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90 Michigan: Repealing sec. 4816, Compiled Laws, 1897, relative to the duties of

the chairman of the township board of school inspectors, and amending secs. 4810 and 4819, Compiled Laws, 1897, relative to the election of a county commissioner of schools, to the appointing of school examiners and defining the duties and fixing the compensation for the same.

Modifying in minor manner provisional requirements for eligibility to the office of county commissioner of schools.

Act 222, June 2, 1909. 91 Michigan: Amending sec. 10, act 147, Public Acts, 1891 (sec. 4817, Compiled

Laws, 1897), as amended by sec. 10, act 148, Public Acts, 1905, relative to the compensation of the county commissioner of schools.

Annual compensation to be not less than $1,500 when there are 175 school rooms under supervision.

Act 247, June 2, 1909. 92 Michigan: Amending sec. 8, act 147, Public Acts, 1891 (sec. 4815, Compiled Laws,

1897), as amended by sec. 8, act 127, Public Acts, 1907, providing for the election of a county commissioner of schools, for the appointment of school examiners, and defining the duties and fixing the compensation for the same. Special provisions concerning expense limit for assistance.

Act 264, June 2, 1909. 93 Minnesota: Providing for a county examiner of townships, villages, cities, school

districts, and charitable and benevolent institutions in counties of this State having at any time a population of more than 100,000 inhabitants and an area of more than 5,000 square miles.

Chap. 108, Mar. 25, 1909. 94 Minnesota: Amending sec. 3, chap. 76, Laws, 1907, relative to county boards of

education for unorganized territory within the State, and adding new section.

Authorizing employment of clerk to county superintendent. Authorizing per diem of $3 to chairman.

Chap. 309, Apr. 21, 1909. D. 95 Minnesota (1908): Rev. Laws, 1905, sec. 425, provides that, whenever a

vacancy occurs in the office of the county superintendent, the county board will fill the same by appointment, and section 2668 declares that the governor may remove from office any county superintendent of schools whenever it appears by competent evidence that such superintendent has been guilty of malieasance or nonfeasance after hearing. Held, that county commissioners have only power to fill the office of county superintendent of schools after it has been vacated in proper judicial proceedings, or by the act of the incumbent, and have no power to remove such superintendent.-State v. Hays, 117 N. W.,

615; 105 Minn., 399. 96 * Missouri: Repealing secs. 9803, 9804, 9808, 9809, and 9810, Revised Statutes, 1899,

as amended by act of March, 18, 1903; and repealing secs. 9811, 9812, 9813, Revised Statutes, 1899, as amended by act approved March 20, 1907, and by act approved March 24, 1903, relative to public schools. Enacting new sections in lieu. thereof concerning county superintendents of schools, their election, qualifications, duties, powers, and compensation.

“Sec. 9803. There is hereby created the office of county superintendent of public schools in each and every county in the state. The qualified voters of the county shall elect said county school superintendent at the annual district school meetings held on the first Tuesday in April, 1911, and every four years thereafter. Said superintendent shall be at least twenty-four years old, a citizen of the county, shall have taught or supervised schools as his chief work during at least two of the four years next preceding his election or appointment, or shall have spent the two years next preceding his election or appointment as a regular student in a normal school, college or university, and shall at the time of his election hold a diploma from one of the state normal schools or teachers' college of the state university, or shall hold a life state certificate authorizing him to teach in the public schools of Missouri, granted by the state superintendent of public schools as the result of an examination, which shall include the subjects of school supervision and teaching in the rural schools, or shall hold a first grade county certificate. The person elected county school commissioner or county school superintendent at the annual school meeting held the first Tuesday in April, 1909, or his successor, shall, during the month of August, 1909, qualify under this act as county superintendent of public schools, and shall serve as such until the first Tuesday in April, 1911, and until his successor is elected and qualified; and the qualifications prescribed for the county school commissioner at the time of the annual school meeting, the first Tuesday in April, 1909, shall be the qualifications for the county superintendent of public schools until the first Tuesday in April, 1911. Said county superintendent of public schools shall hold his office for four years and until his successor is elected and qualified; and all vacancies, caused by death, resignation, refusal to serve or removal from the county, shall be filled by the governor by appointment for the unexpired term; the county superintendent shall turn over all books, papers, certificates, stub books and records in his possession to his successor. Wherever the term county commissioner or county board of education is used in the statutes, it shall be construed to mean county superintendent of public schools."

