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the arteries of the brain in the class Aves : F. E. regions in the North Tes
Beddard, F.R.S.-The function of the antennæ in siderable proportion of en
insects: M. Yearsley. After reviewing the litera- twenty-nine species; (2)
ture on the subject the author pointed out that Lowne, Japan, twenty-six species
in his work on the blowfly, suggested that the antenne species; (4) India, with
were probably balancing rather than auditory organs. America with the Rocky
Lord Avebury and Latreille were cited in favour of this Eastern North America, si
view, and the work of Yves Delage on Crustacea and of Anglo-German Uganda Bou
Clemens upon a moth (Samia cecropia) as confirmatory E. G. Baker; Gamopetala
experiments. The author then gave details of experiments Convolvulaceæ, Apetalæ, and
upon thirty wasps (Vespa vulgaris) in which the antennæ Rendle. The Commission co
had been removed. The results of this inutilation were :- boundary in the Uganda Proteo
(1) Loss of power of flight; (2) loss of sense of direction ; H.M. Commissioner on the Bri
(3) noticeable slowness in all movements. The conclusion Delmé-Radcliffe. The collections
arrived at was that in wasps, the antennæ were equilibrat- this paper were made by Dr. A. G.
ing in function. This supported Lowne's surmise and officer. They contain a considerable
orroborated the experiments of Clemens on Samia cecropia. novelties, as also of known plante
Anthropological

from the Uganda Protectorate. For
Institute, February 14.-Prof. W.

viously known as Asystasia africans, Gowland, president, in the chair.-Exhibition of native

also is in the collection, a new geau dances and ceremonies from the Torres Straits : Dr. A. C.

posed. A considerable percentage of Haddon, F.R.S. The exhibition was illustrated by lantern

plants is a feature of the Protectorate slides and kinematograph films, and dealt with the

known, and worthy of mention is the ". Malu ceremony, secular dances, and fire-making South African element. by a rotary method. Dr. C. S. Myers sang several cf the native songs, which

CAMBRIDGE. sung at the dances, and accompanied himself

native drum.-Dog- Philosophical Society, January 30.-P. motive in Bornean design : E. B. Haddon. The methods of F.R.S., president, in the chair.--On the no tattooing are constant among the tribes of Borneo, and most grays; Prof. Thomson, F.R.S. Experime of the patterns are derived from the Kenyah and Kayan in which the electrifications imparted to tribes. The different patterns are all derived from the dog- made of thin brass, one of them hollow motive. The rosette pattern, for instance, which is tattooed with lead, were measured. The cylinders on the shoulders of the men, is directly derived from the eye connection and were symmetrically placed i cf a dog, although the Iban tribe, who have adopted the from which the air was exhausted. The cyl pattern, call it by the name of various fruits and flowers. posed alternately to the y rays of radium The conventional tattoo pattern found on the firearms of measurement of the charges received by th Kenyah and Kayan men in Sarawak, although modified out cluded that the electrifications observed when of all recognition, is also clearly derived from the same a body are not due to a charge on they source, as it is named asu, which means dog ; from this charge carried by secondary Brays excited by same pattern a series can be traced to the Iban pattern, they fall on the body or on the walls of the which is said to represent a scorpion, Kala, but was clearly it.-Are metals made radio-active by the influe. originally a dog. Similarly the so-called prawn pattern, radiation ? Prof. Thomson, F.R.S. From l'dang, was shown to be derived from the dog-motive. made on lead, brass, and tin it was shown that Royal Meteorological Society, February 15.- Mr. R.

after exposure to radium radiation, exhibit no to

activity four minutes after the radiation has Tentley, president, in the chair.- Report on the phenological observations for the year 1904 : E. Mawley. The weather

upon them ; there was no evidence of induced cf the phenological year ending with November, 1904, was

kind, but the method used was not adapted chiefly remarkable for the persistent rains in January and

existence of a very short-lived radio-activity: February, the absence of keen frosts in May, the long con.

done by Prof. Bumstead by a method described tinuance of hot and dry weather in July, and the small rain

paper.–Are metals made radio-active by the

radium radiation ? Prof. Bumstead. "The fall during the autumn. Throughout the year wild plants came into flower behind their usual dates, but at no period

described formed a continuation of those report were the departures from the average exceptional.

