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to the United States. A thousand inference is manifest, thať only the people imagine at this moment eighth part of this vast country can that New-Orleans belongs to us; be appropriated to the labours and whereas New-Orleans still belongs residence of man, the remainder to his Catholic Majesty the King being covered with lakes, forests, of Spain ; it is comprehended in and swamps, and dry and sandy the tract reserved by him.''

deserts.' P. 4. P.165.

In the second chapter we learn, But, however ignorant of the ex - The Mississippi, which ditent of our domain, we are willing vides the colony, and whose real to learn its value,

name, in the language of the abo

rigir.es of the country, is Messa• If we take into consideration chipi, which signifies the Father of the whole extent of the tract, com- Waters, is one of the most considprehended in the boundaries that erable rivers in America.' P.7. have been just exhibited, the colo of the impediments to navigany, under that point of view, in- tion, the rapidity of the current, cludes an immense territory. But the variation of the channel, and appreciating things by their real the bar at the mouth, we have all value, and considering the country the information, we can desire. in another point of view, both with The 3d chapter is chiefly occuregard to the nature of its soil and pied by a minute description of the other local circumstances, without city and island of New-Orleans. including Upper Louisiana, which Was it ever thought, that, in the begins at the thirty-first degree of hands of Spaniards that city would latitude, and extends to the north have been a difficult conquest? The and the east, an immense territo- President of the United States talkry,

, wild and uncultivated, with a ed of the rashness of attacking a few partial exceptions, I am dis- place, whose walls were covered posed to believe that this part of with cannon. But the traveller the colony, composed of Lower contemptuously asks, Must I Louisiana and West Florida, situ- make mention of Fort St. Charles, ated at the thirtieth and thirty-first and its pretended ramparts? It degrees of north latitude, and at would provoke the risibility of an the sixty-eighth or sixty-pinth de

engineer gree of east longitude, from the Meridian of Ferrol, where the Such is New Orleans at the principal settlements of the colony present era. It deserves rather are established ; this immense the name of a great straggling tract, I insist, comprehending a town, than of a city ; though, even space of four thousand leagues, to merit that title, it would be reaffords only five hundred squarequired to le longer. In fact, the leagues of land adapted to the pur- mind can, I think, scarcely image poses of agriculture : of these too, to itself a more disagreeable place seventy-five are upon the banks of on the face of the whole globe ; the Mississippi, a hundred and it is disgusting in whatever point twenty-five in the interiour of the of view it be contemplated, both as country, and three hundred in the a whole, separately, and the wild, tract bounded by the Atacapas and brutish aspect of its suburbs. Yet the Apelousas ; from which the it is the only town in the whole

colony, and, in the ardour of ad- lasting monument to the magnanmiration, it is called by the inhab- imity of the inhabitants of the itants the capital, the city! P.35. United States. Time ! scatter if

thou wilt the rest of this volume We are, however, told, and we to the winds of heaven, but let that believe it, that it is destined by na be sacred, which records the geneture to become one of the principal rous spirit of Americans ! P.76. cities in North America. In a note upon this subject the transla On slavery, we observe an aptor quotes from another work, pub- pearance of argument to support lished at Paris, a political estimate the proposition, dearest to his of the importance of New Orleans, heart.

But the grand advantage, which • Negroes are a species of beflows to the American states from ings, whom nature secins to have the possession of the Mississippi, intended for slavery ; their plian. is, that the door is open to Mexi. cy of temper, patience under injuco, and the valuable mines and jury, and innate passiveness, all provinces of Spain are exposed to concur to justify this position ; an easy invasion. The Spanish unlike the savages or aborigines of possessions lie on the west and America, who could never be south. The road to them is easy brought to servile control. P.82. and direct. They are wholly defenceless. The frontier has nei

A little further he declares, -as ther forts, nor allies, nor subjects. the ox resigns himself to his yoke, To march over them is to con

so the negro bends to his burden." quer. A detachment of a few The question is at last settled, with thousands would find faithful guides, perfect satisfaction and self-compracticable roads, and no opposi- placency, by the resistless power tion between the banks of the Mis- of general axioms : sissippi and the gates of Mexico. The unhappy race, whom Spain

