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At Rome, Mr. Edmonstone experienced a severe attack of fever, from the effects of which his constitution never recovered, and which obliged him to relinquish painting for a considerable time. Qn his return to London, however, at the close of 1832, he again zealously commenced his professional labours, and every successive picture he produced was an evidence of his increasing skill, and more fully developed the peculiar quiet beauty of his mind. A bright career of fame, and consequent emolument, seemed to be the undoubted reward of his perseverance and industry; but consumption, the too frequent disease of the imaginative and studious, “ had marked him for her own." His health, injured by unremitting application, gave way, and, in the vain hope of deriving benefit from his native air, he left London a few weeks since for Kelso, where he died on the 21st ult., in the fortieth year of his age.
Of Mr. Edmonstone's character as a man, the high respect and esteem with which he was regarded by all who knew him is a sufficient testimony; although it was only his most intimate friends—they who had pierced the sensitive and somewhat proud reserve, which it was his nature to wear towards the world—who could truly estimate his innate worth, his elevated cast of mind, and amiable disposition. As a painter, Mr. Edmonstone
ractised both in portraits and works of imagination ; but it was chiefly in the latter he excelled, and to which his inclination turned so forcibly as to induce him almost totally to resign the other more lucrative branch of his profession. His works are remarkable for the elevated sentiment which he infused into the most simple action or attitude—for a fine tone of colouring—and for that love of tranquil beauty which no doubt originated in the bias of his own mind and feelings. He was extremely fond of children, and of introducing them in his pictures—so much so, that, with one or two exceptions, he may be said never to have painted a picture in which a child did not form a prominent object. Their infantine attitudes, traits, and expressions, were his continual study and delight; and few artists, however celebrated, can be said to have been more true or happy in rendering their artless graces upon canvas. The painter who was most admired by him, and to whom he may perhaps be in many points compared, was Correggio—the same refined taste, the same quiet, elegant, and unaffected grace, the same beautiful sentiment and amiable feeling, seem to have inspired both. Deeply, therefore, do we lament, that a man who had begun to walk in a path so elevated—who was approaching with successful originality a standard of excellence so high and difficult of attainment—should have been prematurely snatched from the world and from his labours.
The last two pictures which Mr. Edmonstone's health allowed him to finish are, that called “The White Mouse,” exhibited this year at the Suffolk-street Gallery, and the portraits of “Three of the Children of the Hon. Sir E. Cust,” exhibited at Somerset House. At the time when illness obliged him to suspend his labours, he was employed upon, and had nearly completed, two pictures, which promised to be his chef-d'oeuvres; the subjects are both Italian—one was painting for Lord Morpeth, the other for Mr. Vernon, Kelso Mail.
Died, in Washington, Thomas Law, Esq., aged about 78 years. Mr. Law was a native of England, of highly-respectable connexions, the late learned and distinguished Lord Ellenborough being one of his brothers. Early in life he accepted an employment in the gift of the British East India Company, in the administration of the discretionary duties of which he found a wide field for the exercise of philanthropy and liberality. whilst he acquired unbounded popularity among the natives, he secured the confi. dence of his superiors in office, both in India and at home. He was atter
wards chief ruler of one of the provinces of that vast empire, in which his wise, magnanimous, and beneficent administration obtained for him the enviable appellation of the father of the people. Returning from India, after a residence of a number of years (about the time of the trial of Warren Hastings), he remained in England for a year or two, and then transferred his residence to the United States, bringing with him large property. Led by his reverence for the character of Washington, with whom he soon became intimately acquainted, and impelled by enthusiasm in favour of the free institutions of the United States, he invested the greater part of his funds in lots and houses in this city. From that time he has been identified with this city as one of its oldest, most zealous, and enlightened citizens. With the exception of two or three occasional visits to his connexions and friends in Europe, he has been a constant resident of the city, or its immediate vicinity, employing himself mostly in literary labours, and indulging with delight in such hospitalities as his narrowed means—for, we regret to say his investments of money proved anything but lucrative— allowed him to exercise. For many years past had his originally powerful constitution successfully resisted the effects of his early Asiatic residence upon his nervous system. He lived to follow to the grave his whole family—three beloved sons, natives of India, and a no less beloved daughter, a native of this district. He himself has gone down to the tomb, full of years, the latest of which have been troubled with disease, and overclouded by domestic privations.—National Intelligencer.
Mr. H. Nixon.