Thomson, and were designed to ascertain

Such spring migrants as the swallow, cuckoo, and nightingale

secondary rays given out by a surface exposed to

rays of radium persisted for a very short time made their appearance in this country at as nearly as possible their usual time. The yield of wheat per acre was the

exposure to the exciting rays had ceased. A ro

was used and four substances were tested, viz. do smallest since 1895, while those of barley, beans, and peas were also deficient. On the other hand, there were good

tin, and blotting-paper which had been soaked in

of uranium nitrate and then dried. The inter crops of oats, potatoes, and mangles. The best farm crops of the year were, however, those of hay, swedes, and

exposure to the rays from 30 mg. of pure radius turnips. Both corn and hay were harvested in excellent

and the subsequent test for residual activity was condition. Apples were everywhere abundant, and all the

0.009 second ; and no rays capable of penetrating small fruits yielded well, especially strawberries, but there

air and 0.00005 cm. of aluminium were detecte was only a moderate supply of pears and plums.--Ob.

were present they must have been considerably"

than those given out by a layer of potassium un scrvations of meteorological elements made during a balloon as ent at Berlin on September 1, 1904 : Dr. H. Elias and

phate with a surface-density of one milligram J. H. Field.--The winds of East London, Cape Colony :

centimetre.-- Note on the positive leak from hot j. R. Sutton.

air : 0. W. Richardson. Experiments showing

rate of discharge of positive electricity by a plat Linnean Society, February 16.-Prof. S. H. Vines, F.R.S., which had been heated in air long enough for the vice-president, in the chair.-A revised classification of become steady, consists of two parts, one propa roses : J. G. Baker, F.R.S. The author dealt with the and the other independent of, the pressure. Som genus by dividing it into three groups. In the first group of increasing the spark length of the Wimshurs pri nary species were enumerated; in the second, sub-| B. J. Palmer. species and varieties; in the third, the principal hybrids. February 13.--Prof. Marshall Ward, preside The primary species as estimated by the author are sixty-chair.--Orthogonal and other special systems of nine in number, and they are classified under eleven groups. part j. : Major P. A. MacMahon, F.R.S. In The geographical distribution can be very briefly stated as orthogonal concomitants are discussed by means follows :-Five species are found south of the Tropic of bolic calculus with imaginary umbræ. For a bio Cancer in elevated situations, two in Abyssinia, one in the of any given order, the author finds an inferior Neilgherries, and two in Mexico. There are six geographical maximum degree of an irreducible covariant of

or

on

This cope

belonging to it : a superior limit is also found in certain being the uncia, or ounce, and other weights related cases. For the first three degrees of the concomitants, for thereto : F. A. Bruton.-A direct determination of the a quantic of any order, the actual number of irreducible atomic weight of chlorine by burning a known weight of concomitants is found ; and hence the number of funda- hydrogen in a known weight of chlorine : Prof. H. B. mental syzygies is inferred. Tables of ground-forms are Dixon, F.R.S., and E. C. Edgar. The hydrogen was given for quantics of order 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 respectively:- occluded in palladium and so weighed; the chlorine was Reduction of generating functions by means of complex prepared by the electrolysis of silver chloride, and was integration : G. B. Mathews, F.R.S. It is shown in this weighed in the liquid state. The atomic weight comes out note how a class of generating functions which occur in the about 35.192, higher than the accepted number by 0.012. theory of invariants, and in that of the partition of num- This higher value is of interest in view of the recent (unbers, may be reduced by means of Cauchy's calculus of published) work of Prof. Theodore Richards, of Harvard, residues.

who obtains a value 0.019 higher than the accepted

atomic weight.-On the occurrence in Britain of the Pacific DUBLIN.

