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Sil. Had I been seized by a hungry lion, Jul. Here 'tis : this is it. (Gives a ring. I would have been a breakfast to the beast, Pro. How ! let me see : Rather than have false Proteus rescue me. Why this is the ring I gave to Julia. O heaven be judge, how I love Valentine, Jul. O, cry your mercy, Sir, I have mistook; Whose life's as tender to me as my soul; This is the ring you sent to Silvia. And full as much (for more there cannot be,)

[Shows another ring. I do detest false perjur'd Proteus :

Pro. But, how cam’st thou by this ring? at Therefore be gone, solicit me no more.

my depart, Pro. What dangerous action, stood it next I gave this unto Julia. to death,

Jul. And Julia herself did give it me; Would I not undergo for one calm look? And Julia herself hath brought it hither. 0, 'tis the curse in love, and still approv’d,* Pro. How! Julia! When women cannot lovewhere they're belov'd. Jul. Behold her that gave aim* to all thy Sil. When Proteus cannot love where he's

oaths, belov'd.

And entertain'd them deeply in her heart : Read over Julia's heart, thy first best love, How oft hast thou with perjury cleft the root?t For whose dear sake thou didst then rend thy O Proteus, let this habit make thee blush! faith

Be thou asham'd, that I have took upon me Into a thousand oaths; and all those oaths Such an immodest raiment; if shame live Descended into perjury, to love me. [two, In a disguise of love: Thou hast no faith left now, unless thou hadst It is the lesser blot, modesty finds, (minds. And that's far worse than none; better have Women to change their shapes, than men their

Pro. Than men their minds? 'tis true: 0 Than plural faith, which is too much by one :

heaven! were man Thou counterfeit to thy true friend!

But constant, he were perfect: that one error Pro. In love,

Fills him with faults; makes him run through Who respects friend!

all sins : Sil. All men but Proteus.

Inconstancy falls off, ere it begins : Pro. Nay, if the gentle spirit of moving words What is in Silvia's face, but I may spy Can no way change you to a milder form, More fresh in Julia's with a constant eye? I'll woo you like a soldier, at arms' end ;

Val. Come, come, a hand from either : And love you 'gainst the nature of love, force Let me be blest to make this happy close ? you.

'T'were pity two such friends should be long foes. Sil. O heaven!

Pro. Bear witness, heaven, I have my wish Pro. I'll force thee yield to my desire.

for ever. Val. Ruffian let go that rude uncivil touch; Jul. And I have mine. Thou friend of an ill fashion !

Enter OUTLAWS, with DUKE and TRURIO. Pro, Valentine!

Out. A prize, a prize, a prize! Val. Thou common friend, that's without

Val. Forbear, I say; it is my lord the duke. faith or love.

Your grace is welcome to a man disgrac'd, (For such is a friend now,) treacherous man!

Banish'd Valentine. Thou hast beguild my hopes; nought but

Duke. Sir Valentine!

Thu. Yonder is Silvia; and Silvia's mine. Could have persuaded me: Now I dare not say

Val. Thurio give back, or else embrace thy I have one friend alive, thou would'st disprove

death; me. Who should be trusted now, when one's right Do not name Silvia thine; if once again,

Come not within the measure of my wrath : Is perjur’d to the bosom? Proteus, [hard Milan shall not behold thee. Here she stands, I am sorry, I must never trust thee more,

Take but possession of her with a touch ;But count the world a stranger for thy sake.

I dare thee but to breathe upon my love.The private wound is deepest: O time, most

Thu. Sir Valentine, I care not for her, 1 ; curst!

I hold him but a fool, that will endanger Mongst all foes, that a friend should be the His body for a girl that loves him not: worst !

I claim her not, and therefore she is thine. Pro. My shame and guilt confound me.

Duke. The more degenerate and base art thou Forgive me, Valentine: if hearty sorrow

To make such meanse for her as thou hast done, Be a sufficient ransom for offence,

And leave her on such slight conditions.-I tender it here ; . I do as truly suffer,

Now, by the honour of my ancestry,
As e'er I did commit.
Val. Then I am paid ;

I do applaud thy spirit, Valentine,

And think thee worthy of an empress' love. And once again I do receive thee honest :Who by repentance is not satisfied, (pleas’d; Cancel all grudge, repeal thee home again.

