Page images



cient for the purpose, and is not likely to be

so for a long time to come. FREE TRADE FOR TURKEY.

There is another cloth manufactory at Is.

midt, in the Gulf of Nicomedia. What I The Constantinople correspondent of one

have said of the Fess-Hanig applies to it, as s of the London journals gives the following s account of the efforts of the lately fallen Vi.

also to the rope factory at Ayoub. For the zir, Riza PACHA, to found European manu

others, they are really not worthy of notice ;

but generaily I would include them in the factures in Turkey :

remarks I am about to make. “I may give you some account of the new

It is evident that these manufactories can manufactories which have been recently es.

have no success. Whilst the articles they tablished in this country. Perhaps more im.

prepare for the public may be bought cheapportance has been atiached to them ihan pa

er from Europe than they can be fabricated iurally belongs to them.

here, it is really, to use the lightest word, Riza Pacha was the originator of all these most mischievous trilling to attempt to subestablishments, and has property in many of stilute them for European merchandize. And them. His idea in calling them into existence as to the prospect of competing in any length was, no doubt, by encouraging home manu of time with foreign manufactures, or finding facture, to make this country independent of a sale in foreign mardels, that prospect is so foreign supply. It was a mistaken parriorism, extravagant, and, moreover, were it not so, identified with the narrowest views of com must be so very distant, that very few are merce, that animated him in all his manu.

even here madly sanguine enough to enterfacturing efforts ; and the zeal he devoted, tain it." and the pecuniany sacrifices he even made to promote the success of these factory schemes,

THE CITY OF HARLEM. show how important he considered them.

A correspondent of the Boston Atlas During his administration, several manuta ctories never before known in this country gives the following account of his visit to were set up ; three for the fabrication of cloth, that ancient city : one for rope, one for porcelain, and one for

The Famous Organ.-Outside of the glass, all in the environs of Constantinople. One of these cloch manufactories has had

Church we caught snatches of melodious more success than any of the other establish notesments of this particular establishment I

“With many a winding bout will, therefore give a brief account.

Of linked sweetness long drawn out ;". This is the Fess-Hanig, or manufactory of followed by a soul-stirring march, in which caps, which form the distinctive head-gear of

a pealing trumpet and some twenty other the Turks, since the turban is no longer worn

wind instruments successively executed so. by the military or by the officials of the Porie. Cloth is also manufactured in the

los. Then we heard the growling of a establishment. The machinery by which the

distant storm, which seemed gradually to factory is worked was sent for from England approach until the walls of the Church and Belgium at great expense by the Turkish were shaken by the repeated peals of startGovernment. This machinery has been give ling thunder, whose echoes died away in en by the government to this establishment;

distant mutterings--the sublime effect the government also gives the wool, coiton,

b;eightened by so perfect an imitation of and all the first materials of fabrication.

falling rain, that I was inclined to credit the These being strictly donations, no return is expected for them, and a dead loss is thus at

story of the Englishman, who, on hearing 3 starting incurred. When the cloth is made, it, instinctively raised his umbrella. This all the preliminary expenses, except that of was the conclusion, and in a few minutes labor having been a voided, it mighi be hoped the autocrat came forth, a regular specimen that it could be sold at a low price, realizing of John Bull, accompanied by a scraggy, a profit ; but this is not the case. The very

faded partner'; three ill-dressed girls folcoarse cloth is sold at the rate of 18 piastres (3s. 6d.) per yard, whereas a superior arlicle

lowed, and the footman brought up the may be had from Europe at 10 piastres, less

rear-his cringing servility to his paymas. than 2s. a yard ; - and the finer cloth of

ters forming a striking contrast to some preabout the second qualily is sold at 45 piastres vious insolence. The coast being clear we per yard. This is about the price that the entered the Church, and met with a kinds European article of the same quality would reception from the organist, who appeared also fetch bere; but it is confessed ihat the

to be much fatigued, as it requires almost Turkish article is at present sold at a loss.