Sec. 9804. Election returns, how certified; duty of county clerk.

Sec. 9805. Superintendent to take oath, give bond; keep office, where; county court to furnish supplies.

“SEC. 9806. The county superintendent shall have general supervision over all the schools of his county, except in city, town and village school districts employing a superintendent who devotes at least one-half of his time to the direct work of supervision. He shall visit each school under his jurisdiction at least once each year, and as many other times as practicable; he shall examine the classification of pupils, the methods of instruction, the manner of discipline, the order maintained, the results secured, and make such suggestions to teachers and school boards as he may deem advisable; he shall inspect the ventilation, note the condition of the building, furniture, apparatus, grounds and appurtenances thereto belonging, and report the same to the board in writing, with such suggestions as he may consider necessary to the health, comfort and progress of the pupils; he shall examine the teacher's register and the district clerk's record and see that they are kept according to law; he shall furnish annually statements to the district clerks showing the assessed valuation of their respective districts; he shall receive, and, if properly made, approve estimates and enumeration lists and turn same over to the county clerk; he shall assist the district clerks, when necessary, in making their reports, and see that all warrants have been duly issued by order of the board, either for services actually rendered or for material actually furnished.

“Sec. 9807. The county superintendent shall hold annually not fewer than six public meetings at different points in the county for the purpose of discussing educational questions, interpreting the school law, counseling with teachers and school officers, and promoting the cause of education among the people. One of these meetings shall be held at the county seat just prior to the opening of the fall term of school, and shall be of two days' duration. It shall be the duty of directors and teachers to attend meetings called by him when such attendance does not interfere with their school duties. He shall adopt a course of study and a plan for grading the schools of his county, and forward three copies to the state superintendent of public schools, one copy to each district clerk and one copy to each teacher employed in the county, and require the same to be followed as nearly as practicable. He shall inaugurate and maintain a system of final examinations and graduation of pupils who complete the state course of study for rural schools. He shall examine the records of the county, so far as they relate to school funds and school moneys, see that the law is strictly observed, and shall be present at the August term of the county court, to give such information as may be of importance to said court in the transaction of all business pertaining to the school interests of the county; and the instruction of the state superintendent shall be his guide in the interpretation and execution of the law.

Sec. 9808. County superintendent to make statistical report annually; shall require report from all teachers.

“Sec. 9809. During his term of office the county superintendent shall not engage in teaching or in any other employment that interferes with the duties

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of his office as prescribed by law. He shall spend annually, studying rural school problems and supervision of schools, five days in conventions called by the state superintendent of public schools, or twenty days in the state university or in one of the state normal schools, or in some other manner approved by the state superintendent. He shall not receive his salary for the third quarter of the year until he presents a certificate, signed by the state superintendent, stating that he has spent the period prescribed by law in studying rural school problems and supervision of schools

, and that his report as county superintendent of public schools has been properly made to the state superintendent of public schools.

