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Last Tuesday evening the half-yearly general meeting of the Sailors' Home Society was held at the Town-hall, Sir J. P. Grant in the chair.
The report, which was a very interesting statement of details, dressed in plain language and somewhat in the phraseology of sailors, having been read,
The Rev. J. Charles rose to move the first resolution, That the report be printed and circulated.
The learned Divine stated, that when it was announced to the public that it was in contemplation to esta. blish such an institution, every person of right feelings and correct judgment whom he knew, at once concur. red in the desireableness of the project. It appeared to him to be a happy conception, a most felicitous idea. He belived the meeting was already aware that the institution owed its origin, and, in a great measure, its successful operation, to the worthy secretary (Rev. T. Boaz). For his own part, he regarded the institution as now fully established; and it was matter of congratulation that so much could be said of it within or short a period of its existence. It was matter of surprize with him that the interests of sailors had so long been neglected or so little cared for, both in England and in this country. They are an interesting people, comprising, as he had somewhere read, one-twentieth of the population of the mother country. This simple fact, the reverend gentleman considered, ought to have awakened on their behalf a deeper and more general spirit of philanthropy. But they are not less an imPortant than an interesting class; to them Britain owes her naval glory; through them, the fame of her arms, of her science, of her literature, and of her poli. tics has reached the utmost bounds of the earth. They are the instruments of her commerce. By their means she lays the whole world under contribution to her wants and wishes; they minister to her luxury and to her wealth. They are not, however, generally, what they should be, and what, as a matter of highest duty,
of Britain's virtues, living epistles of her morals and of her glorious faith. Landsmen can exercise their influence, at best but over a limitted surface, —within a defined circle. The conduct of sailors exerts an influence for good or for evil on large classes of men, -men of various nations, kindreds and tribes. This influence partakes at present more of the nature of vice : it should be made to bear with the force of moral and religious habits. The reverend gentleman after adverting to some particulars stated in the report, and having repeated his remark that the institution could no longer be considered in the light of an experiment, but as deserving to be ranked among the established Benevolent Institutions of the country, sat down amidst suppressed cheers.
The resolution seconded by H. Walters, Esq. C. S. was carried unanimously.
Rev. Mr. Morton proposed the second resolution, appointing a new committee, and returning thanks to God for his blessing, and to the last commitee for their services.
He considered that there was no question but that the meeting would adopt the sentiments contained in the resolution he had the honour to propose. If the institution has done good —and the report states that it has done much good, if it is a desirable institution,-and the reverend gentleman who preceded him had shewn that it was a desirable institution, and moreover that it was an institution now fully established,—he was of opinion that all the good that has been effected, and all the good that the institution promised to effect, was owing to the exertions of the last committee. But the resolution in his hands contained more—viz. an expression of thanks to God for what has. been done. He believed that all present would agree in the sentiment with the Church of England, that, “all that is wise, and good, and true, comes from God.”. A higher authority than the national church has also said, “ever
we should endeavour to make them,-a fair specimen
good and every perfect gift proceedeth from the father
of light.” The reverend gentleman felt assured that none would dissent from these sentiments, and therefore that the meeting would not only unhesitatingly, but cheerfully and warmly adopt his resolution.
Mr. Morton stated, that he was unexpectedly called upon to take a part in the business of the evening, and Sthat he was not intimately acquainted with the details of the Home. He was not at Calcutta at the time of its formation : he had, however, learned a great deal from the report which had just then been read. He considered the existence of such an institution in this country to be a blessing. The reverend gentleman here adverted to the mischief and ailments to which sailors are exposed, in this port, and to the unfavourable impression which their conduct has produced, and is calculated to produce, on the native mind. If, said he, we desire to see the native population converted from their debasing superstitions ond practices, we should seek to elevate the character of our own countrymen ; and if we are at all concerned for the spiritual welfare of our brethren, consistency requires of us not to neglect their temporal comforts. The reverend gentleman stated that, according to the view he took of the subject, he considered that chaplains and missionaries had as great an interest in the welfare of sailors as merchants and ship-captains.