eider (Somateria v-nigrum, Gray), a species new to the Royal Irish Academy, February 13. — Prof. R. Atkinson, European avifauna : C. Oldham.—Some habits of bats, president, in the chair.- Verb functions explicit with special reference to the lesser horse-shoe bat (Rhinooperations, with notes the solution of equations lophus hipposiderus) : C. Oldham. Proofs were given that by operative division : Major Ronald Rose, C.B., F.R.S. the hibernation of these animals is not continuous, but If any expression is being considered as the result of an

interrupted by transient periods of activity. operation performed on one of its elements, the actual operation can be separately and explicitly represented in

PARIS. the following manner. The place occupied by the subject- Acadenıy of Sciences, February 20.-M. Troost in the element is called the base of the operation and is always chair.-Observation of the partial eclipse of the moon on denoted by B. Thus, B cos-'ß is the operation performed February 19: G. Bigourdan. Owing to the cloudy conon x in order to produce the function x cos-'x. As B has dition of the sky no observations were possible before 7.50 no quantitative value, such an expression as B cos-'ß de- p.m.-On a new method of synthesis of alkyl derivatives of notes, not a quantity, but an action, and may be called a certain cyclic saturated alcohols : A. Haller and F. March. verb function. Before applying such an expression to a The sodium derivatives of propyl, isobutyl, and isoamyl subject it must be placed in special (square) brackets in alcohols, heated to 200° to 225o C. in an autoclave with order to distinguish operation from multiplication. The B-methylcyclohexanone, act partly as reducing and partly as method may be applied to the solution of a complete equa- | alkyl substituting agents. Homologues and isomers of mention of the nth degree in 2n ways, and applies equally to thoi result from the reaction.-On the examples of Palithe solution of linear differential equations.

nuridæ and Eryonidæ collected in the eastern Atlantic by

the French and Monaco expeditions : E. L. Bouvier. The EDINBURGH. Royal Society, February 6. - Dr. Traquair in the chair.- study of the collections brought home by the two expeditions

has resulted in the discovery of some new interesting On Penella, a Crustacean parasitic on the Finner Whale

species, among others two types belonging to the genera (Balaenoptera musculus) : Sir William Turner.

Puer and Eryonicus, examples of which are extremely pod was originally recognised by Koven and Danielssen as

rare. These two forms show their distinctive morphological parasitic on Balaenoptera rostrata. The author's specimens characters very early.—The application to the nitriles of the were obtained in 1903 from B. musculus. The memoir com

method of direct hydrogenation by catalysis; the synthesis prised an account of the external characters and internal of primary, secondary, and tertiary amines : Paul Sabatier anatomy of the female, which, being from 10 to 12 inches and J. B. Senderens (see p. 423).—The large solar spot of long, varying in different specimens, is a giant amongst February, 1905 : Th. Moureux. On February, 2 this spot, copepods. A comparison of the species with other species

which was clearly visible to the naked eye, had a length of of Penella was made, and the great length of the thoracic

180,200 kilometres. Its area was 1/29th of the solar disc, and in comparison with the genito-abdominal segment was referred to. The male of this species has not yet been recog

hence it is greater than any sun-spot previously observed.

On Taylor's series on the circle of convergence : Paul nised.—The ontogeny of the neuron invertebrates; a

Dienes.-On differential equations of the second order coneytological study of the embryonic nucleus: Dr. John

taining single parameter : G. Tzitzeica.-On, the Cameron. The results of the investigation tend to show

approximate integration of differential equations : Émile that the so-called neuroblasts of the central nervous system Cotton.--On the mode of working of the differential gear in the early vertebrate embryo are really nuclei, from which of automobiles : A. Petot.-On the coefficient of magnetisathe rudiments of the axis cylinder are formed as delicate pro- tion of bismuth and on some fixed points in the diamagnetic trusions. The neuroblast nuclei are found to exhibit re

scale : Georges Meslin. The coefficient found for mercury markable structural changes, as evidence of the formation

-0.185.10-, taking water as

-0.79.10-6. For of these processes. The results attained in this research

crystallised bismuth the value, with the additive correction support the central theory of nerve-genesis as formulated by, for the air, was – 1.39.10-", whilst a slightly higher result, among others, His and von Kölliker. They also tend to

-- 1.42.10-", was obtained for

fused metal.-On the perthrow fresh light on the properties and functions of the cell- borates : P. Melikoff. A claim for priority as against M. nucleus.

