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Sive Aquilo radit terras seu bruma nivalem
Interiore diem gyro trahit, ire necesse est.
Postmodo, quod mi obsit, clare certumque locuto
Luctandum in turba et facienda injuria tardis.
Quid vis, insane, et quas res agis ? improbus urget
Iratis precibus ; tu pulses omne quod obstat,
Ad Mæcenatem memori si mente recurras.
Hoc juvat et melli est ; non mentiar; at simul atras
Ventum est Esquilias, aliena negotia centum
Per caput et circa saliunt latus. Ante secundam
Roscius orabat sibi adesses ad Puteal cras.
De re communi scribæ magna atque nova te
Orabant hodie meminisses, Quinte, reverti.
Imprimat his cura, Mæcenas, signa tabellis.
Dixeris, Experiar: Si vis, potes, addit et instat.
Septimus octavo propior jam fugerit annus,

40 26. interiore gyro, an inner or quiline. See the descr, of it as a contracted circle.

common burial ground in Sat. 1. viii. bruma, from, brevissima (sc. dies). | 10–16.

trahit, draws on slowly,' ex- | 35. sibi adesses. i. e. as a witpresses the gradual as well as the ness. Cic. Pro Quint. 6.: ad tabulate dawning of winter days. Others lam Sestiam sibi adsint. Cp. I. ix. take it as contrahit, Engl. draws 38. in ;' “ minus accurate," Or.

Puteal. See Dict. of Antiqq. Cp. 27. quod mi obsit ...,'stipula- Ep. 1. xix. 8. tions which may bring me into trou- 36. scribæ. See the last Sat. v. ble. There is perhaps an allusion 56. here to the apophthegm of one of 38. signa. The signet of Authe Seven Sages, égún trápa 8° árn, gustus and the right of using it in quoted among others in Plato, Charm. his name was entrusted to Mæcenas, p. 165. s. 27. (We may compare with the prefecture of Italy, in B.C. also S. S. Prov. vi. 1.)

31. 29. improbus urget. i. e. 'he 40. fugerit=“fugit, nisi fallor," abuses me without measure. Dæring : .it must be now nearly

30. tu pulses. - Comice de se lo- eight years.' See Carm. 1. xi. 7. quitur 2da personâ."--Gesner. Orelli Septimus octavo. These markassigns the sentence to the impro- ings of time seem inconsistent with

| the dates proposed by Bentley. (See 32. Hoc, “this,' i. e. the sense of Chronol. Table, part 1. p. ix.) The my intimacy with Mæcenas. mention of the signet (v. 38.) and

melli (Dat. of mel), “is delicious the Dacian war, or the rumours of it to me.'

|(v. 53. ; cp. Carm. Ill. vi. 14.), apatras Esquilias, the gloomy Es- pear to determine the composition of

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Ex quo Mæcenas me coepit habere suorum
In numero, duntaxat ad hoc, quem tollere rheda
Vellet iter faciens et cui concredere nugas
Hoc genus: Hora quota est ? Threx est Gallina Syro par ?
Matutina parum cautos jam frigora mordent;

45
Et quæ rimosa bene deponuntur in aure.
Per totum hoc tempus subjectior in diem et horam
Invidiæ noster. Ludos spectaverat una,
Luserat in campo: Fortunæ filius ! omnes.
Frigidus a rostris manat per compita rumor:

50 Quicunque obvius est, me consulit: O bone,-nam te Scire, deos quoniam propius contingis, oportet, Num quid de Dacis audisti? Nil equidem. Ut tu Semper eris derisor! At omnes di exagitent me, Si quidquam. Quid ? militibus promissa Triquetra 55 Prædia Cæsar an est Itala tellure daturus ? Jurantem me scire nihil mirantur ut unum

this satire to the year 30 B.C., or adopts the familiar half-sarcastic the close of 31 B.C. If so, the first term used of him by his acquaintintroduction of the poet to his patron ance. (see Sat. 1. vi. 61.) was in 39, or I have followed Orelli's punctuathe beginning of 38 B.C. This will tion; it makes the construction of agree with the date 37 B.C. for the subjectior less irregular ; but the journey to Brundisium. There is a meaning of noster need not be afmarking of time in Sat. 11. iii. 185., fected by it. where reference is made to Agrippa's 50. Frigidus, 'cold,' i. e. ill. ædileship in 33 B.C.

natured. 41. Sat. I. vi. 62.