Mr. H. Nixon, who lately died at Liverpool of typhus sever, in his 47th year, was a classical and mathematical scholar of eminence. By a course of lectures on language in the Liverpool institution, some time since, and the publication of an English grammar and other works of merit, he rendered himself well known and respected by the literary and scientific circle of that town. Mr. Nixon's genius was not confined to literary pursuits. He was the inventor of the CEolina, or Æolian organ, a keyed instrument of great sweetness and harmonic effect, and which, had he lived to perfect it, would in all probability have partially superseded the church organ, as from its compact size and power of tone, as well as cheapness, it seems calculated for small churches or chapels. It is only four feet high, six wide, and two feet six inches deep, and contains six octaves and an odd note, or seventy-three arolinas. The bass closely resembles the vow humana, and the treble is beautifully clear and sweet. It has a bellows, wind-chest, and three swells ; one, the common organ swell; the others are of Mr. N.'s own invention. There is one great difference between this and the ordinary church organ. Some of the metal brass pipes of the latter are fifteen feet long and nine or ten inches in diameter, and weigh 100 lbs., at a cost of 101. each ; while a metallic pipe of the AEolian, producing exactly the same note, is only seven inches long, and weighs less than 3 lbs. One great desideratum is, that the variation in tone from atmospheric effects is scarcely perceptible.
MR. JOHN JAMES M“GREGOR.
This gentleman, the author of “A o of the French Revolution,” in several volumes, died at Ranelagh, near Dublin, we believe in circumstance of deep distress. He also published, jointly with the Rev. P. Fitzgerald, the “History of the County of Limerick,” in two vols. 8vo, and “Stories from the History of Ireland,” after the manner of Sir Walter Scott’s “Tales of a Grandfather.”
MARRIAGES AND DEATHS.
Married.]—At Tunbridge Wells, by special license, Thomas Henry Lord Dalzell, eldest son of the Earl of Carnwath, to Maryanne, relict of the late John Blachford, Esq. of Altadore, county of Wicklow, and eldest daughter of the late Right Hon. Henry Grattan. At St. James's Church, Westminster, Dugdale Stratford Dugdale, of Merivale, in the county of Warwick, Esq., to Lady Sykes, widow of Sir Mark Masterman Sykes, of Sledmere, in the county of York, Bart. At Selling, in Kent, William Augustus Munn, Esq., only son of the late Lieut.-Colonel Henry Munn, of the Madras Establishment, to Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Henry Hilton, Esq., of Sole-street House. At St. Mary's, Newington, M. Thackeray, Esq., Vice-Provost of King's College, Cambridge, to Augusta, third daughter of the late John Yenn, Esq., of Gloucester-place, Portman-square. At Enfield, George Burrows, M.D., Fellow of Caius College, Cambridge, to Elinor, youngest daughter of the late John Abernethy, Esq. At Oakley, Suffolk, Captain Baldwin Wake Walker, R.N., to Mary Catharine Sinclair, only child of Captain John Worth, R.N., of Oakley House. At Hambledon, Bucks, Francis Seymour Hamilton, Esq., of the Royal Artillery, to Emma Catherine Frances, second daughter of Thomas Coventry, Esq. of Greenlands. At St. George's, Hanover-square, Horace IIamond, Esq., to Alicia Maria, daughter of the Hon. and Rev. William and Lady Anna Beresford. A. Cromby, Esq., of Lincoln's Inn and Thornton Castle, Kincardineshire, to Mary Harriet, second daughter of F. Richardson, Esq. and the late Right Hon. Lady Richardson. At North Meols, Major Hilton, second son of the late James Hilton, of Pennington and Read Hall, in the county of Lancaster, Esq., to Elizabeth, only child of the Rev. Gilbert
IN THE COUNTIES OF ENGLAND, AND IN WALES, SCOTLAND, AND IRELAND.
