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FINE ARTS.
Leaves from the Memorandum Book of Alfred Crowquil, No. 1.

This is a clever book of caricatures, beginning with Tea-leaves for reakfast. We have Strong Black, represented by a sturdy negro carryng a heavy basket; Hyson, a tall thin boy, with a diminutive father; ^ ree Dust, a housemaid shaking a hall-mat and blinding herself and the assengers; Gunpowder, the explosion of a cockney's sowling piece, to the reat damage of a passenger's head; and Mia!ed, a curious group of masueraders of all characters. For dinner we have Mustard, a group ollected round the family board; Pepper, unfortunate passengers on the ox of a stage-coach in a hail-storm ; Salt, the assault of a town ; Catsup, boatswain's mate with his nine tails elevated ; and, as Castors to hold hese pungent condiments, we have a variety of beaver hats on o hysiognomies. These and others are all very well and droll in their lace, but we have one more still better and droiler, because more original. This is a personification of the vowels. A is a chap with his hands behind is back, listening to the story of E, who points out I as the subject of it. °oor I is the picture of astonishment at such a charge, while O expands is hands and mouth that such things should be. U, however, directs imself to another object, who o as Y with a cockney aspiration. The story is well and briefly told, as far as vowels representing the proouns and interjections—Ah, Eh, I, Oh, You, and Why—can tell a story. We are promised a Second Number, and we shall be glad to see it.

zincography.—It is but a few years past that we had to record an dvance in the fine arts in the invention of lithography, which afforded lcreased facilities in the art of engraving. Lithography is now, however, kely to be displaced, at any rate to a great degree, by the invention of an igenious Frenchman, M. Breugnot, who has succeeded in preparing a on position of metal, the basis of which is zinc, upon which drawing and riting can be effected with equal, if not with greater facility than upon one, and as easily applied to paper with the same machinery. The art of neography has several advantages over that of lithography; amongst hers, in the portability and comparative cheapness of the plates, over the ... essary bulkiness and cost of stone. These plates can be adapted to a dy's portfolio, to any thickness, and to any size, a desideratum much ... ited in lithography. The invention of zincography has received the ...tion of the Royal Academy of Paris, and the Parisians have already ...ceeded in printing large window blinds with one plate, and we believe periments have been made on silk and cotton, which warrant the Supoition that zincography will soon be applied in our silk and cotton inting establishments.

THE DRAMA. |

Drury-LANE and Covent-GARDEN. The new actor who has appeared here, Mr. Denvil, has not realizedth: promise he at first held out. We were among those who fancied we disco vered in him, on his first appearance a promise not very remote of th: racteristic feeling, true tenderness, and original thought. At each sk. cessive character, however, this promise has realized nothing but its to moteness, and when he played Othello the other night, we couldseenothings: we confess, but a vulgar and very presuming person, struggling with effort and grimace, instead of ascending the heights of passion. It seemed to be a struggle between this gentleman and Mr. Vandenhoff (who played lag), which would sink lowest in the degradation of Shakspeare. And the air' ence seconded them. One party applauded Mr. Denvil, and hissed Mr. Vandenhoff; another party hissed Mr. Denvil, and applauded Mr. Vander hoff. Such was the performance of one of the sublimest tragedies of an country or time, in a great national theatre' It was like a vulgar election brawl, rather than an honouring tribute of genius on the one hand, and of reverent admiration on the other. 1:

DUBLIN The ATRE.

It is gratesul to turn from this, which we do in uncontrollable disgust, t a subject of greater hope for the lovers of the English drama. This to Irish theatre offers us. Mr. Macready has just produced there a veryo!, alteration of Beaumont and Fletcher's Maid's Tragedy, with several o scenes by himself and Mr. Knowles. The “Examiner" has published *i. interesting account of this, with some extracts, which seem to us to bes o fine as the writing of the immortal brotherhood itself—of Fletcher, cro Beaumont. We have only room for the following:— or . .

“The first great addition is a scene in which the character of the Ko | is very finely and variously touched. Aspatia comes to him to entral * removal of the slur he had cast upon her name, that he might indi: | Amintor to desert her for Evadne. The sweet desolation of Aspatio is in the original so inexpressibly affecting, is all, we should say, retailed: and there are a few touches of this also in the new scene that even height" the picture. The ready lust of the King fancies she has come relentis; and that he may possess her—

‘'Tis not her beauty, 'tis the chariness

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With which she hoards it that I'd master 1’ t He starts when she enters to see the change that desolation has wrough She bids him look to the sorrow in her eye– t * Deep, melancholy, clear, h

JWherein do lie a maiden's drowned hopes.’ He sees nothing but its beauty:— ‘How she persuades my vision 2 Sweetly doth Affliction dress her sweetly It doth well To take the gaudy rose away, and leave Nought but the lily '' “In a very ardent yet subtle speech, he proposes to her terms of shao and, kneeling, presses them. She bursts in upon them with a fiery scor * Art thou not a slave? An abject, pitiful, and loathsome slave, That to thy grou'ling passions stoop'st to kneel ? xx x : -

Bring to its knee the sin that bent thy knee, And then stand up a King "" We cannot doubt but that this tragedy will be instantly produced alo of the great theatres. It may serve in some respects to redeem thems” their late disgraces.