This resolution was seconded by Captain Martin of the Duke of Buccleugh, and carried unanimously.
The thanks of the meeting were proposed and accorded to the chairman.
Sir J. P. Grant rose to say, that he took a very deep interest in the objects of the institution. That institution was yet in its infancy, and he believed the Rev. Mr. Charles would agree with him in this view, athough he was of opinion that the success of the institution was no longer problematical, and that as such, it required to be nourished and tended and brought into vigorous and healthful exercise. His Lordship fully concurred in the views expressed by
be made to raise the moral and religious character of
Mr. Morton. He considered that exertions should
they have been tried. – Englishman, Feb. 8,
communications addressed to the secretaries he referred to them, and hereaftarembodied in a separate pamphlet.
Resolved, that any incidental charges incurred by the secretary, in forming a small experimental Nopalarie, be defrayed by the society.
Resolved, that Monst. Richard he solicited to send the society a supply of the description of cactus, in which the insect has been imported.
Moved by Dr. Wallich, seconded by Dr. Jackson, that especial thanks be returned to the Bourbon Government and to Monsr. Richard, for the courtous and prompt manner in which thy have carried into effect the society's wishes in regard to a supply of the cochineal insect, and that their further co-peration in this important matter be solicited.
Moved by Mr. Bell, seconded by Mr. Storm, that the special thanks of the society be returned to CaptainCharlton, for having imported from the Cape the cochineal insect which, although of the wild variety had been presented at a moment that renders it an object of valuable and interesting comparison.
Read a note from Mr. Marshman of this date, for warding one capy of vol. 5, Society's Transactions, and prounising to send more in the course of the day.
The secretary wished to have the society's sanction to pay the charges of publication. Moved by Dr. Jackson, seconded by Dr. Wallich, that as Mr. Marchman executes our printing on the most economical scale, the secretary be authourized to pay his bilis on presentation, and the receipt of the works for which each bill is made out. Resolved accordingly. Read a letter from Monsieur Richard of Bourbon to Dr. Wallich, dated 29th November, advising despach by the “Robert le Diable” of 18 cases of Batavia sugar cane, intended for the society's nursery.
From Dr. Montgomerie, of Singapore, to the secretary, dated 23d December, enclosing a receipt for seven bundles of sugar cane, part of which he presents to the society. From Dr. Wallich, dated 25th Jan. and 2d Feb., enclosing separate reports from Mr. Masters on the sugar canes received from Bourbon and Singapore, which are in good condition. From His Excellency Sir B. Caple, Naval Commander-in-Chief, dated. Trincomalee, 14th January, acknowledging receipt of secretary's letter of the 23d December last, requesting his aid in procuring supplies of sugarcane from the island of Otaheite. States in reply, that he would he most happy to meet the society's wishes, but that the period of his command is so near a close, he can do no more than recommend the measure to his successor Sir E.}Maitland.
From Mr. Veterinary Surgeon H. C. Hulse, dated 12th November, Muttra, transmitting plan of a horse breeding establishment, and conveying much information on the subject of the same.
From Captain Corbett, dated Almorah, 2d January, from W. Limord, Esq. secretary to the Chamber of Commerce, dated 15th January, conveying, in reply to the secretary's letter of the 4th instant the best thanks of the Association to Dr. Campbell, Offg. Resident at Nepal, for specimens of Nepalese Paper, forwarded by that gentleman through this society.
From J. F. Sandys, Esq., dated 12th January, enclosing copies of two papers lately received from F. Sandy's. Esq., of Arrah, the first containing observations on queries regarding the two models of machines for raising water, the second conveying a few practical hints on the erection of No. 2 model.
From Dr. A. R. Jackson, dated 27th January, acknowledging receipt of the several packages of books, &c. intended for societies in England and Scotland, alluded to in the secretary's letter, and promising to forward them to their respective addresses on his arrival in England.
From Messrs. Lyall, Matheson and Co., advising receipt of a bag of seeds for the Assam Agricultural society, which they promise to despatch immediately.
