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whiche he founde him nothing strange. Wherfore on the morow he sente him to Brakenbury with a letter, by which he was commaunded to deliuer sir James all the kayes of the Tower for one nyght, to the ende he might there accomplish the kinges pleasure, in such thing as he had

5 geuen him commaundement. After which letter deliuered and the kayes receiued, sir James appointed the night nexte ensuing to destroy them, deuysing before and preparing the meanes. The prince, as soone as the protector left that name and toke himself as king, had it shewed vnto 10 him, that he should not reigne, but his vncle should haue the crowne. At which worde the prince sore abashed, began to sigh and said : Alas I woulde my vncle woulde lette me haue my lyfe yet, though I lese my kingdome. Then he that tolde him the tale, vsed him with good wordes, 15 and put him in the best comfort he could. But forthwith was the prince and his brother bothe shet vp, and all other remoued from them, onely one called black Wil or William Slaughter except, set to serue them and see them sure. After whiche time the prince neuer tyed his pointes, nor 20 ought rought of hymselfe, but with that young babe hys brother, lingered in thought and heauines til this tratorous death deliuered them of that wretchednes. For sir James Tirel deuised that thei shold be murthered in their beddes. To the execucion wherof, he appointed Miles

25 Forest, one of the foure that kept them, a felowe fleshed in murther before time. To him

Jhon Dighton. he joyned one John Dighton, his own horsekeper, à big brode square strong knaue. Then al the other beeing remoued from them, thys Miles Forest and 30 John Dighton, about midnight (the sely children lying in their beddes) came into the chamber, and sodainly lapped them vp among the clothes, so bewrapped them and

Miles Forest.

entangled them, keping down by force the fetherbed and pillowes hard vnto their mouthes, that within a while smored and stifled, theyr breath failing, thei gaue vp to

God their innocent soules into the joyes of heauen, leauing 5

to the tormentors their bodyes dead in the The yong kyng and hys brother bed. Whiche after that the wretches parceiued, murthered.

first by the strugling with the paines of death, and after long lying styll, to be throughly dead; they laide

their bodies naked out vppon the bed, and fetched sir James 10 to see them. Which

vpon the sight of them, caused those murtherers to burye them at the stayre foote, metely depe in the grounde vnder a great heape of stones. Than rode sir James in great hast to king Richarde, and shewed him al

the maner of the murther, who gaue hym gret thanks and, 15 as som say, there made him knight. But he allowed not,

as I haue heard, the burying in so vile a corner, saying that he woulde haue them buried in a better place, because thei wer a kinges sonnes. Loe the honourable corage of a

kynge! Wherupon thei say that a prieste of syr Robert 20 Brakenbury toke vp the bodyes again, and secretelye entered

them in such place, as by the occasion of his deathe, whiche onely knew it, could neuer synce come to light. Very trouthe is it and well knowen, that at such time as syr James Tirell

was in the Tower, for Treason committed agaynste the moste 25 famous prince king Henry the seuenth, bothe Dighton and

he were examined, and confessed the murther in maner aboue writen, but whither the bodies were remoued thei could nothing tel. And thus as I haue learned of them

that much knew and litle cause had to lye, wer these two 3° noble princes, these innocent tender children, borne of

moste royall bloode, brought vp in great wealth, likely long to liue to reigne and rule in the realme, by traytorous tiranny taken, depryued of their estate, shortly shitte vp in

rotted away.

prison, and priuily slaine and murthered, theyr bodies cast God wote where by the cruel ambicion of their vnnaturall vncle and his dispiteous tormentors. Which thinges on euery part wel pondered, God neuer gaue this world a more notable example, neither in what vnsuretie standeth 5 this worldly wel, or what mischief worketh the prowde enterprise of an hyghe heart, or finally what wretched end ensueth such dispiteous crueltie. For first to beginne with the ministers, Miles Forest at sainct Martens pecemele