! Nature may be modified, but has enslaved, are without arms and cannot be essentially changed. It without spirit ; or their spirit is not possible to impart to the would prompt them to befriend dog the habits of the wolf, nor to the invader. “They would hail the the ape those of the sheep. This Americans, as deliverers, and exe. position cannot be refuted. Sophcrate the ministers of Spain, as

istry may

for a while delude, but tyrants.' P. 33.

the mind reposes upon the stabili

ty of truth. P. 84. The manners of the inhabitants are described in the 4th chapter,

Against a philosopher, in such and the subject is continued in the impenetrable armour, who shall next, where their inhumanity is contend? The regulations of the contrasted with the conduct of the slaves, published by the best govinhabitants of the United States. ernour, that Spain ever sent to The animation of the writer is here Louisiana, are introduced in a note. exhausted, and he conclude3...

Among these one seems to render

even the single privilege of the • May this page, while it trans: negrocs nugatory. It declares, mits with infamy to posterity the ! Slaves may not sell any thing conduct of the Louisianians, be a without the perinission of their

master, not even the productions naval hero, whose name will deof the waste lands allowed them.' scend in glory to the latest poss Surely their tender mercies are terity of Britain. cruelty.

The original part of Mr. Char. From the remainder of the vol. nock’s labours in this production ume, which treats of the tribes of (the only part, perhaps, which can Indians, of the diseases, of the ani- be justly considered amenable to mals, of the principal settlements, criticism) is very limited ; the e of the population, commerce, and vents themselves having been pregovernment of the country, we viously related, and their arrange. need not extract any thing, as these ment following the order of time. circumstances have become of lit- This, however, is not so dignified, tle consequence to us by the ces as might have been expected in sion of the country to our govern- the execution of such a task. His ment, or they may be found at style is indigent ; his collocation greater length in the publick state oftentimes impure. In many in. papers since that event.

stances he obviously evinces a disOn the whole, this volume af. position to give importance to tri. fords a great fund of information files, which tends rather to ļessen, of that kind, which we most want than augment the splendour of his ed, a complete character of the subject. new subjects of our government. We can say little only in praise There is, also, a part, that may be of the observations" in these mes şerviceable to the mere merchant, moirs, and it would be unjust to and much of the characteristick judge them with all the rigour levity of thought, united with vio. of criticism, since the author Jence of language, that will please himself claims nothing but the every one,

merit of a faithful collector and

reporter of that authentick in. ART. 66.

formation, which before was wide. Biographical Memoirs of Lord Vis. ly scattered under the publick

count Nelson, with observations eye. His only design is, by this critice and explanatory. « Spar. miniature representation of Lord sa coegi." By John Charnock,

Nelson, to correct the defects and Esq. F. S. A. author of the Bio mistakes of such miserable sketches graphia Navalis, and the History as have already appeared, and to of Marine Architecture, &c. &c. furnish an outline to those, who Second American edition. Boston, may in future be inclined to ampublished by Etheridge & Bliss. plify on a subject, which affords 1806. T. M. Pomroy, printer, Clusion he assures the reader, that

such boundļess“ space, In conNorthampton. 8vo.

if a work of this kind should not This publication is merely a be undertaken by any one' eļse, he narrative of Lord Nelson's victo. may, at some future time, produce ries, diligently collected and com- , his best endeavours to such effect ; piled from the various official state- to which he intends devoting all ments. It is a work, that must the leisure hours, which indisposi, be ever particularly interesting to tion and private concerns may Englishmen, as it comprises a his- leave him.' tory of their greatest naval en In the performance of such a gagements, and the most impor- plan, should Mr. Charnock retain tant anecdotes of theịr greatest his resolution, we wish much sue.

cess. The Life of Lord Viscount chief agents in this lucrative proNelson, executed by a man of tal- fession watch the demise of a great ents and information, would doubt man with all the vigilance of his less be a work of no inconsidera- undertakers ; and generally adverble value. The history of the age, tise memoirs, sketches, and annals in which he lived, will be as much of his life on the day, in which his the subject of admiration with pos: funeral ceremony is to be per, terity, as perhaps any period, which formed. can be contemplated in the retrospect of time. He will be record,

ART. 67. ed amongst the chief opposers of the torrent, which threatened to The complete Justice of the Peace ; deluge the continent of Europe containing extracts from Burn's and the world, and that infatuated Justice, and other justiciary proambition, which, regardless of ev. ductions. The whole altered and ery tie, sacrifices to its gratifica made conformable to the laws and tion the dearest pledges of national manners of administering justice, honour and national tranquillity, particularly in the state of New