Sec. 9810. The county superintendent shall be allowed an annual salary, to be paid out of the county treasury, as follows: In counties having less than twelve thousand population, he shall receive seven hundred dollars; in counties having twelve thousand population and less than fifteen thousand, he shall receive eight hundred dollars; in counties having fifteen thousand population and less than eighteen thousand, he shall receive nine hundred dollars; in counties having eighteen thousand population and less than twenty-one thousand, he shall receive one thousand dollars; in counties having twenty-one thousand population and less than twenty-four thousand, he shall receive eleven hundred dollars; in counties having twenty-four thousand population and less than twenty-seven thousand, he shall receive twelve hundred dollars; in counties having twenty-seven thousand population and less than thirty thousand, he shall receive thirteen hundred dollars; in counties having thirty thousand population and less than fifty thousand, he shall receive fourteen hundred dollars; in counties having fifty thousand population or more, he shall receive fifteen hundred dollars of which the state of Missouri shall appropriate annually out of the general revenue fund of the state of Missouri four hundred dollars to each and every county. At each regular term of the county court, said court shall order a warrant in favor of the county superintendent for the proportional amount of his annual salary then due under this section; and the same shall be paid by the county treasurer out of the county revenue fund." SEC. 9811.

P. 822, Mar. 15, 1909. 97 Nebraska: Repealing, and re-enacting with amendments, sec. 11666, Cobbey's

Annotated Statutes, 1907, relative to the general duties of the county superintendent of schools.

Chap. 123, Mar. 29, 1909. 98 New Mexico: Providing for the payment of the compensation of county superintendents out of the school funds of the counties, and for other purposes.

Chap. 43, Mar. 16, 1909. 99 New Mexico: Amending sec. 20, chap. 97, Laws, 1907, relative to powers and

duties of county superintendent.
Adding proviso.

Sec. 8, chap. 121, Mar. 18, 1909. 100 New Mexico: Amending sec. 21, chap. 97, Laws, 1907, relating to salary of

county superintendents.

Adding “all counties of the first class, as determined by the latest report of the territorial traveling auditor,'' to list of those carrying annual compensation of $1,500.

Sec. 9, chap. 121, Mar. 18, 1909. 101 New Mexico: Amending sec. 18, chap. 97, Laws, 1907, concerning county super

intendents, elections, qualifications.

Substituting "Territorial Board of Education” for the words “board of examiners in each county."

Sec. 11, chap. 121, Mar. 18, 1909. 102 North Dakota: Amending in a minor manner, sec. 777, Revised Codes, 1905, as

amended by chap. 105, Laws, 1907, relative to salary, deputies, and traveling
expenses of county superintendents of schools.
Deputies in counties having 150 teachers and over.

Chap. 104, Mar. 15, 1909.

103 * North Carolina: Amending sec. 4119, Revisal, 1905, relative to county boards

of education.

Providing for slow replacement and extending term from two to six years. Applies to boards appointed by general-assembly. (See also chap. 435.)

Sec. 5, chap. 525, Mar. 5, 1909. 104 South Carolina: Amending sec. 1200, Code, 1902, as amended by act 528, Acts, 1908, relative to duties of county board of education.

Act 46, Mar. 3, 1909. 105 South Carolina: Amending the law relating to compensation and salaries of

county officers.

Special provisions for certain indicated counties. Includes county superintendent of schools.

Act 111, Mar. 4, 1909. 106 South Dakota: Amending sec. 22, art. 2, chap. 135, Laws, 1907, relating to

eligibility to county superintendency.

Certificate of professional qualifications to be valid at the date of his induction into such office and at least one year previous thereto.

Chap. 90, Feb. 25, 1909. D. 107 Tennessee (1909): Where a county board of education, under Acts, 1907,

p. 848, chap. 236, sec. 10, subd. 4, making it its duty to locate schools' where deemed most convenient, locates a school at a certain place so as to consolidate two schools, and ultimately three, into one, it acts within its discretion, and its decision will not be disturbed by mandamus.-State v. Board of Education

of Blount County, 121 S. W., 499. 108 Tennessee: See enactment No. 308. 109 Tennessee: Amending sec. 10 (and other secs.?), chap. 25, Acts, 1873, relating

to district school directors. (See chap 236, Acts, 1907.)

Creating a county board of education, and providing for the election, qualification, officers, powers, duties, and compensation of said board. Transferring to said board powers and duties of school directors now prescribed by secs. 1430-1431, Code, 1896. Applies to certain 10 counties.

