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a. The Life of Giovanni Angelico da Fiesole, translated

from the Italian of Vasari by G. A. Bezzi. With

Notes and Illustrations. 1850.

b. Giotto and his works in Padua, being an Explanatory

Notice of the Series of Woodcuts executed for the

Arundel Society, after the Frescoes in the Arena

Chapel. By John Ruskin. 1854.

c. Notices of Sculpture in Ivory, a Lecture delivered by

M. Digby Wyatt, at a general meeting of the Arundel

Society; and a catalogue of specimens of Ancient

Ivory Carvings in various collections, by E. Oldfield,

M.A. (With Photographic Illustrations.) 1856.

d. Account of Perugino's Fresco of the Martyrdom of St.

Sebastian, at Panicale. By A. H. Layard, Esq. 1858.

e. Photographs after the Paintings by Tintoretto in the

Scuola di San Rocco at Venice; with Descriptive

Notice extracted from Mr. Ruskin's · Stones of Venice' 277

II.-1. The Odes and Episodes of Horace, translated literally

and rhythmically. By W. Sewell, B.D. 1850.

2. The Odes of Horace, literally translated into English

Verse. By Henry George Robinson. 1844, 1855.

3. The Odes of Horace, translated into unrhymed Metres,

with Introductions and Notes. By F. W. Newman,

Professor of Latin, University College, London, 1853.

4. The Odes of Horace, in Four Books; translated into

English Lyric Verse. By Lord Ravensworth. Dedi-

cated to his Royal Highness the Prince of Wales. 1858 325

III.—Recollections of the Last Four Popes, and of Rome in their

Times. By H. E. Cardinal Wiseman. London. 1858 361

IV.-1. The Life of James Watt. By James Patrick Muir-

head, Esq., M.A. 1 vol. 8vo. London, 1858.

2. The Origin and Progress of the Mechanical Inventions

of James Watt, illustrated by his Correspondence with

his Friends, and the Specifications of his Patents. By

James Patrick Muirhead, Esq., M.A. London, 1854.

3. Memorials of the Lineage, Early Life, Education,

and Development of the Genius of James Watt. By

George Williamson, Esq. Edinburgh, 1856




V.-Lectures on Roman Husbandry, delivered before the

University of Oxford. By Charles Daubeny, M.D.,

Professor of Botany. Oxford. 1857


VI.--1. The Life and Opinions of General Sir Charles James

Napier, G.C.B. By Lieut.-General Sir W. Napier,

K.C.B., &c. &c. 4 vols., with Portraits. London.


2. The Conquest of Scinde, with some Introductory

Passages in the Life of Major-General Sir Charles

James Napier. Dedicated to the British People. By

Major-General W. F. P. Napier, Member of the

Swedish Royal Academy of Military Science, Author

of History of the War in the Peninsula and the

South of France.' l vol. London. 1845.

3. History of General Sir Charles Napier's Administra-

tion of Scinde, and Campaign in the Cutchee Hills.

By Lieut.-General Sir William Napier, K.C.B. With

Maps and Illustrations. New edition. 1 vol. London.


4. Defects Civil and Military of the Indian Government.

By Lieut.-General Sir Charles James Napier, G.C.B.

Edited, with an Introductory Preface written expressly

for this edition, by Lieut.-General Sir W.F. P. Napier,

K.C.B. 4th edition. 1 vol. London. 1857.

5. Wellington and Napier: a Supplement to the above.

By Lieut.-General Sir W. F. P. Napier, K.C.B.

3rd edition. London. 1857.

6. General Sir Charles Napier and the Directors of the

East India Company. London. 1857

- 475

VII.-1. The Ministry and the Parliament. A Review of the

Session of 1858. By W. E. Lendrick. London.