Hampshire, and generally in the “ hated through the coast Of Palestine, in Gath, and Ascalon,

other of the United States ; comAnd Accaron, and Gaza's frontier.

prising the practice,authority,and bounds."

duty of justices of the peace,

with forms and precedents relato The task of biography is labo ing thereto. By a gentleman of rious and difficult ; for, as it is the the profession. Printed and pube most entertaining kind of history,

lished according to act of conin which truth may be embellish

gress. C. Peirce, Portsmouth, ed with the painting of romance ; and S. Brags, jun. Dover, N. H. so it is the most arduous success:

8vo. $2,50, Nov. 1806. fully to perform. Biography should be written with the pen of the This work is printed on very poet in the hand of the historian. good paper, with a clear type, and Eut at present as little ceremony appears in the common law bindis used in this species of composi. ing. It seems to have been origition, as that in fiiling up the blank nally intended by the compiler as parts of a mittimus. The writer an abridgement of Burn's Justice ; seizes on the most important ac- but the sessions, for which that tions of the subject, taken from the work was more particularly calcu." nearest source ; he rivets them lated, being abolished, made every together with observations critical thing in Burn, excepting the forms, and explanatory ; and, in a week, of little use. It contains, however, produces a chain of three hundred the greater part of that author's folio links ! It would be an ex treatise on arbitrament. In the cellent amendment, if the High arrangement of the matter the Court of Criticism could issue a compiler has generally followed DE LIBRO INSPICIENDO, previous Dalton, and the substance of the to the author's delivery at the forms, as far as they were applicapress.

ble, is from Burn. The prosperity of bibliothick Little can be said of a compilacommerce is oftentimes fatal to the tion of this nature from works albest interests of literature. The ready established in their reputa

tion, but on the shape and manner The declamatory style in which the in which they are again made to writer has, we confess, too much appear. Of this we have already indulged himself, leads to exces. spoken, and can only add, that it sive prolixity. is a convenient book of reference, He expatiates on the danger to particularly to gentlemen of the the United States from the ambition profession in the state of New- and overgrown power of France. Hampshire, to whom it is dedi. He insists on the fixedness of the cated, and for whose use it has commercial character of the nabeen inore particularly compiled. tion, on the importance of com.

merce, and on the value of peace; and confutes some of the absurd

opinions of factious men, in resART. 68.

pect to our separating ourselves An Inquiry into the present state of from the European republick of

the foreign relations of the Union, nations,and renouncing commerce as affected by the late measures He gives reasons, very much at of administration, S. F. Brad- length, to shew, that we have ford, Philadelphia ; Brisban & every thing to fear from France, Brannan, New York; Wm. An- and we could wish that every Adrews, Boston. np. 184. 8vo.

merican, who has any share of

sense and patriotism, would gire This is a pamphlet of 180 par attention to his reasons. Our dans ges. Its tulk would have deterredger from France is no doubt great, us from reading it, if it had not even while Great Britain resists been our duty to perform the task, her arms : But our citizens are in order to give our readers some not less sunk in apathy, than, acinformation of its contents. Many cording to this writer, the admin. have not the leisure, and few will istration is in cowardice. If he have the desire, to read a great had discussed this part of his sub, book. A political writer should ject with rather more temperance consider how little our « enlight- pf manner, we think he would have ened” countļymen read, except made more converts. He is full newspapers, and that consideration of his subject, and sees the publick should induce him, when he com- dangers, as they approach, with poses a pamphlet, to study brevity. the eyes of a statesman, and the

Besides a dedication to the A. zeal of a true republican. But as merican people, and an introduc- politicks is every body's amuse. tion, which might both have been ment and nobody's business, few expunged by the author without reader's, we are afraid, will volunany essential injury to his book, teer it to get the heart-ache by too the first forty pages contain a great close and long contemplation of the many general observations, which insidious ambition of Bonaparte, we venture to think could have and the unpreparing, perhaps unbeen, and ought to have been, foreseen, pusillanimity of our adgreatly condensed. They exbibit, ministration. no doubt, many important views We repeat it, therefore, we could of our political situation, but we wish the style of this pamphlet had could wish they had been omitted been more simple, and the matter or abridged, because a good pamph- of it condensed into forty or fifty let is the better for being short. pages. For it contains so many

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