From J. Vaughan, Esq., librarian American, Philo. sophical Society of Philadelphia, dated 5th August, returning thanks on the part of that society for the 2d volume of our transactions.
From Lieut. G. Poolay, R. N., secretary to the Royal Hon’ble Society of Cornwall, dated 3d July 1837, acknowledging receipt of the 2d volume of our transactions, and forwarding in return, a volume containing the first five reports of their institution. Desiring to maintain a mutual correspondence in matters of interest.
From Mr. E. Norris, Assistant Secretary to the Royal Asiatic Society, dated 1st September 1837, annexing an extract of a minute of the committee of correspondence of the Royal Asiatic Society, relative to the different breeds of cattle known in India, and requesting the assistance of this society in obtaining information on the subject.—(Referred to the cattle committee.)
From Dr. C. Huffnagle, dated 2d September, enclosing a paper drawn up by Mr. J. H. Haines, relative to the cultivation and manufacture of sugar in the districts of Benares, Mirzapore Western Ghazeepore and Jaunpore.—(Referred to the Committee of Papers.)
From Lieut C. Barnett, Adjutant Mhairwarrah local battalion, dated Beaur, 1st November 1827, forwarding by the hand of Dr. Maclean, the several packages of cotton, alluded to in his letter of 27th November last, and requesting an opinion as to their quality. From D F. McLeod. Esq., dated Bancoorah 3d Feb., advising despach by dåk banghy of the following obtained at that station; viz. three skeins of tusseo silk, two cacoons containing the living chrysalis, a small quantity of eggs and a piece of cloth made of the silk, stating that the texture of the cloth is superior to any he has met within the parts of India.-(Referred to the silk committee.) From James Prinsep, Esq., dated 27th Jan.. forwarding a gold medal, and requesting to be informed if any more be required. From Mr. J. W. Masters dated 9th Feb., enclosing a paper containing a few remarks on the “ food of plants.” From G. A. Prinsep, Esq., dated 9th Feb., offering a few hints for the better preservation and propagation of the cochineal insect. From Dr. Wallich, dated 12th Feb., 1838, enclosing a note to his address from Mr Masters containing some observations on certain specimens of soils received from Mr. C. Manly, of Keerpoy, forwarded for presentation to the society, the specimen alluded to, as also soune articles of pottery-ware made from them.
From Samuel Smith, Esq., dated 13th Feb., 1838, presenting to the society 400 copies of a report of the anniversary dinner of this society, which he was prevented from inserting in, his daily paper, owing to indisposition until it was too late.
Island Government) by Monsr. Richard, Superintendent of the Botanical Garden, on Robert le Diable, the other brought from the Cape of Good Hope, by Capt. Charlton of the Bengal Service, on the Se: sostris. The committee are of opinion, that a most decided difference exists between the samples before them. The Bourbon insect is clothed with a coat of powdery substance, is perfect in form, and large, having only a slight appearance of filament about the tail, which rubs to powder between the fingers. The Cape insect is completely enveloped in down, and has none of the mealy deposit about it, which so strongly marks the character of the other. As far as your Committee can decide, the insects before them are as distinct as the grana fini of commerce is described to be different from the grand sylvestra. The Committee beg to annex an extract of a letter from Monsr. Richard to Dr. Wallich, dated St. Dennis, Isle of Bourbon, 29th November, 1837. “Jesuis bien impatient d'aroir des nouvelles denos voyageuses cochenilles. S'il en arrive de vivantes 4
Calcutta, comme je le pense, elles seront peut €té couvertes deduret, parcequelles auront été enfermées et pour ainsi dire, privées d'air ; mais cecine doit pas vous faire prejuger de leur mauvaise qualité car quand elles sont sur des Nopals, au grandair, elles deviennent presque nues lorsquélles son tä leur grousseur."
This extract, your Committee consider fully borne out by the present appearance of the insect, and, although they do not feel competent to say with certainty, that the larger insect is the grana fina, (none of your committee having seen the insect alive) they have observed enough to convince them that it appears far superior to what is described, by the best authors, as the grana sylvestra. The Committee request that the cochineal be left in the hands of Mr. Bell, for further experiment. Signed F. P. Strong, ,, W. Storm, ,, H. H. Goodeve, ,, A. R. Jackson, Agricl. Society's Office, Town Hall Calcutta, February 8, 1838.