Jaubert.-On lactyllactyllactic acid and the dilactide of the MANCHESTER.

inactive acid : E. Jungfleisch and M. Godchot.-On the Literary and Philosophical Society, February 7.- carbimide of natural leucine : MM. Hugouneng and Morel. Prof. H. B. Dixon, F.R.S., vice-president, in the chair.- The leucine ethyl ester was heated to 130° C. with carbonyl A new direct-vision spectroscope : T. Thorp. In Mr. chloride in toluene solution, and the mixture submitted to Thorp's instrument the dispersion is effected by means of fractional distillation in vacuo. The carbimide sought for a transparent grating of about 14,500 lines to the inch, was readily separated in this way from the substituted urea mounted on the long face of a light crown prism having a formed at the same time.-On the perborates : J. Bruhat refracting angle of about 37° to secure direct vision. This and H. Dubois. A description of the preparation and proprism-grating is mounted in a hinged frame and adjusted perties of the perborates of potassium, sodium, and amso that the grating face is at an angle of 45° with the axis monium.--Assimilation outside the organism: Ch. Berof the instrument when the frame is at the centre of its

It has been stated by Friedel and confirmed by range of motion. A spring holds the frame tightly against Macchiati that the enzyme extracted from leaves by the end of a micrometer screw having a graduated head, glycerine in the presence of chlorophyll and light was this head being in the focus of a lens placed near the capable of decomposing carbonic acid and setting free ocular of the spectroscope so that it can be read off without oxygen. The author has not been able to obtain any trace taking the instrument away from the eye. The D lines of oxygen under these conditions, and on repeating an excan just be separated in the pocket instrument, and read- periment exactly in accordance with Macchiati's instructions ings can be made by taking the mean of several to about found that the gas evolved consisted of methane and other one Angstrom unit.-Leaden weights found at Melandra inflammable gases, arising from the anaërobic decomCastle, an old Roman edifice near Glossop, among them position of the plant tissue, this change not taking place

a

was

nard.

metamersed cytoplasm Taenieystis mira Louis Leger.

in the presence of antiseptics, such as camphor. The

WEDNESDAY, MARCH 8.

GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY, at 8.-(1) Observations on some of the Loxonen author therefore regards the decomposition of carbonic acid

tidæ, with Descriptions of two New Species: (a) On some Gasteropoda outside the plant as unproven.-On the composition of from the Silurian Rocks of Llangadock : Miss Jane Donald. brandy from wine : X. Rocques. A table is given show- Society of Arts, at 8.--Ethics of Japanese Society : Baron Sugematse.

THURSDAY, MARCH 9. ing the results of analysis of twenty-two samples of brandy

ROYAL SOCIETY, at 4:30.-Probable Papers: The Rate of Transmission of arising from the distillation of wine, and it is pointed out that

the Guatemala Earthquake of April 19, 1902: R. D. Oldbam.-look a brandy containing a relatively small amount of esters con- Sizes in Relation to the Conductivity of Electrolytes : W. R. Bousheld. tains an increased amount of higher alcohols.—The pre

-Explosions of Mixtures of Coal Gas and Air in a Closed Vessel

L. Bairstow and A. D. Alexander. diction of a chemical reaction forming a monovariant

Royal INSTITUTION, at 5.-Recent Astronomical Progress : Prof. H. H system : Camille Matignon.-On two plants producing Turner, F.R.S. rubber : E. de Wildeman. A description of two plants, INSTITUTION OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERS, at 8.-Report on Experiments Bassea gracillima and Periploca nigrescens, the rubber pro

carried out at the National Physical Laboratory : On the Effect of Hea:

on the Electrical and Mechanical Properties of Dielectrics, and on the ducing properties of which have not hitherto been recog

Temperature Distribution in the Interior of Field Coils : Dr. R. T nised.--On a new coffee plant in Central Africa: Aug. Glazebrook, F.R.S.-On Temperature Curves and the Rating of Chevalier. A detailed account of Coffea excelsa, with Electrical Machinery : R. Goldschmidt.