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ROYAL SOCIETY.

We notice with pleasure the commencement of the session. The abstracts Df a number of papers, whose titles only were announced at the termination of last session, were now read. We select one, “On the Nature and Origin of the Aurora-borealis,” by the Rev. G. Fisher. The author deduces from his own observations, made during a residence of two winters in high northern latitudes, taken in conjunction with the concurring testimony of various navigators and travellers, the general fact that Aurora-borealis is developed chiefly at the edge of the Frozen Sea, or wherever there is a vast accumulation of ice; and he conceives that it is produced in situations where the vapours of a humid atmosphere are undergoing rapid congelation. Under these circumstances, when viewed from a distance, it is seen fringing the upper border of the dark clouds termed the “sea blink,” which collect over these places; and it generally forms an arch a few degrees above the horizon, shooting out vertical columns of pale yellow light. He concludes that the Aurora-borealis is an electrical phenomenon, arising from the positive electricity of the atmosphere, developed by the rapid condensation of the vapour in the act of freezing, and the induced negative electricity of the surrounding portions of the atmosphere; and that it is the immediate consequence of the restoration of the electrical equilibrium by the intervention of the frozen particles, which, being imperfect conductors, become luminous while transmitting this electricity. In tropical and temperate climates this phenomenon does not occur, because the electric equilibrium is restored by means of aqueous vapours, a process which often gives rise to thunder and lightning, but never to the Aurora-borealis: the latter being peculiar to clear, cold, and dry weather. Two astronomical papers, one by Mr. Lubbock, and another by Mr. Ivory, were partially read; and auditors were elected.—Literary Gazette.

VARIETIES.

The Franchise.—It appears that the number of houses in boroughs assessed at ten pounds per annum and upwards is, in England, 418,116; in Wales, 9644; in Scotland, 35,386; while the number of electors respectively was only 274,649, 11,309, 31,332. Here it is rather remarkable, that the number of votes registered in Wales is by 1665 greater than the number of ten-pound houses, while in England the voters are less in number than the houses by upwards of 140,000! The voters in English counties, enrolled previous to the election of 1832, are put down at 344,564–70,000 more than those in towns. The total number of electors in England, Wales, and Scotland, was then 720,784 (it is certainly not greater now). This gives one elector for every 25 of the county, and one for every 18 of the town population, and one in 5% to the whole male population of twenty years of age and upwards. This is the average proportion throughout Great Britain. The inequality of the expenses charged by the returning officers, in 1832, is great. In the Lindsey division of Lincoln, the number of electors being 9 134, and the candidates three, the charge was 1065l.; in North Lancashire, the electors being 10,039, the candidates also three, the charge was only 543.l. In East Cornwall, where there was no contest, the returning officer charged 35l. ; and in Hereford, 235l. In Bristol the electors were 10,000, the candidates four, the charge 87.4/.; in London, the electors 18,583, the candidates six, the charge 522/.; and in Finsbury, where the candidates were five, and the electors the same as in Bristol, the returning officer charged 463l, or little more than half of what was paid in Bristol.

Public Petitions last Session.—The last report of the committee, which is numbered 47, has been delivered. In the first division, Parliamentary, we find that there were presented, during the session, 463 petitions, to which the signatures attached number 539,781, praying for h repeal& the union; the last was from the town of Kilmarnock, presented by M. O'Connell, with 803 signatures. In the ecclesiastical department 33 petitions have been presented, with 49,051 signatures, against the separ. tion of church and state; while the number of petitions presented prayim;

that separation was 63, with 72,274 signatures. The number presented in 1:

support of the church of England generally is 1184, with 155,783 names attached; in support of the church of Scotland, 61 petitions and 21.8% names; in support of the established church in Ireland, 320 petitions with

51,909. In favour of some legislative enactment for a better observance

of the Sabbath, the petitions numbered 722, and they bore attached

157,419 signatures. The number from Protestant Dissenters for relief was .

434, with 352,910 signatures; against their claim, 495 petitions, with 35,212 signatures. On the subject of religious observances abroad, 20 petitions and 1121 signatures. Against the Irish Tithe Bill, 10 petitions. with 10,067 signatures. For the admission of Dissenters to the Univer.

sities 24 petitions, with 2564 signatures; against the measure, 445 pet

tions, having 41,810 signatures. In the colonial department we find the: were presented four petitions, with 78,503 signatures, from Lower Canada. approving of the measures of the local legislature, and praying the atter tion of the House thereto. Against the Church-rate Bill were presented

144 petitions, having attached 51,815 names; for repeal of the malt duty,

120 petitions, with 26,508 signatures; against the increase of duty on spirit licences, 17 petitions, with 946 signatures. The rest of the petitions are on miscellaneous subjects.

