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amining surgeon's diagnosis. all the stages until the flesh Oooasionally, in rush work becomes gangrenous, is to such as ours was, when the produce negatives in every eursory examination of the instance of such fine quality wounded man on his admis- that the slightest indication sion gives no hint of gas of the presonce of gas in the infeotion, the plate reveals the soft tissues may be clearly fact that the anærobe is at visible; and secondly, in order work in the soft tissues lying that his reading of the plate deeper than the wound; or may not be confused by the that gas, perhaps at some shadows of gauze or wool, or distance from the entrance uniform fabrio in the wound wound, is beginning to track itself, or even by medicaments along the musole sheaths. It in the dressings that photois when the radiographer gets graph in identically the same suoh an indioation—say, in the manner as gas, to radiograph case of a wounded knee, with wounds wherever possible gas traoking up the thigh- without a sorap of dressing that the plate is of supreme on them. As wounded men value; for in such a case it is are often placed on the X-ray on the radiologist's report, and table with tourniquets on, and not on the grading of the ex- the first dressings supplied amining surgeon, that the man at the Poste de Secours, it can is sent straight into the oper- be understood that this second ating theatre, that the knife is very often impossible-inand the Pasteur seram may dood, most bad fractures have between them arrest the mis- to be radiographed through ohief before it has gone too the emergenoy splints and far. An indication to be of that therefore the radiographer any real value is bound to be must be familiar with all the very slight, for if there is appearances that may photomuch radiographio evidence of graph like gas, and especially gas, the infeotion is far ad- with the characteristio bubbles vanood, and the loss of the or striation that correspond, limb almost certain. Further, roughly, with certain combinwhen the infection is thus far ations of bacteria. One may advanoed, it is not only olinio- often be deceived into reportally evident without any con- ing gas when there is no gas : firmation being necessary from with good negatives it should bacteriologist or radiographer, be impossible ever to miss a but it has other patent means gas indication if it is there. of proclaiming itself to any Consequently the radiologist person not destitute of his may justly olaim that the olfactory responses. The aim X-ray is doing its part in of the radiographer then, in combating the progress of gas assisting to deteot latent in- infection in all hospitals where feotion by anærobes which it is routine to examine newly may at any moment light up, wounded men before they pass and if unoheoked run through on to the operating theatro.
There was another officer looalising of the pieces, but that came to my table. He to send him in direotly the seemed very uneasy about case in at the time was himself without appearing to carried out. While we waited be very ill. He was wounded, for the stretcher-bearers (we practically, all over-told me had had to send for military he had at least forty pieces ones, as with such hundreds of of shrapnel in him, and I con- oases coming and going daily oluded he was peppered and the carrying would have been nervous. As it was a case of quite beyond the strength of going right over him from the girls in the wards, even head to feet, I began to ex- could they have spared the amine him at his shoulder time), the lieutenant rallied and chest, which were pop- and began to tell me about pered, and worked downwards himself. He was a man of towards his legs. He spoke to over forty — had been & me with deep anxiety about Colonial Préfet, and had volthe chances of gas infeotion, unteered for service as simple and I began to compare his soldat when the war broke out. demeanour unfavourably in Recently he had been granted my mind with that of the a commission, and had married average poilu. Then I worked a young wife. Again his down to the near thigh and anxiety betrayed itself, and knee. He was full of shrap- this time I could not assure nel — large pieces; and even him that he had nothing to through the fluoroscopio screen fear from the deadly infeotion. I could see the tell-tale gas in. As he was carried away to the dioations. Hastily I began theatre, he thanked us for our marking the position of the attention to him, and more larger pieces on his skin. mured something about his Suddenly he became faint and anxiety being all on account ill. Through the screen I of the young wife-go lately glanoed down his leg-more married. He lost his leg, poor shrapnel; at his other leg, fellow, but that did not save thigh, arm-more shrapnel; at his life. He had little chance, his bandaged head (he had with such a mine of metal in been able to move his head him and a virulent infeotion about freely)-still more shrap. to fight; and for a Frenchman nel peppered thiokly over his he was by no means young. soalp. It would have taken They pinned the Cross of a me an hour at least to mark Chevalier of the Legion of them all, even had it beon Honour on him just before possible to remove them all he died, and his young wife, at one operation : I do not who had been summoned, dethink he had exaggerated sired that it should be buried when he spoke of forty pieces. with him. ... I reported him to tho theatre It seemed to me that half next door, and was instructed those gallant poilus deserved to go on further with the the Croix de Guerre, the
sboa peppered fald have mark
Médaille Militaire, and the ference between the wounded, oross of the Legion. And a whether Frenohmen or onevery large number of our men mies; but when such an one as had won medals.