2. Speech on Legislation and Policy for India, June 24,

1858. By John Bright, Esq., M.P. London. 1858 515



Art. I.-Robert Blake, Admiral and General at Sea. Based

on Family and State Papers. By Hepworth Dixon. A new edition, 1858. WE E heartily wish that the attention of our men of letters was

more directed than it is to the ancient and valuable art of Biography. There is no branch of literature which does more good or communicates more pleasure ; for there is none that so completely appeals to the two passions which make literature popular—the love of knowledge, and the love of amusement. These have a joint gratification in a thoroughly good Life,' where some important section of the history of the world is dramatically embodied in one figure, and we are made to pass through great events, in good company, and almost with the emotions of a contemporary.

Accordingly, one of the few classical authors who has domesticated himself among

the moderns is the pleasant and garrulous Plutarch. He has managed to get letters of naturalization among us, and to escape the popular terror attached to the name of Greek. Probably, too, that incomparable biography, the “Agricola, is more read than any other work of Tacitus — though the general world, we fear, will have to wait long for a translation that shall do justice to its pregnant epigram and its brilliant colours. Every day we may see something analogous going on with

respect to our native authors. Johnson's Lives of the Poets' are outliving his ‘London, while Boswell is tending to supplant the Doctor himself. Southey's · Nelson ’ bids fair to be read by generations almost ignorant of the name of his Thalaba.'' Middleton's Cicero' is at least talked of yet, which is more than can be said for his essays on ecclesiastical history, or his controversies with Bentley. In short, a great many encouraging circumstances may be pointed out to the biographer; and if he does not find readers, it is in his case, more than in the case of the historian or poet, his own fault. The modern biographer, we fear, has many defects. He is almost invariably too long; he is deficient in perspective-in giving harmony to his proportions ; he is negligent of reality, disinclined to conceive of past life as of something that once lived and Vol. 104.- No. 207.



A great

breathed as surely and warmly as anything we see now. But it must be admitted, after all, that his task is a hard one. biographer ought to be at once philosopher and painter—to have a genius for science, and a genius for art. If he cannot duly measure his hero, his opinions are worthless; if he cannot duly describe him, he is dull in his style. The union is rare of that open, candid, loving nature which leads a man to a right choice of a subject, with the gravity of intellect and grace of art necessary to the execution of it. But a right study of the great models would vastly improve biography as it exists amongst us at present; and would at least prevent its being attempted by many who seem to take to it from an inspiration merely mechanical. One conspicuous feature of the present state of the art is what we may call its sign-post character. A biographer takes up soldier or poet, saint or king, without any reference to his peculiar qualifications for portraiture, as a poor Dick Tinto executes with equal indifference an Admiral Keppel, a Royal Oak, or a Saracen's Head.

Mr. Hepworth Dixon, the author of the Life of the famous man before us, has got into the right track in spite of the confusion which prevails on the subject

. He is what the Sunday Acts call a bona fide traveller to his goal. He likes the Commonwealth


and the dominant ideas of the seventeenth century; and having drawn Penn, who was a child of that age, it was natural that he should proceed to draw Blake who was one of the heroes of it. To be sure, Mr. Dison is not a sailor, and a nautical reviewer of a stern turn might be inclined to make him pay his footing afloat, according to the rough old custom in ! < crossing the line. But if Blake himself, from a landsman of middle

age, became a great seaman, why should not Mr. Dixon become, in a similar way, a seaman's biographer? He has executed his work well,—with industry, with vigour, with kind manly sympathy. Remembering our obligations to him, we are unwilling to dwell on the points on which we differ. His style, once somewhat turgid, improves in his later works. ; His opinions are entitled to respect from their sincerity, though our sentiments on several points are not his. We cannot, for instance, be expected to believe of Charles the First, that his origin was bad.' Such is not our way of thinking about the royal and noble blood of Europe. On the other hand, we respect as much as Mr. Dixon, the great and good men produced among the Puritans. We acknowledge the benefits which accrued to the nation from the conflict between Charles and his Parliament, but we have an equally strong belief that it was a good thing for England, that much of what the country party aimed at


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