Before a late Committee of the House of Lords it was given in evident. by a London pavior, that a macadamized or broken-stone road requires so keeping in . the first year and every year afterwards, two coats of three inches thick, to allow for wear; . the estimate of cost is 7s. (d. the first coat per superficial yard; two coatings at 1s. 9d, each per yard for ten years, ll. 15s. ; cleansing, at 10d. per yard for ten years, 8s. 4d. which is 21, 10s. 10d. per yard.

Summary of Savings' Banks, &c., in England and JPales.—(From Mr. Tidd Pratt's Pamphlet.)–In England, Wales, and Ireland, (the popul: tion being 21,661,975), there were, on the 20th of November, 1833, 4: : Banks. Two have made no return. The remaining Banks contaln

Depositors. *ous Amount. o: #. £.

244,575 under £20 .... 25.409 increase 1,734,709 7 133968 – 50 .... 15,207 increase 4,ion. A:5 30 56.415 - 100 . . . . 2,594 increase 3,856.827 67 19,306 — 150 . . . . 909 increase 2,315,957 | 120 9,552 - 200 .... 1,174 increase 1,610,419 168 - 3,375 above 200 . . . . 515 decrease 849,606 || 252 467,191 depositors .....] 44,748 increase 14,473,053 || 3 | 4,598 friendly societies 34 increase 1,016,107 221 3,360 charitable ditto 673 increase 225,051 67 475,155 accounts ...... 45,755 increase FEW 33

* The increase in amount invested since November, isol, is 1,403,464!.

s FOREIGN VARIETIES.

American Episcopal Statistics.-From the numerous and very complete statistical tables in the Churchman's Almanac, we take the following pariculars respecting the Episcopal Church in the United States:—Since the 'evolution there have been 30 bishops, 14 have died, 16 are now living; hree were consecrated in England, one in Scotland, one by Bishop Prorost, and 25 by Bishop White. Students in the General Theological Seminary, 65. The Missionary Society has eight missionaries in this country, and two in Greece. A mission is soon to be established in China. The aumber of clergy increased during 40 years, between 1792 and 1832, from 192 to upwards of 600. In Connecticut, 22 to 57; New York, 19 to 163; Pennsylvania 14 to 60; South Carolina, 15 to 34. Virginia decreased 61 o 56: Connecticut and South Carolina increased two-fold: Massachusetts ind Pennsylvania fourfold, and New York sevenfold. Diocese of New York—The total number of clergy in this diocese is 183, and the total mumber of congregations 190. Reports were received from 162 organized parishes, under the care of 129 officiating ministers, of whom 66 are recors, seven assistant ministers, and 56 missionaries. There were reported !842 baptisms, 10,300 communicants, 1101 confirmed, 22 deacons, and nine oriests ordained, 1043 marriages, 1419 burials; there are 34 candidates for orders, 10 new congregations were organized, 20 churches consecrated, and he following sums collected:—For the Episcopal Fund, 797 dol. 88 cents; Missionary and Education Society General Fund, 553 dol. 27 cents; Missionary Fund, 3405 dol. 67 cents; Education Fund, 1274 dols. 59 cents; Diocesan Fund, 744 dol. 29 cents; General Theological Seminary, 1849 ol. 26 cents.-New York paper. o

Diamonds at Algiers.--Three diamonds were lately purchased at Algiers rom a native, which were found in the golden sands of the Sumel, in the rovince of Constantine. One of the diamonds was obtained by M. Durenez, and the other two by M. Brogniart, for the Museum and for the ‘ollection of M. Dree. Hitherto diamonds have not been known to exist in Africa. It is remarkable that here, as in the Brazils and Siberia, they are ound in washing for gold. At present the opinion is that diamonds, like umber, may be formed, and are of very modern growth. It is not seldom hat diamonds contain in the middle hard soft hollows, precisely of the ame character as those of amber—German paper.

The “Journal de Genève'' states, that in the Canton of Uri the glaciers have been so much perforated and melted by the hot weather of the summer, that their shapes have been completely changed, and considerable upprehension is entertained of accidents when the rainy season arrives. Dne of the peaks, called the Huffirm, has presented a strange and wonHerful spectacle, that of the body of a young hunter, who perished in that Place thirteen years ago. By the side of the skeleton were found his watch of silver), his knife, and the iron of his gun.

A gigantic undertaking is about to be executed in the southern part of Savoy. It is to connect, by a suspension-bridge of a single arch, two points in the road between Annecy and Geneva, several hundred feet distant from each other, and rising 250 feet above the bed of a torrent.

From official tables just published by the Custom-house, it appears that, in 1833, the imports into France by sea were 467,117,179f., and by land, 226, 158,573f. ; total imports, 693,275,752f. The exports were—by sea, 550,408,559f.; by land, 215,907,753f.; total, 766,316,312s. The vessels hat arrived were—French, 3561 ; tons, 358,157; foreign, 5115; tons, 322,735. These vessels brought merchandise, from French colonies, 54,095,215f ; and from foreign countries, 403,021,964f. The departures were—French vessels, 3075; tons, 318,840; foreign, 4580; tons, 464,028. They took goods, for French colonies, 42,629,864f.; for foreign countries,

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