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either for fere or flatterie gaue that judgement. What, Coke

your own worshipful neibour, alderman and Cooke.

mayer of this noble citie, who is of you eyther so negligent that he knoweth not, or so forgetfull that 5 he remembreth not, or so harde hearted that he pitieth

not, that worshipful mans losse ? What speke we of losse?. his vtter spoile and vndeserued distruccyon, only for that it happed those to fauour him, whome the prince fauored

not. We nede not, I suppose, to reherse of these any 10 mo by name, sith ther be, I doubte not, many here present,

that either in themself or their nighe frendes, haue knowen as well their goodes as their parsons greatly endaungered, either by fained quarels, or smal matters agreuid with

heinouse names. And also there was no crime so great, 15

of whiche there could lack a pretext. For sithe the king preuenting the time of his enheritaunce attained the crowne by batayl ; it suffised in a riche man for a pretext of treson, to haue ben of kinred or alliaunce, nere familiarite

or leger aquaintaunce, with any of those that were at any 20 time the kinges enemies, which was at one time and other,

more then halfe the realme. Thus wer nether your goods in surety and yet they brought your bodies in jubardi, besyde

the comen aduenture of open warre, which albeit Open warre.

that it is euer the wil and occasion of much 25 mischief, yet is it neuer so mischeuouse, as where any

peple fal at distaunce among themself, nor in none erthly nacion so dedely and so pestilent, as when it happeneth among vs, and among vs neuer so long continued dissen

sion, nor so many battailes in the season, nor so cruel and 30 so deadly foughten, as was in that kinges daies that dead is,

God forgiue it his soule. In whose time and by whose occasion, what about the getting of the garland, keping it, lesing and winning againe, it hath cost more Englishe blood

Civil warre.

then hath twise the winning of Fraunce. In which inward warre among our self, hath ben so great effucion of the auncient noble blood of this realme, that scarcely the half remaineth, to the gret infebling of this noble land, beside many a good town ransakid and 5 spoiled, by them that haue ben going to the field or cumming from thence. And peace long after not much surer then war. So that no time was ther in which rich men for their mony, and gret men for their landes, or some other for some fere or some displesure were out of peryl. For 10 whome trusted he that mistrusted his own brother? Whom spared he that killed his own brother? or who could parfitely loue him, if hys owne brother could not? what maner of folke he most fauoured, we shall for hys honour spare to speke of, howbeit thys wote you wel al, that whoso was 15 beste, bare alway lest rule, and more sute was in his dayes vnto Shores wife, then to al the lordes in England, except vnto those that made her their proctoure; which simple woman was wel named and honest, tyll the kyng byreft her from her husband, a right honest substauncial yong 20 man among you. And all were it that with this and other importable dealing, the realme was in euery part annoyd : yet specially ye here the citezens of this noble citie, as well for that among you is most plenty of all such thinges as minister matter to such injuries, as for that you were 25 nereste at hande, sith that nere here about was comonly his most abyding. And yet bee ye the people whom he had as singuler cause wel and kyndly to entreate, as any part of his realme, not onely for that the kinges special prince by this noble citye, as his special cham

30 ber and the speciall wel renoumed citye of his realme, much honorable fame receiueth among all other nacions : but also for that ye, not without your great coste and sundry perils

London the


and jeopardies in all his warres, bare euer your specyallfauoure to his parte. Whiche youre kynde myndes borne to the house of York, sith he hath nothing worthely acquited, ther is of

that house that now by Gods grace better shal, which thing 5 to shewe you is the whole some and effect of this our pre

sente errande. It shall not, I wote well, nede that I rehearse you agayn that ye haue alreadye harde, of him that can better tell it, and of whom I am sure ye wil better beleue

it. And reason is that it so be. I am not so proude to 10 looke therfore, that ye shoulde recken my wordes of as

great authoritie as the preachers of the worde of God, namelye a manne so cunninge and so wise that no manne better woteth what he should say, and thereto so good and

vertuous that he would not say the thyng whiche he wist he 15 shoulde not say, in the pulpet namely, into which none

honest man commeth to lie, which honorable preacher ye wel remember substancially declared vnto you at Poules crosse on Sunday last passed, the righte and title that the

most excellent prince Richard, duke of Gloucester, now pro20 tectour of this realme, hath vnto the crown and kingdom of the same.