Projected Improvements at St. Paul's. -A proposition has been made to the Commissioners of Sewers, by Mr. Hicks, the Deputy of Castlebaynard Ward, for a most important improvement in the immediate vicinity of St. Paul's. He proposed, and the motion was unanimously approved, that it would be a great accommodation to the public, without any diminution of the grandeur or beauty of the Cathedral of St. Paul's, if the area on the west front of the
Ford, M.A., Rector of North Meols, in the same county. Died.]—At his house in Russell-square, after a lingering illness, Sir Charles Flower, Barto, in the 72d year of his age. At Leeds, from the rupture of a blood-vessel, sincerely and deeply regretted. Colonel Sir Michael M'Creagh, C.B., K.C.H., and K.C.T.S., Inspecting Field-officer of the Northern Recruiting District, in the 49th year of his age. In Montagu-street, Russell-square, after a few days' illness, in the 75th year of his age. Major John Lovell, late of the 76th regiment, deeply lamented. At his residence in Middle Scotland-yard, in the 51st year of his age, Robert Willimot, Esq., for many years, and to the close of his Administration, Private Secretary to the late Earl of Liverpool. Mary Elizabeth, fourth daughter of Colonel the Hon. W. H. Gardner, aged 21. At Richmond, the Hon. Clarinda Anna Margaret Plunkett, the infant daughter of the Right Hon. Lord Louth. At Windsor Castle, in his 64th year, Sir John Barton, Treasurer to the Queen. At his seat, Beddington Park, Surrey, Admiral Sir Benjamin Hallowell-Carew, G.C.B., in the 74th year of his age. At Wilton Crescent, Selina Diana Catherine, eldest daughter of Sir William Milner, Bart., aged 30. At Brighton, in his 49th year, Thomas Woolsey, Esq., of the Admiralty, Somerset House. At Canterbury, Major-General George Ramsay, Colonel-Commandant of the 4th battalion of the Royal Artillery, in the 72d year of his age. At Teignmouth, Thomas Darell, Esq., late of the Admiralty Office. At Belfield, Westmoreland, Sophia, wife of Andrew Henry Thomson, Esq., and daughter of G. Holme Sumner, Esq., of Hatchlands, Surrey.
building enclosed with an iron rail, or fence, or some part of it, were to be opened and laid into the street. He then moved for the appointment of a committee to confer with the Church authorities on the subject, in the hope that the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Bishop of London, and the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's, will acquiesce in a project of improvement calculated to be of infinite advantage to the citizens of London. The proposal is strengthened by the unbounded admission of
omnibuses and other vehicles into the city, whence nuisances are created in particularly marrow passages, by which the lives and limbs of the people are constantly endangered. The committee consist of Deputies Wood, Daw, Blackett, Hicks, &c. Between Ludgate-hill and Dean-court the street is no more than twenty-two feet in breadth, and on the north-side the carriage way is only sixteen feet broad. The plan proposes that the rail shall be removed from its present position close to Ludgate-street, back to the statue of Queen Anne, on each side of which statue a gate shall be made. By this arrangement the carriage-way on one side will be widened from sixteen to sixty-six feet, and on the other side the way will be so wide as to give passage to the omnibuses, and carts, and cabs, and prevent such obstructions as now frequently occur. In 1774, an attempt was made to effect an improvement of a similar description, but nobody knew why it failed. On that occasion the surveyor of the Commissioners of Sewers was appointed to confer with the surveyor of the Cathedral, but there was no document in proof of the result. The present undertaking will, no doubt, be now favourably terminated. The Sewers’ Act says, that it shall be lawful for the Commissioners of Sewers to treat and agree with the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Bishop of London, and the Lord Mayor, as trustees for the fabric of St. Paul's, and with the Dean and Chapter, for opening and laying into the public street all, or any part of the ground, area, or space lying westward of the great steps leading up to the church, except that part encompassed with iron rails, where the statue of Queen Anne is erected ; and the Commissioners are authorised and empowered, by and out of the monies arising from the rates and assessments to be made by the act for paving, lighting, and cleansing the city, to make compensation to the trustees as agreed to. RenT.
A boy recently jumped into a newlymade grave in Greenwich churchyard, during the absence of the grave-digger, and whilst there, broke off the corner of an old coffin which protruded from the adjacent ground. A small crimson velvet bag dropped from the coffin, which, upon examination, was found to contain 174 pieces of ancient silver coin. The boy immediately decamped with his prize, and it is supposed went off to
London to dispose of it, although he says he gave most of the money away to his companions. Several of the pieces seen by the gentleman from whom we received this information, were of the reign of Edward I. or II. ; one of them, which the same gentleman has in his possession, is about the size of a sixpence; on the obverse appears the King, fullfaced and crowned with an open crown of three fleur-de-lis, with two leper flowers not raised so high, with the inscription “Edw. Rex. Ang. dns. Hyb.;” on the reverse, a cross composed of a single line, tolerably broad, and continued to the outer rim, three pellets in each quarter, circumscribed with the place of coinage, “Civitas, London.” One of the pieces is of the coinage of Ireland; the King's head in a triangle, with the same inscription round the outer edge, and the place of coinage “Civitas, Dubline;” the letters on all are Saxon. There was another piece without a legible inscription, supposed to be either of William I. or II. The face was in profile, and a wand or sceptre in front. There does not appear to have been any of a later period than Edward II., so that there is every reason to suppose they must have been buried about that time.—Greenwich Gazette.