55. Triquetrâ tellure, “Sicily.' 44. Threx Syro par. “ Gladia- Cp. Lucret. i. 718.: torum compositiones," Cic. Ad Fam. İnsula quem (sc. Empedoclem) TriII. viii.

quetris terrarum gessit in oris. 46. rimosâ. Patulæ aures, Epist. Cp. Ov. Fast. iv. 420., Trinacris. 1. xviii. 70. Contr., tutis auribus, A division of lands was made for Carm. I. xxvii. 18. Terent. Eun, 1. the veterans in the winter of 30 B.C. ii. 23. sq.:

|(There had been one after the SiciQuæ vera audivi, taceo, et contineo lian war, which some (e. g. Clinton, optime :

F. H. in 36 s.c.) suppose to be inSin falsum ...

tended in this passage. But see the Plenus rimarum sum, hac atque note on v. 40.) illac perfluo.

| 57. unum. Emphatic, as when 48. noster, .our friend.' Horace used with superlatives.

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Scilicet egregii mortalem altique silenti.
Perditur hæc inter misero lux non sine votis :
O rus, quando ego te adspiciam, quandoque licebit,
Nunc veterum libris nunc somno et inertibus horis
Ducere sollicitæ jucunda oblivia vita?
O quando faba Pythagoræ cognata simulque
Uncta satis pingui ponentur oluscula lardo ?
O noctes cænæque deum ! quibus ipse meique
Ante Larem proprium vescor vernasque procaces
Pasco libatis dapibus. Prout cuique libido est,
Siccat inæquales calices conviva solutus
Legibus insanis, seu quis capit acria fortis
Pocula seu modicis uvescit lætius. Ergo
Sermo oritur, non de villis domibusve alienis,
Nec male necne Lepos saltet ; sed quod magis ad nos
Pertinet et nescire malum est agitamus : utrumne
Divitiis homines an sint virtute beati ;
Quidve ad amicitias, usus rectumne, trahat nos ;
Et quæ sit natura boni summumque quid ejus.
Cervius hæc inter vicinus garrit aniles
Ex re fabellas. Si quis nam laudat Arelli
Sollicitas ignarus opes, sic incipit : Olim
Rusticus urbanum murem mus paupere fertur
Accepisse cavo, veterem vetus hospes amicum,
Asper et attentus quæsitis, ut tamen arctum
Solveret hospitiis animum. Quid multa ? neque ille
Sepositi ciceris nec longæ invidit avenæ,
Aridum et ore ferens acinum semesaque lardi

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63. faba Pythagoræ cognata. 66. Cp. Epod. ii. 65. See Lucian, Biw apaois, c. 6.; and 69. Legibus insanis. Carm. 11 övelpos, c. 4.: uhte kvóuous éolieiv, / vii. ad fin. HOLOTOV uol goûv okov êrtpátecnv 70. uvescit. So uvidus, Carm. iv. åtopalvwv .... Kvánous payóvta, v. 39. ws åv ei Thu kepanny Too matpos | 75. Ov. Ex Pont. 11. iii. 8.: dondóKELS.

| Vulgus amicitias utilitate probat.

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Frusta dedit, cupiens varia fastidia cena
Vincere tangentis male singula dente superbo :
Cum pater ipse domus palea porrectus in horna
Esset ador loliumque, dapis meliora relinquens.
Tandem urbanus ad hunc: Quid te juvat, inquit, amice,
Prærupti nemoris patientem vivere dorso ?