Dighton in dede yet walketh on aliue in 10 good possibilitie to bee hanged ere he dye. But sir James Tirel dyed at Tower hill, beheaded for treason. King Richarde himselfe, as ye shal herafter here, slain in the fielde, hacked and hewed of his enemies handes, haryed on horsebacke dead, his here in despite torn and togged lyke 15 a cur dogge. And the mischief that he tooke, within lesse then thre yeares of the mischiefe that he dyd. And yet all the meane time spente in much pain and trouble outward, much feare anguish and sorow within. For I haue heard by credible report of such as wer secrete with his 20 chamberers, that after this abhominable deede done, he neuer hadde quiet in his minde, hee neuer thought himself

Where he went abrode, his eyen whirled about, his body priuily fenced, his hand euer inward on his dager, his countenance and maner like

25 one alway ready to strike againe, he toke ill rest a nightes, lay long wakyng and musing, sore weried with care and watch, rather slumbred then slept, troubled wyth feareful dreames, sodainly sommetyme sterte vp, leape out of his bed and runne about the chamber, so 30 was his restles herte continually tossed and tumbled with the tedious impression and stormy remembrance of his abominable dede. Nowe hadde he outward no long time

sure.

The out and

troubles of
tyrauntes.

in rest. For hereupon sone after began the conspiracy, or rather good confederacion, betwene the Duke of Buckingham and many other gentlemen against him. Thocca

sion wheruppon the king and the Duke fell out is of 5 diuers folke diuerse wyse pretended. This duke, as I

haue for certain bene enformed, as soone as the duke of Gloucester vpon the death of kyng Edward came to York, and there had solemne funeral seruise for king Edward,

sente thither in the most secret wise he could, one Persal 10 his trusty seruant, who came to John Warde, a chamberer

of like secret trust with the Duke of Gloucester, desiring that in the most close and couert maner, he might be admitted to the presence and speche of his maister. And

the duke of Gloucester, aduertised of hys desyre, caused 15 him in the dead of the night after al other folk auoyded,

to be brought vnto him in his secret chamber, wher Persall after his masters recommendacion shewed him, that he had secretly sente hym to shew him, that in this new

worlde he would take such part as he wold, and wait vpon 20 him with a .M. good felowes if neede wer.

The messenger sent back with thanks, and some secret instruccion of the protectors mind, yet met him again with farther message from the duke his master, within few dayes after at Not

ingham ; whither the protector from York, with many gen25 tlemen of the north countrey to the number of sixe .C.

horses, was comen on his way to London ward. And after secrete meting and communicacion had, eftsoone departed. Wherupon at Northampton the duke met with the protector

himself, wyth CCC. horses, and from thence still contynued 30 the partner of all his deuises, till that after his coronacion

thei departed as it semed very great frendes at Gloucester. From whence as sone as the duke came home, he so lightli

turned from him and so highly conspired against him, that

a

man would marueil wherof the chaunge grew. And surely the occasion of theyr variaunce is of diuers men diuersly reported. Some haue I heard say, that the duke a litle before the coronacion among other thinges, required of the protector the duke of Herfordes landes, to which 5 he pretended himself just inheritor. And forasmuch as the title which he claimed by inheritance, was somewhat enterlaced with the title to the crowne by the line of king Henry before depriued; the protector conceiued such indignacion, that he rejected the dukes request with many 10 spitefull and minatory wordes. Which so wounded his hert with hatred and mistrust, that he neuer after could endure to loke aright on king Richard, but euer feared his own life, so farfoorth that when the protectoure rode through London toward his coronacion, he fained himself 15 sick, because he wold not ride with hym. And the tother taking it in euil part, sent hym worde to ryse, and come ride or he wold make him be caried. Wherupon he rode on with euil wil, and that notwithstanding on the morow rose from the feast faining himself sicke, and kyng Richard 20 said it was done in hatred and dispite of him. And they say that euer after continually ech of them liued in suche hatred and distrust of other, that the duke verilye looked to haue bene murthered at Gloucester. From which nathles he in fair maner departed. But surely some right 25 secrete at the daies deny this; and many right wise men think it vnlikely (the depe dissimuling nature of those bothe men considered, and what nede in that grene world the protector had of the duke, and in what peril the duke stode if he fell once in suspicion of the tiraunt) that either 30 the protector wold geue the duke occasion of displeasure, or the duke the protector occasion of mistrust. And vtterly men think, that yf kyng Richard had any such oppinion

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