supernatural exertions to direct the sound of As for the sale of this home manufacture, of course it is a forced sale, or there would be

five thousand pipes--the largest of which none. The cloth fabricated is contracted for

are sixteen inches in diameter, and thirtythe clothing of the officers and soldiers of two feet high. By way of consoling us, the army; yet the supply is not near suffi- ? be volunteered his choicest piece, the Hal.

lelujah chorus, in which numerous humans to be growing in sand, a layer being spread voices-bass, tenor, soprano and alto-ap- 3 over the surface of the rich soil to retain peared to perform their parts, with the pre the moisture. At one end was a large cision of a well-trained choir. Once, a house, in which the bulbs are dried on stranger, who had obtained the organist's frame work; each is then enveloped in pa. reluctant permission to touch the keys, pro. per, and they are aftarwards put up by the

duced such a “ concord of sweet sounds," gross, in paper bags. The proprietor told ? that he was summoned to desist, as being me, that he sold annually, for exportation,

either an angel or a demon. It was Han upwards of 250,000 tulips, 100,000 hyadel.

cinths, 200,000 crocuses, and as many Near the church is a statue of “ Haar more of other flowers, at an average price lem's Glory," Laurent Koster, the inven of four cents each, though some were tor of the art of printing, representing him worth a dollar: a great falling off from self holding forth in his hand the letter A,

the prices during the mania in 1637, which as a type of his claim to the discovery.

even exceeded our multicaulis bubble, the Opposite is the house in which he resided, roots being bought and sold upon the exupon which is inscribed, “ Memoriæ sa. change, like stocks, without leaving their crum Typographia, ars artum conserva

resting place in the beds. Of the variety trix, hic primium inventa circa annum

named Semper Augustus, there were only 1440.” Tradition says that Koster used to

two bulbs, for one of which was offered walk daily in a wood near the town, and

4,600 florins, a new carriage, a pair of one morning picked up a piece of bark, horses and their harness.

upon which he carved a letter with such Returning through the town my guide 3 success that he was induced to complete pointed out small frame boards, hanging by

the alphabet. The idea occurred to him ihe side of several doors, upon which were that by inking them he could produce im. displayed oval pieces of lace work, placed pressions upon paper. He succeeded and over pink paper, to show their fineness; and the art once discovered, went on perfecting } which I naturally supposed, indicated the his lesson by casting letters of lead and tin. residence of lace makers, but was mista. Un ortunately for his fame, Faust, his work ? ken. According to accounts, when Haar, man, stole the fount one Christmas eve, lem surrendered to the Spanish, after a and carried it to Mayence, where he endeav long siege, one of the articles of capitulaored to secure the honor of the discovery, tion was, ihat every house in which there

but the merit of the discovery belongs to was a young infant, should not be entered { Koster. In the Town Hall are Koster's by the soldiery; and, as a íoken, the centre 3 original blocks, with a work printed by of an infant's cap was to be hung at the s him in 1440, “Speculum Humanæ Salva. door. This symbol is still displayed-and ? tionis ;' and Haarlem is still celebrated for during a forinight by law, drums cannot be

a foundry of Greek and Hebrew characters beat before the house ; the furniture is ex: 3 from which most of the Jewish presses in empt fiom legal execution, and the father is Europe are supplied.

not liable to perform military or jury duty. I found a French gardener at the Pavil The waters of Haarlem were formerly lion, a palace sold by Hope, the famous

supposed to possess a peculiar property for banker, to Napoleon, who gave it to his

bleaching linen, which were brought here brother Louis, with the crown of Holland, from all quarters, for that purpose : hence 2 and after the restoration it came into the

the name of Hollands. There are several possession of the present king. We first large cotton mills in the environs, owned visited a Bloomed.'Tuinen, or flower gar. by the King, and managed by Englishmen. S den, one of the many establishments here Steam is used as a motive power, and the for the cultivation of the bulbous plants, coal consumed is brought from Newcasile. for which the boggy soil is peculiarly The men receive about forty cents, the woadapted, while the water rises so near the men and boys twenty-five cents a day; but surface that their roots find ready nourish provisions are so cheap, that they appear ment. The garden was some six hundred to be comfortable and happy. The children feet long by one hundred in width, enclo

are sent to the public schools, which are sed and subdivided into small squares, by a

under the superintendence of a Mr. Prinsen bɔard fence, at least six feet high, to keep