FRIDAY, MARCH 10. analyses of the soil in which it flourishes and of the coffee

ROVAL INSTITUTION, at 9.-The Structure of the Atom: Prof. J. J. bean produced from it. The amount of caffeine and the Thomson, F.R.S. taste and aroma of the coffee are good, and would be worth ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, at 5. cultivating in the French Congo.-On the secreting ap

MALACOLOGICAL Society, at 8.-On a Dibranchiate Cephalopod from the

Eocene of Arabia : G. C. Crick.-Note on the Horizon and Locality of paratus of Dipterocarpus : P: Guérin.-On the effect of low

the Type Specimen of Pleuronautilus pulcher: G. C. Crick - New temperatures on the zoospores of the Algæ: E. C. Marine Mollusca from the Collection of the late Admiral Keppel: G. B Teodoresco. The spores of Dunaliella salina were found Sowerby.-On the Occurrence of Internal Septa in Glyptosteka na

berryanum : G. K. Gude.-Note on a Dart found in the Body Caviry at to retain their activity in a salt solution even after exposure

Helix aspersa: R. G. Barnes. to a temperature of -30° C.-On a new cellular type with INSTITUTION OF Civil ENGINEERS, at 8.-The Purification of Sewage :

F. G. Helsby, — The Purification of Sewage by Hydrolysis and OxidaGeographical variations of the Pleuronectidæ : A. Cligny.-

tion : F. 0. Kirby. The extension of the functional states of the auricle to the

PHYSICAL Society, at 8.-On the Stresses in the Earth's Crust before and

after the Sinking of a Bore-hole : Dr. C. Chree, F.R.S.-On the Latera: ventricle : H. Kronecker. The author's experiments lead Vibration of Bars of Uniform and Varying Sectional Area : J. Morrow.him to regard this effect as being entirely due to nervous

On Direct Reading Resistance Thermometers, with an Appendix elements.--Variations in morbid processes according to the

Composite Thermocouples : A. Campbell.

SATURDAY, MARCH 11. composition of the organs : MM. Charrin and Le Play. Royal INSTITUTION, at 3.-Electrical Properties of Radio-active SebHydrolysis of the hepatic glycogen produced by the injection stances : Prof. J. J. Thomson, F.R.S. of amylase into the portal vein : M. Pariset.-On the stimulation of the nerves by very short electric waves : Louis

CONTENTS.

PAGE Lapicque. The experimental reproduction of leprosy in A Text-book of Electromagnetism. By G. P. C. the ape : Charles Nicolle.—The geology of the Pyrenees of Searle

409 Haute-Garonne and Ariège : Léon Bertrand. On the Astronomical Lectures at Chicago: By W. E. P. 410 Amana meteorites : G. D. Hinrichs.—The cave lions : | Zoological Results Marcellin Boule.

Our Book Shelf :

Colgan: “ Flora of the County Dublin”
DIARY OF SOCIETIES.

Cole : “Exercises in Practical Physiological Chem-
THURSDAY, MARCH 2.

istry ; " Lacey and Pannett: "Practical Exercises in Royal Society, at 4:30.-Further Researches on the Temperature Classi- Chemical Physiology and Histology."—W. D. H.. 412

fication of Stars. No. 2: Sir Norman Lockyer, K.C.B., F.R.S.-On the Radio-active Minerals : Hon. R. J. Strutt.-Atmospheric Electricity

Macfarlane : “ Laboratory Notes on Practical Meta). in High Latitudes : G. C. Simpson.-On the Spectrum of Silicon, with

lurgy : being a Graduated Series of Exercises." 413 a Note on the Spectrum of Fluorine : J. Lunt.--On the Electric Resist

Martignat: Le Liège. Ses produits et ses sousance to the Motion of a Charged Sphere in Free Space or in a Field of

produits” Force : G. W. Walker.

Letters to the Editor :-
ROYAL INSTITUTION, at 5.-Recent Astronomical Progress : Prof. H. H.
Turner, F.R.S.