Opening of the New Town Hall, Birmingham.—This magnificent building is a Roman temple of the Corinthian order, erected upon a high rustic base. The structure is of brick, faced with Anglesea marble, of which material the êolumns and their accessories are composed. The portico is supported by eight columns, which, with the twentyfour on the sides, give it a most imposing and truly magnificent effect. The building is lengthened externally to 160 feet by the projection of the arcaded pavement in front of Paradise-street, over the causeway. The height of the basement above the causeway is 23 feet, the columns resting upon its upper surface, or platform, are, with their entablature, 45 feet, and the pediment, 15 feet high, making a total height of 83 feet from the causeway to the acroterium. The columnar ordinance employed is said to be in imitation of the Roman foliated or Corinthian example of the temple of Jupiter Stator; the columns are fluted, and the entablature greatly enriched. The length of the grand music hall is 140 feet, its height from the floor to the ceiling is 65 feet. The time given for the completion of this edifice was eighteen months, and the total cost was not to exceed 18,000l. It is said that the marble used in it has been supplied by the proprietor of the quarries free of cost, for the purpose of bringing the article into public repute. The large proportions of the hall, its commanding height, and its splendid series of Corinthian columns, which run completely round upon a rustic arcade, render it not only the most imposing building in Birmingham, but one which has been surpassed by few temples, either ancient or modern.
The Marquis of Downshire has followed up his adhesion to the Conservative Society of Ireland, by directing the agent of his extensive estates in the county of Down to communicate to the clergy of the Established Church his desire of undertaking in future the payment of tithe composition to which they may be entitled from the lands held under his lordship in their respective parishes.
Water-spout.—A remarkable waterspout was seen by the Thetis packet, on the morning of Tuesday week, during its passage from Dublin to Liverpool in a heavy gale. The phenomenon was completely formed, and, accompanied by rain, passed within a mile of the vessel, in a direction right against the wind.
Mr. O'Connell is publishing a series of letters to the Irish people. The following is his plan for redressing the grievances of his country. We extract it from his first letter to the people:– “I propose, then, that there shall be formed in each county, city, and large town in Ireland * a Liberal Club,” principally for the following purposes:– 1st. To suppress agrarian crimes and outrages. 2nd. To suppress, by legal means, and to punish by due course of law, the members of Orange Lodges, and all other Orange criminals. 3rd. To procure, by legal and constitutional means, the total extinction of tithes, in nature as well as name. 4th. To attend to the elective franchise throughout Ireland, so as to secure the return to parliament of “friends to Ireland.” 5th. To advance and secure the restoration of a domestic legislature to Ireland.”
The workmen employed in excavating for additional works for the gas company at Coldstream, on a spot said to have been formerly part of a buryingground of the Priory of Cistertian nuns there, immediately below the surface discovered a great number of human skeletons, which seem to have been buried in the greatest confusion. It is a well-known fact that the bodies of a great many persons of note slain in the battle of Flodden were brought in carts to Coldstream, by order of the Lady Abbess, that they might be interred in consecrated ground; and there can be little doubt that the trench now discovered contains the remains of those who so nobly fought and fell on that memorable day.—Scotsman.
The “Eistedfodd" of the present year has gone off with great éclat. The “principality” has learnt the national interest and importance, as well as the pleasantness and enjoyment, of such institutions. Braham was in full force ; and young Parry, the son of him who is entitled to be deemed the patriotic founder of these bardic and minstrel treats, gave much delight to his auditors by the display of improved musical proficiency through his Italian studies.
By an Act, which received the royal assent on the 13th of August, 1834, it is enacted that, from the passing of this Act, all business appertaining to the assessment, application, or management of the county stock or rate, or of any fund or funds used or applied in aid thereof, or contributing thereto, shall be done and transacted publicly and in open court, at such general or quarter sessions, or adjournment thereof, and not otherwise.—And no order to be binding, unless made in open court.
Returns have been ordered by the House of Commons of all the Justices of the Peace in England and Wales, and their clerks, containing the fullest particulars as to their qualification, profes. sion, salary, &c., as also of the number of licensed victuallers, and a variety of information relative to the alteration, increase, refusal, &c., of licenses to the various public-houses.