Page images

Does not the method taken by his the 26th March, and offered as the excellency the earl of Lauderdale, basis of the negotiation :—56 That the new plenipotentiary on the part the proposed peace ought to be of his Britannic majesty, appear to honourable for the two courts, and announce that a multitude of notes for their respective allies.” will not be sufficient even to bring in his letter of the 2ąd June to the governments to an understand his excellency Mr. Fox, his exceling? And is not a risk evidently lency the minister for foreign affairs incurred, by adopting such a method, went still further; he proposed, in the abuse of which has been so ma- the name of his majesty the emperor nifest in our recollection, of being of the Freoch, king of Italy, to still further from a good understand. establish as a basis two fundamental ing than we have hitherto been ? If, principles, the first of them taken on the contrary, it is only wished to from Mr. Fox's letter of the 26th form documents which may here- March, namely; " That the object after be presented to the parliament of the two powers should be a peace of Great Britain, bis majesty the honourable to themselves, and to emperor and king has no similar their respective allies, at the same inducement, it is peace that he de. time that this peace should be of a sires ; a peace equally honourable nature to insure, as far as should lie for France, for Great Britain, and in their power, the future tranquil. for their allies, which the mutual lity of Europe.” and assiduous labour of the respec.

The second principle was, “ An tive plenipotentiaries shall have ren. acknowledgment in favour of both dered acceptable to both govern. powers of the right of interference, ments.

and of guarantee with regard to con. Nevertheless, that his love of jus- tinental affairs, and with regard to tiee, and the sincerity of his pacific maritime affairs." sentiments may be manifest to every

Such was the basis adopted by the one, and that it may be truly British government, and agreed upon known to whom all hindrance to with it. It could never have entered the progress of the negotiation into the mind of his majesty the ought to be attributed, his majesty emperor of the French, king of the emperor of the French has Italy, to take the “uti possidetis": deigned to permit the undersigned as the basis of the negotiation. to discuss here the vain question such had been his intention, he relative to the basis of this negotia- would have kept Moravia, a part of tion, whic was already advanced Hungary, Styria, Carniola, Croatia, and on the point of being termi- the whole of Austria, as well as its nated.

capital_Trieste, and Fiume, and In the letter written to his excel. the surrounding coast would still be lency Mr. Fox, on the 1st of April, in his power, as well as Genoa and by his excellency the French minisVenice, Hanover, Osnaburgh, and ter for foreign affạirs, that minister all the mouths of the great rivers of declared that his majesty the empe- the north of Germany would be. ror of the French entirely adopted subject to his dominion; and, doubt the principle set forth in the dis- less, his majesty the emperor of the patch of his excellency Mr. Fox, of French, king of Italy, might then, Vol. XLVIII.



without difficulty, have left his Bri- stitution of its colonies, would ne. tannic majesty in possession of the cessarily become a province of the Cape, Surinam, Tobago, St. Lucin, French empire; for on accepting the Pondicherry, &c.

crown of Holland, prince Louis for. As to Sicily, in this very supposi- mally declared his intention of retion bis majesty the emperor and nouncing it, if the Dutch colonics king would not have left it to his were not restored at the general enemies; but his majesty would only peace. have thought that the conquest of Llt Hanover become a province this island should have preceded the of France; let Trieste, Fiume, and opening of the negotiations; and their territory likewise become prowhile Prussia and Russia have either vinces of the kingdom of Italy, and guaranteedor recognized the changes let Great Britain keep as a compenwhich have taken place in the king. sation, the Cape, Surinam, Malta, dom of the Two Sicilies, is it to be and Pondicherry, &c. France will supposed that England could have consent to it, and the great princi. prevented the conquest of Sicily, ple uti possidetis will be applied which is separated from the conti. in its full extent, both as to the prenent only by a channel of less than sent and as to the future. two thousand toises ?