Know then, I here forget all former griefs, Is nor of heaven, nor earth; for these are Plead a new state in thy unrivall’d merit, By penitence the Eternal's wrath's appeas'd :

To which I thus subscribe, -Sir Valentine, And, that my love may appear plain and free, Thou art a gentleman, and well deriv'd; All that was mine in Silvia, I give thee. Jul. O me, unhappy!

Take thou thy Silvia, for thou hast deserv'd her.

[Faints. Pro. Look to the boy.

Val. I thank your grace; the gift hath made

me happy. Val. Why, boy! why wag! how now? what

I is the matter?

now beseech you, for your daughter's sake, Look up; speak.

To grant one boon that I shall ask of you. Jul. O good Sir, my master charg'd me

Duke. I grant it, for thine own, whate'er it

be. To deliver a ring to madam Silvia; Which, out of my neglect was never done.

Val. These banish'd men, that I have kept Pro. Where is that ring, boy?

withal, * Direction. † An allusion to cleaving the pin in archery

mine eye

Are men endued with worthy qualities ; What think you of this page, my lord? Forgive them what they have committed here, Duke. I think the boy hath grace in him; he And let them be recall'd from their exile :

blushes. They are reformed, civil, full of good,

Val. I warrant you, my lord ; more grace And fit for great employment, worthy lord.

than boy. Duke. Thou hast prevail'd: I pardon them, Duke. What mean you by that saying? and thee;

Val. Please you, I'll tell you as we pass Dispose of them, as thou know'st their deserts. along, Come, let us go; we will include* all jars That you will wonder what hath fortuned.--With triumphs,t mirth, and rare solemnity. Come, Proteus ; 'tis your penance, but to hear

Val. And, as we walk along, I dare be bold The story of your loves discovered : With our discourse to make your grace to That done, our day of marriage shall be yours ; smile ; One feast, one house, one mutual happiness.

Exeunt. Conclude.

† Masks, revels.




VINCENTIO, Duke of Vienna.

Clown, Servant to Mrs. Over-doneANGELO, Lord Deputy in the Duke's absence. ABRORSON, an Executioner. Escalus, an ancient Lord, joined with Angelo BARNARDINE, a dissolute Prisoner

in the deputation. CLAUDIO, a young Gentleman.

ISABELLA, Sister to Claudio. Lucio, a Fantastic.

MARIANA, betrothed to Angelo.
Two other like Gentlemen.

JULIET, beloved by Claudio.
VARRIUS, a Gentleman, Servant to the Duke. FRANCISCA, a Nun.

Mrs. OVER-DONE, a Bawd.

THOMAS,} Two Friars.

Lords, Gentlemen, Guards, Officers, and other


Elbow, a simple Constable.
FROTA, a foolish Gentleman.

SCENE, Vienna.


Are not thine own so proper,* as to waste

Thyself upon thy virtues, them on thee. SCENE I.-An Apartment in the DUKE's Heaven doth with us, as we with torches do ; Palace.

Not light them for themselves : for if our virtues Enter DUKE, ESCALUS, Lords, and Attendants. Did not go forth of us, 'twere all alike Duke. Escalus,

As if we had them not. Spirits are not finely

touch'd, Escal. My lord.

But to fine issues of nor nature never lends Duke. Of government the properties to unfold,


The smallest scruple of her excellence, Would seem in me to affect speech and dis- But, like a thrifty goddess, she determines Since I am put to know, that your own science, Herself the glory of a creditor,

Both thanks and use. But I do bend my speech Exceeds, in that, the lists* of all advice My strength can give you : Then no more re- To one that can my part in him advertise ; mains

Hold therefore, Angelo ;

[able, But that to your sufficiency, as your worth is In our remove, be thou at full ourself; And let them work. The nature of our people, Live in thy tongue and heart: Old Escalus,

Mortality and mercy in Vienna Our city's institutions, and the terms For common justice, you are as pregnantt in, Though first in question, is thy secondary: As art and practice hath enriched any

Take thy commission.
That we remember: There is our commission,

Ang. Now, good my lord,
From which we would not have you warp. Before so noble and so great a figure

Let there be some more test made of my metal,
Call hither,
I say, bid come before us Angelo.-

Be stamp'd upon it.