Charge carried by the a Rays from Radium.-Prof. CHEMICAL SOCIETY, at 8.-The Latent Heat of Evaporation of Benzene

E. Rutherford, F.R.S.

413 and some other Compounds: J. Campbell Brown.- The Relation between Compulsory Greek at Cambridge.-x.; Prof. A. G. Natural and Synthetic Glycerylphosphoric Acids: F. B. Power and F. Tutin.--The Reduction of Isophtbalic Acid : W. H. Perkin, jun., and

Tansley ; Edward T. Dixon . S. S. Pickles.—The Transmutation of Geometrical Isomers: A. W. A Large Indian Sea-Perch.-Major A. Alcock, Stewart.

F.RS..

415 RÖNTGEN SOCIETY, at 8.15.-A discussion on "The Necessity of Accurate Measurement in X-ray and High Frequency Work," opened by Dr.

Attractions of Teneriffe.-Hugh Richardson 415 W. D. Butcher.

Samuel Pepys _and the Royal Society. By Sir CIVIL AND MECHANICAL ENGINEERS' SOCIETY, at 8.-Engineering Expert Arch. Geikie, F.R.S.

415 Evidence : J. F. Reade.

Compulsory Greek at Cambridge LINNEAN SOCIETY, at 8.-Zoological Nomenclature ; International Rules

Folk Tales of Plains Indians. (illustrated.) By and Others (to be followed by a discussion): Rev. T. R. R. Stebbing, F.R.S. - Biscayan Plankton. Part IV. The 'Thaliacea : Dr. G. Herbert

A. C. H. Fowler.

A Naturalist's Journal. (Ilustrated.) By R. L.
INSTITUTION OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERS, at 8.- Type-setting by Tele.
graph: D. Murray.

Prof. G. B. Howes, F.R.S. By W. N. P.
FRIDAY, MARCH 3.

Notes
Royal INSTITUTION, at 9.--Recent Advances in Wireless Telegraphy: | Our Astronomical Column :-
Chev, G. Marconi.

Astronomical Occurrences in March
GEOLOGISTS' AssociATION. at 8.–The Diamond Mines of South Africa :
Prof. H. A. Miers, F.R.S.

Reported Discovery of a Seventh Satellite to Japiter. 424
SATURDAY, MARCH 4.

Planetary Tides in the Solar Atmosphere .
ROYAL INSTITUTION, at 3.-Archæology: D. G. Hogarth.

The Bruce Photographic Telescope
MONDAY, MARCH 6.

Physical Conditions of the Planeis
SOCIETY OF ARTS, at 8.-Internal Combustion Engines : Dugald Clerk.
SOCIETY OF CHEMICAL INDUSTRY, at 8.--Mechanics of Fire : Prof. H.

Discussion of Central European Longitudes
E. Armstrong, F.R.S.-On the Estimation of Arsenic in Fuels-A The Scottish National Antarctic Expedition. (Tlins-

Shortened Method : Dr. G. McGowan and R. B. Floris.
VICTORIA INSTITUTE, at 4.30.-Geological Exterminations: Dr. C. B.

trated.) By J. H. Harvey Pirie and R. N, Rudmose Warring.

Brown FakaDAY SOCIETY, at 7.50.-Annual general meeting:-At 8.15.-Recent

The Early History of Seed bearing Plants, as
Developments in Electric Smelting in Connection with Iron and Steel : Recorded in the Carboniferous Flora, Dr. D. H.
F. W. Harbord.
TUESDAY, MARCH 7.

Scott, F.R.S.
Roval INSTITUTION, at 5.–Some Recent Biometric Studies : Prof. K. Forestry in the United States. (Illustrated)
Pearson, F.R.S.

Progressive Buddhism
ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETY, at 8.30.
INSTITUTION OF (Civil ENGINBERS, at 8:--Surface-Condensing Plants, Societies and Academies

University and Educational Intelligence
and the Value of the Vacuum produced: R. W. Allen. (Continuation of
Discussion.)

Diary of Societies

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