Let the new minister plenipotenAnd even supposing that the Cape, tiary of his Britannic majesty, point Surinam, and other Dutch posses- out in the history of the world, sions could have been finally detach- a negotiation terminated upon the ed from the kingdom of Holland, is principle of the uti possidetis between it not certain that its existence as a two great nations : let him examine nation would become from that very whether this principle does not be. cause impossible ; and that its in. long rather to an armistice than to corporation with the French em- a treaty of peace? It is impossible pire would have been the neces. not to say, that, in proposing to sary consequence of a refusal given France the uti possidetis, particularly by England, to restore to it its colo- under the present circumstance, a nies ; what, in fact, could be the strange idea must have been formed means of maintaining a nation which of the character of the emperor would have nothing but debts, and Napoleon, and it must have been from which the total deprivation of believed that he was reduced to a all commerce would take away the singular state of humiliation and possibility of paying them? What distress. ever their excellencies the plenipo. But, in demanding the uti possi. tentiaries of his Britannic majesty detis, his excellency, the earl of Laumay alledge, it is impossible that derdale, plenipotentiary from his they should not be convinced, that. Britannic majesty, without regard it is a very different thing, for Great to the principle which he advances, Britain, to see the Texel and the wishes to change entirely the destiny mouths of the Rhine and of the of a continental state, which gave Meuse in the power of the French 25,000 men to England, and fur. revenue officers, or to see them in nished her with a part of the means the power of the Dutch. Thos, which she afforded in the seven therefore, Holland, without the re. years' war, and eren in the war of


the French revolution, to the armies brave and generous person even of the north. Thus, therefore, it is among his enemies. wished to maintain the principle of The undersigned is directed to de. the uti possidetis, in order to deprive clare, that his majesty the emperor France of all her commerce, and of and king.considers as a disgrace the all her establishments, and to ruin very idea of a negotiation, founded her allies; but it is wished to violate on the uti possidetis. It is the more the principle of the uti possidetis, in contrary to his principles, inasmuch order to oblige France to renounce as his majesty has restored his conher engagements, to break her trea. quests, and that he should be now ties ; in a word, to dissolve her reigning over a population the whole continental system ; is not double of that which he in fact this to propose a peace a thousand governs, if, at the conclusion of the times more disastrous than the long- treaties of peace which he made at est war, and conditions calculated to the expiration of the several coali. excite the indignation of every tions, he had taken the uti possidetis Frenchman? What! shall France for his only principle. bare conquered all the powers sub- The undersigned is also directed sidized by England, during three to declare, that the only conditions coalitions, to see imposed upon her of negotiation which his majesty the conditions as unjust as they are dis. emperor and king is willing to honourable, notwithstanding the adopt, are those proposed in part moderation and generosity which by his excellency Jir. Fox, contain. she has shewn?

ed in the letter which was addressed His excellency Mr. Fox himself to him on the 2d of June by the miproposed, “ that the peace should nister for foreig: affairs, and repeatbe honourable to both courts, and ed in the twelfth paragraph of the to their respective allies.”

present note. His majesty, the emperor of the His inajesty the emperor of the French, king of Italy, could not French, king of Italy, requires consider the peace as honourable, nothing of Great Britain which can if, by one of its conditions, he was be contrary to the interests of her to lose a single subject, and of how. allies. He is entitled to expect that ever little importance the colony of nothing will be exacted of him, Tobago may be, it suffices, that it which can be contrary to the intermade part of the French empire at ests of his own allies. the time his majesty took the reins The undersigned is directed to of the government, to prevent his add, that he refers to what had been ever signing a treaty in which the prepared by the mutual efforts of his alienation of that colony, or of any excellency the earl of Yarmouth, other which belongs to him in the and the undersigned. same manner shall be comprized. If peace shall not be re-establish. No reasonable Englishman can have ed, it is not Francewho can be accus. flattered himself with the contrary; ed of having changed, but England; and his majesty, in the position in although peace between France and which he stands, would, by consent. Russia, and other events unfavoura ing to it, lose the esteem of every able to Great Britaiu bave taken

3 C 2


place since the negotiation was en- rival has brought the negotiation to tered upon and nearly brought to a an unequivocal issue, and has put an conclusion, in concert with his ex- end to those misunderstandings, cellency the earl of Yarmouth. without doubt real, which i.are

The undersigned avails himself of taken place, and which never could this opportunity to assure their ex. have occurred is the same method cellencies the earls of Lauderdale had been adopted at the commenceand Yarmouth of his high considera- ment of the negotiation. tion.

The undersigned, the earl of Yar(Signed)

Clarke. mouth, finds himself compelled to

recur to the manner in which it has Fifth Inclosure (E.) been stated to him, that he landed Copy of a Note from the Earls of at Calais inrested with a public chaLauderdale and Yarmouth, to Ge- racter to treat for peace.

