Page images
[graphic][merged small]


[ocr errors]

p. 35


Of the operations of General Was hington in New York and New Jer-

sey. The battle on Long Island. The retreat from York Island and

through Jersey. The battles of Trenton and Princeton,



of the operations of General Washington in New Jersey and Pennsyl.

vania, in the campaign of 1777. The battles of Brandy wine and Ger-

mantown. Washington is advised by the Rev. Jacob Duchè, to give

up the contest. The distresses of the American army. Its winter

quarters in Valley Forge. Gen. Washington is assailed by the clam-

ours of discontented individuals and public bodies, and by the designs

of a faction to supersede him in his office as Commander in Chief, p. 61



General Washington prepares for the campaign of 1778. Surprises the

British, and defeats them at Monmouth. Arrests General Lee.


Calms the irritation excited by the departure of the French fleet

from Rhode Island to Boston. Dissuades from an invasion of Can-




The distresses of the American army. Gen. Washington calms the un-

easiness in the Jersey line. Finds great difficulty in supporting his

troops and concentrating their force. Makes a disposition of them

with a view to the security of West Point. Directs an expedition

against the Six Nations of Indians, and for the reduction of Stony

Point. Paules Hook taken. A French Aeet, expected to the north-

ward, arrives on the coast of Georgia. Washington, unequal to of-

fensive operations, retires into winter quarters,



Gen. Washington directs an expedition against Staten Island. Gives an

opinion against risking an army for the defence of Charleston, S c.

Finds great difficulty in supporting his army. Kniphausen invades

Jersey, but is prevented from injuring the American stores. Mar-

quis de la Fayette arrives, and gives assurances that a French fleet

and army might soon be expected on the American coast. Energet-

ic measures of co-operation resolved upon, but so languidly executed,

that Washington predicts the necessity of a more efficient system of

national government. A French fleet and army arrives, and a com-

bined operation against New York is resolved upon, but the arrival of

a superior British fleet deranges the whole plan,



The Pennsylvania line mutinies. The Jersey troops follow their exam-

ple, but are quelled by decisive measures. Gen. Washington com-

mences a military journal, detailing the wants and distresses of his

army. Is invited to the defence of his native state, Virginia, but de.

clines. Reprimands the manager of his private estate for furnishing

the enemy with supplies, to prevent the destruction of his property:

Extinguishes the incipient flames of a civil war, respecting the inde-

pendence of the state of Vermont. Plans a combined operation

against the British, and deputes Lieut. Col John Laurens to solicit

the co-operation of the French The combined forces of both nations

rendezvous in the Chesapeak, and take lord Cornwallis and his army

prisoners of war. Washington returns to the vicinity of New York,

urges the necessity of preparing for a new campaign,


1782 and 1783.

Prospects of peace. Languor of the states. (Discontents of the army.

Gen. Washington prevents the adoption of rash measures.

Some new

levies in Pennsylvania mutiny, and are quelled. Washington recom-

mends measures for the preservation of independence, peace, liberty,

and happiness. Dismisses his army. Enters New York. Takes

leave of his officers. Settles his accounts. Repairs to Annapolis.

Resigns his commission. Retires to Mount Vernon, and resumes his

agricultural pursuits,


General Washington, on l'etiring from public life, devotes himself to

agricultural pursuits. Favours inland navigation. Declines offered

emoluments from it. (Urges an alteration of the fundamental rules

of the society of the Cincinnati. Regrets the de ects of the federal

system, and recommends a revisal of it. Is appointed a member of

the continental convention for that purpose, which, after hesitation,

he accepts. Is chosen president thereof. ls solicited to accept the

presidency of the United States. Writes sundry letters espressive of

the couflict in his mind, between duty and inclination. Answers ap-

plicants for offices. His reluctance to enter on public life,

Washington elected president. On his way to the seat of government

at New York, receives the most flattering marks of respect. Ad-

dresses Congress. The situation of the United States in their foreign

and domestic relations, at the inauguration of Washington. Fills up

public offices solely with a view to the public good. Proposes a treaty

to the Creek Indians, which is at first rejected, Col. Willet induces

the heads of the nation to come to New York, to treat there. The

North Western Indians refuse a treaty, but after defeating Generals

Harmar and Sinclair, they are defeated by Gen. Wayne. They then

[ocr errors]

submit, and agree to treat. A new system is introduced for meliorat-

ing their condition,


General Washington attends to the foreign relations of the United

States. Negotiates with Spain. Difficulties in the way. The free

navigation of the Missisippi is granted by a treaty made with Major

Pinckney. Negotiations with Britain. Difficulties in the way. War

probable. Mr. Jay's mission. His treaty with Great Britain. Op-

position thereto. Is ratified. Washington refuses papers to House

of Representatives, British posts in the United States evacuated.

Negotiations with France. Genet's arrival. Assumes illegal powers,

in violation of the neutrality of the United States. Is flattered by the

people, but opposed by the executive. Is recalled. General Pinck-

ney sent as public minister to adjust disputes with France. Is not re-

ceived. Washington declines a re-election, and addresses the people.

His last address to the national legislature. Recommends a navy, a

military academy, and other public institutions,


Washington rejoices at the prospect of retiring. Writes to the Secre-

tary of State, denying the authenticity of letters said to be from him

to J. P. Custis and Lund Washington, in 1776. Pays respect to his

successor, Mr. John Adams. Review of Washington's administration.

He retires to Mount Vernon. Resumes agricultural pursuits. Hears

with regret the aggression of the French republic. Corresponds on

the subject of his taking the command of an army to oppose the

French. Is appointed Lieutenant General. His commission is sent

to him by the Secretary of War. His letter to president Adams on

the receipt thereof. Directs the organization of the proposed army.

Three Envoys Extraordinary sent to France, who adjust all disputes

with Bonaparte, after the overthrow of the Directory. Gen. Wash-

ington dies. Is honoured by Congress, and by the citizens. His char-


p. 307

[ocr errors]
« PreviousContinue »