian, from whofe literary and philofophic accomplishments, fomething more fubftantial might have been expected. But, indeed, the wonder is, how, with fuch important and hazardous engagements on his hands, at the juncture when this panegyric was compofed, the letter'd warriour could fo detach himself from the 'tented field,' as to execute this academical task, fo decently as he has done. But it will be asked, why then did the King, fo circumftanced, undertake fo nice and difficult a theme? A theme too, on which he was fure to meet with very powerful competitors *!-In reply to this, we fhall, perhaps, be told that, at leaft, we have here a ftrong proof of the SINCERITY of that regard which his Majefty had fo long profeffed for Monfieur de Voltaire;'-we must admit this.

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The tranflator of this piece jufly obferves, in his preface, that Voltaire, who celebrated many kings, is himself celebrated by a king. It is the province of poets to write the panegyric of princes, but Voltaire is perhaps the first poet whofe panegyric is profeffedly written by a fovereign. The following piece was compofed after the king of Pruffia had begun to withdraw his troops from Silefia, and before he returned to take up his winter-quarters in that country. If it is remarkable that the king of Pruffia fhould write the panegyric of Voltaire, it is ftill more remarkable that he should undertake this talk amidst the cares, the fatigues, and the disappointments of the field. But the fingular character of that philofophical hero renders what would appear most extraordinary in the conduct of other men, natural and familiar with him.'

The tranflator farther remarks, that In order to eftimate the merit of the panegyric, it is neceffary to take into confideration not only the dignity of the author, and the peculiar circumstances in which he wrote, but the nature, object, and aim of this fpecies of compofition

"Without bidding open defiance to the evidence of hiftoric truth, he panegyrist is entitled to borrow all the colours of painting, and

* Among other eminent literati, engaged in the fame task, we have been particularly informed of Meffrs. Linguet and Palifot ; the latter of whom has actually published his panegyric on M. Voltaire; and we have given an account of it in our Appendix to Rev, vol. lix. juft published.

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tative walk, notwithstanding a few-ifms, one of which evidently thews that he is not an Englifhman. An inftance or two will fuffice: Did he find this doctrine in the fame, book as taught him,' &c. P. 15. Though they took advantage of the night to go into Breft and refit, we ourselves were obliged, the day thereafter, to return to Plymouth.' P. 23,

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Art. 16. A Conftitutional Packet, by a Friend to the Conftitution of Great Britain. Containing an Addrefs to the E*** of S*******, First Lord of the Admiralty; with a political Manifello from the Author. 8vo. I S. Williams.

Confiits, chiefly, of angry, we had almost faid furious invective against Lord Sand-h, on two accounts,-I. The Cafe of Admi-` ral Keppel: II. The Proceedings in regard to the Cause between the Commiffioners of Greenwich Hofpital, and their late Lieutenant Governor, Capt. Baillie. The Writer's ftyle is fo exceffively acrimonious, aud he fo repeatedly promises to renew and continue his attacks, in future publications, that inftead of a Conftitutional Packet, we think his Addrefs' will only be confidered in the invidious light. of a threatening letter.

Art. 17. Letters on the American War: Addreffed to the Right Worshipful the Mayor and Corporation, to the Worshipful the Wardens and Corporation of the Trinity-Houfe, and to the worthy Burgeffes of the Town of Kingston upon Hull. By David Hartley, Efq; Member of Parliament for Hull. 4to. 3 s. Almon. 1778.

In thefe Letters Mr. Hartley lays before his conftituents, in full detail, the proceedings of the feveral feffions of this present Parlia ment with respect to the American war, in order to prove that whatever deceptions may, from time to time, have been used, or whatever pretexts may have been held out, coercion, and not reconciliation, was from the very first the fecret and adopted plan, and this plan hath, ever fince, been fyftematically and inflexibly purfued. At the fame time the Author gives a view of the fteps which have been taken by the members in oppofition and their friends, to terminate the difpute: and he particularly recites the proposals which he has himself made, without fuccefs, for the accomplishment of this laudable end. The narrative, though written in a ftyle which will perhaps generally be thought verbose and tedious, will be acceptable to thofe who wish to fee this interesting feries of facts in their connection.

Art. 18. The School for Scandal. A Comedy. 8vo. I s. 6 d.


Not Mr. Sheridan's celebrated comedy, bearing the above title, but a political bum, of very little merit, with refpect either to plan, fentiment, or language. It is a fatire on the politics of the court, and it mauls Lord Bute and the Scots.

Art. 19. The Junto; or, the interior Cabinet laid open. A State Farce, now acting upon the moft capital Stage in Europe. 8vo. I S. Bladon. 1778.

Low, fcurrilous ftuff,-about the evil politics and misconduct of "The Thane, Lord Jefferies, Lord Boreas, Lord Minden,' &c.


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