Duke. No more evasion : (Exit an Attendant.

We have with a leaven'd and prepared choice What figure of us think you he will bear? For you must know, we have with special squl Our haste from hence is of so quick condition,

Proceeded to you; therefore take your honours. Elected him our absence to supply ; Lent him our terror, drest him with our love; That it prefers itself, and leaves unquestion'd And given his deputation all the organs

Matters of needful value. We shall write to you, Of our own power : What think you of it?

As time and our concernings shall importune, Escal. If any in Vienna be of worth

How it goes with us; and do look to know To undergo such ample grace and honour,

What doth befall you here. So, fare you well: It is lord Angelo.

To the hopeful execution do I leave you

Of your commissions.

Ang. Yet, give leave, my lord,
Duke. Look, where he comes.

That we may bring you something on the way. Ang. Always obedient to your grace's will, Duke. My haste may not admit it; I come to know your pleasure.

Nor need you, on mine honour, have to do Duke. Angelo,

With any scruple: your scopes is as mine own; There is a kind of character in thy life, So to enforce, or qualify the laws, That, to the observer, doth thy history As to your soul seems good. Give me your Fully unfold: Thyself and thy belongingsi I'll privily away: I love the people, [hand ;

* So much thy own property. For high purposes. | Full of. * Endowments.


Extent of power,



But do not like to stage me to their eyes: 2 Gent. To three thousand dollars a year. Though it do well, I do not relish well

1 Gent. Ay, and more. Their loud applause, and aves* vehement; Lucio, A French crown* more.. Nor do I think the man of safe discretion, 1 Gent. Thou art always figuring diseases in That does affect it. Once more, fare you well. me : but thou art full of error; I am sound. Ang. The heavens give safety to your pur- Lucio. Nay, not as one would say, healthy; poses !

but so sound, as things that are hollow: thy Escal. Lead forth, and bring you back in bones are hollow; impiety has made a feast happiness.

of thee. Duke. I thank you: Fare you well. [Erit.

Enter BawD.
Escal. I shall desire you, Sir, to give me leave
To have free speech with you ; and it concerns the most profound sciatica ?

1 Gent. How now? Which of your hips has To look into the bottom of my place : [me

Bawd. Well, well; there's one yonder arA power I have; but of what strength and na

rested, and carried to prison, was worth five I am not yet instructed,

[ture Ang. 'Tis so with me:-Let us withdraw to

thousand of you all.

1 Gent. Who's that, I pray thee? gether,

Bawd. Marry, Sir, that's Claudio, signior And we may soon our satisfaction have

Claudio. Touching that point.

1 Gent. Claudio to prison! 'tis not so. Escal. I'll wait upon your honour. (Exeunt.

Bawd. Nay, but I know, 'tis so: I saw him SCENE II.-A Street.

arrested; saw him carried away; and, which is Enter Lucio and two GENTLEMEN.

more, within these three days his head's to be Lucio. If the duke, with the other dukes, chopped off. come not to composition with the king of Hun

Lucio. But, after all this fooling, I would not gary, why, then all the dukes fall upon the have it so ; Art thou sure of this? king.

Bawd. I am too sure of it: and it is for get1 Gent. Heaven grant us its peace, but not ting madam Julietta with child. the king of Hungary's !

Lucio. Believe me, this may be: he promised 2 Gent. Amen.

to meet me two hours since: and he was ever Lucio. Thou concludest like the sanctimoni- precise in promise-keeping. ous pirate, that went to sea with the ten com

2 Gent. Besides, you know, it draws somemandments, but scraped one out of the table. thing near to the speech we had to such a 2 Gent. Thou shalt not steal?

purpose. Lucio. Ay, that he razed.