-and all bring daily a small sum, for the off the sea breeze and retain the rays of defraying of expenses. the sun. Each division was devoted io a The road from Haarlem to Amsterdam, peculiar species of flowers, which appeared ? a distance of ten miles, is as straight as an

arrow, with a canal on one side, and a s causeway, crowred with a row of willow trees, on the other. Bcyond the canal is the Ai Lake, and the causeway shuts in the Haarlem Sea, so that the road has been s compared to that which ran through the Lake of Tezcuco, and connected the ancient city of Mexico with the mainland.

now seems destined to prove the richest in the world. The vague accounts of the early French travellers, Charlevoix and Father Hennepin, and a host of voyageurs, of the existence of copper on the south side of S Lake Superior, a century since, and of its being converted by the early Catholic missi. onaries at the Sault Ste Marie and Macki. naw into candlesticks, crosses and censers, and by the aborigines of the country at a still earlier day into bracelets and other rude or. naments, having now been brought to confirmation by the scientific exertions of Doug. lass Houghton, a name beloved by the geologists of our country, to whom the interests of natural science in the West have been great. ly indebted. The old trap rocks, in the language of the poet,

" That seem a fragment of some mighty wall, Built by the hand that fashioned the old world, To separate the nations-and thrown down When the flood drowned them,'

are as familiar to the geologist of Michigan “ as household words."

By a perseverance undaunted and an am. bition unconquerable, amid hardships in the field and in coasting the iron bound shore of our great Northern sea, he has succeeded in developing the true character of the upper peninsula of Michigan and making its mineral wealth known to the world. Unlike the fruitless toil of years wasted by the noble Alexandrian in searching after the philoso. pher's stone, he may exclaim “ Eureka"-I ? have found it.


This remarkable peninsula of Lake Supe. rior has been the scene of very active mineral investigations and operations, the past season.

The general results are thus sketched in a letter recently published :

The season is growing late, and at this moment the surrounding hills are covered with snow, and the thermometer stands at 37 degrees. The superintendant of the mineral lands, General Stockton, closes the agency to-morrow, and all the officials leave for home. The commissioners appointed by the war department to examine into conflict. ing claims have made a commencement. The superintendant meets with the approbation of all, and he leaves his post for the purpose of visiting his family and making his report for the approaching Congress.

The commissioners visited the Eagle River and Pittsburg works, and were delighted to find so much had been accomplished in so short a space of time. The Lake Superior Company at Eagle River commenced operations in September, 1844, under Col. Charles H. Gratiot; and, with an alacrity unsurpassed in the annals of mining, either in this country or Europe-within seven months af. ter the commencement of their operations, upward of 600 tons of ore was taken from two shafts by the aid of fifteen miners, the nett value of which in the city of Boston is $115 per ton! The success of this company is without a parallel, not excepting the famous Wheal Maria vein of Cornwall. At the formation of their company the stock was divided into 1200 shares, 800 of which were assessible. The whole amount of assessments per share has been $35, creating a capital at the onset of $28,000, which will be repaid by the sale of 600 tons of ore at $115 per ton, leaving in the hands of the stockholders a clear profit of $41,000.

From a colony of 6fteen inhabitants, twelve months since, and three patched hovels, they now number more than one hundred and thirty men, inhabiting twenty neat log hou. ses worthy of any western settlement ; added to which they have two blacksmiths' shops constantly in operation, a saw-mill capable of cutting three thousand feet of lumber every twenty-four hours, and a large stamping and crushing machine, ninety by twenty-five, erected at a cost of $12,000. A country, once deemed poor and unproductive,

The Traitor Arnold.At the close of the 3 Revolutionary war, Arnold, the traitor, accompanied the royal army to England. The contempt that followed him through life,” says an elegant writer, “ is illustrated by the speech of Lord Lauderdale, who, perceiving Arnold on the right hand of the King, and near his person, as he addressed his par. liament, declared on his relurn to the House of Communs, that however gracious the language he had heard from the throne, his indignation could not but be highly excited, at beholding, as he had done, his majesly supported by a traitor.On another occasion Lord Surrey, rising to speak in the House of Commons, and perceiving Arnold in the galo s lery, sat down, exclaiming, “ I will not speak while that man, pointing to him, is in the house.” He died in London, June 14, 1801.'