Chap. 302, Apr. 27, 1909. 110 Tennessee: Amending sec. 10 (and other secs.?), chap. 25, Acts, 1873, relating

to district school directors. [See chap. 236, Acts, 1907.)

Creating a county board of education and providing for the qualification, election, officers, powers, and duties of said board. Transferring to said board powers and duties of school directors now prescribed by secs. 1430–1431, Code, 1896. Applies to Trousdale, Houston, and Shelby counties.

Chap. 327, Apr. 28, 1909. 111 Tennessee: Amending chap. 234, Acts, 1905, and authorizing each member

of the county board of education to make contracts of consolidation with the governing authorities of city schools, academies, etc., in the incorporated cities in his district, whereby the children of his district may be taught in such city schools.

Chap. 471, Apr. 30, 1909. 112 Tennessee: Amending chap. 25, Acts, 1873, relative to the qualifications of the

county superintendent of schools.

SEC. 1. * "Said County Superintendent shall be a person of literary and scientific attainments and of skill in the theory and practice of teaching; provided, that preceding each biennial election or any election to fill a vacancy for County Superintendent of Schools each applicant shall file with the Chairman of the County Court a certificate of qualification given by the State Board of Education; provided, that on the first Monday in October preceding each biennial election for County Superintendent of Schools each applicant for said office

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shall undergo a public examination at the county site of the county in which
he or she is an applicant, to be conducted by a commission of three residents of
the county, said commission to be previously appointed by the Chairman of
the County Court, and to be citizens who, by education and experience, are
most eminently qualified to conduct said examination, the same to be held by
the State Board of Education under such rules and regulations as said Board
may prescribe; provided, that said applicant shall furnish evidence satisfactory
to the said State Board of Education as to his or her moral character, said
evidence to be furnished in such manner and form as shall be prescribed by the
said State Board of Education; provided, further, that if qualified as attested by
said examination and as to moral character, said applicant shall receive a cer-
tificate of qualification by the State Board of Education.”

SEC. 2. *
Sec. 3. *

Chap. 508, May 1, 1909. 113 Wisconsin: Amending subsec. 9, sec. 461, Statutes, relative to power of county

superintendents to hold school board conventions.

Limiting convention to two consecutive days; fixing compensation at $2 for each day's attendance, and mileage; providing for record of attendance.

Chap. 222, May 29, 1909. 114 Wisconsin: Amending sec. 698, Statutes, relative to the election of county officers

and county or district superintendents of schools.

Providing for the fixing of all salaries of county superintendents in counties having two supervisory districts.

Chap. 433, June 15, 1909. 115 Wyoming: Providing for deputy county superintendents.

Chap. 46, Feb. 18, 1909.

(d) District, Township, and Municipal Boards and Officers.

The following items stand out as exceptions in the group of generally unimportant administrative measures relating to local boards and officers: California (118), relative to the powers and duties of school district trustees and city boards of education; Connecticut (207), transferring to towns the control of public schools; Connecticut (120), and Vermont (173), extending the system of organized local supervision; Missouri (D. 150, D. 151), repeating the judicial declaration of the rights of school officers with respect to the vaccination of school children; Ohio (D. 165), defining, in accordance with the established principle of American school control, the authority of boards of education; Tennessee (171), containing the educational provisions of the charter of the city of Knoxville; Wisconsin (175), authorizing a threeyear tenure for city superintendents of schools. D. 116 Alabama (1909): Loc. Acts, 1896–97, p. 514, a special law creating and

incorporating a separate public school district and providing that the members of the school board "shall hold office for and during the term of their residence within the district,” creates a life tenure of office in such members, condi

tioned only on residence in the district.State v. White, 49 So., 78. 117 California: Amending sec. 1876, Political Code, 1906, referring to contracts by school trustees.

Chap. 79, Mar. 3, 1909.

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