1 Gent. But most of all, agreeing with the 1 Gent. Why, 'twas a commandment to com- proclamation. mand the captain and all the rest from their Lucio. Away; let's go learn the truth of it. functions; they put forth to steal: There's not

(Exeunt Lucio and GENTLEMEN. a soldier of us all, that, in the thanksgiving

Bawd. Thus, what with the war, what with before meat, doth relish the petition well that the sweat,t what with the gallows, and what prays for peace.

with poverty, I am custom-shrunk. How now? 2 Gent. I never heard any soldier dislike it. what's the news with you? Lucio. I believe thee; for, I think, thou

Enter Clown. never wast where grace was said.

Clo. Yonder man is carried to prison. 2 Gent. No? a dozen times at least.

Bawd. Well; what has he done? 1 Gent. What? in metre?

Clo. A woman. Lucio. In any proportion,t or in any language.

Bawd. But what's his offence? 1 Gent. I think, or in any religion.

Clo. Groping for trouts in a peculiar river. Lucio. Ay! why not? Grace is grace, despite of all controversy : As for example; Thou thy him?

Bawd. What is there a maid with child by self art a wicked villain, despite of all grace. 1 Gent. Well, there went but a pair of sheers him: You have not heard of the proclamation,

Clo. No; but there's a woman with maid by between us. I

have you? Lucio. I grant; as there may between the

Bawd. What proclamation, man. lists and the velvet: Thou art the list. i Gent. And thou the velvet : thou art good must be pluck'd down.

Clo. All houses in the suburbs of Vienna velvet; thou art a three-pil'd piece, I warrant

Bard. And what shall become of those in thee : I had as lief be a list of an English ker.

the city? sey, as be pil'd, as thou art pild, for a French

Clo. They shall stand for seed: they had velvet. Do I speak feelingly now? Lucio. I think thou dost; and, indeed, with gone down too, but that a wise burgher put in

for them most painful feeling of thy speech: I will, out

Bawd. But shall all our houses of resort in of thine own confession, learn to begin thy the suburbs be pull'd down? health ; but, whilst I live, forget to drink after thee.

Clo. To the ground, mistress. 1 Gent. I think, I have done myself wrong; commonwealth! What shall become of me?

Bawd. Why, here's a change, indeed, in the have I not?

Clo. Come; fear not you; good counsellors 2 Gent. Yes, that thou hast; whether thou

lack no clients : though you change your place, art tainted, or free.

Lucio. Behold, behold, where madam Miti- you need not change your trade; I'll be your gation comes! I have purchased as many dis- tapster still. Courage; there will be pity taken eases under her roof, as come to

on you: you that have worn your eyes almost 2 Gent. To what, I pray ?

out in the service, you will be considered. 1 Gent. Judge.

Bawd. What's to do here, Thomas Tapster?

Let's withdraw. Hailings. † Measure. A cut of the same cloth. $A jest on the loss of hair by the French disease. * Corona veneris.

# The sweating sickness.

Clo. Here comes signior Claudio, led by the I pr’ythee, Lucio, do me this kind service: provost to prison : and there's madam Juliet. This day my sister should the cloister enter,

(Exeunt. And there receive their approbation :* SCENE III.-The same.

Acquaint her with the danger of my state; Enter PROVOST,* CLAUDIO, JULIET, and Offi- Implore her, in my voice, that she make friends

cers; Lucio, and two Gentlemen. To the strict deputy; bid herself assay him; Claud. Fellow, why dost thou show me thus I have great hope in that: for in her youth to the world?

There is a pronet and speechless dialect, Bear me to prison, where I am committed. Such as moves men; besides, she hath prosperProv. I do it not in evil disposition,

ous art But from lord Angelo by special charge. When she will play with reason and discourse,

Claud. Thus can the demi-god, Authority, And well she can persuade. Make us pay down for our offence by weight.- Lucio. I pray, she may; as well for the enThe words of heaven ;--on whom it will, it will; couragement of the like, which else would On whom it will not, so; yet still 'tis just. stand under grievous imposition; as for the

Lucio. Why, how now, Claudio? whence enjoying of thy life, who I would be sorry comes this restraint?

should be thus foolishly lost at a game of tickClaud. From too much liberty, my Lucio, tack. I'll to her. liberty:

Claud. I thank you good friend Lucio. As surfeit is the father of much fast,

Lucio. Within two hours, So every scope by the immoderate use

Claud. Come, officer, away. [Ereunt. Turns to restraint: Our natures do pursue,

SCENE IV.-A Monastery. (Like rats that ravint down their proper bane,) Enter DUKE and FRIAR TAOMAS. A thirsty evil; and when we drink, we die.