[merged small][ocr errors]
[merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors]

ing spells of the dead serpent. I returned to the spot the next morning, but eould find no trace of the rabbit.”

We have a snake story to tell, too, which corroborates the foregoing. Several years ago, we happened to make one of a pic-nic party on the grounds of Joseph Bonaparte, Ex-King of Spain, near Bordentown, New Jersey. While wandering through the shady avenues, our attention was arrested by the piteous tones of a bird. On looking up, we soon discovered the bird, and the cause of its peculiar noise. In the crotch of a cedar, about twelve feet from the ground, was a large black snake, with his head ex. tended along a limb of the tree, lying per. fectly motionless. A cat-bird was fluttering in great apparent agony a few feet in front of him, at tinies approaching very near him and then retreating backwards beyond the extremity of the limbs of the tree. All the while, the bird shrieked, and screamed and fluitered, as if feeling a sense of imminent danger from which it had not the power to extricate itself. We watched it until our sympathies overcame our curiosity, and then knocked the snake out of the tree with a club. We killed him, and threw his car. case on a monument a short distance from the tree. We left the place, and on returning thither an hour afterwards, were greatly surprised to perceive the cat.bird sitting on the monument, close to the dead body of the snake. How long it remained there we do not know, as we did not return to the place again.—Louisville Jour.

REMARK.- In a former number we in. serted another siory, of a traveller killing a snake in the act of charming a squirrel. The latter died on killing the former, although no violence was done to it.

Yet who can tell the many sweets

That follow winter's train ? For friends, who severed long have been,

Now meet in love again;

And the kindly greeting now is heard,

As one by one they come,
To encircle, once again on earth,

The hearth of their childhood's home.

Then hail! all hail! thou stout old friend;

Though thy breath at times be keen, And thy outward form uncouth and rough,

Right warm is thy heart I ween.

But hark thee, friend, when thy snows de

scend, And thy winds in anger roar, Whate'er be the fate of the proud and great, 3 Oh, spare the infirm and poor!


LEO XIV. FASCINATING Power Of SNAKES.--Mr. George Fuller, writing from Pomona. S. C., states, that on the 291h ult., he found á large black snake, about six feet long, which had a half-grown rabbit by the head, in the act of swallowing it. The snake was killed, and Mr. F. gives this account of what fola lowed : “As soon as I struck the snake, on looking back I saw the rabbit coming up, 3 and it stopped immediately at the dead snake's head. I moved it away four or five yards with my foot, but it returned instantly to the snake's head. I then moved the 3 snake, and the rabbit still pursued it, and I > left. About 6, P. M., I returned to the place, together with all my pupils, and the rabbit remained in the identical position in s which I had left it. My son moved it again, but it immediately returned to its post at the s snake's head, still charmed by the continu ?


With numerous Engravings.

Edited by Theodore Dwight, Jr. Is published werkly, at the office of the New York Express, No. 112 Broadway, at 3 cents a number, (16S pagos large octavo,) or, to subscribers receiving it by mail, and paying in advance, $1 a year.

6 sets for $5.
Back numbers supplied.
Postmasters are authorized to remit money.

Enclose a One Dollar Bill, without payment of poslage, and the work will be sent for the year.

" The information contained in this work is worth more than silver."—N. Y. Observer.

" It should be in every family in the country.". N. Y. Baptist Recorder.

The New York Methodist Advocate speaks of it in imilar terms. Al somany other papers.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][graphic][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][merged small]
« PreviousContinue »