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HORA CE

WITH

ENGLISH NOTES

PART II.

CONTAINING

THE SATIRES AND EPISTLES

BY

THE REV. J. E. YONGE

KING'S COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE

ASSISTANT MASTERAT ETON

NEW EDITION, WITH AN APPENDIX

LONDON:
LONGMANS, GREEN, AND CO.

1866.

REVISED EDITION of the Rev. J. E. YONGE'S SCHOOL HORACE.

In Two PARTS, 12mo. cloth, : HORACE, with English Notes. By J. E. YONGE,

1 King's Coll. Cambridge, Assistant Master at Eton. Revised Edition, with APPENDIX to PABT I.

Somo s PART I. ODES and EPODES, price 48. 6d.
Sepa

separately I Part II. SATIRES and EPISTLES. Mr. YONGE's School Edition for the general reader: in which of Horace aims at supplying a com- the notes should not overload the text, prehensive digest of the best existing nor divert attention from the Author editions, as well as much that will be to the annotator ; or for the young found in no other, and an improved scholar, who requires notes not cotext. The APPENDIX recently added pious and discursive, but limited to to PART I. consists of comment on the leading points, clearly and carefully Oder and Fpodes, both original and drawn up, so as neither to do his selected from the critical editions work for him, nor to waste his time most in repute. It does not interfere by references of no practical value or with the original character of the of secondary interest. volume as a condensed handy manual

London : LONGMANS, GREEN, and Co. Paternoster Row. INTRODUCTION.

The present Edition has, added to its original system of concise and selected annotation, a full and varied Appendix.

In preparing the first notes, I was allowed, by the kindness of a friend, to consult the copy of Horace used by the late Dr. Goodall, and enriched by his MS. notes.

The excellence of Dr. Goodall's scholarship is well known. Many of his remarks having become current among us at Eton, they did not always supply me with new information; but I could not fail to gain from them some hints and fresh references, and more especially the proof (which, even before I had recourse to Dr. Goodall's notes, had become more and more evident) that the most valuable system of annotation is that which develops the author's meaning by comparison of passages.

Such a comparison points out many niceties of language, is an aid (beyond any memoria technica) to the memory, and without, perhaps, à greater expense of time, quickens the understanding in a very different way from the passive reception of explanatory details.

The footnotes still remain as they were, drawing attention chiefly to salient points, to what might be mistaken or overlooked.

The notes now added profess to leave no difficulty untouched ; to supply sufficient information, critical interpretation, and a copious illustration from English literature, such as Horace beyond all authors invites, but An analysis of all the Satires, in consecutive order, is subjoined to show in juxtaposition the resemblances or repetitions, and the distinctiveness of each.

LIB. I. Sat. I. The general subject is Covetousness, which it is implied) originates in Discontent, and issues commonly in Avarice.

These two principles or passions are treated of in order.

The question is proposed, and examples given, with a test (vv. 15–19.) of the sincerity of grumblers.

Then (v. 28, 29.) as to the hardships which are endured, they are so (at least professedly) in the hope of an eventual provision and repose.

Not so with the miser. His toil has no end in prospect, and no present fruit (vv. 38–91.).

The necessity for a truer principle of life is inferred (v. 92.); its foundation in right reason asserted (vv. 106—7.).

But the majority of men push on with the restless competition of a race (vv. 113–116.).

Therefore it is that they cannot look back to life with satisfaction, nor to death with equanimity (vv. 117 - 119.).

Sat. II. A satire upon those who run into one extreme to avoid another, as expressed in v. 24. :

Dum vitant stulti vitia, in contraria currunt.

SAT. III. The subject here seems to be the rule vitiis nemo sine (as in v. 68.), and the deductions from it: e. g. that the observation of faults in others should remind us of our own; that the best construction should be put upon each

other's actions; and that censures, where there is call for them, should be modified and discriminating.

The method pursued is a notice of the levities and inconsistencies of Tigellius —a confession of the satirist's own defects,—for which he claims a fair and kind consideration, and then argues against the unfriendly and censorious habit prevalent in society, and finally against the arbitrary Stoic rule which classed all offences as equal: a rule in its practical application unnatural and inequitable.

Sat. IV. This contains the poet's defence of himself and his poetry against detraction.

In the opening he describes the rise of Roman satire (vv. 1-14.), ridicules Crispinus and the reciters of the day, and claims not to be confounded with them (vv. 14--24.).

He rates his own pretensions modestly, and glances at the character of a true poet (v. 39. sqq.)

He justifies candid and friendly raillery (v. 68--91.) as contrasted with selfish and ill-natured wit (v. 81. sqq. v. 100.).

Then, paying a tribute to his father's excellence (v. 105.), who ever deterred him from vice and folly by example (the true purpose, with regard to the public, of legitimate satire), and inculcating by his own practice a habit of reflectiveness and self-correction, he skilfully recurs (v. 140.) to his original subject, and winds up with the assertion and maintenance of poets' rights.

Sat. V. This satire is a humorous relation of a journey to Brundisium, in which Horace had been invited to accompany Mæcenas, who was employed on a state embassy,

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