For as the worshipful man groundly made open vnto you, the children of king Edward the fourth wer neuer lawfully begotten, forasmuch as the king (liuing his very wife

dame Elizabeth Lucy) was neuer lawfully married vnto the 25 Quene their mother, whose bloode, sauing that he set his

volupteous pleasure before his honor, was full vnmetely to bee matched with his, and the mengling of whose bloodes together, hath bene the effusion of great parte of the noble

bloode of this realme. Wherby it maye wel seme that 30 mariage not well made, of which ther is so much mischief

growen. For lack of which lawfull accoupling, and also of other thinges, which the said worshipful doctor rather signified then fully explaned, and which thynges shal not be

spoken for me, as •the thing wherin euery man forbereth to say that he knoweth, in auoidinge dyspleasure of my noble lord protector, bearinge as nature requireth a filial reuerence to the duches his mother; for these causes, I


before remembred, that is to wit, for lack of other issue lawfully 5 comming of the late noble prince Richard duke of York, to whose roial bloode the crown of England and of Fraunce is by the high authoritie of parliament entailed, the right and title of the same is, by the just course of enheritance accordinge to the comon law of this lande, deuolute and 10 comen vnto the most excellent prince the lord protector as to the very lawfully begotten sonne of the fore remembred noble duke of Yorke. Which thing well considred, and the greate knightly prowes pondred, with manyfolde vertues which in his noble parson singularly abound, the nobles and 15 commons also of this realm, and specially of the north partes, not willing any bastard blood to haue the rule of the land, nor the abusions before in the same vsed any longer to continue, haue condiscended and fullye determined to make humble peticion vnto the most puisant prince, the 20 lord protector, that it maye like his grace, at our humble request, to take vpon him the guiding and gouernance of this realm, to the welth and encrease of the same, according to his very right and just title. Which thing I wote it wel he wil be loth to take vpon him, as he whose wisdom well 25 perceiueth the labor and study both of minde and of bodye that shal come therewith, to whom so euer so wel occupy the roume, as I dare say he wil if he take it.

Which roume I warne you well is no childes office. And that the greate wise manne well perceiued, when hee sayde : Veh regno 30 cuius rex puer est. Woe is that Realme, that hathe a chylde to theyre Kynge. Wherefore soo muche the more cause haue we to thank God, that this noble parsonage which is so

ryghteousely intitled thereunto, is of so sadde age, and therto of so great wisedome joined with so great experience; whiche albeit he wil be lothe, as I haue said, to take

it vpon him; yet shall he to oure peticion in that behalf the 5 more graciously encline if ye, the worsshipfull citezens of

this the chiefe citie of this realme, joyne wyth vs the nobles in our said request. Which for your owne weale we doubte not but ye will, and natheles I hartelye praye you so to doz,

wherby you shall doe gret profite to all this realme beside so in chosing them so good a king, and vnto your selfe speciall

commodite, to whome hys majesty shall euer after beare so muche the more tender fauour, in howe much he shall perceiue you the more prone and beueuolently minded toward

his eleccion. Wherin, dere frendes, what mind you haue, 15 wee require you plainely to shew vs.

When the duke had saied, and looked that the people whome he hoped that the mayer had framed before, shoulde, after this proposicion made, haue cried, king Richarde,

king Richard; all was husht and mute, and not one 20 word aunswered therunto. Wherewith the duke was

meruailously abashed, and taking the maier nerer to him, with other that were about him priuey to that matter, saied vnto them softlye, What meaneth this, that this peple be

so stil? Sir, quod the mayer, parcase they perceyue you 25 not well. That shalwe mende (quod he) if that wyll

helpe. And by and by somewhat louder, he rehersed them the same matter againe in other order and other wordes, so wel and ornately, and natheles so euidently

and plaine, with voice gesture and countenance so cumly 30 and so conuenient, that euery man much meruailed that

herd him, and thought that they neuer had in their lives heard so euill a tale so well tolde. But were it for wonder or feare, or that eche looke[d] that other shoulde speake fyrste;

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