AGRICULTURAL AND HORTICULTURAL DINNER.
About sixty gentlemen attended the Dinner at the Town Hall on Monday evening, Sir Edward Ryan in in the chair. The chairman immediately after the cloth had been removed proposed (the first public opportunity he had had of doing so) the national toast. He did so with the greatest delight—" The Queen, and God bless her " The party responded to the chairman's enthusiasm, and the cheers were loud and long continued.
The toasts followed in quick succession. The chairman again rose, and in proposing the health of the Governor General congratulated the society that in the successor of Lord William Bentinck, of whose services it was not necessary to remind them, they had found another great patron of the institution. Sir Edward prefaced the next toast with what he pleasantly termed “a little parish business.” He noticed the state of the society's finances, and the successes which have attended their efforts to bring forth the resources of the country. As to the finances, he had good grounds for saying they were in a flourishing condition, exhibiting a large increase on the current year, arising from the rapid augmentation of the number of members. But if their receipts had increased, so also had their disbursements, for the society did not hoard money. He noticed two large items in the latter, occasioned by the publication of the third and fourth volumes of the Transactions, and the reprint of the first volume, strongly recommending these to notice. As to the number of members, he remembered, he said, something on the last occasion with regard to the little encouragement the society had at that time received from the commercial community of Calcutta. On that, occasion his friend opposite (Mr. A. Colvin) had taken to himself the observation, and glad he was to say, if they conveyed any reproach, his friend had since done his best, and the mercantile community had entirely freed themselves of censure. In 1836 there were two merchants only on the list; in 1838 there are thirty-two. The civilians had ever shown a warm interest in the society. He had thought it his duty to express this opinion on a former occasion ; but if, up to that time, they had done well, they had since done better. In 1836 there were eleven members civilians; in 1837 the number increased to forty-seven. This was matter for congratulation ; nevertheless there was another side of the picture, which gave occasion for much regret. He alluded to the
want of co-operation on the part of the Indigo planters, who, of all others, the natives excepted, were the most interested in the society's proceedings. He complained of the absence of these gentlemen, to whom he had not alluded on the last occasion, an omission on his part, to which cause alone he hoped he might justly attribute their indifference. However, he now entreated them to add to the number of the society, and expressed a lively hope that they would imitate the example of the mer. chants. It was a subject of much regret that so few natives had joined the society. They were the parties most interested in its success, and though their feelings would not permit them to attend the commemoration of the society's anniversary, it was expected they would join and aid the monthly meetings by their subscriptions and influence. He noticed the extension of Auxiliary Societies : last year there were six, at present there were twelve in various parts of India. He noticed the Society's Transactions, alluding particularly to the very valuable papers of Dr. McClelland and Dr. Griffiths. But he would not trouble the party longer with “parish affairs,” which was indeed unnecessary, as the whole would be stated in detail by the excellent secretary. In conclusion, the chairman gave “Prosperity to the Agricultural and Horticultural Societies of India.
The next toast was proposed by Dr. Wallich, the vice president. He recurred to his early associates, and feelingly exclaimed “what would Dr. Carey have said had he seen our prosperity, and the improvements our influence has produced 2" He entreated the meeting to join in drinking, in solemn silence, the memory of that great and good man.
Mr. Cracroft proposed the health of Sir Edward Ryan, to whose exertions the society are not a little indebted for their present flourishing condition. The toast was drank with much applause. Sir Edward returned thanks, and took that opportunity to inform the members present in what manner the medals had been distributed. We regret much we are not in possession of the correspondence between Major Sleeman, and the society on the subject of the Mauritius sugar cane, which, we understand, in consequence of the perseverance of that gallant officer, now shoots up luxuriant on the banks of the Nerbudda. Major Sleeman's opinions have been adopted by the society. His observations on the