He only neral Clarke, dated August 9, came to give in person and viva voce 1806.

the answer to a communication that (Translation.)

he had been requested to make to Paris, August 9, 1806. the English government, founded The undersigned plenipotentiaries upon the basis of the uti possidetis, of his Britannic majesty cannot in conformity with the following allow themselves to enter into a de- words of his excellency M. Talleytailed consideration of the official rand : “ We ask nothing from you;" note, dated the sth August, which accompanied with positive assur. has just been delivered to them on ances that the restitution of the posthe part of his excellency general sessions of his majesty in Germany Clarke. From the manner in which would meet with no opposition. the different points which form the The same sentiment also recurs in subject of this note are treated, it the letter from M. Talleyrand to would be impossible for them to dis- Mr. Fox of the first of April in cuss them with that calmness and these terms: “ The emperor covets that regard to propriety, which the nothing that England possesses.” character with which their sovereign The earl of Yarmouth.feels himhas invested them, demands. But the self under an equal necessity of pot subject of this note is of a nature, so passing over jo silence the remarks general and so foreign to the object made by his excellency general under discussion, that it would be Clarke, on the subject of the delays perfectly useless to take it into con. of the negotiation, and of the fre. sideration at the present moment. quent communication by messen

The undersigned, the earl of Lau• gers. The answers of his Britannic derdale, far from thinking that the majesty have ever been frank and manner of discussing in writing the prompt; and if the number of mes. fundamental points of a negotiation sengers has been considerable, it can in any shape encrease the difii. can only be attributed to motives culty of coming to an understanding, foreign to the wishes of his majesty, is on the contrary of opinion that he The undersigned the earls of Lau. already perceives evident proofs of derdale and Yarmouth, can by no its utility, inasmuch as the official means subscribe to the opinion held note presented by him since his ar- out by his excellency general Clarke in the said note, that the negotiation rives from the loyalty and affection 66 had been begun and nearly of his subjects. He will never listen brought to a conclusion,” in the to any proposals of negotiation interval which elapsed between the whatsoever, upon terms incompatitime when lord Yarmouth officially ble with the honour of his crown communicated his full powers, and and the real interests of his subjects. the arrival of lord Lauderdale; on (Signed) Lauderdale. the contrary, they consider the ne.

Yarmouth. gotiation as having scarcely commenced. The conversations to which Sixth laclosure (F.) is a Copy of a allusion has been made, consisted, Note from the Earls of Lauderon the part of the French plenipo- dale and Yarmouth to M. Talleyten taries, in making demands which rand, dated August 9, 1806. the undersigned, the earl of Yar- Demanding their passports. mouth, has uniformly declared to be inadmissible ; and on the part of

No. XXXVI. lord Yarmouth in keeping strictly Extract from a Dispatch from the within the bounds of the uti possi. Earls of Lauderdale and Yarmouth detis, not having any instructions on to Mr. Secretary Fox, dated Paris, the part of his government to admit August 1!th, 1806. - Received any other conditions of negotiation ;

August 13th conditions suggested by Franee in

Paris, August 11, 1806. the communication made by the earl In our last dispatch of the 9th of Yarmouth, and previously an. instant, we had the honour of in. nounced in M. Talleyrand's letter forming you, that on that evening of the first of April.

we had applied for passports to reThe undersigned earls of Lauder. turn to England, and also for a dale and Yarmouth think it unne. passport for a courier we intended cessary, in this place, to repeat the to have dispatched immediately. motives set forth in the official note We have only now to mention presented by lord Lauderdale, and that, on Sunday at eleven o'clock, which induced his majesty to consi. we sent the inclosure (marked A.) der the basis of the uti possidetis renewing our demand ; and that proposed by France peculiarly this morning, having received no an, applicable to the respective situation swer to either application, the inclo. of the two countries. It is to them sure (marked B.) was sent to M. a subject of deep regret that, by Talleyrand's house, Ruë d'Anjou. $0 absolute and decided a departure The courier Basilico, who carried from that basis on the part of the the note, returned soon after to inFrench government, the hopes and form us, that he was directed at M. expectations of the two nations Talleyrand's house to go to the must be entirely frustrated.

foreign office, where he accordingly It only remains for the earls of went, but was told that no commu. Lauderdale and Yarmouth to de. nication would be received there clare, that his majesty, ever ready till between twelve and one. to listen to just and honourable con- We then begged of Mr. Goddard ditions of peace, relies with confi- to go himself to the foreign office, dence upon the means which he de- and deliver the letter; he found

3 C 3


« PreviousContinue »