91
Vis tu homines urbemque feris præponere silvis ?
Carpe viam, mihi crede, comes, terrestria quando
Mortales animas vivunt sortita neque ulla est
Aut magno aut parvo leti fuga : quo, bone, circa,
Dum licet, in rebus jucundis vive beatus,
Vive memor quam sis ævi brevis. Hæc ubi dicta
Agrestem pepulere, domo levis exsilit; inde
Ambo propositum peragunt iter, urbis aventes
Monia nocturni subrepere. Jamque tenebat

100 Nox medium cæli spatium, cum ponit uterque In locuplete domo vestigia, rubro ubi cocco Tincta super lectos canderet vestis eburnos, Multaque de magna superessent fercula cena, Quæ procul exstructis inerant hesterna canistris. Ergo ubi purpurea porrectum in veste locavit Agrestem, veluti succinctus cursitat hospes Continuatque dapes, nec non verniliter ipsis Fungitur officiis, prælambens omne quod affert. Ille cubans gaudet mutata sorte bonisque

110 Rebus agit lætum convivam, cum subito ingens

105

87. male. i. e. scarcely, dain. 105. procul, apart;' not necessatily, touching:

rily “afar.' Cp. Epist. 1. vii. 32. superbo. i. e. "fanciful ;' joined (Gesn. expl. “in altum,” quoting with fastidia again in Ep. 11. i. Virg. Ecl. i. 83., which hardly sup215.

| ports the explanation.) 95. This is commonly compared | 108. ipsis fungitur, performs with Eurip. Alc. 782. sqq.

the actual duties of a page;' or, per103. lectos, vestis. See on Sat. haps, performs to the life.' 11. iv. 84.

| 111. agit lætum convivam, “encanderet, glowed, shone bril- joys himself; lit., 'plays the guest;' liantly; almost always restricted to a form of expr. analogous to ducem the idea of whiteness' or 'heat.' profitetur, shows the (skill and cha

Valvarum strepitus lectis excussit utrumque.
Currere per totum pavidi conclave, magisque
Exanimes trepidare, simul domus alta Molossis
Personuit canibus. Tum rusticus : Haud mihi vita
Est opus hac, ait, et valeas; me silva cavusque
Tutus ab insidiis tenui solabitur ervo.

115

SATIRA VI.

JAMDUDUM ausculto et cupiens tibi dicere servus
Pauca reformido. Davusne ? Ita, Davus, amicum
Mancipium domino et frugi quod sit satis, hoc est,
Ut vitale putes. Age, libertate Decembri,
Quando ita majores voluerunt, utere ; narra.
Pars hominum vitiis gaudet constanter, et urget
Propositum ; pars multa natat, modo recta capessens,
Interdum pravis obnoxia. Sæpe notatus
Cum tribus anellis, modo læva Priscus inani,
Vixit inæqualis, clavum ut mutaret in horas;
Ædibus ex magnis subito se conderet, unde
Mundior exiret vix libertinus honeste;
Jam machus Romæ, jam mallet doctor Athenis
Vivere : Vertumnis quotquot sunt natus iniquis.

10

racter of a) general, Ov. Art. Am. / Decembri. Sat. 11. iii. 5. i. 181. Cp. Virg. Æn. ii. 591.: 10. inæqualis. Sat. 1. iii. 9. confessa Deam. So in Moschus, clavum mutaret. See Dict. of Europa, 79.: kp'ye Jeov, he hid the Antiqq., art. Clavus; with the quogod (i. e. his true character as one). tation from Ovid, Trist. iv. x. 35.: 114. Molossis. Epod. vi. 5.

clavi mensura coacta est. Sat. VII.

13. mechus, 'a rake.'

14. Vertumnis natus iniquis. 4. Ut vitale putes. i. e. not too Cp. Sat. 11. iji. 8., Iratis natus dis; good to live. Cp. Ov. Am. II. vi. Epist. 11. i. 68., Jove æquo. Born 39.:

under the evil star of all the VerOptima prima fere manibus rapiun- tumni.' tur avaris;

| Vertumnus (from verto), the god Implentur numeris deteriora suis. I of change.

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