the Herr Lieutenant DIn those days of stress the olaims more attention than wounded were pioked up and even our own officers obtained, sent indisoriminately to our one wonders bitterly what sort hospital. We had several Ger- of treatment is being meted man soldiers, and a German out to our men in German lieutenant. On the whole the hands—the hands of men who German private soldiers were can turn maohine-guns from plucky enough, though one, of aeroplanes on fleeing refugees, an inoredibly low type of coun. drop bombs on hospitals, and tenanoe, shooked us with his deliberately torpedo a hospital laok of plaok, his animal in- ship full of helpless wounded tolerance of pain, and his mon. All that Herr Lieuanimal desire to bite the thing tenant D— legitimately had that oame nearest. But the to complain of was that his officer behaved like a coward. own side's aeroplanes, bombing One hesitates to describe any the neighbouring village, disbadly wounded man thus. turbed his rest at night. Still, judged not only by the Do people at home realise, I standard of French courage- wonder, what aerial warfare admittedly a high one—but in France has become ? Alby that of his own German most nightly at that period “cannon fodder,” the man was the German machines dashed cowardly. His shrieks and across the lines and methodyells of fear, his complete lack ioally bombed towns and vilof control when in pain, were lages and indeed fields and an outrage to the humanity of woods occasionally! They inall those wounded Frenchmen, terfered considerably with our and the wounded men of his work, for we dared not show a own race. He complained of light when they were about : his treatment, and was abusive they had bombed a hospital to his nurse. Being very ill, within twenty kilometres of an offioer, and & German who us one night when they were played the coward to boot, working late and the lights with whom one could not ask showed from the hut windows, Frenoh officers to share a ward, and had killed a number of he had to have a room to him- wounded and their military self (vaoated for him, as it male nurses. It was impog. happened, by the very nurse sible adequately to darken our whom he designated by that vast ecolesiastical windows, choice Teutonio epithet of hence we had to put out all “Sohwein), which necessi- lights in the corridors, halls, tated special treatment and and stairways. Imagine an considerable extra work. One inky dark corridor full of is proud that the French prac- stretchers of newly wounded tioe is to make no sort of dif. more stretohers being carried
up pitoh-dark stairways from one hears that sinister sound unloading ambulances : more beating nearer and nearer, with stretohers being carried out of the sure knowledge that death theatres with unconscious men and destruction are in store on them—the groping in the for some hapless mortal some. dark, with the noise of the where, is horrible. The gross gans all round, and then the barking of the vulgar Bertha, shattering orash and dull as you hear the boom of disquaking of a bomb! And in charge away over the lines, one of the huge wards—& vast and & second or two later building in which one could the crash of the explosion out place a parish churoh, with as Paris way, is nothing to it: many lofty windows—and in one knows that very few of the half-open oloisters, nurses Bertha's shells do any harm. groping about in the dark, and The air squadrons are a real men beginning to hæmorrhage. danger and a very present Yet a bare light would have terror. invited a bomb, the German A young American sergeant aviator being what he is. I in the French Flying Serhave seen one of their leucht- vioo, a pilot of a very fambombs suspended in air, light. ons squadron reminiscent of ing up the surrounding oountry Franco - American friendship in its evil reddish glow, while in days gone by, was brought the bombs were dropped on & to us wounded. He had village near us; and later, the attaoked four German mapoor village victims have been, chines, and had been brought brought in, frightfully injured, down between the lines. One those who had not been killed of his opponents swooped low outright. French houses have and put a machine-gun bullet good cellars, but these villagers into his leg as he lay there had been taken unawares in among the wreckage of his aerotheir beds. The tired working plane. A Frenohman brought woman does not hear the slow him in and oarried him to a measured throb of the Boche Poste de Secours, and he was engine approaching—sound put in an ambulance and sent most sinister, that is warranted to us. For a long time he to wake most of us who have seemed to be doing well once been in hospitals within the the badly-smashed leg bad been raided baok areas. An 0004- amputated, but other internal sional visit by day, with the damage caused by the fall deleisured firing of a gun or two, clared itself, and he died in the and the little white puffs of middle of a startlingly sudden shrapnel smoke in a blue sky, and furious aerial storm that is an interesting incident. The died down as unexpectedly as intruder is probably seeking it arose. His death brought to take photographs; but the home to us the new and inbombing by night, night after dissoluble bond of fellowship night, when from a crowded between the three principal hospital full of helpless men Allies fighting on the Western
Front, the devotion of other brace itself for this new call pilots and Frenoh flying men on its energies, but the glad of his Service, some or other news of a real big blow, Foob's of whom oame every day to see oounter-offensive at last, 80 him; our own sudden shooked heartened us that it pat new sense of loss as though a Brit- life into us. And simultaneisher had died.
ously came the news that at During the early days of the request of the Grand Jaly the work had slackened Quartier General itself our hosslightly, though the hospital pital had been taken over by was still ancomfortably full, the Army Administration from and the daily operation list the Frenoh Red Cross Sooiety, often carried us into the night, which during the past three On July 14 we waited with and a half years had merely bated breath-surely the Ger- lent us to the army which hapman mind could not resist re- pened to occupy our sector of nowing theoffensive on France's the Front and its corresponding great festival of freedom. And back area. This was a comnothing happened — nothing pliment. But to be nursing but a constant stream of mon- General Mangin's magnificent ster guns and companies of troops was a privilege. little tanks tooling merrily This time I felt I could along the roads towards the watoh the hospital effort at a Forest of Villers Cotterets. distance (oomparatively speakTheir meaning we only learned ing), for the long exposures on the 18th! At 5 A.M. on the to the X-ray which I had 15th we heard the voice of been unable to avoid during gross Bertha reoommencing as the May-June offensive had we had heard it on May 27. resulted in my having to give “ The Offensive has begun," we up work in the examining said, and hoped that we were room and come right out of wrong, for we were all tired out. the rays. Others had taken It had begun, and we were a my place, having providentilittle perturbed at the news. ally appeared at the right And then, three days later, our moment, as so often happens ambulances were telephoned in oritical situations; and in for, and a stream of almost de- the comparative peace of the liriously exultantwoundedoame Dark Room, developing the in proolaiming the faot that we plates for my erstwhile assist. had attacked, successfully, at ant, I could think it all over. Villers Cotterets. Still we The thought that amused me only thought it was a counter- most was my own settled conattack, a distraotion on the viotion of a few months back enemy flank. But the wounded that the great work of our streamed in, numbers of splen- hospital had oulminated in the did young Amerioans among first battle of the Somme, and them, and always with news that after the merely useful of further progress. Our tired. routine work of 1917 we should out staff was hardly able to never again be oalled upon to
the thoughts own settha back