Duke. No; holy father; throw away that Lucio. If I could speak so wisely under an

thought; arrest

, I would send for certain of my creditors: Believe not that the dribbling dart of love And yet, to say the truth, I had as lief have Can pierce a complete bosom :f whyldesire thee the foppery of freedom, as the morality of im- To give me secret harbour, hath a purpose prisonment. What's thy offence, Claudio?

More grave and wrinkled than the aims and Claud. What, but to speak of would offend Of burning youth.

(ends again.

Fri. May your grace speak of it? Lucio. What is it? murder?

Duke. My holy Sir, none better knows than Claud. No.

you Lucio. Lechery?

How I have ever lov'd the life remov'd ;f Claud. Call it so.

And held in idle price to haunt assemblies, Prov. Away, Sir; you must go.

Where youth, and cost, and witless bravery Claud. One word, good friend :-Lucio, a I have delivered to loru Angelo [keeps.||

word with you. [Takes him aside. (A man of stricture, I and firm abstinence,) Lucio. A hundred, if they'll do you any good. My absolute power and place here in Vienna, -Is lechery so look'd after?

And he supposes me travell’d to Poland; Claud. Thus stands it with me :-Upon a true For so I have strew'd it in the common ear, I got possession of Julietta's bed; (contráct, And so it is receiv'd: Now, pious Sir, You know the lady; she is fast my wife, You will demand of me, why I do this? Save that we do the denunciation lack

Fri. Gladly, my lord. or outward order : this we came not to,

Duke. We have strict statutes,and most biting Only for propagation of a dower


(steeds) Remaining in the coffer of 'her friends ; (The needful bits and curbs for headstrong From whom we thought it meet to hide our love, Which for these fourteen years we have let Tilltime had made them for us. But it chances,

sleep; The stealth of our most mutual entertainment, Even like an o'ergrown lion in a cave, With character too gross, is writ on Juliet.

That goes not out to prey: Now, as fond fathers Lucio. With child, perhaps?

Having bound up the threat’ning twigs of birch, Claud. Unhappily, even so.

Only to stick it in their children's sight, And the new deputy now for the duke,

For terror, not to use ; in time the rod (crees, Whether it be the fault and glimpse of newness ; Becomes more mock'd, than fear'd: so our deOr whether that the body public be

Dead to infliction, to themselves are dead; A horse whereon the governor doth ride, And liberty plucks justice by the nose; Who, newly in the seat, that it may know

The baby beats the nurse, and quite athwart He can command, lets it straight feel the spur: Goes all decorum. Whether the tyranny be in his place,

Fri. It rested in your grace (pleas'd : Or in his eminence that fills it up,

To unloose this tied-up justice, when you I stagger in :-But this new governor

And it in you more dreadful would have seem'd, Awakes me all the enrolled penalties, Than in lord Angelo. Which have, like unscour'd armour, hung by Duke. I do fear, too dreadful: the wall

Sith* 'twas my fault to give the people scope, So long, that nineteen zodiacsf have gone round, "Twould be my tyranny to strike, and gall them And none of them been worn; and, for a name, For what I bid them do: For we bid this be Now puts the drowsy and neglected act

done, Freshly on me :'tis surely, for a name. When evil deeds have their permissive pass,

Lucio. I warrant, it is : and thy head stands And not the punishment. Therefore, indeed, so tickles on thy shoulders, that a milk-maid, if

my father, she be in love, may sigh it off. Send after the I have on Angelo impos’d the office; [home, duke, and appeal to him.

Who may, in the ambush of my name, strike Claud. I have done so, but he's not to be found.

* Enter on her probation.

t Prompt. # Voraciously devour. Completely armed.

Retired. Yearly circles.


|| Showy dress resides. Ti Strictness. ** Since.

* Gaoler.

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